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Sec. 13. It shall be the duty of every teacher in any Sec. 22. The committees of the respective districts forming
districts, as the children between the ages of 4 and 16 attending
trict schools. Sec. 15. Whenever the expense of keeping a common school Sec. 26. No child shall be excluded from any school supby a teacher or teachers duly qualified, shall exceed the ported in all or in part out of any morey appropriated or raised by amount of all monies appropriated by law to defray the ex- law for this purpose, in the district to which such child belongs, pense of such school, the committee in such district for the on account of the inability of the parent, guardian, or master of time being, may examine, adjust, and allow all bills of ex- the same to pay his or her tax or assessment for any school.pense incurred for the support of said school, and assess the purpose whaiever; and the school committee of such district, same upon the parents, guardians, and masters of such children and the select men, or a majority of the same, of the town or as attended the same, according to the number and time sent by lowns in which such district shall be located, shall constitute a each.
Board with power to abate the taxes or assessments of such Sec. 16. Whenever the contingent expenses of any school persons, as are unable to pay the same in all or in part, and district, arising from repairs of school house or its appendages, said select men shall draw an order for the amount of such books, costs, damages, or any other source, shall not exceed abatements upon the treasurer of the town in which such perthe sum of iwenty dollars in one year, the same may be inclu- sons reside, in favor of said district. ded in the above assessment.
Sec. 27. All the school officers, both of the school sociSec. 17. Any school district, in lawful meeting warned ety and school districts shall hold their respective offices until for this purpose, is hereby authorized to lay a tax, not exceed- the apnual meeting of such society and district next following ing thirty dollars the first year, or ten dollars any subsequent the time of their appointment, and until others shall be duly year, on the district, for the purpose of establishing and main-elected in their places. taining a Common School Library and apparatus for the use of Sec. 28. In case any district shall fail or neglect to appoint the children of such district, under such rules and regulations any or all of the officers authorized and directed to be apas said district may adopt; and any sum of money thus raised, pointed by this Act at the annual meeting, or any vacancy shall te assessed and collected in the same manner as other shall occur by death, removal from the district, or otherwise, district taxes.
fit shall be the duty of the committee of the school society in Sec. 18. Any two or more adjoining school districts, may which such district may be located to make such appointment, associate together and form a union district with power to and to fill such vacancy, on receiving written notice thereof maintain a union school, to be kept for the benefit of the older from any three members of the district, and lodge the name or and more advanced children of such associated districts, if the names of such officers so appointed, with the district clerk. inhabitants of each of such districts, shall at legal meetings Sec. 29. The Governor is hereby authorized to fill any called for that purpose, agree to form such union by a vote of vacancy in the Board of Commisioners of Common Schools, two thirds of the legal voters present.
occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise. Sec. 19. Any union district thus formed shall have all the Sec. 30. All acis or parts of acts relating to school societies corporate powers of school districts, and shall hold its first or schools, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are meeting on such notice, and at such time and place as may hereby repealed. be agreed upon by the associated districts respectively hy a vote of the same at the time of forming the union.
The present number of the Journal contains the Report Sec. 20. The annual meeting of such union district shall of the Board of Commissioners of Common Schools, with be held at such time and place, and upon such potice, as the all of the accompanying documents, except appendix No. 1, district may at its first meeting prescribe-and notice of all spe- annexed to the Report of the Secretary of the Board. 'It also cial or adjourned meetings shall be given as provided for in the case of school districts.
contains the “act concerning schools," which was reported Sec. 21. The legal voters of such union district shall have by the Joint Select Committee on Common Schools, and with power to designate, and purchase or lease, the site for a schoolla few amendments in the Senate, passed both Houses with an house for the union school, and to build, hire, or purchase a almost unanimous vote. building for such school house, and to keep in' repair and fur
The first volume of the Journal is now completed. A nish the same with fuel, furniture and other necessary articles for the use of said school--and to assess and collect a tax for
title page and index to this volume, will accompany the first the above purpose, in the same manner as is prescribed by law number of volume second—which will be issued in the course able unanimously to agree on the location of the union school ent subscribers unless otherwise directed. The friends of the house, the school society committee shall on application deter
Journal are requested to give their co-operation to extend its mine the same.
circulation, and consequently its power to do good.
INDEX OF VOLUME II.
Common Schools, Winter, 37; are means Examination of schools, 160. Abatement of School Taxes to the poor "act
Examination of teachers, 61, 158, 154. of 1839,"$ 26, p. 28.
