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school instruction, that the spelling book should never he abandoned by a scholar, be he ever so tar advanced in years, till he is able to

RANDOLPH.-Hitherto the practice has generally been for the spell every word, and give a definition of the same, from "baker,” scholar to take his writing materials and pursue bis exercise, whe to "ail, to be troubled,” and answer understandingly every question the teacher was engaged in hearing reciiations, giving no attention from the beginning to the end of the book. To proceed to other to those who were writing, other than mending their pens, and hasty branches without being able to master the speiling book, is like directions how to hold them. Experience proves that in this way, building your superstructure without having laid any sort of foun. little if any progress will be made in acquiring the art. The immedation.

diate supervision of the teacher is as necesary in this, as in any

other exercise in the school. It is therefore recommended, thai, READING.

hereafter, a portion of time, perhaps one hour in a day, or one or Westport — We have been generally impressed with the want two days in the week and in the afternoon, should be exclusively set of intelligence in the reading classes. In some instances, after apart for this exercise: and the remainder of the school be disiniss. having read several pages with all the formality of a school exer.ed, so that the undivided attention of the instructer may be given to cise, they have been, in numerous instances, unable to give any those who are learning to write. account of the subject, upon which they had just been reading. And as the principal object of learning io read, is, either to ob'ain knowledge themselves, or to communicate that knowledye to others, WESTMINSTER.-One great defect in the course of instruction in noither object is accomplished, when the black and white appear: our schools at the present day, is an almost total neglect of the ance of the book is the boundary of the reader's ideas.

history of our own country, and of the constitution and government Imagine the effect upon ourselves, of reading what we do not un. under which we live. The object of education is, 10 qualify our derstand, for even one week. It would unfit us for any impressive. children for usefulness—for the faithful discharge of those duties ness in either tone or emphasis. But the youth in our schools have which will naturally devolve upon them. Our sons will soon be. been allowed, from infancy until the time they “ finish their educa. come citizens, and be called upon to exercise the highest preroga. tion,” to read what they have not been required or even expected tive of freemen--the right of suffrage. Being the depositaries of to comprehend.

sovereignty, and having the destiny of the republic in their hands, NEWBURY.-As one of the defects in our schools, the committee when they arrive at age, they ought to obtain during their minority, think they have witnessed a disposition among some of the older a general knowledge of our form of government, the nature and pupils to go beyond their attainments, neglecting things of prinary character of our institutions and the duties of citizens. importance for the pursuit of some higher branch of learning. Il has been noticed in some of our schools, that the larger young men

GEOGRAPHY AND BLACKBOARD. were unwilling to belong to a reading and spelling class, choosing

LEOMINSTER.-It was thought, that a more thorough knowledge to devote all their time to “ cyphering,” or other higher studies of arithmetic and geography might be obtained if the scholars Now, in this calculating age, rour committee would not undervalue should be required to explain sums and draw maps. For the pura good knowledge of arithmetic,—it is essential to the education of pose of facilitating this course, blackboards have been introduced every New England young man; but in this age and under a govern. into all the schools where they were not already found. Children ment like ours, where the safety and perpetuity of our institutions have been desired to draw maps either upon the blackboards, slate depend upon general intelligence, the committee feel that an ability or paper, in all the schools. The success in this measure has to read, understandingly, and with ease, can never be overrated. been complete. The schools in town have excelled in this branch And yet how few of our young men attain to the ability in our of study. schools to read with ease and pleasure to themselves or others !

HARDWICK.— The committee are happy to see that the black. How many on leaving the schools leave their books, and never re. board has found its way into almost all our school houses, and that sort to them as a source of enjoyment in after life! It is supposed, its utility begins to be duly appreciated. In fact, it may be used that if the art of reading could be more thoroughly taught in our with success for illustrating almost any branch of science. In one schools, that a far greater number would become reading men, and school, during the past winter, it has been used for the combined our community would of consequence become very much more in purpose of teaching, at the same time, the art of writing, composi. telligent.

tion, punctuation, the use of capital letters and spelling. All CHARLESTOWN. -It is necessary that the teachers should them. these several exercises were combined in one. The method is to selves be good readers, so that they may teach their pupils to read call out a class, with their slates and pencils, on the recitation seats naturally, intelligibly and with energy. The right culture and com.

