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employees in Indian department not
to trade with, 358.
animals and implements of husbandry
to be delivered to, 359.
rations to, at military posts, 360.
president to prescribe rules for affairs
of, 361.

lands to be exchanged with, art.

titles to be issued to, 1058. Improve-
ments to be paid for, 1059. Aid to
emigrants, 1060.

tribes to be protected in new resi-
dence, 1061.

president to have superintendence of,

disposition of certain moneys of, 1063
certain Indian country annexed to
Missouri judicial district, art. 1090.
vaccination of, 1066, &c.
Indian country defined, 1070.
civilization of, 1064.

Offences com-
mitted by. Offences against, p. 308,


trade with, regulation of, 1076, p. 301.
INDICTMENT. (See criminal procedure,
p. 749.)

INFANTRY, regiments of, art. 2246.
INFORMER, liable for costs, when, art.
648. Share of penalty of-may be
a witness, art, 2092, 3, 4. In case
of offences against post-office act-
his share of penalty, 2607.
INJUNCTION, in favour of debtors of
United States, when granted, art.
291, &c.

writ of, when issuable by judge, 493.
when grantable by district court, 577.
INSOLVENTS, p. 618. Persons imprison-

ed on execution from United States
courts, at suit of United States,
may be discharged, how, 2817.
When not, 2188.
persons imprisoned by process from

courts of United States, to have pri-
vilege of prison bounds, 2189.
imprisoned on private suits may be
discharged, 2190. Persons swear-
ing falsely under insolvent laws, lia-
ble for perjury, 2191.
debtors of United States may be dis-
charged from debt, how, 2192, &c.
Commissioners of insolvency-du-
ties compensations, 2194, &c.
priority of United States, in case of,

art. 294.

INSOLVENCY of principal, surety succeeds
to priority of United States, when,
art. 294.
INSPECTION, landing and delivery of
goods, p. 571.

INSPECTORS of the customs, how ap
pointed-oath of, 1965. In certain
ports who may not be, 1966. Duties
of, p. 547. Making false returns, art.
1988, Compensation of, 1967.

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INVALIDS. (See Pensions.)
INVENTIONS. (See Patents.)
IRON, manufacture of-duties on, p. 469.

JOURNAL, of congress, to be kept-to
be published yeas and nays to be en-
tered on-to be distributed, 33, 34,

JUDICIAL, proceedings of the courts of
the several states, how authenticated,
art. 638. Effect of, art. 65.
JUDGMENT, in case of impeachment,-
what, 17.

at suit of United States, when to be
entered, art. 300, 454.

of state courts, effect of in other
states, art. 638.

when reversed in circuit court, 642.
in supreme court, 642.

supreme court not to issue execu-
tions, 642.

of supreme court, circuit court bound
to execute, p. 175, note.
costs on, when reversed, p. 175, note.
for penalty, amount equitably due, to
be paid, 643.

cannot be had against one of several
defendants, p. 176, note.

when supreme court is divided, ib.
on verdict subject to opinion of court,

proceedings on, stayed for motion for
new trial, 644.

when reversed for want of jurisdic-
tion, p. 182, note.

in criminal cases, p. 749.
JUDGES, of the court of the United
States, to receive copies of laws and
certain communications and reports,
148, 155.
JUDICIARY, power of the United States,

how vested, 475, (and see Appen-
dix A. No. 4.) Extent of, 476, 7.
judges, tenure of office by, 475.

Oath of, 478. May not practice
law, 479.

Courts of the United States, jurisdiction
and powers common to, 480. May
issue writs of scire facias, habeas cor-
pus, and other writs, 480. May re-
quire parties to produce books, 481.
May grant new trial, 482. Administer
oaths, &c.-punish contempts-make
rules, 482, 3. Judges of, may take
security of peace, 484. Laws of states,
rules of decision for, when, 485. Of
limited jurisdiction-decisions of-
force of, p. 108, note. Have exclu-
sive jurisdiction, when, ib. Have not

jurisdiction at common law, of suits
respecting officers, but have jurisdic-
tion as courts of admiralty-have ju-
risdiction in maritime torts, ib. May
restore property captured by bellige-
rent, when, ib. Not to sustain equity
suit, when, art. 485. May appoint
commissioners to swear appraisers of
goods, art. 579.

