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“Come, fellows, fill your glasses with a little him for a time to himself. She did not know of the 'O be joyful' before we part. What's of the change, but looked with a mother's pride the use of droning away life, like good old | and hope on her son. On the altar of home, he aunties, afraid of stepping quick for fear they
made his vows of reform. Again among his put a wrinkle in their smooth aprons ! Hurra companions, those vows melted away like snowfor a little good cheer! The tutor is abed, and flakes in a river. If any man in the world can here's a health to his long nap to-morrow morn
say truthfully," the evil wbich I would not that ing. What's the matter, Charles ? Take a do I,” it is the man beginning to slide down the little ; it's nothing but wine.”
steeps of dissipation, with companions at his The tempted youth dared not refuse, and in
| back to prevent his return. And such this a few minutes “nothing but wine” had banish brilliant youth found, it. ed mother, duty, danger and ruin, and with the But we must hasten. That day so longed ardor of his nature, he plunged headlong into
for by the student at length arrived. The the dissipation of the evening.
widow, proud of her son's progress and honors, “Fill again, my merry boys," said their host. was there to witness his graduation. He had “Hurra for a song! Jack, let us have one of
expected her, and had controlled his appetite your best!”
accordingly. The splendid procession of alum“Hurra for a song,” responded the whole ni, undergraduates and spectators, crowded company in concert. “Give us a good one,
the spacious building, the galleries of which Jack."
shone with a multitude of ladies. The scene The young man thus called on, had a fine is one of the most beautiful in a man's history. voice, and being a great wag, could sing drink
The wrangle of political and religious poing-bouts with great zest. Taking the wine, |
lemics is left outside that inclosure consecrate “ giving his color in the cup," in his hand, and to the “ feast of reason," and woman (mothe clearing his throat, he gave them a song from sister and friend) lends her additional enchantMoore.
ment. It is a proud day for the candidate for
honors ! especially if he be “the observed of all “ Friend of my soul, this goblet sip,
Already have two speeches been pronounced,
and anxious eyes are cast around for the vale
dictorian. “ Where is he ?" is the question 'Twill steal away thy mind;
repeated from lip to lip.
" Have you seen Charles — ?" asked one
of his classmates in a hurried tone. “Where The song was received with noisy mirth by can he be ? Zounds! I hope he will keep the company, and again the wine passed round.
straight to-day, for the honor of the class !". And thus with wine and song, the hours flew It was the veritable William who proffered away, until several became first witty, then
the first wine-glass to Charles, who was now silly, and then drunk, and among them, Charles. anxiously inquiring for him. The morning came, and with it the bloodshot
“I tell you," said his companion," I am afraid eye and aching head to witness against the last we shall find him at — 's hotel. I saw him night's carouse, and withal, that insupportable
go in there about nine o'clock, and you know sense of degradation and loss of self-respect. his failing." What a feeling of agony was that which racked "Impossible ! he can't be such a fool as to the heart of this widow's son, as the past
get drunk to-day, when so much is depending rushed across his vision, and the future like a
on him--and his mother here too!" horrid spectre loomed up in the distance. But « Well, it can do no harm to step over and he was in the toils, and his social qualities
see, and we must be in a hurry, for in an hour were the cord by which his wicked companions and a half he must speak." led him on to repeat that same disgraceful The young men hurried over to the hotel, scene.
and to their chagrin found their worst fears And yet by dint of talent, he secured the realized. There was Charles partially intoxihonors of his class, in spite of his relaxed exer cated. He needed a little “ wineing," as he tions. He had seen his mother but once since thought, to string him up for his part, and his apthe change, and her pale countenance recalled petite once excited, he had overdone the matter.
