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the gross revenue* with the number of inhaa bitants to conclude, from this comparison, that the Hindoos support smaller burdens than the Americans. We must not forget that the price of labour in Mexico, is five times greater than in Bengal, or to use a word consecrated by a celebrated mant, in Hindostan, the same quantity of money, commands five times more labour than in Ame: rica,
When we turu to the budget of expences of state, we find with surprise, that in New Spain, which has hardly any other neighbours to fear but a few warlike tribes of Indians, the military defence of the country consumes nearly a fourth part of the whole revenue. It is true the number of troops of the line, only amounts to nine or ten thousand; but when we add the militias called provinciales and urbanas, we find an army of 32,000 men distributed over an extent of country, of six hundred leagues in length. We shall here examine a few of those states annually presented to the court of Madrid, since the Counts de Galvez and Revillagigedo, and the Marquis de Brançiforte thought proper to in
* Revenue of British India in the year 1801) £9,742,937 sterling; charges, 88,961,180; net revenue, 1781,757. Playfair stat. Breviary. p. 59. .
crease the militia corps. The following table explains in the greatest detail, the heterogeneous elements, of which the military of Mexico, and the provincias internas is composed.
• I. General Table of the army in
Denomination of Corps. 1. Regular Troops (Tropas veteranas)
Men. 1. In Mexico proper - - 6,225 2. In the provincias internas administered by the Viceroy
of Mexico - - - - - 595 3. In the provincias internas ad
ministered by commandant ge-
- II. Militia (cuerpos de milicias) 22,277 1. Provincial militia (provinciales) 21,218
In the Viceroyalty 18,631 Viz. In the provincias in- 2587
ternas 2. Militia of towns (urbanas)" 1059
22,277 Total in a time of peace not inclu-
dingthe peninsula of Yucatan and 32,196 Guatimala ..
II. Table exhibiting in detail the distribution of the regular troops. Denomination of Corps.
Men. A. Regular troops distributed in
Mexico proper - - - . 6225 a. Infantry - - - - 5260 Guard of the Viceroy, created in .
1588 (alabarderos) - - - 25 Four regiments : Fixo de la Corona,
Nueva España, Mexico, and Puebla : the three latter raised in 1788 and 1789: the whole are composed of 14 companies : in each regiment 979 men - -' 8916 Battalion of Vera Cruz of five com
panies raised in 1793 - • 502 Artillery corps of three companies
of 125 men each - • - 375 Engineer corps eight officers : Volontarios de Cataluña, two com
panies created in 1762 - - 160 Company of Acapulco, created in
1773 - - - - - : 77 Company of the Presidio of the
Isla del Carmen, created in 1773 100 Company of San Blas created in 1788 105
Brought over - 5260
B. Regular troops contained in the
of San Carlos de Monterey formed in 1770. . - - 61
of San Diego formed in 1770 59
Continuation of Table II.
Men. 270 6,820
Denomination of Corps
Brought over b. In the kingdom of Leon Military post (presidio) of San Juan Bautista de la Punta de Lampazos established in 1981 · • B. In the province (colonia) of New
Three companies of Volantes for. med in 1783
C. Regular Troops distributed in
the part of the provincios internas which is administered by two commandant generals . .. .'
Total of Regular Troops • :