Common Schools, tribute to, 164; prospects Abbott, Jacob, Teacher, extracts from, 48,
Fellenberg, 106. of in Mass., 175.
Female Seminary, 195. 197.
Common School Journal, recommended by Abstract of Mass. School Returns, p. 183-8,9.
Female teachers, dignity of their calling, 15:
Sup. of Schools in New York, 172; ditto 157-164.
employment of in Winter schools, 53; in
in Penn., 194 ; suspended in Connecticut, Summer schools, 158; fine specimen of, Academies in Penn., 195; influence of on
181. Common Schools, 159, 145.
61; in Ohio, 155; Gov. Seward's tribute Common School Library of Marsh, Capen Address of the Secretary to the public respect & Co., 174. ing Conn. Common School Journal, 5; iis
Field, Dr., meetings by, in Middlesex Co., Conditions of happiness in teaching, 15. discontinuance, 157.
49; Haddam, 49. Confessions of a school master, notices of, Agriculture, principles of, should be taught
France, infant schools in, 50, 131.
63; extracts from, 63, 76, 93, 142. in Common Schools, 11. Connecticut, what she would be with good
Geography, 32, 110, 161. Alcott, Dr., articles by, 57, 71, 85, 106, 123,
Schools, 8; first to appreciate Common
Graduation of schools recommended, 36, 121, 134.
159. Schools, 35 ; first civil Constitution of, 99 ; Alphabet, method of teaching by Dunn, 16.
Grammar, 31. American Institute of Instruction, origin of,
true policy of, 103. Conscience, 144.
Government, faculty of, how tested, 158. 13; annual meeting of, for 1839, 14, 30, 83.
Convention, State Common School, call for, Haddam, school meeting in, 49. Amusements, 81 ; of children, 97.
20; proceedings of, 35; National call for, Happiness depends on education, 187. Annual Report of School Visiters, 165; Tol
20; New Haven County, 147.
Harris, N. on Buok-keeping, 95, 113, 411. land, 160, 148, 147.
Co-operation of parents, articles on by T.H Hartford County, school meetings in, 65. Arithmetic, 31 76, 93, 126, 161.
G., 7, 29, 38, 58, 71, 86, 116, 122, 163. Hartford, first school society school meeting, Art of communicating, 16.
65. County Superintendents, 154; Examiners, Association of Teachers in Essex County, 43;
Hayes, Rev. Mr., letter from, 147. recommended, 70. Crime, 134, 189.
Health, laws of, 50.
High schools, 159.
Historical society of Conn., 180.
Holland, primary instruction in, 130.
Home school, 128.
House I live in, 57, 71, 86, 106, 135.
Humphrey, Dr., Thoughts on Common Board, 5; President of State Convention, Districts, annual school meeting of, 20; pro
Schools, 73; outlines of a School system, 35. ceedings in, 185 : too small, 162;
73: School houses, 73 ; Female Teachers, District school libraries, 187. Belgium, education in, 99.
119; graduation of Schools, 119; qualifiBingham, Caleb, library founded by, 68; letDistrict Committee, how chosen ; duties of;
cations of Teachers, 119; School governter of, 68; tribute to, 68. how they can improve Winter schools, 54;
ment, 121 ; moral government, 121 ; laws
do. 185. Black boards, uses of, 48, 161.
and regulations, 122; corporeal punishBoard of Com. of Common Schools, members District school as it was, notices of and ex
ments, 123; parental co operation, 122; tracts from, 59, 75, 94. of for 1839-40, 5; report of 1839, 6.
number of scholars in one school 122; Boarding round, 50. Dix, Gen., extracts from report by, 98.
punctuality, 122; vacations, 122; school Books recommended in Windham Co., 68; Doane, Bishop, 152.
meetings. Domestic instruction, 80. to be prescribed by School Visiters, 69. Dunn's Teachers' Manual, notice of, 15; ex
Ignorance and crime, 133, 189. Books, worth of, 129; value to woman, 191.
Imagination, culture of, 117.
tracts from, 15, 31, 45, 46, 126. Book-keeping, 95, 113, 141.
Incidental teaching, 128.
Indiana, education in, 192.
by D. P. Page, 14, 34, 41. published discourse by, 102.
Innovations in teaching, 39.
Instructers, duty of to school houses, 43; Dwight, T. Jr., Schoolmaster's Friend, 110, 131. 113.
management of fire, 43; of school room, Central Society of Education, 133.
