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should be of equal size. The openings or flues through the floor count. I will only add that, whatever may in other respects be
also, should be about as large, but provided with sliding shut-the talents of an instructor, if he cannot maintain good orders
ters, so that part or all of the warm air might be shut out when ne he is worse than useless as a moral governor of the young;
cessary. The sides of these openings in the floor should be raised, takes rank with the incompetent and the indolent.
at least enough to prevent the dust from being swept into them. The question then arises, How is order to be obtained ? I

Where there are several school rooms in one building, by ju- should reply, by letting it be understood from the first that you
dicious arrangements, they may all be conveniently and eco- are determined to have it. Good or bad arrangements,-a well
nomically warmed by a furnace or stove. The labor, dust and or ill chosen system, (matters with which your pupil hare
confusion often caused by making fires, would also thus be nothing to do.) will, of course, materially affect the degree of
greatly if not wholly prevented. In large rooms it may be best order which can be maintained, and will also make a wide dis-
to have drums, or radiators of sheet iron prepared for the wait- ference in the ease or difficulty of obtaining it. I am not now,
er, to receive the smoke from the smoke pipe, and save the heat however, speaking of systems, but of the kind of influence
which is commonly wasted. In that case 'it will be well to which must be exercised in order to make any system work qui-
have a small fire place in each drum, so that a little fuel may etly, regularly, and efficiently. And here nothing can be done
be burnt in it in chilly or damp weather, before the season for without unbending inflexible determination on the part of the
large fires arrives.

1

teacher. He must be an absolute monarch, and he musi speak Chimnies or fues, for the conveyance of smoke, should be and act as a man having authority. built as small and neatly as may be, consistently with safety. These last words start a new train of thought. They suggest and convenience, for the purpose of saving room. Where the idea of One, hefore whom not the waywardness of childstoves are used, the pipe holes may be kept open in summer as hood, but the wickedness of nature and hardened malignity, ventilators. Other holes, however, should be left in the flues, cowed and was abashed; and yet He was “meek and lowly," for ventilating in winter, near the ceiling. These should be a “man of sorrows," in rank a servant, and in temper a lamb. made as large as possible, but fitted with shutters, which may With this example before us, need I add that the voice and look be shut and opened, wholly or parily, by pulling strings, of authority are quite compatible with a spirit of gentleness, or other easy means. In Winter, the ventilators should be love, and true humility ? Ah! you will say, but He was "the left open after school, long enough to change all the air in the Holy One" True! that was the secret of his power. While room, closed long enough before the re-opening to allow the he commanded others he was himself governed; not indeed by whole room to be warmed, partly opened in halt an hour, or a men, but by principles; and so must you too, if, like him, you longer time after the commencement of schools, opened wide would be in your appropriate place, the object at once of fear again after the dismissal, and so on day by day. The times and of love. 'Law (noi caprice) must rule in your school; law, and degrees of opening must be determined with proper regard of which Hooker beautifully says, “Her seat is the bosom of to the quantity of air in the room, the height of the ceiling, God, her voice the harmony of the world; all things in heaven and the number of scholars. If the garments of the pupils are and earth do her homage, the very least as feeling her care, and hung in the room, (which should never be,) or if ihe room the very greatest as noi exeinpted from her power; both angels should not be clean, more ventillation will be necessary. If and nen, and creatures of what conditon soever, though each the children are cleanly, less ventilation will be needed than in different sort and manner, yet all with uniform consent, adfor others.

miring her as the mother of their peace and joy." But this is In some school rooms it may be well to have one or more igression. small openings left in the flues, near the floor, with a simple In enforcing authority, especially over numbers, attention hearth, to serve as fire places, instead of drums with fire places. must be paid to the tones of the voice. A horse it has been

The Prussian manner of preparing stoves to retain and equal- shrewdly observed, scon perceives the timidity of his rider by ize heat, may be advantageously resorted to in some schools. the shaking of bis legs, and no sooner does he suspect fear than They enclose the stove with brick work, closely built around he refuses to obey. Children, in like manner instinctively disit, so that the large mass, when once heated, diffuses a mild cover by the tones of the voice when a teacher is unable to enand equal degree of warmth, and continues to warm the room force obedience; and the moment that discovery is made his for many hours after the fire is extinguished. As the rapid power is gone. He may implore, or he may be imperious; he heating and cooling of small stoves is to be guarded against, on will only excite their scorn. You will see ihat what I refer to, account of the exposure they cause to the health of children, it has little to do with what is termed a good or bad voice; it is would sometimes be a great improvement to encase a part of not a question of high or low notes, and still less of loudness the pipe also.

