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of those great principles which lie under the whole length of existence.

Let them be educated to be above pride, as well as above abaseinent; According to a report of the City Council of Boston, the to be the master, instead of the slave, of accident and of circumstance number of Primary Schools is 83. They contain 2,440 girls, to live less in the region of the senses and appetit s, and more in the and 2,607 boys. The schools of East Boston and the West- serener and happier sphere of intelleet, of morals, and religion. Then, ern Avenue, contain 159 children. Total, 5,206.

though you leave them no patrimony, they will never be poor; though There are 13 grammar and writing schools, containing 2,538 temporal adversity befal them, they cannot be deprived of the substangirls, 2,424 boys, beside 92 in the English High school, and 88 tial part of all happiness. boys in the Latin school. Total in these schools, 5, 142.

Thus it appears that all the pupils in the Boston Free
Schools, are 10,348. The expenditures the past year, includ A weekly course of lectures has been commenced in Boston, by

some of the most distinguished friends of education, and chiefly pracing repairs, have been $83,350.

tical instructors. Among them are the Rev. Jacob Abbot and Horace

Mann, Esq. Secretary of the Board of Education. THE WORCESTER COUNTY Ms. MANUAL LABOR HIGH

SCHOOL, Contains 150 pupils. The connection of manual labor with The Frimary School Committee of Boston are about to establish study, is highly desirable in every institution for education, if such a school. This measure can hardly fail to produce important reit can be effecied on a good plan. It is gratifying to learn of sults, both in that city, and ultimately in other parts of the country. one in which manual labor has been successfully introduced. The occupations of the field and garden are most conducive to health, reflection, the observation of the works of the Creator,

At a recent meeting of the Boston Common School Committee, it

was unanimously resolved, that Vocal Music be tauglit in the several and the security of the heart and manners from bad examples Grammar and Writing Schools, and in the Latin and High Schools, as and practices. Where the leisure hours of school children are soon as the respectivesub-committees shall think proper to introduce it. parıly occupied with domestic, agricultural or mechanica! The expense was limited to $120 for each school, and the time occupiwork'appropriate to their age, great benefits may be expecteil ed not io exceed two hours a week. from the arrangement, both physical, moral and intellectual.

Several men of wealth mighi be mentioned, who have adopted decided views on this subject, and placed their children in On Long Island, is under the charge of the Public School Society of retired country situations, expressly to secure to them the ad- that city, and presents a scene of neatness, order, system, and improvevantages of agricultural lahor, with its accompanying benefits. ment, gratifying to witness. About 500 children are taught in a single

room. The whole arrangemenis of the buildings which they inhabit, in a fine, open, and retired situation, are such as to afford much grati

fication to a benevolent visiter. In addition to those we have before mentioned, the following have been recently commenced in the United States. THE PESTILOZZIAN, at Akron, Ohio.

A teacher in the island of Corsica covers globular gourd-shells with The Educator, published at Eaton, Pa., and conducted by Dr. Jun- paper, and gives them to his pupils to mark with the circles of the artikin, President of Lafayette College, and Prof. Cunningham, of the ficial globe. They are afterwards required to trace the continents, seas, same institution.

islands, lakes, mountains, great political divisions, and capital cities. The Common Schoor. Advocate, published by Messrs. Truman Some of our readers will, no doubt, avail themselves of this hint. and Smith, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Gourds or squashes, as the “Journal General” remarks, are very cheap; Another Journal at Jacksonville, Illinois.

and the paper can be renewed many times. THE COMMON School JOURNAL, by Marsh, Capen & Lyon, Bos. ton, and edited by the Hon. Horace Mann, Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education.

Offered for sale by the American Society for the Diffusion of Useful We have just received the first number of this Journal. It is full of Knowledge, has begun 10 obtain much favor in the State of New York. interesting articles, well calculated to advance the great cause of which $330,000 must be expended there within three years in school libraries; the Editor is so eloquent and successful a champion. We extract a and it is to be hoped that many good books will be offered for that obfew passages of the closing article.

ject. "Of all the means in our possession-for raising up improved men

WINDHAM COUNTY ASSOCIATION. the common school has the precedence, because of its universality ; be. cause it is the only reliance of the vast majority of children; because We are glad to learn that the Association in this county for the imit gives them the earliest direction, and an impulse whose force is sel-provement of Common Schools, is to hold a meeting at Brooklyn, the dom spent until death. Whatever advances ihe common school, then, 12ch inst. and that an address will be delivered before it by Dr. Huichwill enhance individual and social well-being for generations to come. ins. We had every reason to believe, at the time of the Convention History must be written and read with different emotions of joy or grief, there, that this county would continue to move on the cause which as they rise or decline. We would go back, therefore, to the fountain was taken up with so much vigor and unanimity-and we are glad to of youth. We would act upon the great truth, which led one of the see in this and other moveinents, an evidence of an increasing general master painters of Italy to begin, in his art, back to the very grinding interest in the subject. and mixing of his paints, that no unskilfulness in the preparation of the colors should be found on completion to have marred the beauty or BLANKS FOR WINDHAM AND NEW LONDON COUNdimmed the clearness of works which were to challenge the admira

