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Published under the direcion of the Board of Commissioners of Common Schools.
HARTFORD, NOVEMBER 15, 1840.
CONTENTS OF NUMBER II.
Public examination of all the summer schools in,
CONNECTICUT COMMON SCHOOL JOURNAL.
NORWICH SECOND SCHOOL SOCIETY.
At a meeting of the School Visiters of the second School Society The publication of the Connecticut Common School Journal will of Norwich, on the 16th Oet. 1839, the undersigned were appointed proceed regularly on the first or fitieenth of each month, until the vol- a sub.committee for examining teachers, and visiting the schools in ume is completed, by embracing at least 192 pages.
the manner prescribed by law.
We have attended to the duty assigned us, and make the follow. Terms.–For a single copy, fifty cents, payable in advance; an ad-ing Report of our proceedings, for the information of the Society. ditional copy will be allowed for every five subscribers.
The schools in the second district were visited at the opening of All orders for the Journal may be addressed, post-paid, to Case, the term, on the fourieenth of October, 1839, by meinbers of Tiffany & Co., City Printing Otrice, Pearl-street, Haritord.
the Committee of the preceding year: With this exception, we All communications intended for the Journal, may be addressed to and close of the term All the schools have been visited, more or
have visited every school in the society, at the commencement Henry Barnard, 2d., Secretary of the Board of Commissioners of less, by other members of the board of visiters, and it has also been Common Schools, Hartford.
frequently done by the sub.committee, at other times, in addition to the periods required by law.
The schools in the first, second, and fifth districts were continued
through the summer, and have been visited the same as the winter Reports of School Visiters and local intelligence,
25 schools. We have also visited the schools in the third and fourth Norwich--Second School Society, Hartford-First School Society,
districts, at the opening of the present winter term. Middletown-First or City School Society.
We have examined ten persons as teachers; of whom we were Berlin-First or Kensington School Society,
28 compelled to reject two as unqualified. We have fell it our duty to Letter fronu Mrs. Willard as to nethods of instruction,
30 enter upon a thorough examination of every one, in the branches Goshen,
required by law, and io refuse a certificate, unless they were well grour ded in them. We have also endeavored to ascertain their
capabilisies of teaching what they know; which is as important as REPORTS OF SCHOOL VISITERS AND LOCAL
having the knowledge.
We have urged the teachers not to limit their instructions to mere INTELLIGENCE.
recitations of the lessons of the books, but to give oral explanations Agreeable to the provision of the “ Act to provide for and ilustrations, in such a inanner as to excite more interest in the the better supervision of common schools, in many deem this very important. We believe it has been done the past school societies the visiters have drawn up for their year to a greater extent than heretofore, in all the schools; in some respective societies a written report of their own doings, of them, it has been attended to very thoroughly. Just in propor, and of the condition of the several schools within tion as this is done, we find the scholars bright, intelligent, ad their limits for the preceding seasons of schooling with memory may be faithful, and the recitations good; and thus evince
cager in the acquirement of knowledge; where it is neglected, the such observations as their experience and reflection may that the teacher has kept his scholars to the study of their books; have suggested. These documents, so far as they have yet they know nothing more than the words they recite. The intel. come under our notice, throw a mass of light collected ligent inind is not interested, and the progress in knowledge is con. from different sections of the state, and from sources un
sequently at a tardy pace. They can say that the thing is so, be.
cause it is in the book; but they cannot tell why it is so. We read. connected with each other, on existing evils and defects ily admit that imperfect teaching is better than none; but the time of in the actual working of our school system, and point youth is too valuable to be ikus wasted. It should be used to the substantially to the same remedies and improvements. best possible advantage. We will gladly do all in our power to give publicity to tual instruction; and great care should be exercised in the selection
We think that every school should have moral as well as intellec. these reports; but provision should be made by each school of teachers with reference to this. We also deem it highly impor. society for their being printed, and a copy distributed to tant to have a religious influence brought to bear on our children in every family. The views of a body of men practically fa- the schools—that the leading principles of the Christian religion miliar with the state of the schools, as to existing evils and should be inculcated on the mind; that the existence of God may proposed remedies—evils which go to destroy their useful- knowledge without religion, only qualifies the possessor to do the ness, and remedies which will make them the fit nurseries more of evil to his fellow-inen. of healthy, intelligent and moral men and women-deserve One reason why our schools are not more useful, is the irregular. to be considered, weighed and talked over by the fire-side, ity in the attendance of the scholars. This can be asceriained and in the social circles of each neighborhood, as well as shows the attendance of each scholar, for each day of the whole
by every parent, on inspection of the register of the schools; which agitated in the school district, and society meeting. If term. On examination of the returns of the winter schools, we find no provision has been made, for their publication by those that the whole number on the registers of all the districts was 887; for whose benefit these reports are made, the visiters can while the average attendance was only 687. Thus we find 200, nearly easily make arrangements to have them read in the several one quarter of the scholars were constantly absent from the schools.