43; out of door arrangements, 44. Channing, Dr., on self-culture, extracts from, Educated men, responsibility of, 103.
Interest in studies and recitations, 138. 40.
Education, state of in United States, 18, 131, Interrogation method, 127. Chapin, Rev. Dr., report of, 145.
153; what is ? 39; higher, needed by every
Jacotot, 106. Children should be comfortable in School, 30;
human being, 41; a business for life, 55 ; Judson, Hon. A. T., Commissioner, 5; Presout of school, 98.
three examples of school education, 56; na ident of County Convention, 67. Children in manufacturing cstablishments,
ture of, 138; happiness and usefulness of Labor and self-culture, 80, 130; true nobility 175. man depend on, 187; increases his com
of, 191. Chinese education, 105.
mand over nature, 188; cheaper than igno Laborers on public works, children of, 172 ; Christianity and Common Schools, 102.
in manufacturing establishments, 175, 176. Education of Teachers, 65; provision for in Language, ready use of, 139. Church, Hon. S., School Commissioner, 5;
New York, 172. efforts in Salisbury, 67; remarks at Dan
Legislature, proceedings of in 1839,5, Education for the people by Mrs. Tuckfield, Lewis, Samuel, tribute to, 154; report of, as bury, 84.
notice of, 96 ; extracts from, 96. Classification of scholars, 48.
Superintendent of schools, 154 ; letter on Education, notice of, 133. Clergy and Common Schools, 174,178.
resigning his office, 155. Ellsworth, Gov., extract from annual mes. College graduates not necessarily educated,
Lexington Normal School, 99. 102.
Libraries, Districts may tax themselves to England, education in; address to working Colleges in Penn., 195.
preserve, ll; recommended to do so, 11,
men on National education, 117. Coleridge on prayer, 47.
77; School, 114, 172; recommended in Common education should be the best educa- | Everett, Gov., notice of address by, at Lex
Essex County Teachers' Association, 43. Mass.; in Penn., 194; in N. York, 195. tion, 152.
Litchfield County, Commissioner for, 5; ington, 99.
school meetings in, 67.
Litigation in school districts, 114.
Prospectus of Conn. Common School Jour ford Female Seminary, 116; in Winsted Local history, 97.
Academy, 52; in New York, 172: in Lowell, Mass., excellent school of, 116. Prussia, late school report from, 51 ; referred Penn., 193; frequent changes of, 162. Lyceums, 81; State, meeting of, 83, 177. to by Gen. Dix, 98.
Teaching, dignity of, 129.
Tennessee, school system of, 19.
Text books, 136.
Tolland county school meetings, 49; Comby, 15; on pronunciation, 77; on rivate Punctuality, 123.
missioner for, 5; lown report of school visschools, 79; co-operation of parents, 117. Punishments in schools, 45; domestic rules
iters for 1839, 166. Munual for teachers, recommended in Penn., respecting, 46; of children, 97.
Truth, 146. 193. Read, what to and how, 12.
Uneducated children in New York, 172. Marcy, Gov., message of, respecting school Reading, Dunn on, 16; in the district school United States, education in, 192. libraries, 195.
as it was, 75; by author of Confessions, Union districts, how formed, 27; powers of, Marsh, Capen, Lyon & Webb's Com. school 76; to be taught like music, 91; series of 27; committee of, 28. library, 174
articles on, 1:24, 140; in Mass., 161. Union of intellect and labor, 178. Massachusetts, summary of school law, 156; Reports of school committees, 102.
Utterance, power of, to be cultivated, 41. Gov. Morton's message, 156; abstract of Registers, 162; to be kept by teachers, 27. Vacations, 123. school returns, 157; Report of Board of Rich and poor, 129.
Ventilation of school houses, 37; method of Education, 173; Secretary of the Board, Salisbury, school meeting in, 68; Youth's li
doing, 37. 174.
brary, 68, 148.
Vermont, extract from Gov. message,
153. Means and Ends by Miss Sedgwick, extracts School books, 68, 69, 160.
Virginia, education in, 131. from, 12, 39, 56, 128.
School Committees, dignity of their office, 30. Visible illustrations, 127.
Visiters, school, how they can improve WinMethod of instruction in Summer Schools, School districts, how established, 22; with ter schools, 69. 189.
not less than 40 children, 26; boundaries Wadsworth, Gen. James, author of the liMichigan, progress of Common Schools in, of, 26; powers of, 26; taxation in, 27; brary system, 11.
