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common schools, urges their introduction into our district | diversity of natural talent in regard to these, as in regard to schools, as a great saving of time, and health, and money, al- reading, writing, and other branches of education ; but they though the first cost should be $50 for each scholar.

had never seen a child who was capable of learning to read The writer quotes from a letter of Dr. Smith, in reference to and write, who could not be taught to sing well and draw the ordinary writing desks in our sehools.

neatly, and that too without taking any time which would al “To these wretched articles of common school furniture are

all interfere with, indeed which would not actually promote his we to look, in some measure, for the cause of so many distor- progress in other studies.” tions of the bones, spinal diseases, chronic affections, now so prevalent throughoul the country. Symmetry of form may be

From “ AMERICAN EDUCATION," by Rev. B. 0. Peers. deranged, the vital organs imperfectly perform their functions, and a train of maladies destructive to health, may all be refer "I most devoutly pray to God, that his warning voice, in the red, in some instances, to the stiff bench, and the still worse riots, mobs, and lynchings, which have grown so common in writing desk in the common class of school houses."

our land, may be duly heeded by the nation, and may rid us of Again the same physician says,

that fatal gelf-complacency, which causes us to expect the

perpetuity of our government on any other grounds ihan the There is a radical defect in the seats of our school rooms. general prevalence of something more than a merely nominal The seats should be more comfortable, and prevent the bones education. We appear as a people to have become so comof the chest from being cramped down and binding the di- pletely intoxicated with liberty, as to have forgotten that "it gestive organs.

is a state of duty as well as privilege." In the licentions en“Very small children, in schools, become excessively weary, temperate commemoration of national independence, we are

joyment of its rights, we overlook its obligations. In our inafter sitting a little time on stiff benches-are sleepy, and can rotally forgetful, that to perpetuate its blessings will' demand scarcely be kept awake. This is nature's mode of seeking re- of us quite as much of virtue and intelligence, as its achievelief from the pressure and gravity of the chest which is confi- ment cost our fathers, of their blood and treasure. ning both bones aud inuscles. They should certainly be permitted either to have a recumbent posture, which is thus indica- and moral developement attained by the generality of our citi

"The amount of information acquired, and the intellectual led, or they should be kept but a very little time in one posi- zens in the common schools, are far below the demand of their tion. Mal-formation of the bones, narrow chests, coughs, ending in consumption and death in middle life, besides a mul political relations. The theory of our government calls for the titude of minor ills, have often had their origin in the school highest kind of intelligence among the people.” room."

EDUCATION IS NOT CONFINED TO THE SCHOOL-HOUSE. VENTILATING AND LIGHTING SCHOOL-ROOMS. (From “ Aids to Mental Development, or Hints to Parents, &c By (From "Fireside Education, by the author of Peter Parley's Tales."

a Lady of Philadelphia,” 340 pages 12 mo.-P. 10. 400 pages 12 mo. 1838.-P. 340.

"Education is not the limited object which it is generally In the construction of school-houses, several points ought to conceived to be ; confined to the few years spent at school, be carefully attended to. In the first place, the interior should and the small portion of elementary knowledge acquired be so arranged, as to facilitate the evolutions of the school, there : but it comprehends the dispositions that a child is perand place the pupils in postures to be easily reviewed by the mitted to indulge, the habits that it forms, the examples which teacher. It should also be of ample size, especially if we con- it imitates, and the companions with whom it associates : a sider the danger to health from foul air. It is a well known truth that strikes home to the hearts of parents, and makes fact, that death has recently occurred in some of our schools, much more serious demands upon their aifections and self-defrom the impurity of the air. Will parents hear this, and nial, than all the most costly schools would require ; for it calls never go to the school-room, and see whether the health, nay, upon them to begin first with the discipline of iheir own hearts the lives of their children are safe?

and tempers. It requires that they should first of all learn to “The subject of warming school-houses, is also one that govern ihemselves. This is a truth that calls for so much, demands great care and skill. The lighting of those edifices and, in most instances, would demand so complete a revolushould be so managed as to spare the eyes of children. Dr. tion of character, and the relinquishment of so many darling Reynolds remarks: How much talent lies dormant through habits and long nourished propensities, that few are willing to the sensitiveness of the eye-sight, occasioned by inordinate acknowledge, even to themselves, its importance in the allainand untimely use of the eyes ! This last mentioned evil is ment of the object which they profess to have more at heart increasing to a fearful amount among the young. Accurate than any other in life.” enquiries have convinced me, that a large number of these individuals must go back to the school-room to find the source of

THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH AND their infirmities.'