The enumerated children in August 1839, were 1269;, the aggre. districts, and thus give to their views that general dis- gate attendance in the winter was 2:87, leaving 382 not in the public semination which the necessity of the case demands. At schools. Of these, 180 were in private schools, leaving 202 in no all events, if they will forward us a copy of their report
, we school whatever. If to this number, we add the 200, ulo although will print such portions as are of general interest, and fur- on the list of the schools
, did not attend, we find 400 children out of nish copies for gratuitous distribution.
school the whole winter. In the summer, this number is increased, We wish that school visiters and others who take an the whole year. If we make every allowance for the partial and im
which would result in an average of ai least 500 out of school active interest in our schools would furnish for the Jour- perfect teaching of those who attend the schools occasionally, and, nal communications relative to local school improvements, for the necessary absence of some, who are in no school; we can. and popular education generally, may serve to awaken, ing up in ignorance. It is evident there is great neglect on the part encourage and direct to a wise end those who are engaged of parents and guardians, iņ availing themselves of the privilege of in this work elsewhere.
having their children gratuitously educated. The result will be
that a large portion of the next generation will be ignorant, and con- subject, they will approve of the adoption of the plan submitted by sequently vicious and degraded. We do not hesitate to say, that us, or some other, which will effect the object proposed, without the community cannot afford such a sacrifice. It is our duiy, and for greatly increasing the expense of sustaining the present schools. the public good, to provide the means by which all may have at least The school houses in the first, third, fifth and sixth districts are the rudinents of education; but we go farther, and take the ground good; in the second and fourth, they are not so good; in the sec. that all should have a good one. We do not mean by this that all ond, a new house is needed. should have what is called a classical, or collegiate training ; but We earnestly recommend that libraries of useful books be intro. that every one, so far as practicable, should have the advantage of duced into all the districts. It may now be done at a small expense, a good English education ; and we believe this can be done at a very and the result, in creating a taste for reading, and an increased de. muderate expense, in addition to the amouut of money received sire to treasure up knowledge, cannot be too highly estimated. To from the public funds. Another reason why our schools are not facilitate instruction in geography, every school should be supplied more useful, is, that they are not continued through the year. The with good maps and a globe. All the schools have blackboards, and boy who may have been well taught in the winter, and is out of are much benefitted by iheir use. Parents might add much to the in. school in the summer, finds, when he again enters the winter school, terest of the scholars in their studies, by their visiting the schools. that he has to go over again his old lessons, before he can make any We are happy to state, that more of this has been done the past advance in his studies; and if, as is generally the case, there is a new year than for a long time before, and the effect has been good. In teacher in the district, the difficulty is greatly increased. The great Greenville, at the last examination, there were more than 4j present. advantage of continuing the schools through the year, under com. There has been an improvement in all the schools the past year; petent teachers, has been tested in the first and fifth districts. We especially in reading, spelling and arithmetic. In Grammar, some do not believe there are any schools in the State that surpass them; progress has also been made in all. In Geography, owing partly to and in the 5th district, (Greenville) where the scholars are divided ihe want of maps, and partly to imperfect instruction in some of the into three classes, under as many teachers, the good results have schools, the proficiency is not so great as it ought to be. The clas. been very great. We can recommend these schools as models for ses in history are small and but few of them. We think this study the Society.
should be introduced into the higher classes of all the schools. At Singing has been introduced into the first, fifth, and sixth districts, Greenville, there were small classes in surveying, Algebra, and with good effect; and we were much gratified with hearing the Natural Philosophy. We were pleased to find the writing books scholars unite their voices in songs and hymns. We wish the prac. neatly kept, and the improvement very good. There is a great diftice could be introduced into all the schools of the Society.