in front of the blackboard. One scholar is required to write upon mand of the voice, so that it may express in the proper intonation the blackboard, and the others upon their slates whatever the and accent, the meaning and spirit of what is to be read, in the same teacher dictates; and all are left to exercise their own judgment distinct and natural maner as it is utiered forth in conversation, may,

with regard to its execution. After the performance public critia

In this way, under skillful instruction, be easily acquired in early childhood. But cisms are made, and the rules of grammar explained if careless habits are then suffered to be formed, if the mere calling scholars will soon learn to write, spell, compose, point off, and use out of words in one monotonous tone, in a blundering manner, and capital letters, correctly. And this is by no means a small attain. without regard to the sense, be then allowed to pass for reading, the

There are comparatively but few of our young men and child, when grown up, will never be able to master this accom; who can write even a letter correctly, and without violating any of

women who have completed their education at our common schools, plishment without great hardship and struggle. The pupils should have pieces assigned to them, adapted to their comprehension, and the rules of orthography, etymolygy, syntax or prosody. should often hear them well read by their teacher. After the read. ing of the lesson, he should ofien ask familiar questions concerning it, so as to insure their attention to the subject. And such is the

CHARLESTOWN.—The beautiful exercise of singing, too, has been course generally pursued in these schools.

generally introduced into these schools, and those who will take the Rowe.--A habit of reading in this low, incoherent and hurried trouble to visit one of them and witness the children, whose counte. manner, once contracted, is most difficult to overcome, and unless nances are beaming with gladness, joining their pleasant voices in. overcome in youih, destroys all chance of the person becoming a could a portion of the school hours be occupied. These happy in.

some appropriate song, will be convinced that in no better way good, or even what we may call a decent reader. A person thus Auences, combining together, have the effect to render the school. reading cannot accent or emphasize a word or part of a sentence, in the least degree; and without this all effect is lost, and, however room a pleasant place of resort to the young, who go there with interesting the subject inay be, gives pain rather than pleasure to the minds more willing and in a more suitable state to receive in hearer.


Singing also has its charms and its improving power here, in the ARITHMETIC.

upper school, as in the schools of the lower grade. The board

have been inclined to encourage, to a proper degree, the introduce SWANSEY.-As soon as a child can master the putting of sentences tion of these new influences. They believe it to be their duty and together, he should be instructed in the knowledge of numbers. the duty of the teachers, to do every thing in their power, consistent We believe nothing in our schools has been taught worse than with the great object of communicating knowledge, to render the arithmetic. Many a teacher, who has been through the book, and, school room inviting, and to make it serve in reality to the young as as he will say, can do all the sums, understands nothing as he should, a second home. and of course can do nothing to explain the principles of this impor.

ORAL INSTRUCTION. tant art to his pupils. His practice is to tell the scholar to take his book and go on, and if he finds any sums he cannot perform, he must CHARLESTOWN.- It is in the power of these teachers to communi. come to bim. He sometimes partially gets the rules, and often noi, cate orally much interesting and agreeable information upon various but of the whys and wherefores, he is in the most profound dark common, though important matters. It is not to be expected that

children, from 4 to 8 years of age, will spend all their school hours




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est success.



in studying the book. The youngest children should not, for some town and the privileges furnished are absolutely wasted. A child
time, even pretend to hold a book, for if they did they could only sent to school one day, and detained at home ihe next, or sent a
play with and abuse it. They learn the letters and short simple part of one week, and detained the whole of the following week,
sentences, from large printed cards, held by the teacher, or hung cannot learn; he falls behind his class, loses his interesi, becomes
upon the side of the room. But they may learn much more by list. discouraged, hates his school, and his education is ruined. To send
ening to her, who, in an agreeable and impressive manner, may him at all, in this way, is lo delude him with an appearance, and not
interest them with variety of oral instruction. But she should to benefit him with a reality. When this arises, not from the
always be careful to question them afterwards upon the things she thoughuessness of children, but, as it too often does, from the incon.
has told them. It is well known, that adults can remember any siderate demands of parents and guardians on their time, it seems
fact or suggestion communicated to them by a friend, in a pleasant both selfish and cruel. It is gelfish, because for a small gain, it
interview, much longer than if ihey read it in the same words from occasions an immense and irreparable loss. And it is doing a
a book; it is more true of young children. In this way, these teach. wrong to children for which they will have ground of complaint
ers can be of more service than by making the youngest pupils hold against their parents, and may jusily reproach their memory, through
constantly before their eyes "books adapted for children." But it a whole lite of ignorance, if not of shame.
requires great resources on their part, and a constant exercise of Beverly. - They have regretted not to see more of the parents