19; system of public instruction, 168; ex meeting how warned, 26; power of laxa Waldo, L. P., member of school board, 5 tracts from report of Superintendent for tion tor libraries.
school meetings by, in Tolland county, 49. 1839, 169.
School houses, new, 45; care of by teachers, Wallace, Gov., message of, 192. Monkeys, diseases of, on account of bad 43; old ones repaired, 37; the old, 59; in Waterston, R. C., lectures by, extracts from,
Portersville, 67; in New London, 67; by
47, 78. Moral discipline, 107, 121.
Dr. Humphrey, 73; in Newington. 147; Wayland, President, extract from, 13. Music, in French public schools, 10; in in Ohio, 155; in Mass., 157-175; in New War and education, 191.
Switzerland, 51; in schools, 90, 161. Haven, 155, 179; in Chelsea, 179. Webster, Noah, appointed orator before HisNew Canaan, school in, 148.
Schools, laws and acts concerning, in Conn., torical Society, 100; tribute to, 100; gifts New Haven, Lancasterian school in, 116; 21-28.
by, 100. new school house in. School libraries, 114, 172, 175, 177.
Weihersfield, Rocky Hill Society, 141; NewNew London, County Commissioner for, 5; School mtetings, notices of, 52,
ington Society, 147. school meetings in, 67. School master, dignity of, 17.
Windham county, Commissioner for, 5; Newtown Academy, influence of on teach School returns for 1839-40, 52, 149, 164. school meetings, 66; school books recom
School society, how constituted, 23, powers mended in, 68. New York, Common Schools in 1838, 19; of, 23, 26.
Winter schools, improvement of, 37, 53, 69, Gov. Message, 132; educational policy of, School teachers, by whom examined, 27;
85. 132; condition of schools in 1838, 170; re qualification of, 28; must keep a Regis- | Wisdom and knowledge, 189. port of Superintendent, 170; school fund,
Woman, value of books to, 191. 171; progress of 171; district school li- Secondary schools, 145.
Words often mispronounced, 77, 92, 111, 126 braries recommended in, and established, Sedgwick, Miss, extracts from, 56, 128. Working men, address of, 117. 195-6. Self-culture, 81.
Worthington, 1st Society, 147. Normal Schools, benefit of, 9; in England, Seward, Gov., annual message of, 132; ex Wright, T. L., provision of, for the education
17; plan of by Prof. Stowe, 61,87; course tracts from message of, 132; on female of teachers in the Grammar School, Hartof instruction in, 87; reasons for and teachers, 168.
ford, 52. against, 103; at Lexington, 99. Shannon, Gov., message of, 131.
Writing, 93; on slate, 93; in the district North Carolina, school system of, 51. Sigourney, Mrs. L. H., essay of, read at State school as it was, 94; in Mass., 161. Norway, common schools in, 115. Convention, State Lyceum, 83; on the cul Young children, management of
, 182. Oberlin, Memoirs of, 133, 151.
tivation of the perception of the beautiful, Young Men's Institute, Hartford, 81. Ohio, Gov. Shannon's message, 131; Super 117.
intendent of common schools report, 154. Silvio Pellico, noble sentiment of, 17. Oral instruction, 96, 113, 161. Singing, 51, 161.
CONTENTS Orthography, 91.
Slales, uses of, 78; in writing, 93, 182-3. Page, D. P. Lectures by, 14.
Small children, appropriate methods of gove of the Second Annual Report of the Board Parents, duties of to teachers, 41; co-opera erning and teaching, 38. tion of in improving schools, 7, 29, 38, 55, Small districts, 178, 102.
of Commissioners. 61, 85, 86, 163; indifference of, 194. South Carolina school system, 156. Paris, schools in, 51.
Spelling, by Dunn, 16; method of, in Borough Report of the Board, 197. Peers, B. O., quoted, 101.
road school, London, 16; in the district Report of the Secretary, 199. Pennsylvania, report of Superintendent in, school as it was, 75; by author of Confes Account of his proceedings.
192; progress of education in, 193; condi sions, 76; by Mr. Mann, 109; in Mass., tion of education in, 192, 193; common 164.
I. Condition of the Common Schools in 1839 schools in, 18; report of Sup. of common Spiritual influerice in schools, 47, 78, 143.
-40, 200. schools, 189.