EDUCATION. “ Dr. Howe says: “There are some obvious dangers to The triennial convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church which children are exposed in schools, which may be pointed in the United States, which recently met in Philadelphia, deout in a few words. You will often see a class of children voted an evening to the subject of education. Several excelreading or writing with the sun shining on their books, or lent addresses were made-four of them by bishops; and a writing in a dark afternon, with their backs to the window, resolution was unanimously adopted, urging on their pastors and their bodies obstructing, its little light; and if you tell and people, its great importance, and the duty of promoting it, the master he is perilling the eye-sight of his scholars, he arising out of its inseparable connection with ihe best interests thinks he gives you a complete disconfiture by saying; that he of man in this world and the future. Another resolution prohas kept school so for ten years, and never knew a boy to be- vided for the appointment of a committee of three, to keep the come blind. Nevertheless, it is a cause of evil, and so surely subject before the minds of the people, and to repori at the next as it exists it will be followed by its effects.'”

convention, in 184).

Al the same time, the Rev. B. 0. Peers, of Louisville, KenTHE PRACTICE OF MUSIC AND DRAWING IN SCHOOLS. tucky, was appointed editor of the Episcopal Recorder, to as(From Professor Stow's Report on the Prussian Schools, made to the dent of the city of New York. This gentleman has been dis

sume its direction in December, when he will become a resiLegislature of Ohio in 1838.-A pamphlet.)

tinguished for several years, as one of the most intelligent, The universal success also and beneficial results with active, and influential friends of education in the west. He which the arts of Drawing and Designing, Vocal and Instru- furinerly held the office of President of Transylvania Universimental Music, have been introduced into schools, was another ty, and has been long engaged in instruction. His residence in fact peculiarly interesting to me. I asked all the teachers with New York will enable him to extend his influence, for the benwhom I conversed, whether they did not sometimes find chil efit of our country. His views of education are sound and decidren actually incapable of learning to draw and to sing. I ded; and they will be found expressed in a valuable work he have had but one reply, and that was, that they found the same has just published, entitled "American Education.”

WINDHAM COUNTY SCHOOL CONVENTION.

After the address was concluded, the Committee appointed to bring Owing to some delay in geuing out the October number of the forward business, reported the following resolutions, which were unanJournal,

we are enabled to present from the Windham County Gazette, imously passed. the official account of the first convention which has been held in the common Schools, and the course they are pursuing for carrying into

Resolved, That the organization of the Board of Commissioners for state, in pursuance of the vote of the Board.

If the other counties take up the movement with the same spirit and effect the objects of their appointment, meet with the cordial approbation unanimity that prevailed at ihat Convention, we shall realize in an of this convention, and that, in our respective towns in this county, we abundant measure the anticipation of the Board in their address to the will render them all the co-operation in our power, and invite our fellow people of the state. By these conventions it is hoped, that a vigorous citizens to do the same. impulse will be given to the cause of common school instruction

Resolved, That the establishment of the Connecticut Common throughout the state; and that its friends, by this interchange of senti- School Journal under the direction of the Board of Commissioners, is ments, and acquaintance with each other, will form new bonds of sym- one of the indispensable measures for the prosperity of popular educapathy, and channels of united effort in promoting its success. It will tion in this state, and that the Convention recommend its general cirbe good and pleasant for the citizens of one republic thus to come togeth- culation among the friends of the cause—the school committees and er for an object so dear to then all; to provide for the improvement in visitors—the teachers and the scholars themselves: it being expected knowlege, in usefulness, and in piety, of the thousands of children and that a portion of the Journal will be devoted to the improvement of this youth who are soon to take the places of their fathers; to forget the dis- latter class of readers. iinctions of party and of sect; and to invoke the blessing of the Al

Resolved, That this Convention recommend before its members sepamighty upon their deliberations and doings.

rate, the formation among them of a County Association, embracing In pursuance of a notice given by the Commissioner of Common auxiliaries in each school society, to aid the Board of Commissioners in Schools for Windham County, a Convention was held at Brooklyn, carrying their plans into effect, and to make to said Board, from time to on the 10th inst., consisting of the following delegates from the several time, such suggestions as may tend to promote the welfare of Common School Societies :

Schools throughout this state. BROOKLYN.-D. P. Tyler, W. Hutchins, A White, U. Fuller, E.

