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In the Prussian system, the law required plans of school The floor of the school room should be level, and not on an
the rows in the rear.
A school-room should be equally warmed throughout every portant principle. part of it. To secure this objeci a thermometer ought to be The following ground plan of a school-house contains eighty kept in every such room, and the heat regulated to about sixty separate seats and desks. It is selected, with some variation degrees.
in the arrangement, from the plans presented to the American The school-room should be so large as to contain a sufficient Institute of Instruction. The whole edifice, without the portiquantity of fresh and pure air. For the want of space to con- co, is 58 feet long, and 35 feet wide. The plan may be entain enough of this vital element, many a child has been sac- larged or diminished according to this rule. For ten scholars rificed. The want of space and air is a waste of health and of add four feet to the length; for twenty-eight scholars, add four life.
feet to both length and widih. For a less number of scholars, The dimensions of the building should be such as to allow 21 the length or breadth, or both, may be diminished at the same feet to each scholar. It is believed that this allowance is not rate. The school-room here presented is 47 feet by 35 feel, too liberal, the platform of the teacher being included.
within the walls.
X. Cabinet for apparatus and specimens.
and 9 inches high.
F.F. Passages 3 ft. wide.
Seats for scholars.
of desks, 15 in. wide: a desk, seat and
in.; and passage 15 in.
W.R. Wood room.
attending school, the time a school has been taught by a qualiPRIMARY SCHOOLS IN MICHIGAN.
fied teacher, the amount of money received from the board of Every organized township in the State is separated into a
school inspectors-amount for library-amount of moncy raised suitable number of school districts, in each of which, a schvol in the district, the purposes for which it was raised, and the
books used in the school. is to be established for the education of youth between the ages of 5 and 17 years. Schools so established, are supported by and have power to levy and assess all moneys voted by the dis
The moderator, director, and assessor, form the district board, the interest arising îrom the primary school fund, and an equal trice-equalize assessment roll, procure a school-house, puramount raised by tax upon the township, as apportioned by the chase for the district, or dispose of district property as directed county commissioners, and by voluntary tax by the legal voters hy the district at proper district meetings-10 dívide district of the school district.
The officers consist, first, of three School Inspectors, who money into not more than two portions, and apply one of such are chosen by the people of the township at the annual town- portions to each term in the payment of a qualified teacher-to ship meetings, to act in the capacity of inspectors of schools require the assessor to give bends for the faithful discharge of for the township. It is their duty.io divide the township into
his duties—to make report to the annual district raeeting, of the suitable districts, receive and apportion all school moneys ari- receipts and disbursements of the past year. The board receive sing from school'fund or township tax, and money to be appli
their appointment at the annual district meetings, and such provide a school kept three months in the year, by a qualified meeting, have power to designate or change the site for a ed to the support of libraries. Those districts that neglect to compensation for their services as is voted By the district.
The qualified voters, when assembled at any legal district teacher, forfeit their proportion of school money, and likewise school-house, and purchase or lease the same-to build, purthe money to be apportioned for libraries, when provision for chase, or lease a school-house, and impose a tax for the purtheir support according to law is neglected. The board are required to report to the county clerk annually, the number of pose, not exceeding five hundred dollars in a year, and such districts in the township, and to transmit the several reports of
other taxes, from time to time, as may be necessary, for the school directors in the same, under a penalty of fisty dollars, ihan three months,) a school shall be kept, and to fix the amount
support of a school-10 determine the length of time (not less together with the full amount lost by their failure.
It becomes the duty of this board to examine all candidates of money in addition to the apportionment, which may be raisfor teaching primary schools, as to moral character and ability ed for the support of a school the ensuing year, which sum is to teach school, and if satisfied with the qualifications of such
not to exceed ninety dollars. candidates, to give certificate of the same, signed by the mem- not exceeding ten doilars a year for the support of a library, are
Those districts procuring a library case and imposing a tax bers of the board, which certificate shall be in force one year. entitled to their proportion of all the clear proceeds of all
fines The board have power to re-examine any teacher at any future collected in the several counties for any breach of the penal time, and annul his certificate. It is the duty of the board to laws; and also their proportion of the equivalent for the exi visit all primary schools twice in a year, inquire into their condition, examine scholars, and give proper advice to both teach-emplion from military duty, for the support of the district li.