and vociferation. li is only as an index to the mind, as indiEvery school room should be furnished with a thermometer. cating the determination within, that the tones of the voice beand the teacher should understand the use of it, and pay con- come important; and this kind of demonstration you will at stant attention to it. It should be judiciously placed, so as to once perceive may be conveyed as well in a whisper as in a be effected by no undue influence of contaci, reflection, radia- shout. Only let it be a living voice, expressing the calm and tion, and should be the test of the temperature, instead of the quict determination of a mind conscious of its strength, and it feelings of the teacher. It should be hung low, nearly on a vill rarely be resisted. level with the breasts of the pupils while at their seats, because Bear in mind ther, that the first step you have to take, in as the upper part of the air is first warmed, it would not show, moral, as well as in intellectual education, is, to Establish Your in any other position, the degree of heat where only it is of im- Authority. There never was a more absurd notion tban that portance. Probably the temperature of sixty-five degrees of which is becoming popular in some quarters, that children may Faharenheit is a good general standard.

be governed withoui authority, by moral suasion alone ; that is (To be continued.)

to say, that they may be brought to love duty without any in

iervention of arbitrary command. Do not listen to this misGOOD ORDER IN A SCHOOL.

chievous trash for a moment. To what extent it posThe first thing to be attended to in every school is Good Or- sible to substitute explanations and reasons for comniands, I der. This point, not less essential to the comfort of the teach- do not pretend to say ; but this I am sure of, no good will be ers, and to the communication of instruction, than it is to the done unless the child knows ibat authority is at hand if reason happiness and the moral welfare of the child, must be gained at should fail; and let me add, I account that moral discipline litall hazards. The want of order is the great master defect of the worth, which does not teuch a child to submit to authority, nearly all schools. I know of no one thing which so powerfully simply as authority. There are moments in the course of educounteracts the exertions of teachers as this want of good dis- cation, and even of life, when the delay which reasoning decipli" in is a great mistake to attend to instruction as the mands, would expose us to the danger, which it is iniended 10 first thing; the love of order, punctuality, and cleanliness, ought avert, and where we must learn to yield to authority without a

vuse s or knowledge are increasest; question.

orary ir struction is less important, but Authority once established, obedience will be prompt, and because discipline is itself a principal means both of mural and very scon become babitual. No obedience, indeed, is worth lutkuttivat improveruent. Every intelligent being sees and the name, which is not prompt, habitual, and, I might add, feels the beauty of order when he finds himself surrounded by cheerful. A languid and dilatory, yielding to repeated comit, and children do so even more than adults. A good teacher' mands in rank disuhedience. “Not as in my presence only, will know how to turn this natural taste for arrangement to ac- but also in my absence," must be required; and nothing short

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of this is worthy of commendation. I know that it is attainable. I such a doctrine, can easily doubt that it has been, and must be I have again and again seen a school of Gre hundred boy's pro- injurious. If the parent sends his child to school merely to ceeding a whole day, with the most perfect order and regulari- obtain as much knowledge as possible, and if he judges of the ty, in the absence of every adult person capable of exercising teacher's ability and faithfulness only by bringing him to such even a shadow of authority: The moral influence of the absent a test, why need we be surprised to find every expedient teacher, aided only by subordinate arrangements among the tried 10 made the pupils appear as proficients in their studies boys, was governing hundreds who would have gloried in merely, without a due regard to the other objects of educadefying any exhibition of mere force. But it is not enough to tion. While public opinion is faulty in this way, we cannot assert for a time, even successfully, your claim to unqualified reasonably look for clear and decided views in favor of moral submission; authority must be maintained through a long culture and discipline among the great mass of our teachers, course of years, under erery diversity of circumstance, and with with all their youth, inexperience, and isolation. Whatever a constant succession of new scholars. Now this cannot be corrects public opinion, will surely improve the opinions and done by the mere exercise of will, however strong that will practice of teachers, in a greater or "less degree; and the may be. You must now, therefore, endeavor to ascertain by movements now made among us have undoubtedly begun to. what means you can gain an habitual ascendancy over the minds bring about some salutary changes. It is, however, highly of the young. Every one must have noticed the different de- desirable, that this desirable process should be accelereted; grees of influence exerted by different individuals in the same and this may be done, to a considerable extent, by personal circumstances. “ Take," says Mr. Hall, “as an example, the exertions, as well as by the adoption of other means. case of two ministers of the Gospel, on the whole similarly cir The circulation, and attentive study of publications on educunstanced with regard to their congregations: the one almost cation should be actively promoted by every friend of improveidolized, the other barely treated with respect. What occasions ment; and some devoted agent should present himself, in evthe difference? The office is the same. The difference is in ery township at least, with a determination to do something the men; and it consists, probably, rather in their respective tem for the benefit of the common school teachers. We have pers and dispositions, than in any inequality of lålents or at- written something on this subject before: but its importance iainments. It is precisely thus in schools. In some schools, leads us to allude to it again. It is evident that a little exerevery, word which proceeds from the mouth of the master is tion, made even by a single respectable individual, in any eagerly seized upon and attended to; in others, it is as habitu- township or county, might serve to bring the teachers together, ally disregarded."