ference in the schools. Classing them generally, we should say the We cannot expect to have our common schools what they ought best were in the first and fifth, the poorest in the second and fourth to be, until we have teachers who are trained to their profession. districis. They all might and ought to be equal to the best. To effect this, we must have normal schools, or seminaries for the We cannot close this report without again taking notice of the instruction of teachers. This must be done by the State, and ought great irregularity in the attendance of the children, and urging upon to be done immediately. We have already stated, that we have been parents the duly of seeing that they go to the school, every day, if compelled to refuse certificates to iwo applicants; it was painful to possible, and always in season for the opening of the school. do it; but it was our duty, and we could not hesitate in the course
We have thus very briefly made a siatement of facts, and offered we were bound to take, as the agents of the Society. To illustrate some suggestions, without entering upon a course of argument to es. the necessity of elevating the qualifications of teachers, we will state tablish our views; leaving it to the good sense of the Society, to ap. another fact. The teacher of the first class at Greenville, being prove or condemn them. Respectfully submitted, obliged by ill health to leave the school, the district comınittee ad.
S. B. PADDOCK, Sub-Committee. vertised for a person to fill the vacancy. They had . 4 applications
F. A. PERKINS, for the situation. On having stated to them the qualifications re. The undersigned, members of the Board of Visiters, concur in quired, 13 declined being examined. We examined the 14th, and the views and statements submitted in the above Report. were constrained to reject him; and yet, that is not of a higher order SIGNED BY—A. Bond, J. L. Boswell, George Hill, A. L. Whit. than every district school ought to be.
man, Wm. C. Gilman, G. F. Pool, Thomas K. Fessenden. The schools at Greenville have been improved and elevated, by uniting the two districts, and classifying the scholars. The same, [We had the pleasure of visiting the higher departments of we believe, may be done in all the districts, by adopting a similar the first district school, kept by Mr. Gallup, at the landing. course. be called the first, second and third. We propose to unite the let Everything in the order and studious attention of the school, 2d and 6th to form the 1st; the 3d and 4th at the Falls, to form the the promptness and accuracy of the recitations, bespoke the 2nd; and the old 5th and 7th, now united at Greenville, to form the presence of a thorough teacher. The examination io which 3d. Under the new arrangement, we propose to have the boys the class in Arithmetic was subjected, on the blackboard, was and girls in each district taught together, until eight years of age, by as creditable to the pupils and reacher, as any which we have females, to be taught spel ing, with defining and reading, thoroughly, witoessed in any part of the State. We regret that the comand the elements of arithmetic and geography.
mon schools should lose so excellent a teacher as Mr The girls, over eight years, to be taught in another school, in each Gallup.-Ed.] district, by females, and the boys by males. Instruction to include all the branches of a good English education; and all the schools to
HARTFORD_FIRST SCHOOOL SOCIETY. be continued throughout the year.
The Board of visiters appointed on the 7th of October, 1839, con. By this arrangement, we should have in the first (new) district, 3 sisting of Nathan Johnson, George Burgess, Leonard Kennedy Jr. primary schools for boys and girls, to occupy the present school Melvin Copeland, Oliver E. Daggett, George O. Sumner, Isaac N. houses; 3 schools for girls over eight years, in the same buildings, Sprague, Roswell C. Smith, and Charles Davies, immediately after and one school for boys of the same age, to be kept in the upper their appointinent, designated two of their number, Nathan Johnson room of the school house in the (now) first district. The last men and Charles Davies, to be a committee for the examination and aptioned school to be taught by one male teacher, and one assistant the probation of teachers. That duty has been attentively performed whole year; and, if necessary, another assistant in the winter, by the committee, and they are gratified to be able to remark, that giving six female and two or three male teachers in the new district. the teachers who have been approbated, have generally been better We think this can be done, at an expense
not exceeding $700 more qualified than heretofore, and that an improvement in this respect, than is now paid in the three districts. The expense of fitting the
so far as our information extends, is apparent in this and the neigh. room for the boys' school, would probably be from two 10 four hun. boring school societies. If this important point can once be gained, dred dollars.