Like her delusive beam,
“Charley, what do you mean by this fool- 1 of his audience, and bore them away as by a ery?" was the first salutation of William. torrent. The triumph was complete, but it “ Your speech, your speech-how are you sent a thrill of indignation to many a heart, going to deliver that when drunk as a fool ?” | that a man with such a genius should sacrifice
"Speech, ah yes, the speech,” said Charles his magnificent gifts at the debasing shrine of with a staggering attempt to cut a pigeon wing | intemperance. on the floor, in which he nearly fell, and then Charles was sober now, and hurried to the sung out,
side of his mother. He reproached his own suici
dal course, and vowed to be guilty no more. But “ Send round the cop, for oh, there's a spell in
the mother looked on it all without confidence, Its every drop 'gainst the ills of mortality."
and sank with despondency, under the belief
that a drunken father would soon be followed “Nomore such trash,” said his impatient com
to the grave by a drunken son. She was a panion, interruping his drunken song. “Come
broken-hearted woman. Had she lived at this along and sober yourself, for the day depends
day, she might have hoped, but thirty years on your valedictory.”
ago, the entire influences of society swept men They then compelled him to use water freely, into the whirlpool, and there “was none to deand then walked him up and down the street,
liver.” uttering broken snatches of song. William For a time, while Charles was acquiring his became indignant and almost abused him, but profession, he abstained, but at length gave way Charles quickly silenced him by a keen allusion to his fatal appetite occasionally. As a lawyer to his agency in bringing him to his present he rose, with astonishing rapidity, to the high situation. But for once anger did a drunken places of that noble calling. All did homage to man good in recalling him to the reality of his his genius, and yet most regretted that much in. condition. But it is now almost time for the spiration did that genius receive from potations valedictory, and when the name at length was of brandy. His mother lived to see his fame, announced, there was a buzz of expectation yet died of grief that her only son should so throughout the vast assembly, for his reputa ruthlessly ruin that fame by a debasing praction as the finest scholar and speaker in college tice. Her death seemed to remove the last was fully established. As he ascended the restraint, and he hastened on his own death, platform, his whole look and gait revealed his when he had scarcely attained middle age. condition. His mother closed her eyes as Time had not yet produced the “good Saagainst a horrid vision she could not believe. maritan” for the inebriate, “stripped,” and But it was no dream, and as his situation for “ paked," and "half dead." The reformer had the first time burst on her, she shrieked, “He is not yet come to bind up his wounds, and pour lost, he is lost!"
in oil and wine, else had this splendid man surHis eye rolled with a sort of vacant vived, an honor to his country, and in ripe old stare, as though he were attempting to recall age might have reaped the reward of virtue his oration. The suppressed shriek of his and genius. Thirty years ago--oh, what mother, and the looks of pity so galling to a changes has not Time made in false customs, proud spirit, seemed to inspire him. For one and fatal fashions, preserving the innocent and moment he glanced over the assembly, and all rescuing the fallen? Let us thank God and hesitation vanished. Emotion was awakened, take courage, as we now open a page of human and it lent electricity to the burning words he | life as exhibited at the present day. uttered. Like a giant he grasped the feelings This we reserve for a future number.
Every-DAY PHILOSOPHY.—If you wish to | its magnetic power, and eventually lose its be good, do good. If you wish to be happy, vitality as a magnet almost altogether. Use set about the business of making others it, and its vitality is increased. It derives happy. In imparting a ray of hope to an strength in imparting its peculiar influence to other, the giver receives a sunbeam in return. other objects. Thus is it with the human The magnet, if inactive, will soon part with | soul.
INDEPENDENCE DAY IN WASHINGTON.
BY REV. J. N. DANFORTH.