to associa:e them in a society for common improvement, to Dunn's Normal School Manual, collect papers and books filled with information of practical (To be continued.)

importance to their daily business, and to engage in the invesrigation of questions intimately connected with the good of

their pupils, as well as to bring them within the hearing of THE EDUCATION OF TEACIIERS.

such suggestions and appeals, such views of their duties, and This is a subject of great importance and deep interest.- such hints about the ways and means of performing thero, Indeed the reflection naturally arising in the mind of a friend as they would generally value highly, and turn to good acof teachers, whenever il presents itsell, are of such a nature

Such an influence as a good man may thus exercise, at as cannot be easily expressed. It is of paramount necessity.

the expense of but a few hours in a week, would prove more With regard to its importance, it is so intimately connected available than we can easily estimate. 'If any should seem with the public good, that this is absolutely inseparable from inclined to doubt either his own ability to acquire such an inthe other. In proportion as the education of teachers is im- Auence, or the utility of such measures as we have alluded to, proved, public intelligence, morals, and prosperity are increas- let him but make a short experiment, and his doubts will ed. While making ibis remark, however, we would guard vanish, our readers against the idea, that we have intellectual educa

But there can be nothing gained by delaying to found instilion only in view. We have no such limited, imperfect, and tutions for the more formal education of teachers. While we erroneous conceptions of the subject. We do not consider a urge the friends of schools to come out at once, and do what person educated, whose affections or physical nature have been they can to extend the advantages of improvement to those abused through bad management, or been allowed to suffer now conducting the instruction of the youth around them, we from neglect. Neither do we call any plan for educating are far from wishing to see any delay in the organization and teachers a good one, in which the proper development of either opening of Normal schools. We should rather hope that the of these three great departments is not kept in mind and treat- exertions of individuals would favor and expedite their creed on correct principles.

ation. We do not mean that the business of educating the young,

IMPROVED AND CHEAP IMPLEMENTS FOR SCHOOLS. or of training instructors, should be suspended until the best possible methods should be introduced and placed over each: Some teachers may perhaps be disposed to introduce exerfar from this, we should rejoice to see every teacher in the cises in drawing and some other branches who may wish to State and country enjoying instruction, in some form and de- know how to obtain supplies of slates, crayons, or other necesgree or other, in public or in private, provided only that per- sary objects, of good quality, on reasonable terms, and of such sons of common sense, with correct fundamental views, could a nature that they may be durable. be found to undertake ihe task.

Slates. The best are the cheapest in the end, though the Perhaps there is no class of persons more disposed to receive prices are higher. The principal difficulty with common slates instruction, to attend to it, and to improve by ii, than the great as every teacher knows, is their liability to break at the cormajoriiy of the teachers of our common schools. The reasons ners. A single fall from a desk is often sufficient to break one are, that their profession leads them 10 appreciate its general of the weak wooden pegs, and then the thin stone is left withvalue, and their interests are intimately connected with their own out protection. In scbools where such slates are in use, they improvement. Their success in lite depends upon their know- may be partially guarded against such accidents, by having a ledge; and even their daily confort, and the despatch of their safe and convenient place for their deposit when not in use. A business depends on the amount of their intellectual attain- simple band of cord, iin op wire, round each corner, has in many ments, and their familiarity with methods of teaching. This instances preserved a slate from ordinary accidents, for a long is felt by many teachers : probably by all. Some are further time. It is better, however, where the means can be obtained, sensible, that their efficiency and usefulnesss might have been to begin with a supply of the very best quality. The best Engmuch increased by a well devised system of moral and physi-lish or Pennsylvania Slates, with substantial oaken frames, cal training. The more they refleci on the nature of the affec- may be obtained in New York, for about $-- a gross, for the tions, and ihe mutual relations between the animal frame and size of 8 inches by 11. These are good in every respect, except the spiritual part of man, the more must they desire to become the weakness at the corners. The English slates, have been in qualified as educators in the broad sense of the term.

general use in the New York City public schools for some No one acquainted with facts, it serms to us, can deny, that years: but they are all carefully strengthened with plates of the instruction of the intellet has been very generally regarded wrought iron, screwed over the corners, on the outer sides. as the principal part of school Education, if noi iis sum 10- With this precaution, and the careful use made of them in th: tal. Yet no one, who has closely considered the tendency of Infant and upper schcols, thay last for many years.