TIES. tion of posterity. Hence, to improve the places where the business of education is carried on; to better what may be called their outward and vious to Ist of March next, have been forwarded to the several school

The blank forms of returns to be filled up by she school visiters prematerial organization; to att nd to arrangements merely mechanical; to adapt with a nicer adjustment, the implements and the processes, and society clerks, together with a copy of the 4th number of the Journal, to arrange more philosophically the kind and the succession of studies; New London county were forwarded to the care of John A. Rockwell


containing the entire School Law, for each school district. Those for to increase the qualifications and the rewards of instructors, and to ad: Esq. Norwich—and those for Windham county to Daniel P.: Tyler, vance them to that social position they deserve to hold; to convince the Esq. Brooklyn. In case they should not have been received in other of their children,- is the sphere of action to which this periodical is counties, if the clerks will be kind enough to enquire of some of those dedicated.

who attended the Convention, they will probably hear of them. If not, Cilizens of Massachusetts,-Will you proffer your aid for the promo

they can be furnished with another set. tion of this object? It appeals to your patriousin. It appeals to your philanthropy.' None of you is so high as not to need the education of week at New. Haven, and edited by Mr. S. A. Thomas. Terms, 50

The “Companion for Youth," is a small shcet published every the people as a safeguard; none of you so low as to be beneath its up. cts. a year; 25 cents for six months; 124 cerits for three months. lifting power. To be emulous of the good name of your ancestors may be an honor; but to be devoted to the welfare of your posterity is a duty. The one may be founded on selfishness; the other is allied to recently proposed for discussion, the following question, on

The French Academy of Moral and Political Science, have religion. We invoke your co-operation, not so much for the outward which several memoirs have been received: "What improve. and perishable good of your children, as for their inward and abiding,

not for a temporary object, but for the interminable future. We seek ments may be introduced into the seminaries for primary teach: less for their external and mutable interests, than for the establishment ere, for the moral education of youth?"


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tices of public meetings shall be published in the newspapers printed in

Middletown. We have presented to our readers the official account of the Windham and Litchfield county Conventions, in former numbers of the

Art. 6. This Constitution may be amended by a majority of tho

members Journal. We shall copy ite official accounts of the other Conventions

present at any annual meeting. somewhat abridged,

D. D. FIELD, President.
N. A, PHELPs, Secretary.
From the Constitution.

It is pleasant and encouraging to notice that the citizens of the State

here and elsewhere, have entered into this measure without distinction A Convention of the friends of Education of the County, was held tion to this subject, it is hoped every citizen will inform himself, and be

of party. As the present is a movement designed to call public atten-
in Middletown, on Friday, the 2d of November, at 10 o'clock, A. Mi prepared to co-operate in any measure which the united wisdom of the
After a prayer by the Rev. Mr. Crane, the Convention was organized State shall deem important for the improvement of our schools.
by the appointment of the following officers :

In conformity with the second resolution of the Convention, a meet-
Rev. W. FISK, President.

ing of the citizens of Middletown, will be held at the Town Hall, on Erastus STRONG,

EZRA S. WILLIAMS, Friday, the 9th inst. at 2 o'clock, P. M. for the purpose of organizing Skru Child,

Vice Presidents.

WILLIAM E. CONE, a town and society association.
Rev. D. D. FIELD,

Rev, John COOKSON,

Richard Rand,

William Bull,
Selden G. Ely,

From the Norwich Courier.
C. S. Brainard,

The Convention was temporarily organized by the choice of the The meeting was then addressed by Rev. Mr. Gallaudet, who was venerable Dr. Samuel Nort, of Franklin, as Chairman, and Calvin listened to with deep interest, the effort being a very happy one.

Tracy, Esq., of Norwich, as Secretary: The Convention was then adjourned to 2 o'clock, P. M. At the

After the reading of the Address of the Board of Commissioners to opening of the Convention in the afternoon, the following resolutions the people of the State, and an explanation of the measures of the were adopted.

Board by their Secretary, the following nomination of officers was 1st. Resolved, That it is expedient to organize an Association in made by a Committee of one from each Town in the county, and acthe county of Middlesex, for the improvement of Common Schools. cepted. The officers to consist of a President, nine Vice Presidents, one in each Hon. CALVIN GODDARD, of Norwich, President. town, a Secretary and Treasurer.


Isaac NEWTON, Esq. 24. Resolved, 'That the Vice President in each town, with the friends Capt. ADAM LARABEE,

Vice JEREMIAH S. HALSEY, Esq. of Education in each School Society in the towns, respectively be re- James Averill, Esg.

ALVAN ABEL, Esq. quested to organize an Association auxiliary to the County Associa- Pearly B. FULLER, Esq. Presidents.

and tion, and to procure one or more lectures annually to ve delivered be- Joun W. HAUGHTON, Esq.

