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Henry, on foreign law, 120...
Hobbes, de Cive, 6.
Holland, alliances between Great Britain and, 347.
Honors, royal, 210.
Horizon, case of, xxvi.
Hostages, for the execution of treaties, 354. '
Howard's Reports, 54, a, 143, a, 183, a, 199, a, 202, a, 218, a, 326, a, 407, a,

458, a, 612, a. #
Huberus, de Conflictu Legum, 116, 117, 120, 121, 138, 140, 141, 308, a.
Hubner, De le Saisie des Bâtimens neutres, 520.
Hülsemann. Correspondence with Secretary Webster, 37, a, 280, a; corres-

pondence with Secretary Marcy, 126, 'a.
Humboldt. Letters from, lxvii., clix, clxi., note.
Hungary, revolution of 1848, 36, a; President Taylor's message respecting Mr.

Mann's mission to, 36, a; correspondence between Mr. Webster and Mr.
Hülsemann respecting, 37, a. .

Immunity of neutral territory, how far it extends to neutral vessels at sea, 503 ;

distinction between public and private vessels as to, 503.
Impressment, 160 ; 'negotiations respecting, in 1806, 1815, 1818, 1823, and 1827,

164, a, 237, a ; in 1842, 169; connected with the right of search, 160, 572, 4.
Independence of every State as to internal government, 106; as to the choice of

its rulers, 108; exceptions growing out of compact, 108.
Indian tribes, their relations to the United States, 53, 54, a.
Institutes, 261, 443. '
International Law. See Law International. ·
Interoceanic communication, cxxxviii.; treaty respecting, 55, a ; 328, a.
Intervention, the right of, 87; in the wars of the Reformation, 93; in the wars of

the French Revolution, 94 ; in 1818, of the five great powers, for the affairs
of Europe, 91; congresses respecting, at Aix-la-Chapelle, Troppau, and
Laybach, 95 ; in respect to Spanish America, 97; of, Great Britain, in the
affairs of Portugal, 98; of the Christian powers of Europe, in favor of the
Greeks, 100; of Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia, in the internal
affairs of the Ottoman Empire, in 1840, 103; of the five powers, in the
Belgian Revolution, 105; of England and France, in the war between Rus-
sia and Turkey, 21, a; right of, claimed by Russia, for the benefit of Christ-
ians in Turkey, 21, a; of England and France in the affairs of Cuba, 88, a;

quadruple alliance for, in the affairs of Portugal, 109. .
Ionian Isles, United States of, whether to be deemed a semi-sovereign State, 47.

Jackson, President. Message as to the recognition of foreign States, 35, a; as to

omission of France to carry into effect the indemnity treaty of 1831, 331, d.
Japan, treaty with, cxxxvii.
Jefferson. Letters to Mr. Wheaton, xxiv., liv.; letter of, to M. Genet, 177, 497,

560, 515 ; instructions to the United States ministers in Spain, 261; letter to
Mr. Hammond and Mr. Berckel, 491; to Mr. Hammond, 554 ; letter to Mr.
G. Morris, 491 ; to R. R. Livingston, Minister at Paris, 516 ; to Mr. Pinckney,

554; memoirs, 516.
Jenkins, Sir Leoline. Wynne's Life of, opinions of, in prize causes, 25; Works,

52, 159, 185, 234, 235, 236, 495, 549.
Johnson's Reports, 138, 177.
Judgments, foreigū, conclusiveness of, in rem, 197; in personal actions, 205; law

of England, 206; law of America, 206 ; law of France, 207.
Jurisdiction, exemption from, of foreign sovereigns, 143; of public ministers, 147;

law of France as to exemption of private vessels from local, 154 ; exemption
from, not to extend to justify acts of aggression, 156 ; by State over its
public and private vessels on the high seas, 158 ; consular, 165; extent of
a State's maritime territorial, 233; extended, for revenue purposes, by Great
Britain and the United States, 235 ; exception to the general rule of exemp-
tion of foreign legations from local, 284; of captor's country, in prize cases,
how far exclusive, 458; captures within the maritime territorial, by vessels
stationed within it or hovering on the coasts, 492; restitution, by neutral
State, of property captured within its, 494 ; extent of neutral, along the
coasts, and within the bays and rivers, 496; limitations of neutral, to restore,

in cases of illegal capture, 497.
Jurists, opinion of, how far sources of international law, 25.
Jus postliminii, 469.

