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of the old one had died upon the was not freed from the wholesome public ear. To the credit of the obligation of taking deliberate counsel country be it said, the impudent before announcing a decided line of proposal was met with a shout of action. In short, that he had better universal disapprobation. Were mem divest himself, as soon as possible, of bers, yet panting with the toil and the notion that in him alone were fatigue of their contests, to be dragged concentrated the whole genius and up without a month's repose to Lon essence of Whiggery. Of all this we don, there to enjoy, in stifling St were aware; but, being accustomed Stephens, the old flowers of rhetoric to look upon Lord John as a choleric with which all politicians are fami- fellow, who would take his own way liar? Were the chiefs of parties never in spite of every remonstrance, we to have a breathing-time-a moment still had hopes of a letter; and are not for quiet thought-or leisure to con a little disappointed to find that, for sider their plans of future opera this year at least, there will be a blank tions? To do them justice, no set of in political correspondence. men were more incensed at the pro There are, however, more methods posal than the Whigs—for Lord John of expression than one; and it is conRussell was known to be in Scotland, solatory to know that the public has a country peculiarly adapted for letter- had the benefit of listening, more than writing; and, as his lordship had, on once during the holidays, to the wisone previous occasion, made a notable dom of the noble lord. bit from Edinburgh, there was no say
Two remarkable personages, in two ing what might be expected from him neighbouring countries, have at the now, if he was only allowed the benefit same time been going their political of time. Your state-letter is not a rounds. Louis Napoleon has been document to be tossed off like a dinner making the tour of France, receiving invitation. It requires thought and everywhere, as we are assured by the careful revision; and, besides, it is press, the warmest expressions of usually submitted, in the strictest con sympathy and devotion; and it is fidence, to various colleagues, before now evident that he intends, with it is finally given to the papers. Lord as little delay as possible, to assume John Russell, though a correct, is not the imperial diadem. Lord John a rapid composer. MrM'Gregor would Russell has been progressing from despatch thirty epistles to his consti- The Gart to Stirling, and from tuents, before the ex-Premier could Stirling to Perth, picking up stray satisfy himself as to the propriety of a burgess - tickets, vowing fidelity to single sentence.
divers Guildries, and taking an acIn common with many others, we tive share in a public political banconfess that we did expect to be fa quet. His aspirations are certainly voured with some such manifesto. more humble than those of the PrinceWe are aware that grave doubts have President, as his sphere is more limitarisen in the minds of many influential ed; but, for all that, they may be members of the Whig party as to the equally personal; and, judging from prudence of the former communica the character of the company in which tion, which, though it might be well- he last appeared, as well as from the timed as a party stroke, did never tone which he assumed, we cannot theless commit them to certain views doubt that the object and purpose of which they had not previously pro these peregrinations is his speedy refessed, and did eventually compel them instatement into office. Whether he to adopt certain measures which there may succeed or not, is, of course, tofore they were not prepared with matter of opinion. In the mean time, any cordiality to receive. We are also it may be as well for us to see what aware-at least it is matter of com grounds he can set forth to induce the mon report—that his lordship, on that country to reverse the judgment which occasion, received a sharp intimation it has already passed upon him, and from several of his supporters, that upon his party they were by no means satisfied with Since the result of the late election, his precipitancy ; that, according to it is observable that an unusual detheir views, a leader in opposition gree of bitterness and exasperation
against the present Government, has wise be impeached? Were these been manifested on the part of the friendly contests? If they were, all Whig satellites and underlings, espe, we can say is, that the Liberal candicially to the north of the Tweed. dates must, to judge from the language They cannot even attend a dinner employed, have an exceedingly mean given to the most obscure of the race estimate of the principles and motives of Adam, without using language of of each other. which, when the fumes of the banquet The truth is, that the Whigs, at the were dissipated, we sincerely trust present time, are driven almost to they were ashamed. Men may hold desperation ; and, like bad swimmers, the most extreme opinions without when out of their depth, are clutching expressing themselves in uncourteous at every floating straw, They are terms; and the offence becomes deeply dissatisfied with Lord John greater when we find that it is com on account of his resignation-which mitted by gentlemen from