Rev. David N. BENTLEY, fore the inhabitants on the subject of Common School Education. 3d. Resolved, That it be recommended to the School visiters in each

Rev. J. M. M’DONALD, School Society in this county, to take prompt and efficient measures for

Maj. J. A. LAMB, Secretaries. the circulation of the Cominon School Journal.

LEVI H. GODDARD, 4th. Resolved, As the sense of this Convention, that the present sys The following Resolutions were presented by a Committee, chosen tem of Common School Education is greatly defective, and that im- for that purpose—and, after an animated discussion, were passed : provements are loudly called for, especially in respect 10 the location

1. Resolred, That this Convention regards the subject of the Com. and construction of School Houses, to the qualification of Teachers, lo the organization and classification of the schools, and to the manner in mon School Education of this state as of the highest importance, and

most cordially approve of the efforts now making to awaken increased which the elementary branches of Education are taught. The Convention was then addressed by the Secretary

of the Board Common Schools our hearty co-operation in their valuable labors.

interest in the subject, and pledge to the Board of Commissioners of of Commissioners for Common Schools, H. Barnard, 20. a very

2. Resolved, That it is important, in order to embody the necessary able and appropiate address.

information in relation to public education, and as an organ of commuThe following resolutions were then adopted.

nication between the Board of Commissioners of Common Schools and That the Vice Presidents of the County Society be requested to use the community, that a periodical journal should be sustained, devoted their influence in their several towns for the circulation of the Com- exclusively to the subject o! Common School Education, and that we mon School Journal.

approve of the Connecticut Common School Journal, and recommend

that it be extensively circulated in every school district in this county. COUNTY ASSOCIATION.

3. Resolved, That as education is the life of liberty, as well as of In pursuance of the first resolution adopted by the County Conven- morality and religion, we will not cease our exertions in the good cause tion " the Middlesex County Association for the Improvement of Com- of Common School Education, until the Common Schools become the

best Schools in our land. mon Schools," was formed, when the following named persons were

4. Resolved, That parents and guardians are the persons who must elected officers, viz :

first be made to take an interest in the matter of Education, and that all Rev. D. D. FIELD, President.

our exertions should be directed to awaken in them a spirit of enterprize Vice Presidents.—Samuel D. Hubbard, Middletown; Ezra Foote, and a determination to promote Education in our Primary Schools. Chatham; W. Wadsworth, Jr. Durham; Ira Hutchinson, Haddam ; 5. Resolved, That, in order to produce united and vigorous action Ephraim Meech, East Haldam; Eli Warner, Chester; George Reed, on this subject, a County Association be formed, with a President, a Saybrook; David Evaris, Killingworth; Ely A. Elliot, Clinton. Vice President from each Town in the County, a Recording and CorRichard Rard, Treasurer.

responding Secretary, whose duty it shall be to form Auxiliary AssoNoah A. Phelps, Secietary:

ciations in their several Towns. Executirc Conmiltee.-Richard Hubbard, Charles Woodward and

Adjourned until 2 o'clock, P. M.
Samuel Russell.

The following Constitution was then adopted :
Art. 1. This Association shall be styled " The Middlesex County addressed by Henry Barnard, Esq. of Hartford, the Secretary of the

The Convention met pursuant to adjournment, and was immediately
Association for the Improvement of Common Schools."

Art. 2. All members of auxiliary Associations in this county, shall Board of Commissioners of Common Schools, who vindicated the be deemed members of this Assuciation ; and any inhabitant of the cause of Popular Education in a most masterly manner, fully sustaincounty may become a member by subscribing the Constitution, and viously secured to him. A numerous audience, gathered from all parts

ing the high reputation which his exertions npon this subjeci had preArt. 3.° 7'he officers of the Association shall consist of a President, of the county, were assembled to hear him, and were richly rewarded

for coming nine Vice Presidents, (one from euch town in the county) a Treasurer, Secretary, and Executive Com:nittee, consisting of three members; all

The Committee appointed to prepare a Constitution for the County of whom shall hold their ofices will the nexe annual meeting, and until Association, and make out a nomination for officers,—reported as fol

lows: others are appoirted in their places.

Art. 4. The Executive Committee shall be authorized to call special meetings of the Association whenever they may deem it expedient, or

Art. 1. This Association shall be called “An Association of New whenever requested by fifteen menuber's in writing.

London County, for the Improvement of Common Schools.”
Art. 5. The anaual mectings of the Association shall be held on the Art. 2. The officers of this society shall be a President, a Vice-Pres-
Friday succeding the third Tuesday of October in each year, at such ident from each Town in the county, and a Corresponding and Record-
pla-s as shall be designated by the Execuiive Committee; and all no-ling Secretary.

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Art. 3. Any gentleman who shall subscribe his name to this Con.

TOLLAND COUNTY. stitution, shall be a member of this Association.