Supreme Court, how constituted. (See
Appendix A. No. 4.) Precedence of
justices-quorum of sessions of, 486.
Adjournment of any justice of, may
make orders, 487. May be removed
in case of sickness, 488. Attended
by what marshal, 490. Salary of
judges, 492. Clerk of, p. 157.
Original jurisdiction of, p. 110, and note.
Exclusive, when, ib. note.
Appellate jurisdiction of, art. 494.

not given to, in criminal cases, p. 112.


by writ of error to circuit courts,
495, &c. p. 112, note, (See Writ
of Error.)

state courts, 500, and note to p. 115.
by appeal, 501, and note to p. 117.
where judges of circuit court differ in
opinion, 502, note p. 119.

by prohibition and certiorari, p. 120,


Circuit Court, organization of, 503.

lotment of, judges for, 504. Ad-
journment of, 505.

judicial circuits, 506. First circuit,

507. Second, 508. Third, 509.
Fourth, 510. Fifth, 511. Sixth, 512.
Seventh, 513.
powers of given to certain district
courts, 520. (See Appendix A.
No. 4.)

sessions, falling on Sunday, 521.
Original jurisdiction of, in civil cases,
524; jurisdiction in cases of copy-right,
526; certain causes from state courts
may be removed to, 528, 529; jury
trials in, when, 523.

Jurisdiction of in criminal cases, 530.
Appellate jurisdiction of, p. 133; by writ
of error to district court-by appeal,

art. 535.

Equity jurisdiction of, 522.

District Courts, organization of, page 135;
adjournment of in case of sickness, art.

for Maine, 539; New Hampshire, 540;
Massachusetts, 541; Rhode Island,
542; Connecticut, 543; Vermont, 544;
southern district of New York, 545;
northern district of New York, 546;
New Jersey, 547; eastern district
of Pennsylvania, 548; western dis-
trict of Pennsylvania, 549; Dela-
ware, 550; Maryland, 551; Ken-
tucky, 552; eastern district of Vir-
ginia, 553; western district of Vir-


ginia, 554; Ohio, 555; North Caro-
lina, (three districts,) 556; western
district of South Carolina-east dis-
trict, 557; Tennessee, eastern dis-
trict-western district, 558; Geor-
gia, 559; northern district of Alaba-
ma-southern district of Alabama,
560; Mississippi, 561; western dis-
trict of Louisiana-eastern district of
Louisiana, 562; Missouri, 563; Illi-
nois, 564; Indiana, 565; Michigan,
566; Arkansas, 567.
adjournments of, 568; special sessions,
567; records of, where kept, 569;
judges of, death of-proceedings
continued, 570.

jurisdiction of, p. 143, &c.
Territorial Courts, p, 147; superior courts,
powers of 581; compensation of offi-
cers of, 582; residence of judges, 583;
of Florida, 584, p. 148; of Wisconsin,
p. 153.

Jurisdiction of State Judiciary under laws
of United States, p. 154.

when concurrent with courts of United
States, ib. note.

Officers of Courts of United States, p. 156;
reporter, art. 607.

attorneys and counsellors, art. 605.
clerks of courts, 608; marshals, 610;
cryers, &c. 619.

fees of, general provisions relative
to, 157, 158, &c.

Form of Process, 622; test of, 622;
seal of courts, p. 164, note; in whose
name issued, ib.; at common law, art.
623; in equity, 623.

Practice of Courts, p. 164, note.
subpoena-witnesses-depositions —
evidence, 632, &c.

juries, 641, &c.; judgment, 642, &c.;
new trial, ib.

demurrers and amendments, 645, &c.;
costs and damages, 646, &c.
execution, 650, &c.; money paid into
court, 653, &c.