On motion of C. Lyon-Resolved, That in the opinion of this ConFogg.

vention, it would promote the interests of the common schools for the VOLUNTOWN.-H. Campbell, D. Stanton, G. Basset.

several instructers in the towns to associate together for mutnal imSCOTLAND.-O. C. Whiton, J. Palmer, Ć. Smith, W. K. Dorrance, provement, and visit each others' schools as often as may be practiC.N. Palmer, D. F. Smith, N. R. Lillie.

cable. Plainfield.--Rev. Mr. Rockwell

, J. Witter, W. H. Cogswell

, F. Convention, and that it shall be the object of its individual members, to

On motion of D. P. Tyler-Resolred, That it is the duty of this B. Johnson, M. Burgess, A. Harris. 3D SOCIETY, WINDHAM.-E. Williams, N. Fitch.

make the cause of education in our Common Schools as practically useSOUTH KILLINGLY.-S. Rood, J. S. Brainard, L. Graves, H. Amold, ful, as the Speaker has, this afternoon made that cause theoretically L. Day.

cheering and glorious. POMFRET.-W. James, W.0. Green, C. Hubbard, H. Holt, C. Mat- vention be returned to the Rev. Mr. Gallaudett, for his able and eloquent

On motion of J. M'Clellan-Resolved, That the thanks of the Conthewson, B. Hickes, D.' Hunt. w. Sessions, D. Hicks, D. Dresser, C. Osgood, E. Lord, G. S. In- circulate the Connecticut Common School Journal.” ABINGTON.-G. Sharpe, N. S. Hunt, J. Holbrook, J. A. Dresser, E. address delivered this morning before parents, teachers, and scholars.

On motion, a committee was appointed for each School Society, lo galls, R. D. Sharpe, P. M. Allen, J. W. Dewey, W. Williams. WOODSTOCK, 2D SOCIETY.-J. F. Williams, M. Chandler, E. Siod.

On motion, the Convention adjourned to half past six, evening. dard, E. Litchfield, 2d, L. Hiscox.

Met pursuant to adjournment. CANTERBURY.-c. s. Hyde, S. Payne, S. Hough, G. S. White, J. for the improvement of Common Schools. Per order of Convention,

Op motion, the Convention resolved itself into a County Association, W. Francis.

D. P. TYLER, Woodstock, Ist ScHooL SOCIETY.-J. M'Clellan, J. Lyon, H.

Secretaries. Thos. Eugene GRAVES,

F. B. JOHNSON,
Palmer, L. Chamberlain, W. Paine, A. Wood, J. Lyman.

HAMPTON.-D. G. Sprague, J. R. Guile, J. Jackson, J. Burnham, B. The association proceeded to business, John McClellan having been
F. Robinson, A. Hammond, E. Spicer, D. Hughes, A Hughes, R. called to the chair.
Copeland.

On motion, the following gentlemen were appointed officers of the
NORTH KILLINGLY.-Dr. Hough, M. Amsbury, A. Cutler, J. Adams, association:
W. S. Holt, W. B. Carder, S. Tucker, C. A. Spalding.

GEORGE SHARPE, President. CHAPLIN.-E. Dickinson, J. Clark, C. L. Fisk.

Adams White, Calvin Whitney, Hough, Chester Lyon, Philip WESTMINSTER. C. Lyon, W. Williams, I. Backus, N. Allen, M. Pearl

, Thomas Backus, Charles Mathewson, Allen Harris, John C. Morse, C. Morse, B. Delor, E. M. Spalding:

Ames, Harvey Campbell

, W. B. Ballard, Otis Rockwell, Thomas SrErling.--J.C. Ames, S. Kegwin, H. Wylie, S. F. Dow, S. Gordon. Gray, Vice Presidents.

THOMPSON.-G. Larned, S. Davis, H. Olney, J. Nichols, T. Cros William Hutchins, Secretary and Treasurer. by, T. E. Graves.

Resolved, That the several Vice Presidents of the association be reWindham, Ist School Society.-S. Lincoln, J. Swift, E. Bass, J. quested to call meetings in the towns in which they reside, as soon as Woodward, J. E. Tyler.

may be practicable, for the purpose of forming societies, to co-operate North Woodstock.-A. Corbin, I. Corbin, J. Fowler, C. May, E. with this association in behalf of the object for which it is formed. S. Child.