brary. er and scholars, and to fill any vacancy that may occur from whatever cause. School inspectors receive one dollar and fifty
The foregoing abstract of the Primary School Law of Michicents per day for their services, and a refusal to serve in the office, forfeits, from the person refusing, to the use of the town- gan, is taken from Mr. Blois' Gazetteer of that Stale. The ship school fund, twenty-five dollars. The township clerk is, law, Mr. Blois believes, will be found in some measure defecex officio, clerk of the board, and performs the various duties tive, not only in practice, but in principle. He thinks that, to incident io the office. The district officers are a moderator, director, and assessor, agents are indispensable—and that the present organization
be properly administered, efficient, learned and experienced elected annually, and obliged to serve or to forfeit, by refusal, does not
guard sufficiently for the appointment of such agents. to the use of the district library, ten dollars. The moderator presides at all meetings of the district, signs warrants for the To correct and perfect the present system, let the governcollection of taxes and orders for the payment of money dis- ment resume its powers over the whole subject, and commit bursed by the district, and countersigns warrants of the direct- the same to the superintendent. Let preparations be made for or upon the board of inspectors, for money apportioned to the supporting a school in every district through the year. "A district.
three months' school" will never prepare a youth of the rising The assessor is bound to make out an assessment roll of the generation for the duties of life, or the duties of a citizen. All district, which is transcribed in part from the township assess- taxes for the support of schools, should be levied and assessed ment roll, with the addition of the property of resident and non- in the same manner as the county or state tax-and distributed resident persons, purchased since the lownship assessment roll equally with the interest of the school-fund. School-houses, was last made; to give notice when a tax shall have been as- appendages, and appurtenances—books, stationery, apparatus, sessed ; call a meeting of the board for the equalization of tax- &c.-should all be furnished by the proper officers, at the exes; collect taxes, and pay them on the warrant of the modera- pense of the school-tax or the fúnd. Let the powers of school tor; distrain and sell goods for non-payment, after publishing inspectors, the district school board, and the corporate powers the sale for ten days, &c. &c. Non-payment of school tax sub- of the district be abolished, and the same assumed by ihe sujects lands and tenements to be sold by the county treasurer, perintendent of schools for the county. Let the superintendin the same manner as is prescribed for the collection of coun- ent of public instruction appoint one or more deputy superinty taxes.
tendents for each county in the State, who shall assume all the It is the duty of the director to record all proceedings of the duties incident to the before-mentioned officers, and such others district, in a book kept for the purpose, and preserve copies of all as are expedient, and who shall have full control of all matters, reports made to the board of school inspectors, to employ and under his supervision, annenable to the superintendent of public pay a teacher-payment to be made by draft on the board of instruction, and who shall have a fixed salary: school inspectors-to call meetings of the district board-10 Let a committee of three persons from the township and levy an additional tax when the former apportionment shall be three from each district, be elected annually, assistants io the insufficient to pay the teacher-the amount however not to ex- deputy superintendent in such matters as he may require. Let ceed the sum voted by the district; and in case all prescribed him have power to convene either of these committees at resources fail
, to assess the deficit upon parents and guardians pleasure, or the members of any school district, for the purpose in proportion to the time their children have attended school- of conference, if he may deem necessary. And lastly, but not to lake a census of the children of his district, and register their the least in importance, let every officer and teacher be well Dames and furnish a copy thereof to the teacher-to keep the paid for his services. school-house in repair, and furnish proper appendages-keep Without stating the reasons for all these alterations, which and present an account of expenses to the district board, and to are too obvious, it is confidently helieved that these, with some give notice of annual and special district meetings. It is his other necessary corrections, would remedy nine tenths of the duty to report to the board of school inspectors, at the end of evils of our primary schools, in this and the neighboring states. the year, the census of the children of the district, the number But whatever the result may be, the subject is one of superla
tive moment to the rising generation, and should receive the XIV. The Books used in the public schools, shall be such candid consideration of the friends of education: and, whatev- only as may be authorized by the Trustees and Visiters; er the plan of organization may be, it becomes the imperative and no pupil, unless furnished with the requisite Books and Staduty of a people of all parties and sects-unitedly to give it a tionary, shall be allowed to continue in ihe school, except by cordial support.”
permission of the Visiter of the Ward.
