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In witness hereof I have hereto affixed
chief town of Elapeen, on this 5th day of October, 1843, in the presence of the undermentioned witnesses. Witnesses: KING PANDA,
his mark. D. C. TOOKEY.
INDUNA UMVANKLAMA, X C. J. BUISSINE.
INDUNA UMHONDANE, This documert has been faithfully interpreted from word to word by me, to the King Panda, who declared fully to understand and approve of the contents thereof.
19.-TREATY with the Chief of the Philippolis Griquas.-Signed at
Cape Town, October 5, 1843.
Philippolis, Vorember 20, Articles of Treaty and Agreement between the Governor of the Colony
of the Cape of Good Hope, on the one part, and Adam Kok, Chief of the Philippolis Griquas, on the other part.
ART. I. The chief of the Philippolis Griquas engages to be the faithful friend and ally of the colony.
II. He engages to preserve order in his territory; to restrain and punish any attempt to violate the peace of the frontier of the colony by any people living within his country, and to seize and send back to the colonial authorities any criminals or fugitives from the colony.
III. He also engages to protect that portion of the colonial border opposite the territory belonging to the district of Philippolis, extending from the neighbourhood of Ramah to that of Bethulie, against all enemies and marauders from the interior who may attempt to pass through his territory.
IV. He also engages to assist the colonial authorities in any enterprise which they may find it necessary to undertake, for the recovery of property or the apprehension of banditti, who, having been pursued from the colony, may have taken refuge in any part of the country under his jurisdiction.
V. And, generally, he engages to apprize the colonial authorities of any intended predatory or hostile attempt against the colony which may come to his knowledge, and to co-operate cordially and in all good faith with the colonial Government in preserving peace and extending civilization among the native tribes.
In consequence of the above engagements, the Governor, on his part, engages:
1. That there shall be duly paid to the chief Adam Kok, in such periodical payments as shall be most convenient to him, a gratuity of 100l. sterling per annum, to defray.the expenses which the execution of his aforesaid engagements may incur.
2. That he shall be supplied with 100 stand of arms, with a reasonable quantity, in proportion, of ammunition; and more of the latter as occasion may require, to be placed in charge of the Civil Commissioner of Colesberg, in order to be issued to him on his application to that officer, which arms are to be still considered as the property of the colonial Government, and under its control.
3. That 501. sterling a year shall be placed in the hands of the missionary, Mr. William Thompson, in charge of the mission stationed at Philippolis, and should he be removed thence, into the hands of the missionary in service of the London Missionary Society who may succeed him, in aid of the school for the education of the native children of the chief's people, especially for their instruction in the English language.
To facilitate a due observance of these mutual engagements, and to secure the benefits which they are intended to afford to both parties, the chief Adam Kok will correspond direct with the Govern. ment on all subjects connected with his people, and he is at liberty to avail himself of the advice and assistance of the resident missionary in any way he may require his services; and he also engages to receive and protect any agent whom the Government, in course of time may think necessary to appoint at Philippolis, and confidentially communicate with such agent upon all matters concerning his territory and the colony.
This done at the Government House in Cape Town, this 5th day of October, in the year of our Lord 1843,
(L.S.) GEO. NAPIER, Governor. Signed and sealed in our presence :
John MONTAGU, Secretary to Governmnt.
Juhx PHILIP, D.D. This done at Philippolis, this 29th day of November, in the year of our Lord, 1843.
ADAM KOK, Kapitein. (A.K.)
HENDRICK HENDRICKZE, Secretarius,
20.—TREATY with the Chief of Basutos.-Signed at Cape Town. Det a bers
Thade Best December 13
1843. Articles of Treaty and Agreement between the Governor of the
Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, on the one part and Moshesh,
ART. I. The chief of the Basutos engages to be the faithful friend and ally of the colony.
II. He engages to preserve order in his territory; to restrain and punish any attempt to violate the peace of the frontier of the colony by any people living within his country, or by any people from the interior who may attempt to pass through the territory for that pur. pose : and to seize and send back to the colonial authorities any criminals or fugitives from the colony,
III. The territory of the Chief Moshesh is bounded from the west, from the junction of the Caledon with the Gariep Rivers, to the sources of those rivers, near the Bouta Bouta; on the soutb, by the Gariep River, from the junction aforesaid ; and the north, by a line extending from about 25 to 30 miles north of the Caledon River, excepting near to its source, and at its junction with the Gariep, where the lands of Bethulia and the territory of Sikonyella come close upon its northern bank.
IV. He also engages to assist the colonial authorities in any enterprise which they may find it necessary to undertake for the recovery of property, or the apprehending of banditti, who, having been pursued from the colony, may have taken refuge in any part of the country under his jurisdiction.
V. And, generally, he engages to apprise the colonial authorities of any intended predatory or hostile attempt against the colony which may come to his knowledge, and to co-operate cordially, and in all good faith, with the Colonial Government, in preserving peace and extending civilization among
the native tribes. In consequence of the above engagements, the Governor, upon his part, engages :
To make the chief a present from the colonial treasury of not less than 751. annually, either in money or in arms and ammunition, as the chief
desire. And in order to facilitate a due observance of these mutual engagements, and to secure the benefits which they are intended to afford to both parties, the Chief Moshesh will correspond direct with the Government on all subjects mutually concerning his territory and the colony: and he also engages to receive and protect any agent whom the Government, in course of time, may think necessary to appoint, at his residence, and confidentially communicate with such agent upon all matters concerning his territory and the colony.