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Slate Pencils. These are the cheapes: crayons that can be while thinking of the cold, frozen, lingering hours we have furnished 10 schools, especially when purchased by the quanti- passed there. We remember well that during the latter part ty. The great objection to them is, ihat they are so brittle. of each service, there was a regular scuffle with the cold, on This causes a very great loss. They may be pretty effectually the part even of the most grave and worthy of the congregation. guarded against breaking, by having little strong paper cover. There was such a thumping of feet against one anoiher to keep ed with paste, and rolled round them, and well dried. As the each warm, not on the part of us 'small fry' alone, but even of point is gradually worn away, the paper and the stone may be the 'old standards,' that one would think he was in a treadmill easily cut together, always leaving ihe viher parts of the pencil instead of a sanciuary. We believe the njen in those days enveloped in a sheath.

loved the house of prayer, but then they loved to leave it too, Crayons. Crayons of different colors may be procured at and they did so, with as much eagerness as was becoming in preity moderate prices, or manufactured, by persons of some good men. ingenuity and patience. The white are to be preferred for Some houses of worship in sonje parts of the couniry are writing on black-boards, when well made; but chalk is on the built, 100, not only where several ways meet, which may be whole preferred to them, by most teachers of our acquaintance. desirable, but where all the winds meet. We have seen not a Large slates, several feet in diamter, mounted on frames, are in few sanctuaries placed where the old mischief-maker would use in some institutions, instead of black boards; but they are have advised, had he been consulted, on the ground that so unvery expensive. For them white crayons are necessary. comfortable a location would insuré empty pews and naked

Port-Crayons, or handles for pencils, chalk, &c. are very walls. convenient. They may be made in a cheap way, of tin tubes, It is marvellous how comfortable people will make their own about as large as a pen, with two slits at each end, and there dwellings, and how uncomfortable they suffer their place of a litile enlarged, lo permit a bit of a slale pencil to be slipped worship to remain. See that rickety old stove. It is paiched in. A small ring or tight band, may be then pushed down to with iron hoops, or it would jumble Hat as the walls of Jericho. fasten it. With a few of these in a school, all ihe small pieces Ask the Squire if he would have it in his parlor! And there of pencils and chalk or crayons may be saved from waste. are the broken windows-count them, and ask Capt. X. Y. Z. As for every other article in the school, for all these there should if he would suffer a tithe of them to remain in his own house be a particular place provided.

twelve hours! And there is 'a small jog of green wood; it

makes one shiver 10 think how one's mortality must ache, beCHURCHES AND SCHOOL HOUSES.

fore that wood can be made combustible. Having lately had experience of the mischief which

And then the tires are not made in season; and troops of the cold churches and crowded, over-heated, badly ventilated people are gathered about the stoves till near or quite sermon school rooms can do for one, whose lungs do not happen to be time.' And for want of due care and judgment in relation to proof against all sorts of attacks, the writer of this paragraph it is done to the unulterable annoyance of the speaker, who

the maiter, ihe sioves must be replenished during service, and can commend most feelingly the following article from the Massachusetts Common School Journal, for iis truth, its right must cease pro tem, altogether, or go on amid a mosi antifeeling, and good humor. We have seen the tired” school musical conflict of shovels, longs and iron doors. houses of Massachusetts in a bad plight enough: but we have

More. Some places of public worship in the country are seen places in this State, within the past week, "where schools not provided with any places of shelter for borses or vehicles. are kept according to law," as the certificates of our school On this peg is hung many a man's excuse for not attending commitees run, which were not even painted * red," had not public worship in unpleasant weather. He is merciful to his “hingeless window-blinds” to be propped up, had not and beast, and will not bave him too rudely visited by snow or rain. never had any other ceiling over head than bare rafters and Hence you need only to walk into one of those sanctuaries on shingles, no lath nor plaster to be laid bare by neglect or by in the weather either, to behold a most sorrowsul vacuity, and

an unpleasant day, and there need not be any thing alarming opening still wider crevices between the gaping clapboards