XV. No Instructor in a public school shall be allowed to We copy the following from the Ohio Common School Advocate.
keep a private school, or atiend to the instruction of private CINCINNATI COMMON SCHOOLS.
pupils, before 6 o'clock P, M., except on Saturdays. RULES AND REGULATIONS,
XVI. It shall be the duty of every Teacher about to resign For the Government of the Common Schools within the city of written notice to the Board, (or to one of its members) of such
his or her station, in any public school, to give at least one week's Cincinnali.
intention. In case the temporary absence of a Teacher be1. No person shall be employed as a Teacher, or Instructor, comes necessary, a substitute may be employed, with the conin any
of the Cominon Schools, until he or she shall have been sent of the superintending Trustee and Visiier. examined at a meeting of the Examiners and Inspectors; and XVII. It shall be the duly of the Teachers to exercise a obtain from at least four of them, a satisfactory Certificate as to constant vigilance with regard to the apartments and premises qualifications and moral character.
care, that they may sustain no unnecessary injury, II. The teachers of the public schools shall hold their sta- Their special attention is also required to the ventilation and tions during the pleasure of ihe Board of Trustees and Visiters; temperature of the school rooms, and the cleanliness and comand superior qualifications, in reference to moral character, fort of the pupils. literary attainments, industry and practical skill, shall alone be XVIII. The Holidays of the Common Schools shall be considered, in their appointment and continuance in office. every Saturday; Christmas and New-Year's day; and all
33 ofer III. All Teachers appointed by the Board are entitled to the Thanksgiving and Fast-uays authorized by the State or Genrespect aud obedience of their pupils; but the Principal Teach- eral Government.—The VACATIONS shall be the two weeks preers, being more immediately responsible to the Trustees, shall ceding the 2d Monday of July, and the two weeks preceding have precedence of the Assistant Teachers, in the regulation the 2d Monday in January, of each year. and direction of the studies and business of the schools.
XIX. The Annual ExaminATIONS (as enjoined by the school IV. The several Teachers shall record the names and ages law) shall be held in the month of June; commencing on the of all the pupils taught at their respective schools : noting the last Monday of every current year, and closing with a general daily attendance of each, and the periods of suspension or de- Procession and Exhibition of the Schools ;-at which the Mayparture; and return a copy of such record to the Board of Trus- OR, TRUSTEES and Examiners will award and present approtees, al the commencement of every seini-acaual Vacation. priate Books, or Medals, to those scholars who have made the
ima V. The hours of lition and study, between the 22d March most satisfactory proficiency in learning. to 22d September, shall be from 8 A. M. until 12 o'clock at XX. It shall, at all times, be the duty of the Instructors to Boon; and from 2 till 5 o'clock P. M. Between the 224 Septem- exercise, as far as practicable, a general supervision over the ber and the 22d of March, they shall be from 9 A. M. uniil 12 conduct of their pupils, both in and out of school; and to inculo'clock M.; and from 1 'till 4 o'clock P. M.
cale upon them, on all proper occasions, the principles of moralVI. Teachers shall be punctual in attending to the hours ity and virtue. for opening and dismissing school; and shall afford their pupils
the bi consiant employment during the hours of tuition ;-endeavoring To be observed by the Pupils of the Common Schools of Cin
n and E to render their studies at once pleasant and profitable, by com
cinnati. bining oral instruction with the use of Books, and providing a 1. The Pupils must all appear at the appointed hours, with judicious variety in the tasks assigned them.
their hands, faces, and clothes clean. VII. No pupil shall be allowed to depart before the appoint II. They must be careful of their School Books;—which ed hour of leaving school, except in case of sickness, or some are not lo he soiled, torn, nor scribbled in.
e first pressing emergency; of which the Teacher shall be the judge. III. They must be regular in their attendance; and never
VIII. To prevent the irksome effect of long confinemeni- loiter (either for play or mischief,) on the way to or from there shall be a Recess of Fifteen Minutes afforded for recrea- School. tion (morning and evening,) between the opening and dismis IV. They must promptly obey their Instructors; and strictsal of the schools.
ly observe the Rules adopted for their government. IX. Teachers shall at alleimes exercise a firm and vigilant, V. They must attend diligently to their lessons. but prudent, discipline; punishing as sparingly as may be con VI. They must not study aloud, nor make any improper gessistent with securing obedience; and governing, as far as practures, or unnecessary noise. licable, by persuasive and gentle measures.