THE capital of the Union perhaps never, they had been bathed in the fiery element itself, witnessed so brilliant a day as the Fourth of and their engines as if made of molten gold. July, 1848; the day designated for the laying Well, they are a useful class of men, and of the corner-stone of the Monument to the though, in some cities, their name is synonymemory of Washington, by the National Mon mous with rioting and battle, in Washington ument Society, or rather by the people of the they have never incurred such reproach. A United States, who might be considered as number of companies from Baltimore were present in the representation of the various present. The military pageant was splendid. States congregated on the occasion, it being Eighteen of the choicest companies of the land estimated that thirty thousand people were pres assembled at the capital, besides the highly ent. If out of three hundred and sixty-five disciplined U. S. Marine Corps of one hundred days, the choicest, the most appropriate, the and eighty men from the Navy Yard, with its most delectable one had been selected, it could splendid band. Gen. Quitman commanded the not have surpassed that one which Heaven troops, being dressed in a uniform more suitagave our country for this august occasion. ble for the battle-field than the parade-ground. The rains of heaven had descended to cool the He wore no chapeau, but the simple undress air and the earth. The sun shone with clear cap, while Col. May of the dragoons, in full ness through a moderated atmosphere, while military costume, mounted on a white charger, a refreshing breeze was in constant action headed the cavalry, and though bereaved of his throughout the day. The national flag tossed long hair, looked sufficiently fierce and martial itself in the element as if wild with joy. The for even a more warlike occasion than this sound of cannon echoed from the shores of pacific celebration. Gen. Cadwallader, too, in Virginia and Maryland at early dawn, and command of the infantry, looked every inch at intervals through the day. Military compa the soldier, and the troops seerned to feel prouder nies from Boston to Richmond had assembled for being so well officered. in the city to do honor to him who was “first A less warlike section of the cortège conin war;" civic companies and associations, sisted of a band of clergymen of different and hosts of citizens had met in the metropo denominations, who walked together in a very lis to honor him who was “first in peace,” fraternal manner, adding gravity and dignity to and all to show that he was “first” in all the assemblage. “ hearts." Singular order and decorum perva That article of the Constitution seems almost ded all ranks and all places, as if there was a a fiction which makes the President “comspirit in men that bowed reverently to the re mander-in-chief of the army and navy," collection of the image of Washington. The though with an ambitious, or unscrupulous, or excellent influence of the temperance associa unsagacious President, it might prove a dantions on the aspect of the day must be con gerous reality. When President Polk, in fessed.
company with General Quitman and staff, Several hundreds of temperance men were reviewed the troops drawn up in line on Pennin the procession; their banners, their symbols, sylvania Avenue, habited as he was in plain 1 and their example, all fitted to produce a good citizen's dress, his long gray hair descending
effect on the public mind. Then came the upon the collar of his coat, he appeared the
more grotesque bodies of men, the Odd Fellows, only unmilitary person on parade. He seemed o the Free Masons, and the Red Men. The the embodiment rather of civil than of military
firemen also, in these days, are decked in gor- power. Long may the President of the geous style. Their flaming dresses look as if | United States be thus, and thus only regarded. 138
INDEPENDENCE DAY IN WASHINGTON.
The vast area, in the centre of which the was perfectly committed to memory after the foundation of the monument is laid, lies in the manner of Mr. Everett, was delivered with anisouth-western part of the city, near the east mation, and distinctness of enunciation. With bank of the Potomac, and is entirely open, an exception or two, it might be considered a being without a dwelling. The surface of the complete performance, a good moral and rhe. ground is undulating, and the site commands torical symmetry pervading the whole. If in various beautiful views. To the south may be ancient or modern days an opportunity was seen Alexandria in the distance on the west ever given to be eloquent, this was one. Neiside of the river; to the north-west George ther Greece nor Rome could have opened a town in closer proximity, its commanding finer field. heights looming up beyond its crowded dwell The day-the anniversary of our country's ings ; to the east the Smithsonian Institute independence; the occasion-a tribute to the and the Capitol, and to the north the long line great Washington; the audience—the people of the city itself, seeming to terminate with of the United States, represented by the Govthe Executive Mansion. The heights of Ar ernment and by informal delegations from lington on the west constitute an elegant fea various parts of the country; the period of ture in the picture. The Monument of Wash time-a crisis among nations, when the founington is to stand on a portion of the ground dations of thrones are breaking up, and the selected by Washington himself as the site of spirit of LIBERTY is ascending above their the city which bears his name. Its projected ruins ; when republicanism is the brightening height is five hundred feet, and its estimated cynosure of the old monarchies of Europe ; the cost one million of dollars. The inscription freshness of the impression produced on the is yet to be written; and the writer trusts the public mind by a restored peace; the blending classical taste of no one will be shocked by the of all parties; the great national symbols and suggestion that it be written in pure English, structures all in sight; the immense audience, the native language of Washington, and of pervaded by one sympathy; even the matchWashington's country, that every American less beauty of the day itself—all nature being citizen may be able to read and understand it. wreathed in smiles—these were elements conTo conceal its meaning in Greek or Latin curring in an extraordinary degree to awaken might be a compliment to antiquity, but would in the orator the spirit of eloquence, and to be little congenial with the honor of the rising assist, if they did not too much oppress him, in Republic of the West, or of its illustrious rearing on the spot an intellectual monument, founder, who claimed to be something more which the world “would not willingly let than a classical scholar. Why inscribe anything more than the simple name WASHINGTON ? Of these advantages the orator judiciously The world knows the rest. That is all that availed himself, and at least prepared one very any one ventured to put on the tomb which elegant stone towards building his own monuincloses his mortal remains, and that is suf ment. ficient.