, for a sorrowful pastor mourning over it. You would think your the “ cranying winds to whistle through, "--and seats, with self in the sad solitude of a forsaken heathen temple. We think out backs, so high and so narrow, that they are as incommodi- that the spirited and enterprising, especially the friends of ous as they well can be, if nut absolutely dangerous to chil- Zion in such parishes, should spare no pain's, and not be frudren not gifted with an extra length of limb. Well might the gal of expense, to do away such a pretence for the neglect of teacher smile at the incredulity of his visiter, when he asked public worship. in amazemnat “if he kept school here ?" No wonder that

We have seen some valuable remarks on the general topic parents never visit such a school house-the only wonder now before us in the Vermont Chronicle, from the Secretary is that so many will send iheir children there.

of the Vermont Domestic Missionary Society. We commend

The following extract, to all whom it may concern.
We find the following under the Editorial head of the Bos- of our feeble churches. The hour of public worship arrived,

'In Dec. of 1837, I spent the Sabbath with the pastor of one
ton Recorder. It is in the happiest vein of good-humored com- and I prepared to go to the meeting house. The pastor looked
plaining. It is conceived in that peaceful spirit, which begs toward the house and said, “We will wait awhile, for I sear
as a privilege, what might be demanded as a right
. Surely, the fire is not made yel.' It was a cold ('ay, and this

remark whoever could deny so just a claim, so gently sued for, inustrendered it to my feelings still colder. We waited 10 or 15 be guilty not only of injustice, but of hardness of heart.

minutes, and my brother said, 'I see a smoke, and I think we

will go.'. As we approached the house, I saw a brother take "Inasmuch as the stated public worship of God is one of the out of his sleigh, in which he had just brought his family, a most important of duties, and one of the most precious of privi- large arm-full of wood, and carry it into the house. When we leges, every thing should be done to secure as large an attend- entered the house, the fire in the stoves had but just been kinance as possible. And one means of accomplishing this, is 10 dled, and the cold air had not yet been at all affected by the have places of worship, furnished with every needed com- heat. Very many in the immediale neighborhood, habitually fort and convenience. In this respect the sanctuary should absented themselves from the sanctuary: And I could not but be made as attractive as possible. There should be nothing think how the members of the church would appear inviting repulsive in the idea of a visit there. And, at this inclement their irreligious neighbors to go with them to the house of God, season of the year especially, should all reasonable pains be which through their negligence, was so uncomfortably cold, at taken in this respect.

least during the morning service.' We feel the full importance of the injunction, 'Ask for the By way of contrast with some houses of worship, look at old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, but we do our iheatres, gambling houses, and the like. Every kind of not think this binds us to the custom of some of our ancestors convenience and comfort are provided. Every thing repulsive in regard to the sanctuary. We remember where we wor- is guarded against. Satan knows how to manage this thing. shipped in our youthful days. We trust there was sacred fire Deliver over to him one of our uncomfortable sanctuaries to be in ihe hearts of many who were accustomed to worship there. prepared by him for some of his own purposes. He would Bul fire to make shivering multitudes comfortable was never mend every broken window in a trice. The fallen plastering seen within those walls. It makes us feel chilly this moment! -the departed clapboard--the defunci shingle--all ibese things

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would be forth with supplied. He would pitch the green wood carpeted within. The minister speaks from a mahogany desk; into the street, or the sea even, and supply its place with the he reposes his hands upon its covering of scarlet velvet, his best originators of caloric his means would allow. He would fingers play with the silken tassels; if need be, he reads by asnot have a smoky house, nor put the house where nothing but a trals, from his gilt hymn book. But the school houses:-alas! windmlll ought ever to stand. He uoderstands the science of ihe wrath of the elements has been poured out upon these withadaptation. All our cities contain specimens of his capacity to out stint or measure. The wood-colored clapboards dangle by banish every idea of repulsiveness from his sanctuaries, and a nail; the moss-covered shingles flutter in the wind; the to adapt means most skillfully to ends. We would wish the chimney bends with the infirmities of age; a rail, borrowed children of light were wiser in these matters. Let the enemy from a neighboring fence, props a hingeless window-blind teach us. It will not be the first time his weapons have been against-we know not what. We forbear;-is it worthy of turned against himsell."