our schools will feel the beneficial impulse, and one great difficulty In the second (new) district, at the Falls, we propose to have two which has long depressed them, will have been surmounted. primary schools for the young children. It might, perhaps, in this
The aggregate number of children which have attended the dis. district, be well to vary the plan, and have but one school for boys /trict schools in the society the past year, has much exceeded that and girls over eight years. The number of scholars might not jus. of former years. In this respect exertion has been crowned with tify the establishment of four schools. In the third (new) district at Greenville, we recommend no change unexpected success, and the parents and guardians of the children
seem universally more ready to aid the public exertion than hereto. from the present arrangement.
fore. If this feeling can be kepi up and increased, its bearing upon To carrry this plan into effect, the Society or the districts must the great question of popular education will be vastly important. provide funds by a tax on property, or an assessment on the children. No part of the subject has been more difficult and discouraging than The latter course has been taken at Greenville, the past year, and the apathy of parents and their total neglect of the schools which the cost has been one cent per day for each scholar's attendance; their children attend. The teacher feels the disheartening influence which was all paid, except $28, by the parents.
of this neglect, and the child with walchful eye regards himself as We think, if the Society will appoint a committee to examine the an object of parental indifference, and is almost led to conclude that
he school-house is considered as a house of correction, rather than, and made comfortable within, so as to be convenient and pleasant to a hall of mental improvement, elevation and enjoyment.
the pupils, and the spirit and animation of the children has amply The whole number of children in the Society, between the ages rewarded their parents and friends for the exertions made in their of jour and sixteen in August last was 2687, showing an increase of behalf. To repair and improve their school house, although they 16l over the preceding year. The number between the ages afore. are in debt for iis erection, the district laid a tax on the list of three said in the second school society, which embraces the parish of cents on the dollar which raised the nominal sum of $675. West Hartford, was in August last 334, which was an increase of 16 The school has greatly improved under their efforts. Encourag. over the preceding year. The whole Town therefore including ed by the improvements in their house and the increasing efforts of about 10 children belonging to the Town of Bloomfield and forming their friends, both teachers and pupils have received a new impulse a part of the Gravel Hill District contains 3021 between the ages and have secured to themselves the approbation of all who have of four and sixteen. This society is divided into nine school dis. witnessed their advancement. tricts of very unequal size, but which are all incorporated by special
SECOND NORTH DISTRICT. legislative resolve, and therefore cannot be changed but by the same authority.
Number of persons over 4 and under 16,
344 There are in this society, one hundred and seventy colored chil.
Average attendance in winter,
125 dren between the ages of 4 and 16, who are mostly collected and
100 educated in a school by themselves, in the city, under the African
Dividend from the school fund,
$414,17 Church. Their share of the public money is paid to them under the
76,93 direction of a committee of the society appointed for that purpose,
Whole number of teachers,
3 and is faithfully applied. Their school appears well, and we are fully
Whole amount of teachers' wages,
728,00 persuaded that no portion of the public money is expended with
450,00 greater advantage, and more to the furtherance of the public weal,
182,00 than that which is laid out in the support of the African School.
96,00 The Catholic children who for a time were collected in a school Quarter bills, 75 cents in winter and 50 cents in summer, by themselves, have now returned to the several districts, and are
193,60 mingled without distinction, among those of equal age and improvement. This course has contributed greatly to their improvement, and most thoroughly repair their school house. A tax of
[Since the report of the visiters this district has voted to enlarge as well as to their apparent good feeling and comfort. They gener. was laid for this purpose and the work has been done throughout, ally appear well, and are not wanting in diligence and advancement so that the school house and out buildings are very much improved in their studies.
in their appearance, and the internal arrangements are not surpassed [The following particulars are gleaned from the report respecting by any school house in this vicinity. We shall refer to this school the several districts. We have added in a few instances one or two house again....Ed.) items, gathered from the reports of the district treasurers.-Ed.]
SOUTH WEST DISTRICT.