VÍ. They must neither write, talk, nor whisper to each X. For violent or repeated opposition to the Authority of a other, during school hours. Teacher, a pupil shall be subject to exclusion from the school, VIII. They must not leave their seats without permission; for the time being; upon which the parent or guardian, and Vis -nor remain at play longer than the time prescribed for them. itor, shall be informed of the measure, and time allowed for re IX. They must in all cases speak the TRUTH. flection and consulta.ion. In all cases where the example of a X. They must not quarrel with, nor strike, or abuse each refractory pupil is found injurious to his associates, or where other, on any occasion. reformation appears hopeless, it shall be the duty of the teach xi. They must not, either in speaking or writing, use proer, with the advice of the Trustees of the Ward, to have re- fane, indecent, or offensive language. course to suspension froni the school. But any suspended pu Xll. They should be always polite and respectful, in their pil, on giving satisfactory evidence of amendment, and expres- behavior; and, neither do nor say, any thing to injure the persing to the Teacher regret for his misconduct, shall, with the sons, feelings, or property, of their neighbors or associates. concurrence of the Trustee, be reinstated in the privileges of the
P. S. SYMMES, Prest. school.
CHARLES SATTERLY, Clerk. XI. No pupil shall be received or continued in the public schools under the age of [Six,/ nor over the age of Sixteen,
LESSON ON AIR AND BREATHING. years-except by special leave of the Board.
Questions. 1. When we take ip air by breathing, where XII. Whenever it may be found necessary to reduce the does it go to? 2. When you close your nose, why do you number of scholars in any school, for want of sufficient room - open your mouth to breathe 3. Whať good does breathing the excluded pupils shall be taken from the yoụngest portion, do? 4. How does breath or air do you good ? 5. What are and from those most irregular (and, of course, least benefitted) the lungs ? 6. Why do people breaihe faster after running or in their attendance.
walking hard ? 7. When I press my finger on my wrist, why XII. Pupils shall not be allowed the privileges of one school do some of my veins look blue and others red ? 8. Why does while under suspension in another, nor shall they be admitted work or play often make the cheeks red? 9. Why does it into a school situated out of the District in which they reside, make a person pale, and feel weak or sick, to sit long in a without an order from the Board.
close room, with many other persons ?
[Remarks, which may be used as answers to these questions. I breathing, and makes our breath do us good. This is true, The teacher may first ask the questions, and let the pupils an- nobody can dispute it. We ought then to fear God, love, and swer them; then read the remarks, and then put the questions obey him,-and nobody can alter this great duty, either by again, to be answered.]
ridiculing or by neglecting it. 1. When we breathe, the air goes in at our mouth or nose.
7. The veins which carry the blood out from the heart are Near the back part of the mouth it comes to a place where two called arteries. Those only which bring it back are properly pipes or tubes begin. These pipes run side by side down the caled veins. We may see both veins and arteries in our
wrists. neck. You can feel them, by pressing your finger and thumb to your throat. One is in front, and the other is behind it.
8. Exercise drives the blood out fast from the heart, and fills The front one is called the wind-pipe, because the air passes the arteries in our cheeks. The motion of our limbs helps the through it when we breathe, first down and then up. It has a blood our and back, and is therefore healthy. cover, which shuts tight over it when any thing except air is
9. Purified blood gives us sirength. Impure blood going out coming: All the food we eat, and the water we drink, have to into the limbs does not strengthen them. It makes us look pass right over the top of this pipe: but the cover keeps them pale. Impure air does not purify the blood. out. The opening of the meat-pipe is just behind it; and there the food and drink all fall in when we swallow. We
LESSON FOR SCHOOLS.-LANGUAGE. have to open the cover or valve of the wind-pipe to speak; and sometimes ill-mannered people, by attempting to eat and talk Reading, writing, defining, grammar, composition, rhetoric at the same time, get a crumb'into the wind-pipe by mistake. and declamation are called branches of education. They are You will know when this happens by_their coughing. They rather secondary branches, that is, all branches of a larger cough because they cannot help it. The inside of the wind- branch, which is Language. It will be useful to a teacher to pipe has a thin, tender skin, so that any thing that touches it, remember this, and to teach them sometimes in their natural except air, feels rough, and makes you cough violently till it connection. Many convenient methods have been devised to
Our Maker, in kindness, has made all this so, to accomplish this. We will give an example of one. keep every thing except air out of our lungs, because it would The teacher may give out a few words for a class to use in injure or kill us.