Ossian, and there needs no ghost to do the shrieking. Is not

the Recorder right then when it says, “Satan knows huw 10 Now, will the venerable Editor of the Recorder, and all his manage this thing ?" Once, it seems, he foolishly divided his readers who have smiled over this lament, he so good, for one forces and attacked both church and school house. But the moment, as to turn from the churches and look at the school thing is beiter understood now. He has concentrated his houses. How often did that service come, which the “old strength upon the latter; well knowing that if he can conquer standards” were so reluctant to attend, and so glad to get away that, the church will be hardly worth saving; for if a deep disfrom? Twice a week only, or, like ihe children's, 10 or 12 gust for study is given to the infant mind, ihere is little hope times a week? And how long did it last ? An hour and a half, ihat it will ever afterwards delight in sober thought and rever. for two half days in a week; or three hours each, for 10 or 12 ent contemplation. If the faculties are not formed in childhalf days? And yet at the last end of the shorier race, (we hood 10 some susceptibility to the beauty and the wisdom of the cannot call it a heal.) there was such a “scuffle with the cold," external world; they will be far less likely, in riper years, to be such a "thumping of feet," that the “sanctuary” sounded like awakened to the excellepcies and the glories of the spiritual a “treadmill." This is not the exact way, it is true, in which universe. If the soul of a child is suffered to remain earthly, matters proceed in a school room. There ihe account is balan- sluggish, sensual, unstimulated by any vigor of thought, uiced, when half the children are too cold, by making the other warmed by any generous fervor of youthful feeling, then, when bals correspondingly hot. “We remember too, where it was be passes from the benches of the school room to the pews of once our fortune io play the schoolmaster. Against one side of the meeting house, it will be the lot of the minister to preach the house, was fastened a long seat; of equal length, stood a christianity, not so much to a man, as to an animal or a masix-legged slab for a writing desk, iwo legs at each end and two chine; and though he could speak with the tongue of an angel, in the centre to keep it from what the boys called tilting. Back he will speak comparatively in vain. of the seai, were two loose windows. In front of it, stood the stove, broadside. To save faces and eyes, the scholars used 10 erect a parapet of slates and books along the forward edge of

INTELLIGENCE.. the slab. This protected the face, but the rush of air through the crevices in ihe windows and the cracks in the floor, kept

LITCHFIELD COUNTY. their heads and feet as cold as the North and South poles of the earth, while the radiation from the stove poured, point Having recently visited some ten or twelve towns in this blank, into their equatorial regions ; like a sun, always verti- county, and attended public meetings, visited schools, and cal, flaming down upon a single point in the ecliptic. In most conversed with teachers and school committees, we are inclinof our school houses, the scholars must assume strange posi-ed to believe that Litchfield county is in some particulars in tions, if they would observe the maxim of the physicians, "keep, advance of every other in the state. The winter schools the head cool and the feet warm."

pened earlier-candidates were thoroughly examined, and in But to return to the churches. If the pious of those days, aut a few instances rejected for want of proper qualification who “ loved the house of prayer, loved 10 leave it too,” can we there is a very commendable spirit pervading a large class of not find some excuse for the reluctance of the children to attend the teachers, and as far as we could learn, school visiters are school; or, what is far worse iban reluctance, their willing; faithfully discharging their duties. We doubt whether an ness to attend it from a wrong motive and fur wrong purposes ? instance of such ex-post facto examinations, and visitations Can children bear heat or cold belier than the hardy, robust similar to what is given in the following communication from men,-the "ironsides"-of olden time? If, as the above arti- :: trustworthy correspondent in this county will occur again cle slyly intimates, the "Old Mischief-maker” had a voice in during the present year. deciding where the houses of worship should stand, he must have been sole Committee man, in selecting sites for the school Dear Sir:-In compliance with your request, I now put in houses ;-ay, and been draftsman and master-builder too, and tangible form, some of the evils which have fallen under my broken all the paint-pois, except the une containing red paint, own observation, connected with the discharge of duties de. which, perhaps, he has a fancy for. Tbis supposition will volving on the visiters of common schools. bear the well-known philosophical test;-il accounis for all