There has been no improvement in this district, since our last an. Number of persoos over 4 and under 16 in August 1839. 1381 nual report. Their school. house is unfit for use, and they are una. Average attendance at school in the winter
620 ble to agree upon any plan that has been proposed, either.io build a summer
557 new one, or repair their present building. The inhabitants of the Whole number of teachers
district are mostly an independent and industrious agricultural popu• Whole amount of teac'iers' wages
lation, and have the materials for a first rate school; and it is to be Porter H. Snow, Principal
hoped, that the time is not far distant, when they will aim, with Amos A. Bradley, Writing Master
united effort, to accomplish what their most important interests re. Miss Lewis, Miss Bridgman, Miss Rogers, each 200 qaire; the means of affording to their children the opportunity Josiah H. Temple, Assistant Principal
of acquiring an early and good education. Miss Lowry,
102 Miss Brown,
Average attendance in summer,
Dividend from school fund, Miss Willard,
$126.87 Miss H. Johnson, primary department for boys, 1st divis. 200
Town Deposite fund,
22.95 Miss Cheeney,
137.00 Miss Woodruff,
WEST MIDDLE DISTRICT. Dividend from school fund,
$1657,92 Number of children between 4 and 16, in August, 112. They Town deposite sund,
299,93 are still destitute of a suitable school-house. There is, however, a Local fund,
30,00 prospect of a revolution for the better. The district is rapidly in. Nominal amount raised by tax of 1 per cent. for repairs and creasing in population and enterprize, and we presume the symbol other expenses
$15-9,19' of prosperity, a good school-house, will soon be seen there. Amount raised by quarter bills ($4 per yr.) on scholars, $1792,57 Dividend from School fund,
$130 60 Although this school has been more numerously attended than on
Town Deposite fond,
23.71 Amount raised by tax on scholar,
35.00 any preceding year, in consequence of collecting many who have heretofore been absent fro.n any school, yet the private schools have
Enumeration in August,
112 increased, and the weight of influence preponderates in their favor.
Average attendance in winter,
25 This cannot be avoided unless primary schools for small children are
18 multiplied and made accessible and inviting, supported at the public
Wages of teacher in summer, per month,
$22 expense and under the supervision of the board of visiters.
NORTH WEST DISTRICT.
Their school-house is a large and commodious brick building. It Number of persons over 4 and under 16
518 is badly seated. With a teacher of efficient government, they might Average number at school in winter,
150 have a first rate school; but like many districts, they have otien sufsummer,
110 fered from employing young and inexperienced teachers. Number of teachers,
3 Number of children over 4 and under 16, Whole amount of teachers' wages, $882 Average attendance in summer,
33 Henry Harrison,
38 Miss Seymour, 200 Dividend from the School fund,
$68.40 Miss Stevens,
12.37 Nominal amount raised by tax of 3 cents to repair school
Raised by subscription,
675 The summer term of the last year was about six months, with a Assessment on the scholar from 50 ct to $1
350 subsequent subscription school of seven weeks ; and the teacher, Whole amount of
150 Miss Spring, received a compensation of two dollars and her board. Whole amount collected
The winter school was kept by S. S. Raymond, for three months, at Amount received from school fund
$593.29 a salary of $13 per month and his board. The teachers here board Amount received from Town deposite,
108,12 | in the several families who send children. In this district a great and important change has taken place in relation to their school. The house has been thoroughly repaired. The number of children in August last, in this district, between Its external appearance is improved and it has been newly seated 4 and 16, was 24.
GRAVEL HILL DISTRICT.
NORTH EAST DISTRICT.
Their school house is a neat and commodious brick building, and, they have before exhibited for many years. The South and although not conveniently seated, is still highly creditable to the dis- North Middle districts especially, have made astonishing adtrict. Although the district is very small, and their school of neces. vances within the year past. The school-rooms have been fitsity few in number, yet here is fully made manifest how much can ied up in a manner and with a liberality highly creditable to be accomplished by even a small number, when they are united, and the community and the districts. There is, however, a fundetermined not to be satisfied' with anything short of excellence. damental error in the organization of the public schools. The The population here are scattered, and a larger district would sub. jectsınall children to more travel, in bad weather, than could be well districts are now isolated, instead of being part of one system.
There is a great want of primary schools for the younger chilbustained.
The school last summer continued about five months under the dren of the city, located at convenient points, and of a high instruction of Miss Eliza Goodwin, with the compensation of one school with two departments, for the older boys and girls in dollar and fifty cents and board. The winter school was kept by the the more advanced studies. This want is now supplied by exsame teacher four months, for which she was paid $1.75 and board. pensive private schools, which operate unfavorably on the Miss Goodwin, as a teacher, possesses the rarest' qualifications. prosperity of the public school.-Ed.] Her government and method were good, and her school appeared to the best advantage. Dividend from the School fund,
MIDDLETOWN FIRST OR CITY SCHOOL SOCIETY. Town deposite fund,
5.62 Average summer attendance,
The committee.men of the City School Society of Middletown
24 respectfully present the following report: winter
In accordance with the votes of the society, one passed August They levied no tax the past year, and raised only about $35, by a
14th, 1839, directing the cominittee to take the management and tax on the scholar, being about $1.50 per scholar per annum.