Error, from supreme to circuit courts,
when had, art. 694.

matter in controversy, value of, how
determined, p. 113, note; judgment
of supreme court on error-execu
tion on, art. 499; jurisdiction of cir-
cuit court, cannot be questioned on,
when, p. 114, note.

to state courts-lies when-how ob-
tained-proceedings when errors as-
signable on, art. 500, and note.
writ of, form of, by whom issued, 654;
test, p. 180, note; return of, how
made, p. 181, note; service of, ib.;
supersedeas when, art. 654; practice
on, 1016.


trial by, secured, art. 81; issue tried
by, in circuit court, 523; in district
court, 573; jurors, how designated,

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commissioner of, 306, 321, 322; princi-
pal clerk of public lands-clerk of
private land claims, 307, 308, 313.
recorder of, 309, 313; solicitor of, 310.
president to appoint secretary to sign
patents, 311.

records of, copies evidence, when,

register to make returns to commis-
sioner of, 314.

salaries of officers and clerks in, 315,
see Appendix A. No. 8.
office hours of, 315; officers of, not to
purchase public lands, 318.
officers, oath of, 319; seal of, 321.
military land warrants to be recorded
in, 323; patents to be issued from,


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-void when repugnant to constitu-
tion, 1.

of a state, repugnant to constitution
of United States, void, 3.

must yield to supremacy of laws of
United States, p. 1, note.

rule to judiciary of United States,
when, art. 485.

relating to district of Columbia, force
of, art. 62 and note.
classification of the, 8.

congress may enact, what, 69.
ex post facto, what, p. 14, note.
impairing contracts, 84.

power of president, in making, 87, 88.
publication of, 145; printers of, 149.
of the several states to be preserved
by secretary of state, 153.
LEAD, duty on, art. 1626, 1665.
LEAKAGE, custom-house allowance for,

LEATHER and manufactures of, duty on,
p. 472.

LEGISLATIVE Power of U. States, how
vested, 11.

duty of president therein, 87.

letter carrier, (see Post-office) 412.
arriving by vessels, provision for, art.
421, 422, 1424, 1425.

opening, delaying, destroying, how
punished, 2599, 2600.
illegal carrying, 2602.

of marque and reprisal, powers of con-
gress relative to, art. 60.

not to be granted by state, art. 84.
rogatory, when and whence issued, p.
171, note.

government of-law library, 100, 101,


LIBEL, in case of seizure under revenue
laws, p. 144, note.


to trade with Indians. See Indians.
for vessels. See enrolment.

LIEN, on lands of public debtors, art.

LIGHT, showing false, or extinguishing
true, 2650.

beacons, buoys, piers, maintenance of,
p. 464.

contracts for-cession of, and sites for
to U. S.-jurisdiction in, p. 465.

of prosecution before courts martial,
art. 2381.

of suits for penalties, for copy-rights,


on marshal's bonds, 611.

prosecutions under revenue acts,

of prosecutions for slave-trade, 1579.
on writs of error, 497.

of prosecutions for crimes, 2682.

LIVE OAK, measures for preserving, p. 673 MARSHALS.-Continued.
LOUISIANA, state of, admitted into the

Union-terms, 660.
district courts of, 562.
to have circuit powers, 520.
Appendix A. No. 4.

But see

laws and records of, to be in the Eng-
lish language, 660.

waste lands in-lands sold by congress
exempt from tax-property of non-
residents in-property of U. S. in,
not taxable, 660.

collection districts in, p. 535.
land offices in, p. 327.

representatives from in congress, 22.
territory formerly, slavery prohibited
in, art. 675.

LUBECK Vessels, duties on, 478-9.
treaty with, p. 277.

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goods seized by custom-house offi-
cers, 615.
contingent expenses of court-jurors'
and witnesses' fees, marshals' fees,
compensations and fees of clerks
and attorneys to be received and
paid by, 615.

shall have like powers as sheriff, 615.
compensation and fees of, 616.
special compensation to, in certain dis-
tricts, 616.

may execute deed for lands sold by
predecessor, 617.

in case of death of, pending execution,
alias, may issue to his successor,

may provide gaols, when, 618.
may remove prisoners in case of sick-
ness, 618.

not liable for escape of prisoners, p.
163, note.

may be required to return writ by a
certain day, ib.

duty of, where deft. is committed for
safety of his bail-fees in such
cases, art. 627.

to sell condemned vessels, 2091.
to remove settlers on public lands,

not authorized to warrant on judicial
sales, p. 179, note.