K.
Kent. Letter to Mr. Wheaton, lv.; Commentaries on American Law, 54, 119, 136,

139, 143, 176, 197, 205, 206, 209, 210, 307, a, 329, 330, 342, 371, a, 476,

500, 608, 610, 620, 633, a.
Kluber, Droit des Gens moderne de l'Europe, 30, 43, 45, 55, 85, 108, 176, 183, 205,

210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 240, 274, 280, a, 284, 287, 304, 305, 306, a, 307,
a, 313, a, 324, 326, 344, 355, 362, 419, 420, 421, 470, 588, 615; Qëffentliches

Recht des Deutschen Bundes, 65; Acten des Wiener Congresses, 46, 357.
Kluit, De Deditione Profugorum, 176.
Knapp's Reports, 206.
Kniphausen, lordship of, semi-sovereign State, 51.
Koch. Histoire abregée des Traités de Paix depuis la Paix de Westphalie, 357.
Kupfer. As to the character of the Chargés d'Affaires of Moldavia and Wallachia,

274, a.
Kutchouc Kaynardgi, treaty of, 21, a.

Lampredi. Trattato del Commercio de Popoli Neutrali in Tempo di Guerra, 460,

520, 588.
Language, the, used in diplomatic intercourse, 213.
Law, in general, defined, 15.
Law, natural, defined, 2; identical with the law of God or divine law, 3; applied

to the intercourse of States, 3 ; whether to be distinguished from the law of

nations, 3, 6, 11.
Law of Nations. See Law, International.
Law, International. Substituted for law of nations, 19; its origin, 1 ; according
to Grotius, 3 ; Hobbes and Puffendorf, 5; whether derived from reason and

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usage, 8 ; system of Wolf, 9; difference of Grotius and Wolf on the origin
of, 11 ; system of Vattel, 11; voluntary, conventional and customary, 14;
system of Heffter, 14; not universal, 16; propriety of the term, 19; in-
troduced by Bentham and opposed by Hefster, 19; approved by Manning
and Hautefeuille, 20, a; opposed by. Fælix and Polson, 19, a; applied to
conflict between private or internal laws of States, 19, a ; definition of, 22 ;
opinion of Savigny, 20; how far applicable to Mohammedan and Pagan
nations, 20.; the sources of, 22; sovereign prinecs, subjects of, 28; indivi-
duals or corporations, how far subjects of, 28; of Europe, adopted by Ame-

rica, and modified by treaties, 514.
Law, International, private, 19, a, 112, 305, a.
Law, Foreign. How far admitted by comity, 115 ; how proved, 143, a.
Lawrence, Mr. Abbott, correspondence with Lord Palmerston respecting coast-

lights, cxvii. .
Lawrence, Mr., Chargé d'Affaires at London, note to Lord Aberdeen, on the North-

Eastern Boundary670,-a; to Mr. Clay, on impressment, 165, a.
Laws, Conflict of, 19; a, 113.
*Legaré, Mr, to Mr. Wheaton, 297, cxxiii.; to Lord Ashburton, 156, a.
Legation, rights of, 273; usage of permanent diplomatic missions, 273; right to

send, and obligation to receive, public ministers, 273 ; rights of, to what

States belonging, 274, how affected by civil war, 275, conditional reception
*of foreign ministers, 276; classification of public ministers, 277; letters of