writing sentences; and either choose subjecis for them or not. 2. There are only two ways to our wind-pipe: through the New words he may define, and illustrate by remarks, or he may nose and the mouth.
refer to a dictionary. The words given out may be marked 3. Breathing does us good by getting fresh air into our with a cross or otherwise, in the composition. For example: lungs. If we do not take it in every little while, we musi Lesson 1st.–Spring, trees, flowers, grass, green, walking, die.
pleasant, road, school, teacher, learner, books, kind, parents. 4. Air does us good by refreshing our blood. But before you Lesson 21.-Summer, grain, fields, hot, shade, farmer, oxcan understand all that you should about this, you should learn en, labor, rest, fatigue, house, industrious, water, drink, pure, how the blood goes through all parts of us, -what sends it refreshing, cool, read, enjoyment, converse, thoughts, retirethere and brings it back again,-how it gets changed in going ment, repose. oul and coming back,-and what iwo gases air is made of, with LESSON 3d.--Autumn, chilly, blow, leaves, variegated, hues, the nature of each. I can tell you but little of all this now. air, exhilarating, fruits, apples, peaches, resembling, age, conPut your hand on your left side. You feel your
heart beat. templation. The heart is like two small forcing pumps placed side by side. Lesson 41b.-Winier. (The pupils may be required to seThe first throws the blood into our lungs, where it meets the lect five, ten, or more words, and to put them into sentences on air we breathe, and is purified by it. Then this purified blood Winter.) is fit to go through our veins again; so it is taken back to the Specimens.— The following specimens or lessons written on heart, and the second pump throws it into our arms, legs, head, this plan, we have copied, with the permission of a respected and all parts of the body. The air makes it bright red when it female teacher. They are from a book containing sixty-nine purifies it; but when it comes back, it is dark purple or blue. lessons, neatly written by a girl between nine and eleven years It is then entirely unfit to go round again; and we are so made, of age, who, when she began it, could not write a sentence on that if we do not get air into our lungs to purify the blood as any subject without great difficulty and repugnance, and, befast as it comes into them, we feel distress. Hold your breath, fore its close, was able to write with great facility, propriety, and you will understand what this means. We feel so too, in and pleasure. some degree, if the air which we get is very bad. If it has LESSON 18th.-(Acceptation, easy, different, difficult, disbeen breathed before, it is not fit to be breathed again. It will couraged, include, particular.) not purify the blood fast enough. So, if we take short breaths, When we are trying to write a sentence from words, if we or breathe very slowly, it is bad for us, because the blood does find them rather difficult, we should not be discouraged, but not get air enough. if I button my coat too tight, I cannot take we should try to make one that will include the words, and if a full breath, because I must move my ribs to breathe. Some we cannot make one the first time, we should keep trying till people wear clothes much too tight, and get the consumption, we make one. If we always do so, we shall find it easy, aland die, without knowing why is it not your duty to tell though the particular acceptation of different words may others that they will injure their blood, and so perhaps kill trouble us. themselves, if they wear tight clothes ?