Delegates from every town in the county, met at Tolland, on Friday Art. 4. The meetings of this Association shall be held semi-annu- the 9th of November-Elisha Stearns, Esq. was chosen chairman, and ally, on the last Wednesdays in April and October, at such place as the a committee, of which L. P. Waldo, Esq. was chairman, was appointPresident shall direct; and at the latter meeting the officers of the Asso-ed to nominate officers for the Convention. ciation shall be appointed.

During the absence of this committee, the Rev. Mr. Gallaudet, of Art. 5. The President, or, in his absence, the first Vice-President, Hartford, addressed a large assembly of parents, teachers and children, may call a special meeting of this Association, at such time and place in reference to their respective duties in the great cause of Common as he shall deem advisable.

School Education. He was listened to with profound interest, and the children who were there assembled, will, we doubt not, be the better for

his suggestions, in all their future studies. President, ChanLES W. ROCKWELL, of Norwich.

The following gentlemen were nominated and appointed officers of

the Convention. Vice-Presidents,

JOHN HALL, Esq. President. Rev. Abel McEwen, New London, Rev. Joseph Ayres, Lisbon,

Vice Presidents.—Jeremiah Parish, Tolland; Rev. Ezekiel Marsh, Rev. David N. Bentley, Norwich, Capt. Adam Lárabee, Ledyard, Ellington; Allyn Talcott, Vernon ; Zebra Sweetland, Bolton; Eleaa Dr. Joseph Comstock, Lebanon, M. C. Raymond, Esq. Montville, zer Pomeroy, Coventry ; Zalmon Storrs, Mansfield; John J. Moulton, Dr. A. Woodworth, Franklin, J. S. Halsey, Esq. Preston, Willington; Jonathan Clark, Somers; Rev. G. H. Woodward, StafCol. Guy Bigelow, Colchester, Rev. R. W. Jeweit, Griswold.

ford; I. Richardson, Columbia; S. W. Moore, Jr, Union. John W. Haughton, Bozrah,

Secretaries.--Oliver R. Islam, Alvan Talcott. The Constitution was adopted, and the officers appointed.

Before the adjournment, a committee to bring business, was appoinAfter the adoption of the above Constitution, the attention of the ed' by the Board to enable them to make to the General Assembly the

ed, and Mr. Barnard explained the measures pursued and to be pursuConvention was called to the three remaining Resolutions, reported by Report required of them by the law, under which they were created, the Committee to prepare the business of the Convention, which were exhibiting as far as practicable the condition of each common School severally taken up and passed.

in the State; with plans for their improvement and better organizatior.. 6. Resolved, That the Vice Presidents of the County Association, To enable them to do this, they must rely very much on the faithfulor some suitable person by them designated, be requested to procure sub- ness with which the school visiters made out the returns which the scriptions for the Connecticut Common School Journal, and forward Board was authorized to call for, and for which blank forms were prethe sums collected, and a list of the subscribers, to the publisher at Hart. pared, and ready here for distribution; and also on the suggestions of ford.

The wise and experienced of their fellow citizens, made bere and else

wbere. 7. Resolved, That it is respectfully recommended to the clergymen of the different denominations to present the subject of Common School

Afternoon. The committee reported the following Resolutions, Education to their respective congregations on the approaching day of which were adopted: Public Thanksgiving.

Resolved, That the permanency of our free institutions depends upon 8. Resolved, That we recommend to the Teachers in the several as patriots to lend our influence in the support of the cause of popular

the virtue and intelligence of the people; it therefore becomes our duty School Societies in this county, to form Associations, to meet at stated

education. times during the winter, for the purpose of mulual improvement in their noble calling

Resolved, That we approve the late legislative action of this State

upon the subject of Common Schools, and the course pursued by the The Convention was addressed during the day, by the Hon. Judge present Board of Commissioners, and we hail these and other causes, Lanman, Thomas S. Perkins, Esq., Rev. Thomas L. Shipman, George as sure indications that the attention of the community is awakening Perkins, Esq., Allen Harris, Esq; of Plainfield, and the President of to its true interests. the Convention.

Resolved, That the evils attending our present system of education, After adopting the last named resolution, the Convention adjourned, of teachers; of faithfulness and perseverance on the part of visiiing

are mainly attributable to the want of proper qualifications on the part o meet at the same place at 7 o'clock in the evening.

committees, and of attention and interest on the part of parents and guardians; and to correct these evils and carry into operation the ob

jects of the Board of Commissioners, we recommend that this ConvenWe have not received any official account of the Evening Session.- tion form a County Association, under appropriate regulations, for There was, however, one of the most interesting debates, which this these purposes and the advancement of the common cause. movement in behalf of our Schools has called forth. The suggestions of

Resolved, That the general diffusion of facts among all classes, is Mr. Foster, as to the dificulty, if not the impracticability, of making School Journal as an important auxiliary in our cause, and would re

necessary to our ultimate success, we therefore look upon the Common onr School System as thorough as that of Prussia~of Dr. Hooker, on commend its circulation among all the friends of Common Schools, and the importance of linking our schcols in with our town policy, so as to sincerely hope it may find its way into every family, and the hands of make it the interest of all to look after their management, as after the every teacher in our county, and that it shall be the duty of the Vice

Presidents of this Association to carry this object into effect. expenditures for roads and bridges—of Mr. Rockwell, on the necessity

After an address from Mr. Barnard, a County Association for the of making our common schools better, before we can expect parents who improvement of Common Schools, was formed with the following conare able and willing to support private schools, to give them up—of Dr. stitution and officers : Eaton, on the improvement which a gradation of schools would effect,

CONSTITUTION. so as to bring the younger children, where it is practicable, under fe This Association shall be called the Tolland County Association for male teachers, and the older and more advanced under a competent male the Promotion of the Welfare of Common Schools.