Stowe, Calvin E., on Teachers' Seminaries, 1. Evidence of improvement, 200. Pestalozzi, 106.
61, 72, 87, 103; tribute to, 65.
2. School Societies, 201. Philadelphia, public schools in, 19; high | Studies, too many, 160.
3. School Districts and number of chilschools in, 19.
Supplication by the English Language, 12, dren, 201. Physical education, 58.
4. Attendance, 203. Physicians and common schools, 149. Summer, first, in school, 61.
5, Non attendance, 204. Poor, education of in Ohio, 154.
Summer' schools, improvement of, 85, 167, 6. Length, 206. Popular education in England, 17.
158; method of instruction in, 180.
7. Teachers, 206. Porter, Gov., extract from annual message Switzerland, vocal music in, 51.
8. Course of instruction, studies, books, of, 116.
Teacher and pupil, 137; teacher and parent, apparatus, methods, registers and reports Portersville new school house, 67. 138.
to parents, 207. Practical exercises, 142, 184-5. Teachers' department, 172.
9. School-houses, 209. Prayer recommended, 47. Teacher's manual by Dunn.
10. Union schools, 210. Primary branches first to be attended to, 48; Teachers, moral and intellectual habits of, 47; 11. High school, 210. neglect of, 160.
qualifications of, 121; examination of, 67, 12. School Libraries, 210. Private schools, origin of, 79; influence of 114, 158; want of well qualified, 158; pro 13. Examination of Teachers and Visita.
on common schools, 79, 152, 159, 161. visions for their better qualification, 7; edu tion of Schools, 210. Progress of society, 180.
cation of in Lafayette College, Penn., 19; 14. Co-operation of Parents, 211. Pronunciation, 77.
in Hartford Grammar School, 52; in Hart 15. Support of Schools, 211.
GRAND DUCHY OF BADEN,
GRAND DUCHY OF HESSE.
II. Other Means of Popular Education, 214.
Elementary education in Baden, 311.
GRAND DUCHY OF NASSAU.
President Bache's Report on primary instruc- Elementary education in Nassau, 311.
tion in Holland, 277. 2. Common School Libraries, 217.
General organization, 277. 3. Gradation of Schools, 217.
Primary school at the Elementary education in Hesse, 312.
Primary normal school at
System of education, 312.
Popular schools. 313.
first impressions of the pri- | Austrian dominions in Italy, 315.
Polytechnic institute of Vienna, 314,
State of elementary education in Lombardy.
progress ef improvement, 283.
315. mates for 1839-40. 223.
Infant schools, 316.
Public schools in the Venetian States, 317.
Village schools, 284.
Burgher schools, 284.
Education of teachers, 284. Public instruction, 318.
Insant school for the higher classes, 318.
Education of teachers, 285.
School inspection, 285.
Education in the several cantons, 319.
Canton of Tessino.
School law, 319.
Canton of Soleure.
Schools of the poor at Amster Public instruction, 319.
Canton of Neufchatel.
Infant school at Rotterdam, 288.
Canton of Zurich.
School for juvenile offenders at Elementary schools, 320.
Higher schools, 320.
Observations on the history of Technical school, 320.
Normal school at Kussnacht, 320,
Canton of Basle,
vian Republic, 290.
Fellenberg's establishments at Hofwyl, 321.
Principles of education, 321.
School at Beuggen, 323.
ation of teachers, Factory schools, 250.
Primary school system, 325.
respecting schoolin- | Statistics, 325.
Programme of examination of teach- Primary school system, 325.
Regulations respecting the general Institute of agriculture, 325.
order in the primary schools, 291.
Measures adopted to secure religious
Public schools, 326.
of Holland and Prussia, 292.
System of primary instrnction and schools, Statistics, 327.
Class books in the public schools, 327.
Primary instruction, 327.
Leipsic, Public schools of, 328.
Burgher schools of, 328.
City trade school of Berlin, 298.
Primary instruction in, 330.
Primary normal schools in Prussia, 301.
Seminary for teachers at Weissenfels. 301.
School system, 332.
Expense of the schools, 305.
History of public instruction, 333.
Primary school system of 1833, 333.
Special schools for the deaf and dumb, and Opinions of Guizot, Cousin, &c., 334.
blind, &c., 305.
Normal school at Versailles, 334.
Ignorance and crime, 335.
Results of the system, 308.
Primary education in, 336.
School system, 332.
GRAND DUCHY OF SAXE WEIMER.