The day closed with a military review, in The oration by Speaker Winthrop was wor which the President, for the first time during thy of the occasion. Mr. Winthrop has a | his administration, appeared on horseback in fine person—what there is of it; an easy and his capacity as Commander-in-chief. He was graceful carriage; a rich and impressive voice. in citizen's dress, and was accompanied by He is about forty years of age, and in conse- Gen. Quitman and staff. Now commences the quence of a certain freshness of countenance, hard labor of the enterprise. Will the present appears even younger. His oration, which generation complete what it has begun ?
THE EDUCATION OF CONSCIENCE.
BY REV. H. HUMPHREY, D.D.
A BRIEF analysis of conscience is quite ne-, the faculties exist alike, though not in equal cessary to a clear understanding of the right native vigor, in every sound and rational mind; educational process, and will not, it is hoped, but none of them will ever be fully and rightly be regarded as too philosophical for the Parlor developed without culture. As the body grows Magazine. It would be an invidious reflection and expands into full manhood by nutrition and upon its fair readers to suppose for a moment exercise, so it is with the mind. Its growth is that they do not love to think as well as to be hastened by the proper aliment, or retarded for amused.
the want of it. The perceptive faculty, the In an exercise of conscience, then, there is memory, the imagination, the judgment or reaa complex operation of the mind involving two son, and the affections, all need to be educated. distinct elements. One of these elements is a Hence the necessity of schools and colleges, purely intellectual state, which is commonly and professional seminaries, and hence the called judgment. It is not, however, wrong numberless treatises which have been written judgment of any sort, but it is a judgment be- | upon domestic, popular, and classical education. longing to that peculiar and well-known varie But wherein lies the need of educating the ty, in which the mind takes cognizance of right conscience, and what is the right system? How and wrong. This is the first element of the is it to be done? The conscience, like the complex operation involved in an exercise of other faculties, needs to be educated, because, conscience.
like them, it exists at first in an elementary or The second element is a feeling or emotion ; infantile state, ready to be evolved and moulded and these two elements are involved in every by external appliances. The faculty of judgexercise which is truly and properly an exer- | ment is in the mind of the child, and the moral cise of conscience, viz., a judgment, which is feelings are there, but beth in an embryo state. by itself a mere intellectual act or state, and a Even if he was perfectly holy, his conscience peculiar feeling, which arises with it or from would need to be educated; that is, he would it, and which, in its nature, is wholly distinct need to have right and wrong set before him and different. This peculiar feeling varies ac and explained, that he might choose the one and cording to the object from which, as its occa refuse the other. The task, to be sure, would sion or cause, it arises. The judgment may be infinitely easier than it is now, because the be formed in view of a past act or feeling re conscience, being pure, would uniformly apmembered ; and if this remembered act or feel prove of that which is good and right the moment ing is judged to have been right, fit, or good, it was perceived, and its dictates would be as then there arises the feeling of self-approbation, uniformly obeyed. But even then, I say, a and we say our conscience approves it. But if process of education would be necessary to the remembered act or feeling is judged to have develop the faculty, and make it the governing been wrong or bad, there arises the feeling of principle of the heart and life. How much self-condemnation, and we say in common con more then is a wise and faithful course of enversation, not thinking of any philosophical lightenment and discipline necessary when we analysis, that our conscience condemns it. consider how the mind is darkened, how the
Every faculty of the mind, whether simple moral sense or judgment is warped by innate or complex, may be educated ; that is, may be depravity, how strong the natural propensity of drawn out, moulded, strengthened, and trained the heart is to prefer the wrong to the right, up to the highest state of perfection of which it when both are presented to its choice. No is capable. And every faculty, whether intel- | faculty stands in greater need of being watchlectual or moral, needs to be educated. All | fully and wisely trained than conscience; for