and friends of the pupils present at the examinations, though a few

of the districts afforded very honorable exceptions to this remark. SCHOOL REPORTS.

In this, as in various other ways, very much may be done by friends Danvers.--For more than twenty years, have we been pursuing, to promote the progrees of Common School Education. It is to them in all its important particulars, the system of reporting the schools at indeed we may almost say, mainly, that we must look for its great. the annual town inceting.

Their interest and co-operation are needed to breathe Some of us felt and well remember the influences of this system, lite into it, and are particulariy needed in securing punctuality and (immediately after its adoption,) upon both pupil and teacher. We constancy of attendance at school. By registers carefully kept in know that then a new spirit was enkindled in some of our schools ; all the schools of the town, it has been ascerlained, that during the --a spirit of study-persevering and interise skudy. We know, too, past year the average attendance, out of the whole number that have that our teachers then were vastly more efficient than those who been in them, has been only from two thirds to shree quarters-imstood at the master's desk in preceding winiers. We believe that, plying, as must be obvious, a most serious loss, on the part of many, down to the present time, many of the pupils, and most of the of precious privileges. teachers, have continued to receive favorable impulses and valuable WeYMOUTH.~There has been great irregularity of attendance, aid from the practice here alluded to.

This is a point of great moment, and one which calis for the special

consideration of parents. It is injurious to all concerned ; to the LATE AND IRREGULAR ATTENDANCE-SCHOOL parent, by increasing the expense of education; to those who give

constant attendance, by retarding their progress; and to those who WESTBOROUGH.—In some of our schools the year past, teachers or by inducing the habit of inaccuracy, which is with great diffi.

are irregular, by increasing the labor of keeping up with their class, have been compelled to commence day after day with not more than cu ry overcome. It is discouraging to the teacher, by increasing the one third or one half of their pupils present, while the tardy come labor of instruction, and rendering more difficult a task, which under " like a continual dropping in a rainy day,” often during the whole any circunstances must be sufficiently arduous, if he understand in first hour of the school. This is a prominent hindrance to the pro, any good degree the responsibility of his station. gress of the school. There is a sad loss in time and interest, and instruction, to the individual thus tardy. It occasions also, a de.

SMALL DISTRITS. rangement oftentimes, in the order of classification, as to reading and MIDDLEBURY.-Several of the public schools are extremely small. recitation. It is moreover a great interruption in their various The committee are of opinion, that the sinall districts might be studies. our school houses are constructed, it is often necessa- joined to larger stricts adjoining i hem, without any serious disad. ry for three or four to stand up, or move out of their places, to let vantage to either, but with great advantage to the small districts. the tardy pass to his seat. This process often repeated occasions Better schools and better instruction would be secured to a large great loss to the school. It adds also to the difficulty of preserving number of our scholars ;-to thuse, who at present liave the advan. that degree of discipline and stiliness in a school room which is es. tage of public instruction but a few short weeks in the year, and that, sential to a good school. In the winter season, also, there is another ivo, under such instructers, as a few dollars will procure. The seriou a evil connected with this practice. The constant opening of committee would recommend to the town the propriety of taking the door leis in a fresh current of cold air, which, in most of our some immediate action on the subject. school houses is by no means needful, rither for the health or com. ANDOVER.-It ought also to be considered, that the sınall districts fort of the inmates. An extra quantitly of fuel must be deposited are the remote districts on the ou:skirts of the town, and that they upon the fire to warm the house, which, while it throws the small are not on an equality with the central districts as it respects many children nearest, into a fever, still fails to reach the more distant. privileges. In the small districts the population is so scattered Hence the order of the school is disturbed by the long process often that the children have to go further to attend school, and therefore necessary, by alternate visits to the fire, to raise the temperature have not the same opportunity for attending regularly. Besides, sufficiently to commence study. To say that one third of the morn. the central districts have academies in their vicinity, to which they ing is sometimes unnecessarily wasted in this manner, would doubl. can send their children with little expense, while the remote dis:ricts less be a moderate estimate of the evil. And when they remember are wholly cut off from this advantage, or cannot enjoy it without that it is an evil which parents in many instances mighit prevent by a great inconvenience and cost. The central districts, also, can easily word, your committeo cannot but cherish the hope that every parent have and do have private schools, without much expense ; but in will have sufficient regard to the welfare of his own and his neigh. The small, outskirt districis, the families are so scattered, and there bor's children, in all possible cases to apply the remedy.