supervision of the district schools, and make them as efficient
as the nature of the case will admit, the other passed January 29th, There were in August last, in this district, thirty-six children be. 1840, directing them to hire and fic up the rooms under the Episcopal tween 4 and 16.
church, hire the necessary teachers, and comnience schools on the Their school-house is a new and comfortable wooden building, and plan submitted by the commiliee, and adopted by the society; your seated in the old way. The school is small, but an increased atten. committee, during the past year, have effected a re-organization of tion to its prosperity is manifested by the inhabitants, which encouro the schools of the society, and progressively introduced the system ages the hope of increased improvement.
which is now in successful operation. Dividend from School fund,
$44.78 Owing to unavoidable circumstances which are too well known Town Deposite Fund,
8,10 to the public to need recapitulation, and which indeed from the Their summer school was kept by Miss Margaret Wilcox, for tenor of the first vote appear to have been anticipa ed by the society, $1.25 per week, and board, for five months. The winter term we were compelled to continue the schools in the buildings furnished for three months, by Mr. George Burk, for $12.50 per month, and by the respecuve districts during the winter term. board.
With a view, however, to the advantages of classification, and Average summer attendance,
16 owing to the increased number that attended, the children in each winter
19 district were divided into two departments; all over ten years of District Committee-George Cook, Jr.
age placed in the charge of male, and all under in the charge of
female teachers. By this improvement, together with directing This district contained at the enumeration of August last 115 respecting the general arrangement, the books to be used, the mode children from 4 to 16.
of instruction and frequent visiting, the committee accomplished all Their school has become so large, that their accommodations are that it was in their power to effect
. insufficient. However much teachers may be disposed to exert
The schools were well conducted. The teachers without excepthemselves, still
, without a commodious house, pupils will feel as tion were faithtul to the trust reposed in them, and the improvement though their comfort was neglected, and their education considered made by the pupils exceeded our expectations. The expenses of as a secondary object in the estimation of those entrusted with their the schools for instruction for six months, amounting to $1111.50, direction.
were, as had been customary, defrayed entirely from the public Average attendance in summer,
46 money, which, consequently, left only $225 of the March dividend winter,
53 to be devoted to the summer term. Dividend from School fund,
Having procured a lease of the rooms under the Episcopal church Town Deposite Fund,
for five years, with the privilege to either party to vacate the lease The summer school was kepi about seventeen weeks, by Miss on complying with the conditions therein expressed, your committee Woodruff. ller
wages were three dollars and fifty cents per week, attempted on the 1st of June last to carry out the views of the soci. without board. The winter school continued about eighteen weeks ety as expressed in the vote of the 29th of January, 1840. and was kept in part by Miss Wells, at $3.50 per week, and in part
Placing all the children of nine years of age and under, in the by Miss Sheldon, at $3 per week, without board. No tax on the school houses of their respective districts in primary schools under list, or assessment on the scholar, has been levied in this district the the instruction of competent females; they collected all between past year.
the age of 9 ard 16, and placed them, the boys under the charge of Mr. Saxe, the girls under the charge of Miss Hovey, each having
a competent assistant in two distinct high schools, which schools, The colored children are all numbered in the respective districts both the primary and high, with the exception of a short vacation, to which they belong. Of these, there are 48 in the Middle district, have continued in successful operation to the present time. The 9 in the Second North, 37 in the South, and 7 in the West Middle, number on the list of the primary schools amounts to 293, on that of making in all 120. Their school is kept in the basement of the African Church, in schools equals only 228, at the high schools only 203. The expense
the high schools 252. The average atiendance at the primary Talcott street. It has been well kept and well aitended the past year. for instruction in the primary schools, for the five months commen. The pupils are ambitious, and attentive to their studies, and in their cing with June and ending with October, will be $350; in the high behavior have exhibited a manifest improvement. The Society, by schools for the same period, $750; amounting together to $1100, a committee appointed for that purpose only, give them their equal being $11.50 short of the expense of instruction in the district schools share of the public school and town funds.