credence, 281; full power, 282; instructions, 282; passport, 282; duties of
minister on arriving at his post, 282; audience of the sovereign or chief
magistrate, 283; diplomatic etiquette, 283 ; privileges of a public minister,
9, 283 ; exceptions to general rule of exemption of, froin the local jurisdiction,
284 ; personal exemption, extending to the family, secretaries, servants,
&c., 286 ;'exemption of the minister's house and property, 287; discus-
sion between the American and Prussian governments on, 287; Mr. Le-
garé's despatch respecting, 297; messengers and couriers, 299; diplomatic
privileges in the United States, 299, a; publia minister passing through the
territory of another State than that to which he is accredited, 301, 693, a;
freedom of religious worship, 304, termination of public mission, 306 ; letter
of recall, 315 ; no provision in the French code respecting rights of ambas-

sadors, 286, a.
Legislation. Exclusive power of, in every independent State, 112; operation of,

extra-territorially, 121; extent of judicial power over foreigners residing in
the State, dependent on municipal, 200 ; auxiliary, how far necessary to
validity of treaty, 329 ; in Great Britain, 330.; in the United States, 75, Q,

330; in case of French treaty of 1831, 331, a. "
Leibnitz. On what the law of nations is founded according to, 16; Codex Juris

Gentium Diplomaticus, 17; de Usu Actorum Publicorum, 5.
Lesur. Annuaire Historique, 49, a.
Leyser. Meditationes ad Pandecta, 176.
Lex loci rei sitæ, 116; controls in the case of real property, 116. id
Lex domicillii, 119; Christians in Mohammedan countries governed as to contracts

by the law of the domicile, and not by the lex loci, 313, a; how far applica-
ble to successions ab intestato of personal property, 196.

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Lex loci contractus, soy far operative, 140. !..
Lex fori, 140; statute of limitations of, to govern, 202, a.
Lhuys, Drouyn de, nate respecting rights of a minister in passing through a

country, to which he is not accredited, 694, a...".
Licenses to trade with anfenemy, 475; authority to grant, 476 ; during the wars

of the French Revolation, xx., xxi.
Liverpool's, Lord, Discourse on the conduct of Great Britain, in respect to neutral

nations, 349, 351,3510
Livingston, Mr., negotiator of Louisiana Treaty, clxii. ; discussions with the French

government, respecting the claims provided for by the convention of 1803,

613, a. 2
Livy, 473, 474.
Loccenius, de Jure Maritimo, 438, 443, 504.
London Gazette, 90, 561,-.
London Times, clxiv., elixvii., 390, a..

Louisiana Annual Reports, 314.-;
Ludewig. Notice of Wheaton's Works, cxlix.

Mably, l'Abbé, Principes des Negotiations, 356. *.
Mackintosh, Sir James xxxvii., lxxix., 356.
Madison, Mr. Letter to Mr. Wheaton, lvi, lviii.; examination of the British doc-*

trine, which subjęts to capture a neutral trade not open in time of peace,

22, 23, 25, 575. it .. . .. .. . "
Mahon, Lord. History of England from the Peace of Utrecht, 330.
Manning's Commentaries on the Law of Nations, lxxiv., 1., 271, a, 418, a, 592, a,
605, a, xxi.

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Mann, Mr., agent to Hungary, 37, a; negotiator of treaty with Hanover, 244, a.
Mansfield, Lord, judgments of, 24, 479.
Marbois's History of Louisiana; 617, a; Axii..
Marcy, Secretary, tol Chevalier Hülsemann respecting Koszta, 122, a; instruc-

tions respecting the Sound duties, 244, a; reciprocity trade with British Ame-r..
rican provinces and the St. Lawrence, 266, a; fisheries, 240, a; correspond- .:
ence with Mr. Büchạnan respecting privateering, 436, a; with Mr. Crampton
and Count Sarhges, 435, a; with the same on neutral rights, 539, a ; in-
struction to Mol Seymour, Minister at St. Petersburg, respecting, the same,
542, a; treaty with Russia, 543, a; with the Two Sicilies and Mexico,
clxxxi.; instructions to Mr. Buchanan as to Cuba, clxxiii.; to Mr. Soulé,

clxxv., 690, a.
Marriages celebrated in foreign countries, 141, a; French law regarding, 142;"