are so few who are able to support a private school, that they are WESTPORT.-On viewing the registers kept in the several district almost wholly deprived of this means of educating their children. schools, it appears that irregular attendance must be a great hind. In these various respects, as well as others, the inhabitants of these rance to the progress of the scholars. After the teacher has ar. districts are not, and cannot be on an equality with others. It is not ranged his classes, if one hulf of each class is absent during a in the power of the town to make them share equally in these advan. recitation, not only those who are absent lose the benefit of it, but it lages, or to favor them in these respects. But in distributing the loseg much of its interest with those who remain ; and when the school money, the lown can favor them. By giving them a liberal absent ones return, they are then behind their classes ; and the whole share, the town can make up to them, in some degree, what they ground must be gone over again, or those who have been absent luse in other respects; though with all the favor that can be shown must proceed superficially and 10 little advantage.

in this way, they never can have equal advantages with the popula. ANDOVER.-Another “desect” which ihe committee would men. lion of our centres. And we appeal to all reasonable and upright tion, is the non-attendance of children. It is an evil of great mag. men, if it is not right-it it is not a duty to consider these things; and nitude, which, as they have found by experience, it is easier to de. 20 distribute public favors as to promote, as tar as practicable, a scribe and lament, than it is to remedy. So far as it prevails, it com. general equality of privileges among all the inhabitants of the town. pletely nullifies the advantages of our school system. Of what

CHANGE OF TEACHERS. avail are the best teachers, if pupils are not present to be taught ? Of what avail are the most liberal appropriations and the utmost CHARLESTOWN.--This establishment was therefore doing no good care of committees, if the children are not in the way to receive the during the summer, except that it furnished in miniature, to the good designed ? It is in the power of the committee to present facis whole town, a felicitous and weil.simed illustration of the decided on this point which are paintul and alarming, showing a large num. disadvantages of putting these district schools under a constant ber of children who omit to improve nearly all opportuniiies of edu. change and succession of teachers; 62 that a child who attends upcation, and showing the enormous exteni to which the money of the on one of them from the age of four up to sixteen years, will have

been placed under the plastic form and guidance of perhaps twenty. which he has personally superintended has borne a higher characcour different teachers—and when he grows up, he may know more ter than any other under his care. For twelve years, the whole pe. instructers than he has cousins or family relations.

riod of his acquaintance with it, it has uniformly maintained a de

cided superiority over every other school in the parish. And the PARENTAL CO-OPERATION AND VISITATION OF SCHOOLS.

cause is as obvious as the fact is certain. It is not becausc the KINGSTON.-We wish our public schools and school houses were district has had better teachers, or children of better minds, or ex. more known and better understood. It is because they are so litile pended more money; but because the parents have manifested a known that they are so little attended to,—and the reverse is equally deeper interest in the management and prosperity of their school. true. Not more than a dozen or fifteen heads of families through. This they do by sustaining the teacher's influence, by securing the out the town, cver think of visiting our public schools, where they punctual attendance of their children, and by their own large attend. send their sons and daughters, year after year, to learn that which auce upon every public examination. The examination is thus made may be for their weal or woe through all time. And the children, an occasion of importance; it is anticipated through the term,

and seeing so little interest felt by their parents, in the schools, take stimulates both teacher and pupil. Its effect is seen in promoting comparatively less interest in their studies than they would, were the fidelity of the one, and the improvement of the other. Whiy their porents' more alive to their duties, and more ready to furnish should it not be thus in every district in this town? them with the facilities which ihey need for their education.