1. The ofhcers of this Association shall be a President, and a Viceteacher, and on the importance of creating a County Board, or Sena- President in each School Society in the County, a Secretary, and Treatorial District Board, of School Examiners and Inspectors-of Mr. F. surer,--and shall hold their offices one year, or until others are appointA.Perkins, on the necessity of going up to the fountain head in our ed in their places. plans of improvement, and providing tseminaries where teachers could the Association, and to call meetings at such times and places at he may

2. It shall be the duty of the President to preside in all meetings of be specifically trained for their arduous employment-of the Rev. Mr. think proper, upon the request of any three of the Vice-Presidents; McEwen, of New London, in his searching inquiries into the manner and in like manner to designate the time and place of holding the anin which the duties of school committees had been performed—of Mr. nual meeting for the choice of officers. Breed, as to the miserable policy of hiring cheap teachers, &c.:-these, friends of common schools in the several School Societies in which they

3. It shall be the duty of the Vice-Presidents to call meetings of the and other suggestions, were well calenlated to interest and instruct all. reside as soon as practicable, for the purpose of forming associations And if the speakers would but go out into the assemblies of their fellow auxiliary to this association. citizens in the several towns about them, and give utterance to the same members of this association, and also all prersons who are willing to

4. All members of the several associations in the county shall be sentiments, with the same eloquence, the public mind would be better associate with us in our common object. prepared to appreciate what common schools might be made among us. 5. It shall be the duly of the members of this association to collect and

circulate facts respecting the present condition and future prospects of The President of the Convention, in acknowledging a vote of thanks common schools; to endeavor to raise the standard of education ; 10 which was enthusiastically passed, said he had never presided over a excite a general interest among parents and children, teachers and visitmeeting characterized by greater harmony, and interest; or where he ing committees; and, in short, to advance the cause of popular educahad more occasion to be proud of the ability and eloquence of the

lion by every laudable means.

6. This Constitution may be altered and amended at any meeting of speakers.

this association.


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JOHN HALL, Esq. President.

reported by the committee, and after a full discussion they were adopt Vice Presidents.-Elisha Stearns, Tolland; Miner Grant, Ist school ed as follows: society, Stafford ; Nathan Bartiell, 21 ditto; William Carter, Union; Resolred, That in view of the great amount of mental power spread Ebenezer Clarke, Somers; John H. Brockway, Ellington; George over our whole country, which hails Connecticut as ils birth-place, it Kellogg, Vernon; Rev. Dr. Chaplin, Willington; Zalmon Storrs, Ist becomes this “mother of men” not to rest contented with her present school society, Mansfield; Norman Brigham, 20 ditto; Rev. Chauncey condition while the whole world is hastening on in the march of imBooth, ist school society, Coventry; Rev. George A. Calhoun, a

provement. ditto ; Rev. Israel Daggeit, 3d ditto ; Rev. M. Loveland, Bolton; John Resolred, That the Connecticut School Fund is a munificent provisRichardson, Columbia; Hon. John S. Peters, Hebron; Rev. Mr. ion made by our ancestors for the better education of each successive Nichols, Gilead society.

generation of their descendants; that it has been instrumental of incalL. P. Waldo, Secretary.

culable benefit, and if wisely employed must continue to be the source of Theodore Stearns, Treasurer.

inestimable blessings, not to the people of our State only, but to our

country at large; and that it is, therefore, the sacred duty of the people JOHN HALL, President. of this state to cherish their School Fund as no inconsiderable part of

their common inheritance, to see that its avails are applied in a manNEW HAVEN COUNTY.

ner which will produce the greatest good; and promptly, though cauFrom the New Haven Register.

tiously, to adopt such improvements as the spirit of the age shall sugo Ata Common School Convention for the County of New

Haven, gest, and experience approve. held at New Haven, Nov. 13th, 1838


Resolred, That it is to be feared that the School Fund is too much following gentlemen were reported as officers :

relied on as the only moving power of our whole system of Popular Ed

ucation, whereas it ought to be regarded only as an auxiliary to the For President-NOAH WEBSTER, LL. D. of New Haven. efforts of the people.

