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III. Table exhibiting in detail the dis
tribution of the Militia. ... Denomination of Corps.
Men.. A. Provincial Militia (milicias provinciales)
21,218 a. Ofthe Viceroyaltyof Mexico 18,631
1. Infantry .. .. . 7,249 Seven regiments : Mexico, Puebla
Tlascala, Cordoba, Orizaba y Xalalapa, Toluca, Valladolid and Celaya, of two battalions or 10 companies created in 1788; each regiment 825 men in time of
peace, and 1350 in time of war 5775 Three battalions: Guanaxuato,
Oaxaca, and Guadalaxara, of five companies ; 412 men in time of . . . peaceand 675 men in time of war Two companies of men of colour
(pardos y morenos) of Vera Cruz, each company containing 119 men 2. Cavalry - - 4592 Eight regiments of Dragoons:
Santiago de Queretaro,Principe,
Continuation of Table III.
Denomination of Corps.
Men. 10,137 21,218
Six squadrons of lancers of Vera
Cruz, created in 1767 - - 384 Three corps distributed over the
frontiers (cuerpos fixos de frontera,
en lo interior del reyno), 1320 viz. Four companies of Sierra Gorda, · created in 1740 - .. 240 Nine companies of San Luis Colot
lan created in 1780' - ' . 720 Six companies of Nuevo Santander,
created 1792 - - - 360
total force - . . . 6790
· Continuation of Table III. Denomination of Corps.
Men. . . . Brought over.'. • 15,081 21,218
Divisions of the South (South-Sea
Fifth Division - - 409 b. Of the provincias internas fourteen squadrons or 48 companies - 2,587
B. Town Militia (milicias urbanas) . 1,059 Commercial regiment of Mexico,
ten companies, created in 1693 702 Commercial battalion of Puebla,
four companies created in 1739 - 228 Squadron of cavalry of Mexico,
created in 1787 - - . 129
Total of Militia in time of peace
We have not included in these tables, the corps of invalids formed in 1974, consisting of two companies, nor the troops distributed in the intendancy of Merida, and commanded
by the captain general of the peninsula of Yucatan. I was unable to procure the state of the military force of that peninsula. There are eight companies of regular troops (tropas veteranas) at Campeche, and in the small fort of San Felipe de Bacalar; and the defence of Merida is entrusted to militia, composed of whites and, men of colour.
The cavalry is extremely numerous in the Mexican army, forming almost the half of the total force. In 1804 there were
Men. În Infantry - - - - 16,200
Men. 1. Regular troops · · 5,200 2 Militia . - 11,000
In Cavalry - - - 1. Regular troops
Men. a. In Mexico - 1,000 b. In the provincias internas . .' 3,700 : 2. Militia . - 11,000
a. In the interior of Mexico'o' 4,700 b. On the coast 4,000 c. In the provincias internas - - 2,600
. 32,200 - tal* * A state of troops preserved in the archives of the Viceroyalty, and tolerably conform to the Guia de fo..
In estimating the force of the Mexican army at 32,000 men, we must observe that the number of disciplined troops scarcely amounts to eight or ten thousand, among whom there are three of four thousand of considerable military experience, namely the cavalry stationed in the presidios of Sonora, New Biscay, and New Galicia. We have already observed * that the inhabitants of the provincias internas live in a state of perpetual warfare with the Indians known by the name of Apaches, Cumanches, Mimbreños, Yutas, Chichimecas, and Taouaiazes. The presidios or military posts were established to protect the colonists from the attacks of these Indians, who are armed with bows and arrows, and mounted on horses of the Spanish breed. Since the end of the sixteenth century when Juan de Oñate formed the first settlements in New Mexico. horses have multiplied to such a degree in the Savannahs which extend to the East and West of Santa Fe, towards the Missouri and the Rio Gila, that the
rasteros, published at Mexico by Don Mariano de zu higa y Ontiveros (p. 152, 179,) gives 32,934. Compare also Viagero Universal, xxvii. p. 320 and the New Geography of M. Pinkerton, p. 162, in which a larger estimate has been adopted.
* See Vol. ii. p. 313.