Resolved, That the officers of the association be requested to invite Ashford, 3D School Society.-B. Bosworth, R. Torrey, E. Ben-communications on the subject of common school education. son, C. Whitney, J. Palmer, jr., D. B. Dorsett.

Resolved, That A. T. Judson, G. J. Tillotson, and William HutchThe Convention was organized by the appointment of the following ins, be appointed a committee to prepare a Constitution to be presented officers :

to the association at ils next meeting. ANDREW T. JUDSON, PRESIDENT.

Resolved, That the President be requested and authorized to call a Geo. SHARPE,

THOMAS GRAY, meeting of this association as soon as may be deemed expedient. John M'CLELLAN,

CHESTER LYON,

Resolved, That the publishers of the several journals in this Slate be C. F. CLEVELAND,

John WITTER,

requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting. URIEL FULLER, Vice Presidents. CALVIN WHITNEY,

The spirit, and general results of the meeting were very cheering. It THOMAS Backus,

William Fenner, onght to be noticed, that in the morning, previously to the organization SIMON Davis,

JARED CLARK,

of the Convention, Mr. Gallaudet of Hartford, addressed a numerous asHARVEY CAMPBELL,

semblage of Parents, Teachers and Scholars, on their personal and re

ciprocal duties in relation to the cause of education. His address was D. P. TYLER,

WM. HUTCHINS,

Secretaries. { F. B. JOHNSON,

admirable--full of practical truth, of good feeling and good sense. The

Tuos. EUGENE GRAves, action of the Legislature on the subject of Common School Education, On motion, the following gentlemen were designated a Committee to the labors of these gentlemen, and the generai waking up of our citizens bring forward the business of the Conventiun :

to this most important cause, cannot fail to remedy many deficiencies Geo G. TILLOTSON, SOLOMON PAYNE.

which now exist in our Common Schools, and to place them on a perJOAN M'CLELLAN,

manent basis of progressive improvement. The co-operation of our During the absence of the Committee, the President delivered a short, citizens generally, will be necessary to carry into operation the great obyo eloquent and pertinent address, and in conclusion introduced to the jects for which ihis association was formed. The principal design of Convention, Henry BARNARD, Esq., Secretary of the Board of Com the Secretary, Mr. Barnard, in his tour through the State, is to elicit missioners of Common Schools. After which Mr. Barnard uddressed information and call forth public sentiment. It is hoped that all interthe Convention nearly an hour and a half upon the subject of Common ested in this subject—and who is not ?—will offer their opinions freely School education, and showed by his general information, and practical in pursuance of the foregoing resolution. common sense, that the Committee have chosen an efficient and powerful

By order of the Association, advocate for the cause in which they are engaged, and was listened to

WILLIAM HUTCHINS, Secretary. with an attention which evinced a deep interest in the audience upon the ubject.

Case, Tiffany & Co., Printers, Pearl strcel, Hartford.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF COMMON SCHOOLS.

Vol. I.]

HARTFORD, NOVEMBER, 1838.

[No. 4.

THE CONNECTICUT COMMON SCHOOL JOURNAL

THE LAWS OF CONNECTICUT,
WILL BE PUBLISHED EVERY MONTH,

RESPECTING SCHOOLS AND THE EDUCATION OF
AT THE PRICE OF FIFTY CENTS A YEAR.

CHILDREN. Persons wishing to subscribe, can forward their names and remittances, to the member of the Board of Commissioners for their County, or to the Secretary of the Board at Hartford, or to the postmaster of the town in which they reside.

CHAPTER I.

An Act for the regulation of School Societies, and for the TO THE FRIENDS

support of Schools, OF THE CONNECTICUT COMMON SCHOOL JOURNAL, School societies, how constituted; may hold meetings; elect officers. The aid already afforded this Journal is, it is hoped, but the

Sect. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprepledge of that increased patronage which it is yet to receive, ants living within the limits of ecclesiastical societies incorpo

sentatives in General Assembly convened, That all inhabitand which is essential to its success. Nothing short of a gen- rated by law, shall constitute school societies, and shall annuerous subscription will meet the expense of a periodical sur-ally meet some time in the months of September, October or nished at so cheap a rate; some numbers of which, too, in or