I bave ofted witnessed the approval of very incompetent the facts. Are not some of ihe houses ioo cold and others 100 teachers—incompetent with reference to Book knowledge-behot; some ico open and others too close: some perched on a cause no qualifications are prescribed by law, and the board of mountain, others sunk in a marsh ;-in fine, in suiting custo- examiners, shrunk from the faithful exercise of their discremers, has he not always served himself ? 'It is giving him tionary powers, out of regard to individual feelings, or popular small credit for physiological science, to suppose he knew,that favor, and on one occasion, I saw a person admitted as teacher a child can no more study on short allowances of fresh' air, in one of our schools, and permitted to remain through the than if he were strangled. What are the dangers or the dis- season, (Although we have no reason to doubt the statement comforts of any church, compared with those of most school made by our correspondent, still, for the credit of the state we rooms? An hour and a half twice a week will not plant iu- must omit here a few lines.) bercles in the lungs. We trust hereafter, when school houses and this too, was well known by the board who gave the cerare either to be built or repaired, the voters in the district will cilicate of approval. all turn out and supersede the old building Commiltee, and I have seen also, the most deplorable negligence and formalchoose some one in his place who loves the children. ity in the visitation of schools in some instances schools left

About a dozen years ago, it was our fortune to travel upon entirely unvisited by any member of the board during the the priocipal thoroughfares, over almost all parts of the state. term, yet the schools have received their share of the public Lately we have bad occasion to repass substantially over the fund; the society's committee choosing rather to take it for same routes. The churches have changed; the school bouses granted, that they had been visited, and in other respects remain. The parents have taken care of themselves; few kepi according to law,” than to be at the trouble of informing have been found to take care of the children. It is now a ra themselves. (I am happy to see that the law of the last Legisevent, to see a forlorn, dilapidated, weather-beaten church.-- lature, contemplates a remedy of this evil.) The visits of the They seem new, commodious, attractive. They have belfries board, are generally so far as I know,very formal,in many cases, and bells; all are painted outside, inany are rushioned and lihe first visit not made till dear, or past, the middle of the term;

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and in some instances, the most disgraceful expedients resorted seated in the sleigh, and on their way home, could not have to, in order to comply with the leller of the statute.

been more than from 15 to twenty minutes, and during that For instance, I have seen two of the visiters enter the school time, the school had been twice visited" according to law.room, introduce themselves, and then, one immediately excuse himself, leaving the other to witness alone, the exercises of the

FAIRFIELD COUNTY. school." Yet the school was “visited by at least two of the board.” I have seen also one instance, in which the school We have recently returned from a short visit to a portion of this had been kept through the term, and closed without being visit- county; and regret much that we were compelled by illness, to ed at all, or the teacher examined : which having come to the leave the field so soon. We are rejoiced to see evidence of awa. ly take the oath requisite, in order to obtain the dividend from but the Report of Mr. Hart, on the Norwalk schools, and a personal ears of the Society's committee, they thought they could hard- kening interest all over the county, in the improvement of common the public fund. The school was therefore convened on an inspection of a-few others, in other towns, is enough to satisfy us afternoon, the teacher called in, and the two clergymen of the that much remains to be done to bring up the public schools to iheir town, being members of the board of visiters, soon appeared, true position of usefulness. We hope their public spirited comniit. and made their first visit of some thirty minutes, then took their tees will not neglect to expose the school houses—if some of them leave, called al a neighboring dwelling,—the scholars had a can be called such—for we have no where seen just such buildings, season of relaxation-were again called to order, and received with just such accommodations, in doors and out of doors, any where the second visit of the Rev'd Gentlemen--after which they else in Connecticut. There is a larger proportion of children not in were sent to their homes, the teacher passed the ordeal of ex- attendance on any schools, public or private, in Fairfield county, than amination,-was approved, and thus wound up the whole in any other county of the State, if the information we received from farce, in the short space of two hours !

individuals in the larger towns can be relied on. We commend the Scenes like those above described, I beliere are not very un- Report of Mr. Hart to the serious consideration of good men and common, but I choose to speak only's what I know, and testify patriots, in other towns than Norwalk. that I have seen". And I fear like scenes will continue to be witnessed more or less, so long as the law says nothing as to

COMMON SCHOOLS IN NORWALK.
the qualifications of teachers except that they shall be approv-

(Mr. Hart's Report, Concluded.)
ed. "And so long as the visiters are so slightly responsible, Down Town DISTRICT.—Whole number, 83 - average 30-more
and are called to arduous, thankless, unrequited labors. than one in three attend. Bible in daily use. Read in Juvenile

We must also give an extract from another letter, written Reader, one of Cobb's Readers, and Spelling Book. Students in
by one who knows." These letters show that there is ground Geography and Arithmetic. Writing Books in excellent order.
of self enquiry on the part of Connecticut-and will add a little The reading lessons appeared to be well suited to the purpose of
to our self-knowledge.