NewBURY.--After all the reacher's efforts to have a good school, Sharon. --All know what smooth and stories roguish the parents have the power to “ do or undo” for him, to sustain or children can tell their parents, and that it is possible for parents prostrate all his plans for good discipline and successful teaching: to think their children right, especially those parents who seldom and too often is it the case, that parental influence is thus unhappily or never go into a school. Under such circumstances the child perverled. A few words of complaint against the teacher in the lights the fame, the parent fans it, and then scatters the firebrands child's hearing, a single expression of willingness to take the part” till great injury is done Some of the greatest evils thus arise in the of a pupil, should any difficulty arise,-may often give serious in. district. A prejudice is awakened which results, if not in the dis- convenience to the instructer, and may very likely create the neces. missal of a good teacher, at least, to the detriment of the school. Sity for severity which otherwise would not be called for. Your This would have been avoided, had that parent visited the school. committee are fully persuaded, that any attempt on the part of pa.

AM!lerst.–We cannot forbear expressing our sincere regret, that rents, under ordinary circumstances, to contravene the authority of parents are so much inclined to leave the whole business of visiting the teacher, is ill.judged, and ought not to be countenanced by the the places where their children are undergoing such important dis patriotic citizen; and whenever by such interference his authority cipline, to the committee alone. Were more of them individually is diminished or his usefulness impaired, while he sustains an inju. to take a seat now and then in the school-room, simply to be silent ry, the community sustains a greater injury than he,-an injury observers of what is passing there, it would add a great deal to the which it inay be found very difficult to repair. good order of the school; and were they lo appear, in considerable On the other hand, let all parents lend their cheerful aid to the numbers together, at the closing examination, it would give vastly instructers of their children-encourage their well-meant endeavors more consequence to that occasion, than now generally has; to be useful either in instruction or discipline, -show that they take while another and most happy effect of it all would be, the maintain an interest in their work anil its resulis, -take a firm stand on the ing of that sympathy between themselves and the teacher, which is side of good order,-preach every where, and especially at home, 80 essential to his success, and for want of which his work is some the doctrine of thorough discipline, and, above all, exemplify such times rendered doubly arduous and difficult

. If parents would visit doctrines in their own practice ; and, while they will seldom have the schools more, they would better understand the trials which the occasion to complain of broken heads or purple stripes, they may teacher meets with, and better know how to help him through with have the satisfaction of knowing that our school houses are, as they them. Only let there be, on the part of fathers and mothers, a readi. ever should be, the quiet nurlure-rooms of those things only, which ness to sympathize and co-operate with him who has the charge of " are lovely and of good report.” their sons and daughters, and comparatively easy will be his task in

ChelmsfORD.-The committee cannot persuade themselves to guiding and governing them. On the other hand, let there be in pa. cluse this report without adverting to the apparent apathy and coldrents a readiness to take an attitude of opposition on the slightest occasion, or simply to manifest that degree of indifference, which ness which parents and guardians manifest on the subject

of pub. their children will at once set down as a license for behaving as they rents in general do indeed really feel a very lively interest in the in.

They say apparent, for they do not doubt that pa. please at school, and the task becomes any thing but an easy one. síruction of their children. Indeed, they know this to be the fact. We would, therefore, earnestly recommend the gaining of that ac. But still it is no less a fact that they are generally guilly of a very quaintance with the teacher, and with the scene of his daily toils, culpable neglect of manifrsting that interest by attending the exam. which will be likely to lead into the so much desired and needed inations and otherwise visiting the several schools. They know co-operation. FALL River.-If all parents would countenance able and faithful lect that they have a committee whose express duty it is to attend