November, or at such other time as they may judge proper, at der to promote the great cause of popular education, must, dur. the usual place in such society for holding meetings, or at such ing the first year at least, be circulated gratuitously. Besides, upon a warning and notice to be given to them, at least five

other place as may be designated, by a vote of the society, it has been the desire of the Board of Commissioners, as soon days before such meeting, by the committee of the society, or as they could feel themselves justified in doing it in a pecuni- if there be no committee, by the clerk; and being lawfully asary point of view, to have the Journal issued semi-monthly; a three or more of their members to be a committee, to order the

sembled, they shall choose a moderator, a clerk, a treasurer, and step which some of the most intelligent and ardent friends of affairs of the society for the year ensuing. The clerk shall common schouls earnestly recommend.

take the oath prescribed by law, and shall make entries of all This periodical must rely on individual exertion. It can- the votes and proceedings of the society, a copy of which, atnot afford to employ a paid agent 10 travel through the State tested by him, shall be legal evidence in all courts, and he shall and procure subscribers. County conventions and associations continue in office till another is chosen and sworn in his room; may recommend it ever so strongly, as they have already accept and execute it. he shall suffer the penalty which town

and if any person, duly appointed to an office, shall refuse to done, but personal effort will alone sustain it.

May build school-houses. Those who have kindly engaged to make this effort, and

Sect. 2. School societies, in legal meeting, shall have those whose duty it has been made by the county and town as

power sociations, to promote its circulation, are earnestly reminded to lay taxes, to build and repair school-houses, and to support

schools;

and to make any lawful agreements, for such purthat now is the time to give permanency and vigor to the Jour

poses. nal. Lose the present favorable opportunity of doing this, and May establish school districts. -Place for erecting school-houses, how fixed. it may be long, indeed, before such another one will return. Sect. 3. Each school society shall have power to divide it

All who have procured subscribers, are requested to send self into and establish proper and necessary districts for keeptheir names, without delay, to the : ecretary of the Board of ing schools, and to alter them from time to time as there may

be occasion; and whenever it may be necessary and convenCommissioners; and any Teachers who will forward the ient to form a district of two or more adjoining societies, such names of subscribers, and remittances for four numbers, shall district may be formed by the vote of said societies, and altered receive a fifth gratuitously.

or dissolved at their pleasure ;t and every such district shall be under the inspection and superintendence of the society where

the school-house shall be situated ; and when such district We have occupied nearly this entire number with the Laws shall agree to build a school-house, the place on which the of this State respecting Schools and the Education of Chil- same shall be erected, shall be fixed' by a committee agreed on dren. And by direction of the Commissioner of the School by said societies, upon application of said district, or any part Fund and the Comptroller of Public Accounts, we shall trans- thereof; and the committee shall return their doings, in wri

ting, to the clerk of the society within the limits of which the mit to the Clerk of each School Society as many copies as

place shall be fixed; which shall be recorded. I there are School Districts therein ;-one of which the Clerk is

Power to dissolve or alter incorporated districts. requested to forward to the Clerk of each District-and in case Sect. 4. Every school society shall have power, on applicaThere is none elected, to the District Committee. It is desira- tion duly made, by any district, incorporated by special act of ble that it should be preserved for the use of the inhabitants the general assembly, lying within the local limits of such so

ciety, to dissolve or alter such district, in the same manner, as and the school in such district.

if said district had been constiluted by such society, in case We shall also enclose a copy to the Clerk, and to the Chair- two thirds of the inhabitants of said district, present at a legal man of the Committee of Visiters, for each School Society. meeting, warned for that purpose, and qualified to vote, shall

agree to make such application. 'Whenever the parts of any Blank forms for the returns of the conditions of the common district, incorporated by special act of the general assembly, schools in each district, bave been or will be transmitted to the shall bé situated in two or more distinct school societies, such clerk of each school society, as prescribed by the Board; which the school visiters will cause to be filled oui, completed and returned 10 the clerk of the society by the last day of Feb. next.

Act of 1835.