Lesson 381h.--Azure, mausoleum, memento, mezzotinto, 5. The lungs are two large things, like sponges, joined together parlanquin, requiem, sequel. (The plurals of any of these at the top, and placed in the breast, or chest, partly above the words may be used if more convenieni.) heart. They are very light, being full of very small holes, I think it would put me to a nonplus to write a sentence or little pipes, which run in all directions. You may under- from these words: but I will try.
stand how they look, by observing the lungs or lights of an ox, The great men of India travel in palunquins, which are car1
sheep, or pig, which has been killed. Some of the little pipes ried on the shoulders of men. When they die, ihe people form in them lead from the heart, and take the blue blood as it comes a procession, and proceed to the grave of the deceased, where from the first pump. Other pipes lead from the wind-pipe, and a requiem is sung, and all their most valuable articles are bu. receive the fresh air from it. The air and blood are thus al-ried with them. A mausoleum is then erecied over the grave, most mixed together. The blood gets something from the air which is sometimes ornamented with mezzotintos, which are which reddens it, and the air gets something from the blue ! engraved with various devices. Mementos are then given to
blood which changes its qualities, and makes it unfit for the relatives of the deceased. But after a few years, the sequel I breathing again. This is all done while we are drawing in of their history is forgotten, as the azure sky, which soon r'an
our breáib once.* We then breathe it out,t and draw in some ishes. more fresh air. Our lungs are spread out and pressed together (A. EXERCISE IN SPELLING.-Ler the pupil recollect and wrile every time; and this we keep doing all day and all night. If down correctly the words he has mis-spelt in each lesson, and we should stop for one minute, we should die. God keeps us have it at hand to review daily; and at the close of the week
be called on lo spell them all over again. This has been found Or inspire.
+ Or expire.
a very useful method.)
DG T XHOO
ception to the truth of this remark, though not universally.
We have intimated that instead of co-operating with the The following thoughts on Family Government are from the teachers of their children, or indeed leaving them to pursue an pen of Dr. Humphrey, President of Amherst College.
independent course, most parents are dissatisfied if teachers do The importance of family government will scarcely be ques- their duty. This is indeed a most painful state of things; but tioned by any one, and we of this generation are quite ready to we are sure it is such a state of things as actually exists, even flatter ourselves that we understand it better than our fathers in those portions of the community which make the loudest did. Whether we do or not, will, in the lapse of time, be sub- pretensions on this subject. milted to a more impartial judgment. I am sure, that could those who have been gone a hundred years, return to the “pla
FEMALE PATRIOTISM. ces which knew them," they would be at a loss tu guess how we expect to substantiale such a claim in the eyes of posterity. Of what immense value, then, to our republic, are those who,
Although the State has no right to interfere with the domes- faithfully discharging the office of instructers, stem the tortic arrangeinent of families, except in extreme cases, it is never- rent of corruption, and guard the strong holds of knowledge and theless true, that in order to become good citizens in after life, of virtue. What an honor, that our sex should be summoned children must be accustomed 10 cheerful subordination in the to such a duty, and invested with such a dignity! If teaching,
23, DO family, from their earliest recollection. I know that those who is their profession,—and is it not thus recognised by some of grow up without restraint by the fire side, and whose youth is our wisest and best,--with what vigor and vigilance should
The i consequently as wild as the winds, can be governed afterwards they now stand forth in the service of their country? Their by absolute power. The bayonet of the Czar and the scimitar diligence and fidelity in the work of education, will be the of the Sultan can tame them and keep them in subjection. But true measure of their patriotism. Rescued as they have been, Thes it may well be doubted, whether anything like a free constitu- from the vassalage of ages, by the religion of Jesus, let them țional government can ever be maintained over a people who yield to that, and to the government which protects them, this The i have not been taught the fifth conımandment in their childhood. offering of a lively and efficient gratitude. It becomes not The i I do not believe it can. those who were, of old, 'last at the cross and earliest at the
mais re Children must be prepared to reverence the majesty of the sepulchre,' lo shrink at the call of duty, or stipulate for a life of laws, and to yield a prompt obedience to the civil magistrare, indolence and ease. by habitual subjection to their parents. It they are pot gov But let the country which is to reap so much from these erned in the fainily, they will be restive under the wholesome efforts of teachers not fail to appreciate them. Let her see that yeol and necessary restraints of after life; and the freer the form of these laborers in the fields of intellect are not only girded with government is, in any state, the more necessary is it that parents suitable armor, but stimulated to the arduous toil, by whatever should fit their children "to lead quiet and peaceable lives in of encouragement or enthusiasm it may be in her power to all gudliness and honesty," under it, by a proper course of do-throw around it.