For Vice Presidents—S. W. Stebbins, of Orange; Aaron Dutton, of Resolved, Thai the question of improvement in our common schools
Guilford; Joseph Scott, of Derby; W. P.N. Fitzgerald, of New Ha- rests with the people; and that unless the people take the subject into
ven; Isaac Goodsell, of Woodbridge; S. B. Ford, of Milford. their own hands, and make it a leading policy, not of the State only,

For Secretaries-R. S. Hinman, of New Haven; R. D. Smith, of but of every town, to have the best schools possible for the education
Guilford: Alfred Blackman, of Humphreysville:

of the whole communiiy, all the great interests of society must languish, Which report was accepted, and the persons therein named ap- departments, must stand still.

and the work especially of mental and moral improvement, in all its pointed.

Resolved, That it is worthy of serious consideration whether the The committee appointed to draft articles of association and nomi- principle of classification and graduation of schools ought not to be innate officers, reported the following

iroduced into our system to a greater extent, so that teachers of a higher

order may be employed for children more advanced, while females inArt. 1st. This association shall be called the "New Haven Coun- visit the schools, and thus impress upon the minds of pupils the impor

struct the younger ;-whether parents may not be induced frequently to ty Association for the Improvement of Common Schools.”

tance of Education, and stimulate boih pupils and teachers to higher ef2d. All members of auxiliary associations, and others, friends of forts; and whether associations of teachers may not be formed, and Popular Education, who will co-operate in promoting the objects there- stated Conventions of Schools be held with benefit, in the several of, shall be members of this Association. 3d. The officers of this Association shall be a President, a Vice

Resolved, That the Journal published under the direction of the President from each town in the county, and a Secretary, to be appoint- Board of Common Schools is important to the cause, as a medium for ed annually:

the circulation of intelligence, and for the full and free expression of the 4th. It shall be the duty of the President to call nieetings of the Asso- public feeling on the subject of Popular Education; and that we will ciation, at such time and place as he may appoint, and to fill all vacan- iherefore endeavor to promote its circulation, cies occurring in the offices, with assent of ihree or niore of the Vice Resolved, That the efforts of the friends of education, and the recent Presidents.

action of the Legislature on the subject of Common Schools, inspire us 5th. The Vice-Presidents' duiy shall be to call meetings of parents, with the hope that this important portion of our public policy is about School Committees, Teachers, and others, friends of the cause, in their to receive the attention it deserves, so that while other states and counrespective towns; and to organize, as early as practicable, auxiliary tries are redoubling their efforts, Connecticut shall hence forward be as associations therein.

she once was, in respect to the education of all her children, the model Which Constitution was approved and adopted.

State of the world. 'The same committee reported the following names for officers of said Resolved, That inasmuch as the prosperity and happiness of a repubAssociation, viz.

lic depends upon the virtue and intelligence of the people, and virtue For President-LEONARD BACON, of New Haven.

and intelligence can be expected only where public schools are well For Vice-Presidents Wm. P. N. Fitzgerald, New Haven; Hezeki- forts of the people, our common privileges in this respect may be the

sustained, and Education is made a chief object in the feelings and efah Thomas, Bethany: James D. Frisbie, Branford ; Clement Peck, subject of our grateful contemplation on our festal anniversary; and Cheshire; Daniel S. 'Holbrook, Derby; Wm. K. Townsend, East Ha- that it may tend to a good result, if the ministers in the churches of ven; Ralph D. Smith, Guilford ; Jared Bassett, Hamden; Walter P. shall see fit to make this subject the theme of their discourses on that Munger, Madison; Elisha Cowles, Meriden; Jacob Lindsley, Middlehury; Jasper Monroe, North Branford; Moody, North Haven;

day. Josiah M. Colburn, Orange; Samuel Wire, Oxford; John Peck, South

On motion, Resolred, That the several Vice-Presidents of the assobury; Elisha M. Pomeroy, Wallingford; Archibald Miner, Wolcott; ciation for the improvement of common schools, act as agents for circuWm. H. Scovell, Waterbury; Isaac Goodsell, Woodbridge.

lating the Common School Journal. For Secretary-Sidney A. Thomas, of New Haven. Which report was accepted, and the nomination approved.

FAIRFIELD COUNTY, Adjourned to 2 o'clock, P.M.

The Convention met on Friday, the 16th of November-appointed Mr. Barnard, Secretary of the Board, then addressed the Conven. Col. Enoch St. John, chairman. During the absence of the committee tion; and the committee of arrangements reported sundry resolutions, the people of the State, was read by the Rev. Edward Ingersoll. Mr.

for nominating officers of the Convention, the Address of the Board to which were laid on the table.

Barnard explained at some length, the measures the Board were purMr. Fitzgerald offered several resolutions upon the subject of the earnest and active co-operation of parents, school committees and teach

suing to carry out the objects of iheir appointment, and invited the Lancasterian or Monitory System of Common Schools, which, after a ers in the work. He siated what had been done in the Conventions in lengthy discussion, were, on motion of Mr. Bacon, modified and adopt- other counties, and thought that the friends of popular education in the ed, as follows:

State could congratulate themselves that thus far there had been but one Resolved, That in the opinion of this Convention, it is highly im- spirit manifested, by men of all views as to politics and religion-that portant in order to the improvement of our Cuinmon Schools, that the of enlightened zeal to promote the elevated character and extended useprinciple of mutual instruction be more extensively employed; and that fulness of Common Schools. In compliance with Mr. B.'s request sevihe operation of that principle, as manifested in the Lancasterian School eral gentlemen gave an account of the condition of Schools in their rein New Haven, is recommended to the attention of Teachers and School spective towns. Visiters.