* Act of 1823, section 2. Act of 1837.
11 C. R. 479.

district shall not be dissolved but by the vote of each of said | ber of persons, not exceeding nine, of competent skill in lecsocieties, on application to them respectively made as aforesaid. ters, to be overseers, or visitors of the schools in such society, Or annex them to other districts.

whose duty it shall be to examine the instructors, and to disSect. 5. Each school society shall have power to annex place such as may be found deficient in any requisite qualificaany district within its limits, formed by an act of the general tion, or who will not conform to the regulations by them adoptassembly, to other adjoining districts, or to form it into two ed; to superintend and direct the general instruction of the or more districts, as may be most convenient; provided, such scholars; and to visit the schools twice at least, during each district, in a legal meeting, shall consent to waive the benefit season for schooling; at which visitations two or more of them of the act of incorporation ; and when such district shall be shall be present, when they may require from the master such annexed to other adjoining districts, the funds of such district, exercises of the youth, as will show their proficiency in learnif any there be, shall be divided as they shall agree, by a major ing.

School masters must be approved by visitors. vote, in a legal meeting: and when such district is divided into two or more districts, the funds shall be distributed in propor- been examined, and approved, by the visitors of the school so

Sect: 9. No person shall keep a district school, until he has lion to their respective lists. May appoint a committee for each district.--His duty::

ciety, to which the district belongs, and shall receive a certifiSect. 6. Each school society, at their annual meeting, shall cate of such examination and approbation, subscribed by such have power to appoint a proper person to be a commiitee for visitors, or a majority of them, or by a committee consisting of each school district, whose duty it shall be to manage the con- not less than three of their number, to be appointed by such cerns of the district, and to provide an instructor for the school, visitors, or a majority of them, in any of their meetings, which with the assent of the district, and the approbation of the visit- appointment such visitors are hereby authorized to make.

School of a higher order. ors of the school society.* ower of school districts.—Collector.–Penalty for neglect to serve.-Constables of two thirds of the inhabitants present, in a legal meeting

Secr. 10. Any school society shall have liberty, by a vote may be appointed.--Vacancies to be filled. Secr. 7. The inhabitants of school districts, shall, in their warned for that purpose, to institute a school of higher order, lawful meetings, by a major vote, have power to appoint a for the common benefit of the society, the object of which shall clerk, who shall be sworn, and whose duty it shall be to make be to instruct the youth in English grammar, composition, true entries of all their votes and proceedings, and to give at- geography and the learned languages, and no pupil'shall be tested copies thereof, which shall be legal' evidence in all admitted into such school till he shall have passed through courts ; to appoint a treasurer

, who shall be sworn to a faithful the ordinary course of instruction in the common schools, and discharge of his trust, and who shall receive all monies be- bas arrived to such maturity of years and understanding, as to longing to the district, and pay out the same to the order of be capable of pursuing the higher branches of learning in such the district, or the committee, and render his account annually; school. And the visitors of the schools in each school society, to make rules relative to the school-house, and to damages or a majority of them, shall have power to admit such number done the same, and to the furniture and appendages, and rela- of pupils to the school of a higher order as can conveniently be tive to the wood to be supplied by the inhabitants; and to instructed in it, and in such course as will give to all an equal compel obedience, by denying the privilege of the school, 10 opportunity; and the school money shall be apportioned ac. the children of those who refuse a compliance with such cording to the number of scholars, between the ages of four and rules ;* to build and provide a school-house; and to lay taxes, sixteen, that attend the school of a higher order from any disfor the purpose of building and repairing, or otherwise procur-trict, and those that attend the common school in the same

district. ing in school house for said district, of furnishing the house

Sebaskannista sammition to take full sfibbefunde uloh.

funds of the society.- Proviso, as to purchasing suitable ground on which to erect such schoolhouse, and of supplying wood; and to appoint a collector to other person or persons, as such society shall appoint, shall

Sect. 11. The committee of each school society, or such collect such taxes as by them shall be laid, who shall have the have power to take care of all bonds, or other securities, or same power to levy and collect such taxes, by warrant from a justice of the peace, as collectors of town taxes have by law, such society for the benefit of schools, and now belong to the

monies, which have heretofore been divided and set out to and shall be responsible, in the same manner, And every person who shall be duly chosen, by any school dis- same; and of all lands and other estates, which have been trict

