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As the exportation of sugar from the ports of the United States, has risen to more than 45 millions of kilogrammes, it amounts to the fourth part of the whole produce of the American islands. See the estimates given by me Vol. III. chap. X. p. 14.
According to the interesting researches of M. Macall Medford, the value of the exports of the United States amounted,
Dollars. In 1794 . ' . to . 33,026,233 1795 .
. 47,989,472 17961:
· 67,064,097 1806 . ..
:. 101,536,963 ,
In the last year, the total value of the exports of Great Britain only amounted to the double of the exports of the United States. The following Table indicates the proportion of the foreign commerce belonging to the different parts of America.
Exports of the United States, from 1st October,
1805, to 30th September, 1806.
193,775 21,199,243 2,091,835 1,715,828 21,762,845
Sum total .
In the course of the same year, the exports of the United States for the different parts of Great Britain were 1,600,000 pounds sterling, while the imports from England into the United States amounted to 6,800,000 pounds sterling. The commerce of the English nation with the United States, amounted then to a seventh of the value of the whole exports of Great Britain, which are valued by Mr. Medford at 51 millions of pounds sterling.
Note H. (Vol. IV. p. 123.) The following Table exhibits the value of the exports from the Spanish Colonies of America for the port of Cadiz, from the period of the peace of Amiens, to the 31st December, 1802.
Value in dou
ble piastres Denomination of goods. Quantities. price at Ca
Cotton . .
54,112 quint. 1,535,040 Indigo . . . | 3,892,675 lib. 9,931,687 Sugar ... | 1,029,613 arrob. 4,375,855 Vanilla . . 11,947,000 pieces 1,075,230 Cocoa of Caracas. 33,075 faneg. | 1,984,500 Ditto of Guayaquil · · ·
21,532 ditto. ,861,280 Coffee . . . | 1,799,800 lib. 478,072 Campeachy wood
90,380 Quinquina. : 1 893,100 lib. 1,786,200 Copper .
17,877 quint. 375,417 Hides . . . 1 339,382 dicto. | 1,527,219
Grana 24,514 arrob. | 2,528,007 Cochineal Gra
(nilla. 1,392 ditto. 57,447 Pimento of Ta
basco . . 99,875 lib. 16,646 Tallow
3,269 quint. 42,484 Jalap. . .
7,507 arrob. 375,350 Yellow wood (mo
ralete) . . 3,777 quint. 17,554 Sarsaparilla . 364 ditto. 37,856 Brazil wood (Brasilete) ; .
1,059 ditto. 10,590 Total of produce
27,096,814 Gold and silver
.. 54,742,033 Total of the ex)
ports of the
1.. . . 81,838,847 nies for Cadiz
Note I. (Vol. IV. p. 246.) M. Playfair (Statistical Breviary, p. 58). estimates the total population of the English possessions of Hindostan in 1801, at only 23 millions of inhabitants. He allows for the three provinces of Bengal, Bahar, and Benares, 18,500,000. According to the information received at the Presidency of Calcutta from the collectors of tributes, it was believed that the population of Bengal and Bahar in 1789 did not exceed 22 millions. Sir William Jones in the preface to his translation of Al Sirajiyah, lays down 24 millions; and the authors of the Observations on the agriculture and commerce of Hindostan *, printed at Calcutta in 1800, fix the population of Bengal, Bahar, and Benares at 27 millions. They even affirm that this estimate, far from being exaggerated, is on the contrary, perhaps three or four millions too low. From these data it appears that the English possessions of the Continent of Asia have 32,300,000 inhabitants, which, supposing a territorial extent of 48,299 square leagues, gives 673 individuals 'to the square league.
* Remarks on the Husbandry and internal commerce of Bengal, (Calcutta, 1801, and reprinted in London). Cbap. . p. 15.
On the Territorial Extent and Population of
I HAVE brought together in the following Table all the information which I have been able hitherto to acquire * respecting the territorial extent, population, produce of gold and silver mines, and value of. imports from the old Continent into the Spanish Colonies of America. M. Oltmanns was kind enough to take the charge of the calculations of the extent of the surfaces in square leagues.
* See vol. i. p. 207 to 211. and vol. iii, p. 394 and vol. iv. p. 127.