very well that it is sometimes pleaded in extenuation of this neg. teachers, and visit (at least once a year) the school which their chil. to this business; but this does not do away the charge, nor in the dren attend, -and promptly and cheerfully supply the required books least release them from their responsibility. The comm'ttee are and apparatus for the schools.—and see that heir children are firm in the belief, (and this conviction is founded in part on the ex. decently clothed and cleanly in their persons,—and punctual and con. peri'nce which some of them have had in teaching,) that if parents stant in their attendance, your committee are well assured, that under the present statutory provisions of the Commonwealih,"faith. would make it their practice to attend the examinations universally,

and visit occasionally the schools in their respective districts, indi. fully executed, and the benediction of Almighty God, ihe Public vidually, the influence they would exercise over the character of the Common Schools will, at no distanı day, equal the most sanguine schools, in raising the ambition and exciting an emulous spirit expectations of the patriotic, the wise and the good.

Berkley.—Whenever they are invited and urged to take an inter. among the scholars would far exceed the exertions of the best est in the examination of a district school, they will excuse them: qualified committee. Nor is this all

. Instances are not wanting, selves by saying—-" we are not competent, we have no time,”—and arisen in school, which have threatened at least, if not completed

it is presumed, in most school districts in which difficulties havo by many such frivolous excuses. In order, therefore, to remedy the destruction of all the usefulness which otherwise mignt have this evil of indifference, parents must awake and do their duty; they been derived from it, which would have been wholly avoided had must take an interest, a deep interest, in our schools; they must go the parents visited the school, and en with their own eyes and into the school room, and in this way demonstrate to their children henrd with their own ears instead of borrowing the use of those of that they have an interest there; and, while in the school room, their neighbors and children. they will have an opportunity of witnessing the manner of the teach. er, in teaching and governing the school, as well as the deportment

Malden.--Good order in the school is indispensable to its u:elul. of the schulars. There, they will have a good opportunity of wit. ness; and though this must chiefly be preserved by the efforts of nessing the teacher's laborious task, his cares and his trials. Such the teacher, yet his efforts will be unavailing unless they are second. visits will have a salutary influence on their minds, and constrained by the authority of parents at home. If children hear the parents them to exercise none other than kind and friendly feelings towards speak of the Icacher in terms of disrespect or reproach,-it they the teacher of their school; and thus, by their presence, they will find their parents ready to take part with them against their teach. encourage the hearts and strengthen the hands of both scholars and er, in case of any difficulty arising,-if they find that their parents teacher. Union is strength. Parents inust all be united in the com. are jealous of partiality or undue severity on the part of the teacher; mon cause of education; they must all pull together in the same it will be very difficult, if not impossible, to keep those children in district ; for, whenever we find discord and disagreement amongst difficult task to govern three or four children at home, and keep

due subordination at the school room. If the parent finds it a very parents and families, there we see it growing into a party thing.

ANDOVER.–To illustrate the importance of a due interest and co. them in tolerable trim, how much sorer is the toil of the teacher who operation on the part of parents, the chairman of the committee is expected to keep 50 or 60 children in the very finest order at would state a fact on his own responsibility. One of the schools school! Is not the teacher presumed to know better than a refrac.

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tory child what degree oi' strierness is necessary to regulate the 3. That a classification of the scholars in the public schools, and a
school! us! he not be supposed io understand his duty better separation of those who are more advanced in years and in their siu.
than the parents, who are not upon the spot, and are no way re. dies, from those who are acquiring the mere rudiments of learning, or
sponsible for the state of things? The committee are confident in other words the establishment of a grudation of the schools, would
from all their experience that nearly every difficulty and case of in. greatly favor the advancement of both classes of scholars; and that it
subordination is to be ascribed to the injudicious interference of is the duty of every town, whose population is so situated as conve.
parents with the government of the schools. If the children were niently to allow of it, to give greater efficiency to the means of education
taught to expect, as a matter of course, that their parents would take within iis reach, by providing at the public expense better instruction
sides with the teacher, they would not be go fond of running home for the older scholars, than can be obtained for them in the ordinary
with complaints, nor of raising disturbance in the school room itself, district schools.