The following gentlemen were appointed officers of the Convention. Resolred, That to the successful improvement of our common schools,

Hon. CLARK BISSELL, President. it is important that larger bodies of pupils be placed under the direc Vice Presidents.-Hon. R. M. Shermar, Hon, T. T. Whittlesey, tion of competent teachers, which cannot be done without the more ex- Hon. Thaddeus Belts, Alanson Hamlin, Esq. Hon, Rory Starr, Rev. tensive adoption of the Monitorial System.

Theo. Smith, Holly Bell, Esq. Hon. James C. Loomis, "Rev. Edward The Convention then resumed the consideration of the Resolutions Ingersoll.

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Secretaries.- Timothy T. Merwin, Esq. Eli T. Hoyt, Esq. Dr.


The Convention met at the Nortli Bapuist Church, on Tuesday, the

22d of November, at 10 o'clock, A.M. The Hon. Joun M Miles A committee was then appointed to prepare a plan for the organiza. was called to the chair. A Committee of Nominations and Airangetion of a Coun.y Association, and repori a nomination of its officers.

ments were appointed, who reported the following officers of the ConAfternoon Session.—Hon. R. M. Sherman in the chair.

vention, who were chosen. The committee to whom was referred the preparation of a plan for a County Association, reported " Articles of Association," which, to

His Excellency, WILLIAM W. ELLSWORTH, President. gether with the accompanying nomination of officers, was unanimous General Nathan Johnson, Jesse Olney, John T. Norton, Charles A. ly adapted.

Goodrich, A. C. Washburn, Erastus Ellsworth, Vice-Presidents. Officers for the ensuing year:

Jos. Whittlesey, Porter H. Snow, Isaac W. Plummer, Edward Hos

kins-Secretaries. Hon. CLARK BISSELL, President. Vice Presidents.-Hon. Rory Starr, Danbury; Hon. Cyrus H. The President then stated the general objects of the Convention; afBeardsly, Monroe; Dr. Rufus Blakeman, Fairfield; Philo Hurd, ter which the Rev. Charles Brooks, of Hingham, Ms., who was pres. Bridgeport ; Rev. J. H. Lindsley, Stratford ; George A. Foot, New- ent by invitation of the Secretary of the Board of Common School town; Rev. Abner Brundage, Brookfield; Alvan Mead, Greenwich; Commissioners, delivered a very interesting lecture on the Proper TopDr. Uriah Turner, Stamford , Holly Bell

, Esq. Darien Rev. Edwin ics of Study in Common Schools, the requisite Qualifications of TeachHall, Norwalk; William Hawley, Ridgefield ; Charles Marvin, Wil- ers, and the Necessity of Teachers' Seminaries. The Convention then ton; Rev. Mr. Smith, New Canaan; Levi Curey, Weston; Thomas adjourned until 2 o'clock, P. M. B. Fanton, Redding; Alvah Gray, Westport; Jedediah Graves, Sherman; Amzi Rogers, New Fairfield; Samuel Beardsley, Trumbull; Ou enquiry being made whether the Convention was to be favored Rev. Mr. Runderson, Huntington.

with an address by the Secretary of the Board of Commissioners of Thomas B. Osborne, Esq. Fairfield, Seeretary.

Common Schools, explanatory of the condition of our schools, and of The Convention was then addressed by Mr. Barnard,

the measures pursued by the Board,

Mr. Barnard stated, it would be out of his power to address the The Resolutions reported by the committee were then called up and Convention at any length. He had come into the house to-day from a unanimously adopted.

sick bed, and nothing but an imperious sense of duty kept hiin bere this

afternoon. He however stated the objects of the law of the last legisResolved, That the measures pursued by the Board of Commission- lature, and the motives which induced the Board to call this and other ers of Common Schools, are well calculated to ascertain the actual con- Conventions in the several counties in the State. These Conventions dition of our Common Schools-10 awaken a lively interest throughout had thus far been characterized by one spirit—that of enlightened zeal the community, in these all important institutions, and to gather from the for the cause of Common School Education in our State; and he hoped suggestions of the wise and the experienced, in every section of the and believed the same spirit would prevail bere, and be carried out into Stale, the most efficient and acceptable plans for their improvement; efficient action in the several towns of the county: and that we pledge to them our warmest sympathy and personal efforts The following Resolutions were then submitted by the committee of to aid them in the discharge of their most responsible duties.