MANDAMUS, writ of, by supreme court, MARYLAND,

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representatives in congress from, 22.
circuit courts of, 510.

district courts of, 551.
collection districts in, p. 525.

representatives in congress from, 22.
circuit courts of, 507.
district courts of, 541.

collection districts in, p. 515.
MEASUREMENT of vessels for registry,

art. 1369.

MEASURES, (see revenue) p. 553.
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT of army, p. 642.
MEXICO, treaty with, p. 282.
MICHIGAN, state of—

admitted into the Union--terms,

representative from, note, p. 5.
district court of, 566.

to have circuit court powers, 520. But
see Appendix A. No. 4.

land offices in, 331.

appointment of, removal of, general MILITARY ACADEMY, (see army) p. 627.

of Wisconsin, 600.

duties of, oath of, 610.

bond of, 611.

suit on, when brought, 611.

when party to suit, 612.

death of, deputies to continue in of-
fice, 613.

may execute writs, though out of of-
fice, 614.

shall have custody of vessels and

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appointment of officers of, reserved to
states, art. 61.

MINISTERS abroad, p. 101.

foreign not subject to process, 2628.
penalty for serving process on, 2629.

naturalization of, art. 1101.

not to be enlisted in the army, unless

by consent of parents, 2270.
may be enlisted in navy, 2440.
MINT, establishment of-officers of, &c.
p. 590.

assay of foreign coins at, 188.

in member of congress to make cer-
tain contracts, 43.

in officer to make contract with a
member of congress, 47.

MISPRISON of treason, 2586.
of felony, 2662.

MISSISSIPPI, state of-

admitted into the Union, 663.
district court of, 561.

to have circuit court powers, 520.
representatives from, 22.
land office in, 328.

collection districts in, p. 534.
boatmen, relief for. See seamen.
stock, loss of certificate, how sup-
plied, 177.

MISSOURI, state of-

admitted into the Union-terms, 665.
district court of, 563.

to have circuit court powers, 520.
attorney of, 380.

land offices in, 325.

surveyor of lands in, art. 1191.
representatives from, 22.

power of congress in relation to, art.
51, 54, 75. See mint, p. 590.
foreign coins, p. 599.

bank notes, 600. Appendix A. No. 11.
MURDER, of, or by, Indians, p. 310.
in a fort, &c. art. 2658.
on the high seas, 2646.
on ship board, 2663.
MUTE, standing, art. 2672--2679.
MUTILATING the person, 2663.
MUTINY in the army, art. 2309.
in the navy, art. 2496.

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ed on board of vessels of the Uni-
ted States, when, art. 1458.
who may be naturalized, 1096.
conditions of, 1096, &c.

aliens resident 18th June, 1798; 14th
April, 1802, 1098.

aliens resident between 14th April,
1802, and 18th June, 1812, art.

children of persons naturalized, 1106.
aliens resident before 29th January,
1795, 1097.

in what courts had, 1107.
continued residence necessary, 1108.
oath of naturalization-effect of-citi-
zen of state, privileges in another,
p. 315, note.

NAVAL OFFICER, in custom-house, p.

term of office, 128, 1933.

NAVIGABLE RIVERS to be highways-ri-
vers not navigable, art. 1112.
NAVIGATION, (see page 390)

goods imported, in what vessels, art.


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duties of, 363.
clerks of, 364.

vacancy in office of, 364.
salary of, 365.

commissioners of, 366. Attached to
office of secretary, 367.

secretary of, 368.

president of, 371.

salary of, 373.

Materials for-p. 673.

provisions for the procurement and
preservation of timber for, art.
2416, &c.

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