, to be a collector, and shall negleet or refuse to serve in granted or sequestered to the use of schools, and now belong to such office, if he be able

in person to execute the same, shall such society, and to loan such monies and to lease such lands forfeit the sum of five dollars, to the treasurer of the school s0- themselves and their successors in office for the use aforesaid;

or real estate, and to take bonds, leases, or other securities to ciety, in which the district is located, unless

he can make it an: and to institute suits thereon, and the same pursue to tinal judg. ers are unjustly exempted ; any justice of the peace to hear ment and execution ; which bonds, leases, and other securities and determine the same. And the several school societies

shall be lodged with the treasurer of such society, under the and school districts, are authorized to appoint either of the direction of said committee, who shall collect and receive the constables of the town or towns in which such schools ociety or annual proceeds of such funds, and account for and pay

over district may be situated, to be collector of the taxes of such the same to the treasurer of said society, for the use of schools school society or district, whether such constable belong to therein: Provided, that this act shall not extend to the grant of die or resign, it shall be the duty of the society or district, to of such estate to particular persons, with directions for a consaid district or society, or not; and when any collector shall any estate for the use of schools, in any town or society where

the donor or grantor has committed the care and management appoint a collector, within three inonths thereafier

, in the place tinual succession in said trust; or where the general assembly district shall agree to build a school-house, the place where it has committed the disposition of the profits of such estate to a shall be erected, (unless the inhabitants of the district unani- committee, in continual succession.** mously agree on the place,) shall be fixed, by a committee ap- Appropriation of two dollars on 1000 dollars, for use of common schools. -Proviso,

that excess of school-fund dividend, over $62,000, shall be applied to diminish pointed by the school society for that purpose, who shall return this appropriation. their doings in writing to the clerk of the society, which shall be by him recorded. And all meetings of school districts shall dollars of the amount of the assessment lists, of the year pre

Secr. 12. A sum equal to two dollars upon every thousand be called by the committee thereof, appointed by the school ceding, shall be, and the same is hereby annually appropriated, society who shall give three days' warning inclusively, to all out of the monies arising from the state tax, to be applied for the qualified voters living in the limits of such district, to meet the use and benefit of common schools in this state ; to be drawn at some convenient time, and at some convenient place within from the treasury, under the direction of the comptroller of pubthe district. I

lic accounts, at the same time, and in the same manner, as the Sect. 8. Each school society shall appoint a suitable num- after provided : Provided, that whenever, in any year, the

interest arising from the school-lund, as in this act is hereAct of 1823, section first.

amount of interest arising from the school-fund, and to be divi| 4 Day 370. 11 C. R. 479. 10 C. R. 390. Act of 1823.

Visitors of schools.

+ Act of 1824.

* 1 Root 414.

day of

day of

ded to the school societies, shall exceed sixty-two thousand therein, on the principles aforesaid, agreeably to the returns so dollars, the amount of such excess shall

, for said year, so far made to them as aforesaid. Provided however, that no order diminish the sum hereby appropriated, from the avails of the shall be drawn in favor of any society as aforesaid, nor shall the state tax.

treasurer pay the monies directed to be paid by this act, until Interest of school-fund to be paid to state treasurer: - Principle of apportioning in the committee of such society shall certify in writing, under terest of school-fund.--Form of return.-Form of certificate from school society their hands, in the words following, to wit:*.“We, the comcommittee. ----Proviso, as to the same person returned in different districts.--Lists and returns to be lodged with society treasurer.

mittee of the

school society, in the town Secr. 13. The interest of the monies arising from the fund,

of

do certify, that the schools in said society, called the school-fund, as the same shall

, from time to time, have been kept for the year, ending the thirtieth day of Sepbe collected, shall be paid to the treasurer of ihis state. And !ember last, by instructors duly appointed and approved, and the school societies, which shall conform to the provisions of in all respects according to law; and that all the monies drawn this act, shall be entitled to the said interest, after deducting from the public treasury by said society, for said year, approall expenses attending the school-fund, to be distributed to priated to schooling, have been faithfully applied and expended, them, severally, according to the number of persons in such in paying and boarding said instructors. society, between the ages of four and sixteen years, to be enu

Dated at
the

A.D. merated and ascertained in the following manner, to wit: The

S School society committee* of each school district shall, in the month of August

committee. annually, enumerate all persons residing and belonging within To the comptroller of public accounts." such district, on the first Monday of said month, between the

School money to be divided among the districts. ages aforesaid, and make return thereof, together with the Sect. 15. All the money provided for the use of schools, name of each person, to the committee of the school society, received by the committee, shall be paid over to the treasurer within said month, certified in writing, under the hand of said of the society, who shall stand charged with, and shall account committee, and sworn to before a magistrate, according to the for, the same, and the committee shall, from time to time, following form, io wit: "I hereby certify, that I have carefully receive, examine and liquidate the accounts of the districts, and enumerated all persons, between the ages of four and sixtecn, parts of districts, if any be, and where such districts, and those within the school district of which I am committee, and do io which such parts of districts shall belong, have kept iheir find, that on the first Monday of August, A. D: there schools according to the provisions of this act, shall draw orwere residing within said district, and belonging thereto, the ders on the society treasurer for their proportion of all the pubnumber of persons, between the ages aforesaid.

lic monies appropriated to the use of schools, according to the A. B. school district committee.” number of persons between the ages of four and sixteen, in "On this

A. D.

per- such district. sonally appeared, the above named committee, and made oath

Provision where the expenses of the school exceed the school money. to the truth of the above return, by him subscribed.