English law, 141; by consuls in foreign countries, 305, a; in the countries of
Christendom, 308, a; in countries not Christian, 312, a ; of Christians in
Mohammedan and Pagan countries governed by the law of domicile, and not

by the lex loei, 313, a.
Marshall, Chief Justice, judgments of, 369, 379, 409; letter to Mr. Wheaton, liv.
Marshall, Pinckney, and Gerry, to Talleyrand, 517.
Marshall, on Insurance, 24.
Martens, G. F. de. Recueil de Traités, 49, a, 87, 551, 632, a, xxi; Nouveau

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Recueil, 46, 47, 50, 80, 241, 257, 380, 418, a, 428, 469, 484, 485, 486, 603;

Précis du Droit des Gens moderne de l'Europe, 32, 47, 47, a, 50, 170, 183,
· 210, 211, 248, 250, 274, 278, 279, 280, 281, 284, 286, 287, 300, 304, 305,

306, a, 315, 316, 324, 325, 332, 344, 362, 420, 421, 470, 588, 615; Essai con-

cernant les Armateurs, les Prises, &c., 326, 362, 439, 592, a.
Martens,'Ch. de. Manuel Diplomatique, 276, 278, 280, 282, 283, 285, 300, 307,

a, 315, 316; Causes Célèbres du Droit des Gens, 302; Nouvelles Causes

Célèbres du Droit des Gens, 34.
Mason, Mr., Minister to France. Joint despatch respecting Cuba, 685, Q.
Massachusetts Reports, 177.
Massé. Droit Commercial, 307, a, 371, a.
Maule and Selwyn's Reports, 307, a, 381.
Mayer. Corpus Juris Confedærationis Germanicæ, 107, 118, 255.
Mediation, of foreign State for the settlement of internal dissentions in other

States, 106; difference between treaties of, and of guaranty, 106; between

a mediator and an arbitrator, 106, a.; treaty concluded under, 355.
Mensch. Manuel Pratique du Consul, 174, a.
Merlin. Répertoire de Jurisprudence, 81, 120, 207, 274, 275, 276, 285, 287, 300,

303, 311, a, 620.
Moreuil. Manuel des Agents Consulaires, 174, a.
Merry, Mr. Letter to Secretary Madison, 581.
Mexico. Treaty with United States respecting neutral rights, clxxxi.
Military persons, transportation of, in the enemy's service, 562..
Miltitz. Manuel des Consuls, 166.
Minister, public. Double character as to his own State, and as respects his diplo-

matic mission, 280, a. See further, Legation.
Mississippi, navigation of, 257.
Mitchell, Mr. Speech in House of Commons, on neutral rights, 646, a.
Mittermeyer. Das Deutsche Strafverfahren, 176.
Molesworth, Sir W., speech of, on neutral rights, 647, a.
Moldavia. Semi-sovereign State, 45; relations to the Porte, 48; to Russia, 48, a;

character of the Chargé d'Affaires of, at Constantinople, 274, a.
Monaco. Semi-sovereign State, 45.
Monroe, President. Message, 1823, 98; Secretary, correspondence with Admi-

ral Cochrane, 424 ; and Pinckney, treaty negotiated by, with Lords Auckland
and Holland, xxii., 165, a; one of the negotiators of the Louisiana treaty,

clxii.
Molloy, De Jure Maritimo, 51.
Montesquieu. Whether there is a universal law of nations, 17; Esprit des Lois,

17, 367.
Moreuil. Agents Consulaires, 307, a, 312, a.
Mosquito Indians, their relation to Nicaragua, 55, a; proposed agreement between

United States and Great Britain respecting, 55, a.
Murhard. Nouveau Recueil Général, 327.

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