arrangements. Resolved, That as the health of our children, their proficiency in 1. Resolved, That this Convention highly approve the measures study, and ihe success of the teacher, both in government and instruc- adopted at the last session of the Legislature, with regard to the subtion, are inseparably connected with the accommodations of the school-ject of Common School Instruction, and recommend to their fellow room-we earnestly recommend to parents and school committees, to citizens of Hartford county, to aid with their efficient co-operation the look more carefully into the provisions made for the ventilation, the plans of the Board of Commissioners and their Secretury, for carrywarming, the seats and the desks of all our school houses.

ing the designs of the Legislature intoeffect. Resolved, That as the teachers of our Common Schools, by the di. 2. Resolved, That in the opinion of this Convention, our dearest inrection they may give to the moral and intellectual character of most terests are indissolubly connected with the cause of Popular Educaof the children of the State, hold in their hands, in a measure, the future tion, and that, while we have great cause of gratitude to a superintenddestiny of the State and the country—they ought to be eminently quali- ing Providence, for the benefits that have flowed from our present sysfied for their arduous duties and responsible trusts; and should be such tem of Common School Instruction, it is an object of the highest imin their own moral nnd intellectual qualifications and attainments, as portance to remedy, any deficiencies that may attend its operations, to deserve and receive a higher social consideration and more liberal | and to connect with it such improvements as will make it an honor to comper: sation than is now accorded to them.

the Staie, and a blessing to the whole community. Resolved, That the instruction communicated under our system of 3. Resolved, That provision should be made for the better encourCommon Schools, should be such as to embrace the harmonious devel- agement of young persons of both sexes, of the right character and opment of the physical, moral and intellectual powers of every child in talents, to devote ihemselves to the work of Common School Instructhe State—to best prepare him, in strength, norality and intellect, 10 tion, and to prepare themselves for this responsible field of labor, and enjoy his own existence, and to render the greatest amount of benefit that by the establishment of Teachers' Seminaries, or by annexing a to others.

department for this purpose to some of the academies, or in some other Resolved, That to secure the successful operation of such a system, way, immediate and efficient efforts should be made for the accomplishrequires the constant and cordial co-operation of parents, and the tho- ment of this object. rough supervision of wise, energetic and responsible school visiters and 4. Resolved, That the establishment of libraries for the use of teachsuperintendants.

ers in the several School Districts, would greatly promote their imResolved, That the Connecticut Common School Journal, published provement and usefulness, and that it be recommended to the friends of under the direction of the Board of Commissioners of Common Schools, Popular Education throughout the State to see that this measure is may be made a most successful instrument in promoting the elevated carried into effect. character, the increasing prosperity and the extensive usefulness of the 5. Resolved, That it be recommended to the Teachers of the Com. Common Schools of Connecticut : and that the measure of its success mon Schools throughout the Siate to form associations for mutual immust be the extent of its circulation among all classes of our fellow cit- provement. izens—and we recommend to parents, school committees and teachers, The topics embraced in these resolutions were then discussed by !o becoine subscribers, and to give energetic and early aid to promote Gen. Nathan Johnson, Rev. Mr. Bushnell, Mr. Melvin Copeland, and its circulation in this county:

Mr. Normand Smith, of this city; Col. Wright, of Berlin; and Mr. [Here follow two resolutions, requesting the Vice Presidents of the Marks, of Burlington. County Association to take early and efficient steps for the circulation Prof. Davies then offered a Resolution recommending the Common of the Common School Journal, and 10 the clergy of the State to address School Journal as a means of diffusing usefulinformation on the subtheir several congregations on the subject of Common Schools on ject of Common Schools, in exciting a common sympathy and a comThanksgiving day.)

mon interest among parents and teachers; which was adopted ; and The Convention then adjourned till half past 6 o'clock.

also the following Resolution of the Rev. Mr. Goodrich : Evening Session.—Judge Bissell, on taking the chair, expressed his Resolved, That the fiequent visitation of our Common Schools by thanks to the Convention for the honor which they had accorded him— parenis would tend to the encouragement and fidelity of teachers, and congratulated the audience upon the interest with which the whole com- to the good behavior, diligence, and improvement of pupils. munity were now investigating the causes of the deterioration of our Gen. Nathan Johnson presented resolutions declaring the expediency public schools, and after some pertinent suggestions upon the subject, of forming County Associations for the improvement of Common pledged his hearty co-operation in any measures that might be adopted Schools, and for organizing the Convention into such an Association. for their improvement. The Convention was then successively ad The Convention then adjourned unul half past 6 o'clock. dressed by Messrs. Wilson of Fairfield, Starr and Irwin of Danbury, R. M. Sherman of Fairfield, Dr. Hill of Norwalk, and Mr. Barnard. Committee of arrangemenis reported a Constitution for the ‘Hartford The Convention then adjourned without day.

County Association for the improvement of Common Schools,' with We intend to present an abstract of the very interesting and the following nomination of officers:

President-Nathan JOHNSON, of Hartford. instructive remarks of Mr. Sherman on this occasion.

Vice-Presidents-Melvin Copeland, Hari ford ; Francis H. Case,


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