SECT. 16.
Before me, C. D. justice of the peace.”

Whenever the expense of keeping a school, by And the school society committee shall

, from the said certi- amount of all the public inoney appropriated by law to defray

an instructor, approved according to law, shall exceed the ficates, so returned to them, prepare and transmit to the comp- the expense of such school, the committee in such district, for troller of public accounts, on or before the fifteenth day of Sep- the time being, with such other person or persons as the said tember annually, a certificate sworn to, according to the follow- district, at a legal meeting, warned and held for that purpose, ing form, to wit:-“We, the committee of the school society, in the town of

, do certify, that just

, and allow, all bills of expense, accruing for the support of

may appoint, are hereby constituted a board, to examine, adfrom the returns made to use the committed er father several seleproprit said, distries and apportion such deficiency among that on the first Monday of August, A. D. there were that any person or persons may have sent any scholar or schoresiding within said society, and belonging thereto, the number lars

, to school; and if the number of days cannot be ascerof persons, between the ages of four and sixteen tained, then according to the number of scholars

. And any years; and froin the best information we have obtained, we justice of the peace, living in the town where such school has verily believe the said returns made to us, are correct.

been kept, shall have power to grant a warrapf, directed to the School society collector of school taxes, in such district, in the same manner comniittee." I

as is by law provided for the collection of town taxes. : On this

day of
A.D. personally

Misapplication of school money a forfeiture,
appeared the above named committee, and made oath to the
truth of the above certificate, by them subscribed.

Sect. 17. If any money, appropriated to the use of schools, Before me, C. D. justice of the peace.”

shall be applied, by a school society, to any other purpose, the And the committee aforesaid, shall, in making out said re same shall be forfeited to the state, and it shall be the duty of turns, insert therein the number of persons, in words at full the comptroller to sue for such money, for the use of the state. length: Provided however, that in case i he same person shall

Penalty for making a false certificate. be returned by the committee of different districts, it shall be

Sect, 18. And if any committee shall, at any time, make the duty of the committee of the school society, to determine a false certificate, by which money shall be fraudulently drawn to which district such person belongs. And provided also, from the treasury of the state, each person signing such false that the said lists and returns, so made to said school society certificate, shall forfeit the sum of sixiy dollars, to the state, to committee, shall be lodged with the treasurer of such society, I be recovered by act:on of debt, on this statute ; and it shall be and be by him preserved for the use of said society.

the duty of the comptroller, to bring forward a suit to recover Comptroller to draw orders on Treasurer in favor of school societies for school the same accordingly.t money.-To be apportioned according to returns.--Certiticate of school society

Powers of school societies in relation to burials, &c. Sect. 14. The comptroller of public accounts shall, on ap Sect. 19. School societies shall have power to provide plication of the committee of any school society, draw an or- hearse and pall, for the burial of the dead, and to procure and der on the treasurer for such proportion or amount as such hold lands for burying-grounds, and to make regulations to school society may be entitled to, of all monies, by law appro- fence the same, and to preserve the monuments erected therein, priated for the benefit, support and encouragement of public or and to lay and collect the necessary taxes for that purpose, in common schools, which may be in his hands, or in the hands the same manner as other taxes are collected. Provided, that of the treasurer, on the first days of March and October, annu- this act shall not extend to affect the regulations of towns, or ally, to be divided and apportioned to such school societies, ac, incorporated ecclesiastical societies, or other religious societies cording to the returns so made to him by the committee of said or congregations, who have separate burying-grounds; and society, in conformity to the provisions of this act. And each such towns and societies, shall have all the power given by this school society shall divide the same among the several districts section to school societies.

committee, Form,

Act of 1828. Act of 1828. 1 Act of 1829.

* Act of 1829.
f Root 518.

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