The mestic training,
And as they pass in review before her, the young teacher, in 1 W We cannot, in this country, hope to preserve and hand down her blooni and singleness of heart,-ihe matron, pouring a our free and glorious institutions in any other way: To remain heavenly spirit into the infant bosom, perchance of some future free, the mass of the people must be virtuous and enlightened ; statesman or legislator,- the elder sister, shedding dews of
bis facta and to this end, domestic education, including all suitable re- goodness upon the olive-plants that blossom with her, around 12. TE straints and discipline, must engage the earuest attention of the same table,-the daughter of benevolence, sowing seeds of heads of families throughout the land. It has been said a thou- virtue among the poor, let her smile on these gentle and stead 13. T sand times, that the practicability of maintaining a highly re- fast defenders, and remember that in giving 'honor to the weakpublican form of government has been tried and is settled in er vessel, she fortifies herself. The United States, however it may have failed every where Here, then, is the patriotism of woman,-not to thunder in else.
senates, or to usurp dominion, or to seek' the clarion-blast of I wish it were so: but I am afraid the question is settled, so fame, - but faithfully, whether at home or abroad, to teach, far only as we have gone. What the future may disclose, who both by precept and example, that wisdom, integrity, and peace, can certainly tell? It is yet a grand desideratum, whether we which are the tutelar deities of our republic. As the termites have religion and virtue and intelligence enough to sustain our patienily carry grains of sand, till their citadel astonishes the blessed institutions. The danger is, that our liberties will de-eye, -as the coral inseci toils beneath the waters, till reef joios generate into licentiousness, and that the growing laxity of fam- reef, and islands spring up with golden fruitage and perennial ily government will hasten on the fearful crisis.
verdure, so let her of the weak hand and the strong heart, in There is, if I am not deceived, a re-action of our unparalleled the school-room, the nursery, or the parlor, even to her deathpolitical freedom, upon our domestic relations. It is more diffi- bed, labor in the cause of that knowledge, purity, and piety, cult than it was, hall, or even a quarter of a century ago, for which are the glory of a nation.— Mrs. Šigourney. parents to “cominaud their household after them." Our children hear so much about liberty and equality, and are so often told how glorious it is to be " born free and equal," that it is COMMON SCHOOLS IN CONNECTION WITH RELIGIOUS hard to make them understand for what good reason their liber
SOCIETIES. ties are abridged in the family; and I have no doubt this ac In a number of congregations in Pennsylvania, there are counts, in multitudes of instances, for the reluctance with common schools established by the congregation, as such. which they submit to parental authority.
They generally own the school-house, and frequently have There is an evil growing out of this prevailing spirit of in- from five to twenty-five acres of land attached to it, together subordination, which we think has pot been often enough ad-, with a dwelling for the teacher. From the following extract verted to; we mean an increased difficulty on the part of teach of the Act passed by the legislature of this Slate, it will be perers. It is a trite but true saying, that no teacher can bring in- ceived, thai such schools, in an accepting district, are entiiled to proper subjection those pupils who are not well governed at to the appropriation, if there are no reasonable objections on home. We have deranded too much of our teachers for some the minds of the Directors of the school district, 10 such a distime past, when we have required thein to do more and better position of the share of money coming to them : in their schools. The wonder is, not that they have done so “When a free school, of the common grade, shall hereafter little, but rather that in the midst of a set of pupils, neglected be maintained in any accepting school district, under the care and ungoverned at home, they should have accomplished so and direction of a religious society, it shall be lawful for the much.
school directors of such district to cause to be paid to the proper This evil of parental neglect is, as we have already said, person or persons, for the support of such school, any portion of very great. Put this is not all of which we complain ; would lihe school money not exceeding the rateable share of the taxathai it were. If parents who do not govern their children at ble inhabitants whose children or apprentices shall be taught home, vould let the teacher govern them at school, it would be in such school. Provided, That the directors shall be satismore tolerable. Bui so far are they from doing this, that they fied with such application of the money as would not upon the almost universally withdraw their children, if teachers do their whole, be injurious to the common district school. - tessenduis. The common or public schools may indeed form an ex-ger.