They believe that the population of this town is so situated, as to

allow of the establishment of three public high schools, equal, for
AMHERST.–There is an impression of long standing in the minds common purposes, to the best academies in the country; at places
of suine, that they are places where little good and much evil is which shall be within a convenient distance of all the inhabitants, and
learned. We would there were less occasion in any part for such at an expense which will be well warranted by the advantages to be
an impression. There is, however, one cause for the absence of derived from them.
good, and the presence of evil, which ough' to be particularly noti.
ced. These s: hools have been neglected by some, whose counte. There are many more practical suggestions scattered
nance and support were especially needed. Neglect has made way through these business-like documents, which we should like
for neglect. But this is wrong, and the remedy is obvious. Let us
all take the first proper step towards giving importance to the Com- to transfer to our pages. We have room, however, only to
mon School, by sending a part, at least, of our children there ; and 'add the
then take the second, by looking atter them, when there; and we
shall soon see a marked change for the better.

AGGREGATE OF SCHOOL RETURNS FOR 1833--9. FRAMINGHAM.—The committee in concluding their report, would

Number of Towns which have made Returns,

298 commend the great interests of Education to Almighty God, and to the watchiul care and generosity of the inhabitants of the town.

Population, May 1, 1837,)

695,550 They ask for the schoois, the public provision of a wise liberality;

Valuation, (1830,)

$207,783,308 30 for the scholars, that domestic interest and attention which shall se

Number of Public Schools,

3.014 cure a regular and unfailing attendance ;-for the teachers, that Number of Scholars of all ages S In Summer, 122.330 respect, confidence, and co-operation, lo which a laborious and re. in all the Schools, Sl In Winter, 143.628 sponsible calling, wlien well sustained, most justly entitles them; and they finally desire for those who, by the suff-ages of the town,

Average attendance in the Schools, In Summer, 83,814

In Winter, 116.855 are appointed io the care and supervision of one of the most impor. Number of persons between 4 and 16 yea s of age, 182,191 tant spheres of public duty, that sympathy, aid, and candid consider

Average length of the Schools in months and days, 7.4 ation, without which these nurseries of public viriue and intelligence

Number of Teachers, (including Sum- Males, 2,411 must languish, and the benefits they are designed to confer be de. feated.

mer and winier terms,)

Females, 3,825

Average wages pai), per month, To Males, $31 90 NANTUCKET.—The com?nittee believe that our public schools de. mand, and that they secure the confidence of our citizens generally.

including board,

To Fequales, $12 32

Of Males, They consider them among the richest blessings the community is

$8 99

Average value of board, per month, enjo, ing; for, if any object can be considered as interwoven with

of Females, $5 91 every interest, and claiming one united and onward impulse, it is the Average wares per month, ex- $ Oi Males, $23 10 proper education of all our children. To continue and improve these clusive of board,

Of Females, 96 49 blessings, then, should be the aim of every one who is desirous for Amount of money raised by taxes for the support of the weal of mankind. If we would reduce the public expenditure Schools, including only the wages of Teachers, for the support of pauperism and crime-if we would prepare overy board, and fuel,

$417,809 96 individual to perform well his part on the great theatre of life, let Amount of board and fuel contributed for Public us watch with the care of faithful guardians, over those institutions


$31,935 88 where the germs of moral excellence, we trust, are nourished, and

Number of Incorporated Academies,

73 intellectual power strengthened and invigorated.

7304 But to whom does the expense of education seem a burden? Is

Aggregaie of Months kepi,

3.599 it to those who now prefer to educate their children at their own

Aggregate Number of Scholars, private expense? If there are any of this class, they would do well

Aggregate paid for luilion,

$54,113 69 to inquire what guaranty they have, in a country where wealth is

Number of Unincorporated Academies, Private constantly changing, that their children's children may not depend

Schools, and Schools kept to prolong Common upon the facilities for education, which are offered by the system of Schools

1,100 public instruction? The wheel of fortune is ever turning, and those Aggregate of months kept,

7,3441 who are on the upper side to day, surrounded by affluence, may to. Average Number of Scholars,

24,518 morrow be making a descent. Is i not a duty, then, which we owe Aggregate paid for tuition,

$270,462 80 our children, to raise the standard of instruction as high as our means Amount of Local Funds,

$276 649 72 will allow, that those who are to take the lead in coming years, may Income from same,

$12,895 91 secure those advantages upon which the well being of society so in. timately depends ?