This done at the Government House in Cape Town, this 5th day of October, in the year of our Lord, 1843.
GEO. NAPIER, Governor. Signed and sealed in our presence:
John MONTAGU, Secretary to Government,
John PHILIP, D.D. This done at Thaba Bossi, on the 13th day of December, in the year of our Lord, 1843.
MOSHESH, his mark. Signed and sealed in our presence: T, E. CASSALIS,
PAULUS MANTATEE, o his mark, JEAN Thomas ARBOUSSET, Joshua MAHOANYANE, JAMES WALKER,
HAMILTON MOORE DYKE.
Port Beaufort, October 7,
21 -TREATY with the Chief of the Amacaleka Tribe of Kafirs.Signed at
1844. Treaty of Amily entered into between his Excellency Lieutenant
General Sir Peregrine Maitland, Knight Commander of the Most IIonorable Military Order of the Bath, of the Royal Military Order of William of the Netherlands, and of the Imperial Order of St. Ialdimir of Russia, Colonel of ller Majesty's 17th Regiment of Foot, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Her Majesty's Castle, Town, and Settlement of the Cape of Good Hope, in South Africa, and of the Territories, and Dependencies thereof, and Ordinary and Vice-Admiral of the same, commanding the Forces, f'c., on behalf of ler Britannic Majesty, of the one part, and Creli, Chief of the Amacaleka Tribe of Kafirs, of the other part. Art. I. There shall be peace and amity for ever between Her Britannic Majesty and her subjects, and Kriclie (Rili), the chief of the Amacaleka tribe, and paramount chief of the Amaxosa or Kafir nation, and his subjects, and Krielie promises that he will continue to be the faithful friend of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope, and of all good subjects of Her Majesty.
II. The contracting chief will not permit his subjects to harass or annoy the subjects of Her Majesty the Queen of England, who may pass through his country, or reside in it, with his permission, or who may be located in any British territory near the boundary of his country.
III. The contracting chief will use his best esertions to seize and deliver up to the nearest British authority, for trial according to law, all persons who shall have committeil, or shall be reasonably suspected to have committed, any murder, robbery, or other offence within the limits of the colony, or any of its parts or dependencies, and who shall be found in the territory of the said chief.
IV. Refugees and banditti belonging to other tribes, accused or suspected of having committed crimes within British territory, against the persons or property of British subjects, and who may have fled in order to escape punishment, shall find no hiding place in Krielie's country, but, on the contrary, Krielie engages that he will use his best exertions to seize all such persons, and deliver them up to the nearest British authority, in order that they may be tried, and, if guilty, punished.
V. The contracting chief undertakes to use his authority and influence to cause all persons within his territory, whose evidence may be required by any court of justice in any British territory in South Africa, to appear at the time and place prescribed ; and he will take care, as much as possible, when delivering up any prisoner to any British authority, to produce, at the same time, to such authority, all witnesses acquainted with the matter in question, whose presence he can command or procure. The British Government, on the other hand, will be prepared to pay all witnesses, who shall attend any such court as has been mentioned, a reasonable compensation for their time and trouble.
VI. All cattle, lorses or other property, stolen in any British territory in South Africa, and traced into the territory of the contracting chief, shall if found therein, be restored on demand of any proper British authority, together with full compensation for the entire value of whatever property not found, shall yet be proved to have been stolen at the same time; and in case none of the stolen property traced into the chief's territory shall be found therein, then full compensation shall be made for all the property so traced.
VII. All British subjects travelling between the territory of the Cape of Good Hope and Port Natal, with their servants and attend. ants, and also the native postmen or others employed in the transmission of letters, shall, at all times, be protected by the chief, and permitted to pursue their journey without hindrance or molestation.
VIII. All British subjects resorting temporarily to his country, or residing therein by permission of the chief, for purposes of trade or otherwise, shall be protected by him in their persons or property, but he will not suffer the masters or mariners of any ships or vessels to land merchandise, or to traffic with his people in any part of his country, unless such vessels shall be furnished with a licence from the Colonial Government, authorizing them to land goods there.
IX. The contracting chief having many years ago invited and received into his country Christian missionaries, for the instruction of his nation, hereby gives his true word and promise, that he will continue to be the friend of the missionaries; that he will protect the persons, families, and property of all persons engaged as Christian teachers in his country; that he will permit any of his subjects who desire it, to set:le at or near any of the missionary villages or institutions within his territory, and to take their property there with them; that he will not allow any native Christian or inhabitant of a missionary village to be disturbed or injured in his person, family, or property, for refusing to comply with the customs touching witchcraft, rain-making, polygamy, circumcision, and forcible abduction and violation of females; and that he will encourage his people to cause the regular attendance of their children at the Christian schools, that they may be taught to read the word of God, and he gradually trained to become a civilized community.
X. The contracting chief, wishing to live in peace, hereby gives his true word and promise that he will, as far as possible, avoid making war on any of the tribes by whom he is surrounded, and, to that end, that he will endeavour to settle his disputes with other