The Locke Reader: Selections from the Works of John Locke with a General Introduction and Commentary

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John Yolton seeks to allow readers of Locke to have accessible in one volume sections from a wide range of Locke's books, structured so that some of the interconnections of his thought can be seen and traced. Although Locke did not write from a system of philosophy, he did have in mind an overall division of human knowledge. The readings begin with Locke's essay on Hermeneutics and the portions of his Essay Concerning Human Understanding on how to read a text. The reset of the selections are organized around Locke's division of human knowledge into natural science, ethics, and the theory of signs. Yolton's introduction and commentary explicate Locke's doctrines and provide the reader with the general background knowledge of other seventeenth-century writers and their works necessary to an understanding of Locke and his time.
 

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Introduction
1
Essay 3 9
3
Essay 3 9 22_3 5 Works VIII pp 321
4
pp 3038 185 pp 3038
8
Conduct section
13
Conduct section
25
Conduct sections 434
43
Observational Knowledge of Nature
85
Essdu 3 10 16 9 12 235
156
Conduct section 29
163
Education sections 66 1012
171
Essay 3 5 1011
177
Essay 4 12 9
179
Essu 2 27 15
185
Virtue and Law
190
Essay 1 3 58 1213 18 190 81 Essay 1 3 58 1213 18
195

Conduct sections 345
95
Essay 4 16 12
98
Letter to Molyneux Works IX pp 4635
100
Essay 2 8 12 723
102
Essay 3 11 1921
109
Examination sections 35 1718 42
111
Examination section 20
116
Essay 1 3 14 1011
120
Essay 1 4 17
123
b Genetic Account of Ideas in Children
126
Essay 2 1 6 212
127
Essay 2 9 5 7
128
c Experience as the Source
129
Essay 2 1 15 24
130
d Physiology
132
Essay 2 8 4
136
Essay 2 33 6
137
e Specific Ideas
138
Essay 2 7 7
140
Essay 2 16 12
142
Esseu 2 21 1
143
Essg 4 6 1
150
Essay 2 21 60
201
Reasonableness Works VII pp 1015
202
Reasonableness Works VII pp 11123
206
Reasonableness Works VII pp 13844
216
Education as Training for Virtue
220
Education sections 45 70 94 99100 135 159
221
Two Treatises II sections 5861 639
231
Social Groups and the Origin of Civil Society
237
Two Treatises II sections 7789
240
Toleration Works VI pp 945
245
Two Treatises II sections 115
276
Two Treatises II sections 1004
283
Two Treatises II sections 12431
285
Two Treatises II sections 2539
288
Political Obligation and Consent
296
Two Treatises II sections 15964
304
Two Treatises II sections 2413
317
Conclusion
319
Bibliography
330
Index
332
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Հեղինակի մասին (1977)

John Locke's works of political and social philosophy, written in the 17th century, have strongly influenced intellectuals ever since - including the founders of the United States of America. Born in 1632 in Wrington, England, Locke studied at Christ Church, Oxford, where he earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees in the late 1650's. He also studied medicine and earned a medical license. His studies led to an interest in contemporary philosophers influenced by science, such as Rene Descartes. Locke read widely among them while teaching at Christ Church over the next few years. In 1667, Locke became personal physician and adviser to Anthony Ashley Cooper, who later was appointed Earl of Shaftesbury. Through Shaftesbury's patronage, Locke earned some government posts and entered London's intellectual circles, all the while writing philosophy. He was one of the best-known European thinkers of his time when he died in 1704. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Locke established the philosophy of empiricism, which holds that the mind at birth is a blank tablet. Experience, Locke believed, would engrave itself upon the tablet as one grew. He felt humans should create theories according to experience and test them with experiments. This philosophy helped establish the scientific method. Locke codified the principals of liberalism in "Two Treatises of Government" (1690). He emphasized that the state must preserve its citizens' natural rights to life, liberty and property. When the state does not, Locke argued, citizens are justified in rebelling. His view of liberalism comprised limited government, featuring elected representation and legislative checks and balances. While a Christian, Locke believed in absolute separation of church and state, and he urged toleration of those whose religious views differed from the majorities.

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