The committee would suggst another view in connexion with this SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN LIVINGSTON COUNTY NEW important subject. A father brings all his efforts, perhaps, to bear

YORK upon the acquisition of property, that he may leave an inheritance to his children, and no one assumes the right either to disapprove We notice in the proceedings of the Board of Visiters of Common his inclination, or to doubt the sincerity of the motive which prompts Schools of Livingston county, at Geneva, on the 16th of January last, him 10 action; but let him consider the insignificancy of this legacy; that in twelve towns, numbering one hundred and fifty-seven school compared with the value of moral and intellectual endowments, and he will be qualified to put a right estimate upon the money expended districts, that there were one hundred and sixteen which had supplied in education, and regard it as an investment which secures a return themselves with libraries—more, we presume to say, than is to be more valuable, and infinitely more durable, than any worldly pos. found in the state of Connecticut—and we should be safe in including session.

the whole of New England. A MUERST.—The Committee believe that the following are well seitled and cardinal principles upon the subject of common schools in this State, and that they ought to be universally adopted and practised up.

CLERKS OF SCHOOL SOCIETIES, on :-viz. 1. That the youth of this Commonwealth, of all conditions and ecies how desirable and even necessary it is, to forward the

We would respectfully remind the Clerks of School Sociclasses, ought to receive their elementary education at the common School Returns as soon as they are coni pleted. Nay more, schools. 2. That these schools ought to be so arranged and conducted, as to

We would request them to inquire after them, in case they are furnish all the instruction necessary to a thorough, common, business not returned by the last of this month. It will require a month education, at the least possible expenditure of the money of the public of solid labor, with the assistence of a clerk, to make such an and of the time of the pupil.

abstract of them as shall be of any value to the Legislature,

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SCHOOL RETURNS FOR 1839–40. ber of children of the proper school age, in order that the

liberal provisions of the state for their education may be equiIf these returns are not already filled up, we wish, whenever it can be conveniently done, that the number of volumes in

tably distributed. The committee of the society must certify

that the appropriations of the public funds have been legally the several Sunday School Libraries, in the town or society, should be added under the head of Lyceums or Library Asso- applied in the several districts within their limits. The teach

er is required to keep a register of the names, ages, parents, ciations. These libraries form a large portion of the moral and religious reading of the young, and constitute an import- an instrument of mural discipline in his school, but also as

and attendance of each scholar in his school, not simply as ant item in the means of popular education now enjoyed in

a record of the condition of the school always open for the the state.

inspection of parents and school committees. The visiters, or We trust that school visiters will willingly and industriously co-operate with us in this work, not merely to comply with of the society a written report of their own doings, and of the

overseers of schools are called upon to lodge with the clerk the requisitions of the law, but to spread out be?ore the people condition of the several schools within their supervision with of the state the actual condition of the common schools, with the results of their observation and reflection. This will sea view of improving this “long forgotten heritage of the many.” We wish, too, that the Clerks would see that their the material for a sound judgment in reference to future im

cure faithfulness on the part of the committee, and provide returns are forwarded to the Comptroller

, or to the Secretary provement on the part of the society. This committee are of ihe Board, as soon as they are made; and if they are not

further required to make out an annual or semi-annual return made by the time specified, the last day of March, to inquire of the condition of the several chools to 1 et ard of Com. after them. It will require incessant labor for weeks, if not missioners of common schools, in such form and at such times months, to get them ready for the Legislature in May.

as the board may require. The Board of Commissioners are Connected with the returns, we would again call the at- required to submit to the legislature annually, a Report of the tention of school visiters to the requisitions of the law re- condition of every common school in the state, and of the specting the Annual Reports.

means of popular education generally, together with plans and

suggestions for the improvement and better organization of ANNUAL REPORTS OF SCHOOL VISITERS. the common schools. These reports together with the local The school law as it now stands, provides for a regular sys- information of the members of both houses will enable the letem of supervision and accountability on the part of every gislature to frame and modify the school law so as to foster officer intrusted with its administration. The district com- this time hallowed institution. mittee are requested to make out annual returns of the num The importance of this system of supervision and accounta

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