learning children to read well, and excellent method in regard to
studies

in general, was very observable. In this school some valua.
Dear Sir:-In compliance with your request, I now send you ble apparatus was in use, which, with additions, should be in every
a few facts which I have witnessed respecting our “Common school

, if it is the object to have children really educated. The
Schools." During the last 12 or 15 years, it has fallen to my house is a good building, but it is small

, stands in the highway, and
lot to be engaged in teaching a district school in the winter is destitute of such defences and conveniences as a respectable fam.
season with the exception of one or two seasons, and in all ex. ily would require in this district.
cept one, I have been engaged in this county—and while in

LANE DISTRICT.- Whole number 96-average 40. Use the Teg.
some sections, the subject of school visiting and examining tament once a day. In reading: are used Olney's History, English
teachers, has been well attended to-in others it has been very Chichester's Spelling Books. Study Grammar and Geography
imperfectly performed, or entirely neglected. I have taught a
school, when from the commencement to the close, not an in- I writing books in superior condition. But, all parties concerned are

continual losers and sufferers on account of the school
dividual came into it, either of the visiting committee or the stands crowded on to the noisest thoroughfare in the state. It is

use, which
parents. I have taught another, which was visited once only worn out and uncomfortable, the furniture unfit for use, and the
by one of the school visiters, and he the clergyman. I have comfort, decency, health and morals of children go a begging in
taught another, which was not visited at all, until at the repeat- the street. But many of the proprietors are more unfortunate than
ed and earnest solicitation of the district committee, (who was culpable-for those who possess or control suitable lands for locating
of the opinion that he must make oath that the school had been a school house, will neither sell them nor suffer a building to stand
kept according to law,) two members of the visiting committee in the highway opposite.
were induced during the last week, to visit the school once, at North West District.-Whole number 81-average 25—less
which time, I myselt received a certificate of approbation, and than one third attend. Six reading classes use Hale's History, Web.
yet not one of these failed of getting the public money. I have ster's History, Easy Lessons, Easy Reader, and Spelling Book.
taught another, which having been neglected till the last day, Other studies not yet commenced, as the school has but recently
was visited twice in the afternoon, the visiters taking a short begun. Much difficulty on account of the diversity of books. All
walk between the two visits. But the last winter, as if to keep up use the Bible. School house is a good building, but not conveniently
with the spirit of improvement that characterizes the age in furnished within or without. By paying a premium which should
which we live, instead of devoting two days or even half day to have purchased a convenient lot, the district obtained liberty to build
visiting the school, the whole duty was performed in less than in the highway, opposite to a tract of wood, bushes and rocks, in as
half an hour. After waiting in vain for a visit till the last day good a place as any other, where iwo or threc roads meet.
but one, it was announced in the morning, that the school Over River DISTRICT.—Whole number 130-average, 51-ab.
would be visited to-day. I of course expected that although sent, 79. Five reading classes uso English Reader, Webster's His.
the visiting had been delayed till the "elevenih hour," it was tory, Popular Lessone, Easy Lessons, Improved Reader—ail use the
now about to be thoroughly performed; especially, as soon after Testament Grammar, Arithmetic and Geography ars studied. It
the school had commenced in the morning, tivo gentlemen of was interesting to witness unusually good methods in regard to
the visiting committee drove up in a cutter, and after fastening reading and spelling, in this school, because, in many others, those
their horse, came into the school. Before they were seated, eventually becomes a tolerable Latin scholar, who knows but little

studies are created with comparative neglect, and many a child
one of them said to me that they did not intend to examine the about his native language. The location of the house is much better
school or to hear any exercises, hut that they called for the pur- than the one tormerly used in this district, but still there is want of
pose of being able to certify that the school had been kept ac-room, and many other things to make it a suitable place to bring up
cording to law, and that as it was necessary to visit the school so large a fumily in.
twice, and one of them was obliged to go away on business,
their visits must be very short. After staying one or two min- 43, on the 4th of this month.

North East District.-Whole number 58—average, 15m-absent,

Reading classes, three, and use Histo.
utes, they took their hats and stepped out of the door, and af.

ry, English Reader, Webster's and Chichester's Spelling Books, and
ter being gone about as much longer, they returned and then Testament. Students in Arithmetic and Geography. "The school
said they would hear the school spell around once, which room is comfortable, excepting that the writing tables and benches
having been done, then immediately left the school, got into were made for grown persons. As usual in this town, the house
the cutter and returned. The whole time, from the time they stands destitute, in the highway.
drove up to the school house, to the time they were snugly It appears that in this school society there are 941 children be.

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