for the six months previous as above stated. Average attendance in summer,
A capitation tax of about fifty cents on those children who have winter,
45 attended the primary schools, and of two dollars on those who have Dividend from School fund,
$119.25 attended the high schools, will in addition to that portion of the pub. Town Deposite fund,
27.00 lic money applicable to the summer term, as near as your committee Amount raised in the district,
can judge from present data, defray these charges. Confident that Yhe summer term of their school, which continued about twenty. thorough not superficial instruction was what the public expected, and two weeks, was kept by Eliza Cooley, at $14 per month, and the sensible of the deficiency of many schools in the primary branches winter term about thirteen weeks, by William A. Hanson, at $25 per of education, your committee have directed the instructors in the month.
respective schools to commenco anew with the scholars in whatever In behalf of the Board of School Visiters,
branch they were to be taught, and pay particular attention to those Nathan Johnson, Chairman,
of reading and spelling. In the primary schools, owing to the tender HARTFORD, April 10, 1840.
age of the pupils, they have been contined to those branches, with [The public schools of the city of Hartford, we are happy the exception of a few of the elder children, who were enabled to to add, are at this time, in a more flourishing condition than devote a portion of their time to the rudiments of geography, and
AFRICAN OR COLORED SCHOOL.
exercises in mental arithmetic. In the high schools, instruction has for improvement, but also adds to the difficulties and perplexities of been given in spelling, reading, writing, grammar, geography, as the instructor, by destroying the uniformity of the class. Enforcing tronomny, arithmetic; and in the boys' department, algebra, and the punctuality on their children, alıhough it assists, is not the only way dead languages, and book-keeping. When suficiently acquainted in which parents can and must aid ihe teacher, if they wish their with these subjects, the system admits of the introduction of others, schools to succeed, and their children to improve. They must visit should the society deem it best to afford the necessary facilities. The schools in person, encourage the teacher by their presence, and By confining the schools to these few elementary branches at the mauifest 10 the children not only that they feel an interest in their commencement, instead of adopting the more general course-inclu. improvement, but that they extend their approbation to the course ding chemistry, botany, mental philosophy, &c. &c., promised in the pursued by the instructor, and sanction his measures. Your in. prospectuses of most of the boarding schools of the country—the structors may be of the first class, and your committee faithful to committee fear that the expectations of some have been disappoint. the trust reposed in them; but unless the parents discharge their ed, and others have been chagrined at being compelled to travel duties, both the instructors and committee will labor in vain. over studies with wbich they fancied themselves familiar. To such, All of which is respectfully submitted. if there are any, they can only offer as their excuse, the old, but
Chas. WONDWARD, now revived and well received opinion, that the object of education
R. RAND, is not merely to crowd the mind with ideas, but also so to discipline
HORACE CLARK, as to enable it to control them at wi!l-that that course of instruction
Committee. is best which best fits us for the prosecution of the every day duties
SAML. D. HUBBARD, of life. On the character of the schools, and the efficiency of the
W. J. TRENCH, . system as exhibited in them to meet the wants of the public, your
D. ALLEN, committee deem it unnecessary to enlarge ; satisfied themselves with the result that has attended this first and necessarily imperfect (Having been présent by invitation, at an examination of both deeffort, they feel assured that nothing but a steady perseverance on partments of the high school, on the 13th ult., we are happy to add the part of the society, in the same course, is requisite to place its our testimony to the marked success which has thus far crowned schoo's on a footing equal to those of any city in the Union. A the efforts of the teachers, and committee, to improve the common comparison of our schools as at present organized, with those of schools of the city. We have not any where seen so much good last winter, exhibits the superiority of the system, not only in the accomplished in so short a period of time, in any part of the state, greater advantages for education which it affords, and the greater We shall recur to this school and the primary schools of Middlenumber to whom these advantages can be extended, but also in the town again, barely remarking here, that if the course already pursu. diminished expense with which, in comparison to these advantages, ed can be persevered in for a suitable period of time, this city will it is attended. The expenses of instruction for six months in the have the best public schools in the state.—Ev.] crowded schools of last winter, embracing 335 children, was as above stated, $1111.50. The expense for instruction for five months in the present schools, embracing 545, is $1100; or in the former KENSINGTON,' OR BERLIN FIRST SCHOOL SOCIETY. about $3.30 each; in the latter about $2 each; and which would on the present system be further reduced to about $1.30, were the ber, as in the case provided for in the eleventh section of the act of
Early in the season, your committee appointed two of their num. whole 840 children embraced within the limits of the society to 1839, as a commiitee whose duty it should be to exercise all powers attend, and the rooms sufficiently copious to accommodate them. While the charge for instruction remained the same, the cost to each and discharge all duties of school visiters, subject at the same time scholar would be diminished by the increased number among whom have visited the several winter schools twice, as the law directs,
10 the rules and regulations of said visiters. That sub.committee that charge would be divided. With the funds raised by tax, the and they have also visited all the summer schools twice, except the rooms have been fitted as directed by the society in a suitable man school in the south part of the South district, which has been visited ner to commence the system, and a small balance, as will appear but once in the summer, the school not being expected to terminate by the treasurer's report, remains in the treasury.
