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the gross revenue* with the number of inhaa bitants to conclude, from this comparison, that the Hindoos support smaller burdens than the Americans. We must not forget that the price of labour in Mexico, is five times greater than in Bengal, or to use a word consecrated by a celebrated mant, in Hindostan, the same quantity of money, commands five times more labour than in Ame: rica,

When we turu to the budget of expences of state, we find with surprise, that in New Spain, which has hardly any other neighbours to fear but a few warlike tribes of Indians, the military defence of the country consumes nearly a fourth part of the whole revenue. It is true the number of troops of the line, only amounts to nine or ten thousand; but when we add the militias called provinciales and urbanas, we find an army of 32,000 men distributed over an extent of country, of six hundred leagues in length. We shall here examine a few of those states annually presented to the court of Madrid, since the Counts de Galvez and Revillagigedo, and the Marquis de Brançiforte thought proper to in

* Revenue of British India in the year 1801) £9,742,937 sterling; charges, 88,961,180; net revenue, 1781,757. Playfair stat. Breviary. p. 59. .

Adam Smith.

crease the militia corps. The following table explains in the greatest detail, the heterogeneous elements, of which the military of Mexico, and the provincias internas is composed.

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• I. General Table of the army in

Denomination of Corps. 1. Regular Troops (Tropas veteranas)

Men. 1. In Mexico proper - - 6,225 2. In the provincias internas administered by the Viceroy

of Mexico - - - - - 595 3. In the provincias internas ad

ministered by commandant ge-
nerals - - - - 3,099

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Men.

- II. Militia (cuerpos de milicias) 22,277 1. Provincial militia (provinciales) 21,218

In the Viceroyalty 18,631 Viz. In the provincias in- 2587

ternas 2. Militia of towns (urbanas)" 1059

22,277 Total in a time of peace not inclu-

dingthe peninsula of Yucatan and 32,196 Guatimala ..

)

II. Table exhibiting in detail the distribution of the regular troops. Denomination of Corps.

Men. A. Regular troops distributed in

Mexico proper - - - . 6225 a. Infantry - - - - 5260 Guard of the Viceroy, created in .

1588 (alabarderos) - - - 25 Four regiments : Fixo de la Corona,

Nueva España, Mexico, and Puebla : the three latter raised in 1788 and 1789: the whole are composed of 14 companies : in each regiment 979 men - -' 8916 Battalion of Vera Cruz of five com

panies raised in 1793 - • 502 Artillery corps of three companies

of 125 men each - • - 375 Engineer corps eight officers : Volontarios de Cataluña, two com

panies created in 1762 - - 160 Company of Acapulco, created in

1773 - - - - - : 77 Company of the Presidio of the

Isla del Carmen, created in 1773 100 Company of San Blas created in 1788 105

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Brought over - 5260
7. Cavalry . - . 965
Four squadrons of Dragones de
España, created in 1764
Four squadrons of Dragones de
Mexico created in 1765 - 461
Dragoons of the Presidio del
Carmen - • • . .43

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B. Regular troops contained in the
- part of the Provincias internas
under the administration of the Vice-
roy of Mexico, (compañias presidiales
y volantes) - - - -
a. In old and new California
Presidio de Nuestra Señora de
Loreto, formed in 1720 - - 47

of San Carlos de Monterey formed in 1770. . - - 61

of San Diego formed in 1770 59
of San Francisco formed
in 1776 - - - 38
of the channel of Santa Bar
bara formed in 1788 - 65

Carried forward

270 6820

Continuation of Table II.

Men. 270 6,820

Denomination of Corps

Brought over b. In the kingdom of Leon Military post (presidio) of San Juan Bautista de la Punta de Lampazos established in 1981 · • B. In the province (colonia) of New

100

Santander

Three companies of Volantes for. med in 1783

225

C. Regular Troops distributed in

the part of the provincios internas which is administered by two commandant generals . .. .'

Total of Regular Troops • :

3099

9919

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