This can be devoted to meeting the rent of $125 a year, which will within about three weeks from the present date. It will be the will accrue on the rooms, or to the purchase of maps and other duty of the successors of your committee to visit said school, since facilities for instruction much needed by the schools, as the society the visitation which the law requires, must be made during the two may think proper. Presuming that it was the intention of the soci weeks preceding the close of the school. ety to defray the rent from the present tax, the committee have felt
According to the requisitions of the law, the teachers were all themselves compelled to refrain from purchases which they would examined, and received certificates of their qualifications to teach otherwise have made. In either event the amount hereafter to be in said society. raised from the grand levy will not probably exceed half a cent on
The visiters, agreeably to the usual practice, have consulted to. the dollar in any one year, until the increased number of scholars gether in regard to the interests of the schools, and suggested, from compels the erection of enlarged and better arranged rooms for their time to time, such counsel to toachers and to the children as they accommodation. While on this subject, your committtee beg leave judged to be suitable and necessary; particulary have they endeav. to call your attention to the amount actually saved to the public by ored to follow out the views of their predecessors, in regard to the the present plan, as compared with the sums formerly paid by our description of books which should be used in the several schools. citizens in educating their children. By reference to a report made They have aimed to secure an uniformity of books in the several in December, 1838, by a committee especially appointed for this schools, as soon as would comport with a due regard to convenience purpose, it will be found that at that time of the 835 children be. economy. Jonging to this society, only 276 attended the public schools, at an
In respect to the state of the schools, your committee are happy expense of $1377, or about $5 each; that of the remaining 559, to say that the experience and experiments of the last year have only 311 attended private schools, at an expense of $4504, or aboui afforded them much satisfaction. Evidence is not wanting, that an $14.50 each. Thus showing that 587 were educated on the old interest has been awakened in this parish, on the subject of common system at an expense of $5881 for instruction, and 545 on the present the schools has been of the most propitious kind. That evidence is
school education, which is unusual among us; and that the effect on for aboul $2200 per year. Difference, $3681. The former course costing about $10, the present about $4 a year in the very important and public character of several of them." Un.
found in the frequent meetings which have been held among us, and for the instruction of each scholar. In concluding their report, the committee cannot refrain from been common, and in the spirit both of teachers and pupils, there
der this impulse, the schools have taken a higher stand than has calling the attention of the parents to the absolute necessity of punc. tuality on the part of the children in their attendance at school, if was early the promise of those results which have been secured. they wish them to improve. While the primary schools number
The statistics of the several schools may be found in the report 293 scholars, on their list it appears that the average daily attend. prepared by your committee and forwarded to the Comptroller, and ance is only 228, and that the high schools, with a list of 252, have published by the order of the legislature. only an average attendance of 203. In youth we are said to acquire the habits which control us in after life. Among the features of this Ia all the winter schools there was a commerdable zeal on the part system, and not the least important, is that of impressing good habits both of teachers and pupils to do well; and the committee are of on the scholars. It numbers among its maxims, “a time for every opinion that a good degree of proficiency, in the various branches of thing, and every thing in its time,” and its success depends on a study, was made among the children generally during the season. strict adherence to the rule. Classified as the children necessarily It will be recollected that the spirit which was awakened in the are, according to the studies they pursue, and advancing from day winter, in behalf of common school education among the community, to day by classes in the acquisition of their studies, every child who together with the knowledge that much effort had been made to is allowed to absent himself, not only falls behind his class, and be. excel, led to the happy general meeting of the schools, which took comes discouraged, and loses his ambition, and with it his desire place in the month of March last.