whose is hardly fair, inasmuch as we may character and antecedents—both of conclude, from certain previous pasthem creditable—we had expected sages in his political life, that the better things. Having said this much, noble lord would not have resigned we abstain from further comment, could he possibly have avoided doing and shall not even transfer the ob- so. They know, however, perfectly noxious expletives to our pages. It well that, without him, they are helpis sufficient for us to observe that, less; for, since Palmerston seceded among parties vitally interested in from them, they cannot exhibit in the return of Lord John Russell to their whole muster-list a single name power, there exists a spirit of animo- to which the reputation of more than sity towards Lord Derby's Govern- average ability is attached. They ment, infinitely greater than what are, indeed, very ill off for men, as was exhibited before the result of the must be evident to all who have election was known. Also, it is not watched their late attempts to exalt without significance that, at all such Messrs Tuffnell and Cornewall Lewis gatherings, “the great Liberal party" —respectable gentlemen enough, but has been invariably talked of as a nowizards—to the rank of consummate united and compact body—a circum- statesmen. Take Lord John Russell stance of which we, who have watched away from them, and they are about the elections narrowly, have hitherto as imbecilo a set as ever assumed the been in ignorance profound. Cer- name of a party. So they are still tainly such union did not prevail in compelled to put Lord John foremost Edinburgh, where one section of the in the van; and to assert, as one of Liberals assailed another with the them-forgetting for a moment his utmost violence and acerbity-nor in cue — did, the other day, that "if Glasgow and Greenock, from both of there is to be a reorganisation of the which places the brother-in-law of Liberal party, Lord John Russell Lord John Russell, who moreover deserves the highest position among had been the sitting member for the that party.” So then, as yet, there latter town, was compelled to retire has been no reorganisation—the union in extreme discomfiture-nor in Pais so impudently assumed, has no actual ley, where one Liberal of advanced existence-the Whigs are just where opinions, also sitting member for the they were, neither trusted, nor honourplace, was nearly driven from the hus- ed, nor loved by various sections of tings by the furious supporters of the Liberals. another; nor in the Northern burghs, Indeed, it would be astounding if where Messrs Laing and Loch inter- the case were otherwise, considering changed courtesies most amusing to how entirely the Whigs have lived, the impartial listener. What took Mr for years past, on the support of Loch, the younger-perhaps the most others, without vouchsafing the smallunlucky candidate of our day - to est acknowledgment. Most frightful Manchester along with Mr Denman, is the picture of selfishness which the where these two young Whig-Liberals Whig traditions disclose. Professing tried to unseat Bright and Milner to uphold “the cause of the people " Gibson, whose liberality could in no- --which, in a country constituted like
this, is a term absolutely without must be a bold man who would venmeaning, since there is no antagonis- ture to predicate the movements of tic cause--they avail themselves of the Knight of Netherby. They hate popular excitement, upon doubtful Palmerston with a hatred more genuquestions of policy, to get possession ine than the admiration they once of power and patronage ; and, once professed to feel for his consummate installed, do little else than make ability; and they dare not venture division of the spoils amongst them. upon a direct coalition with the men selves, to the total exclusion of all of the Manchester school. That once who are not hereditary Whigs. The effected, the whole system of Whig American slave-owner is not more tradition would be instantaneously indignant at finding himself placed at reduced to devil's-dust. As a party, table with a coloured man, than is the and as a governing power, the Whigs party Whig, if any sign of favour is are doomed. It is strange that they shown to a Liberal of another stamp. are not convinced of a fact so appaAnd, even as the man of colour re rent to every one else. If they form, sents the insolence and exclusiveness as they still maintain, the principal of the Yankee, so do most of the portion, or matrix, of the Liberal independent Liberals abhor the Whig party; and if Lord John Russell is, impertinence. We do not wonder at as they aver, the one man competent it. People are sick, at the present to lead that party-how is it that they day, of hearing reiterated trash about are now, not in power, but in oppothe principles of Charles James Fox sition? The last Parliament was not
-we wonder that, for variety's sake, Conservative that they admit: how they do not substitute those of Sir happened it, then, that in such a ParRobert Walpole — and the rubbish liament, the Whig Ministry was comwhich forms the staple theme_for pelled to relinquish office? With glorification at Whig banquets. It is which section of the Liberals lay not by blowing at cold ashes that the fault, and which is to make the party life can be restored. Show us amende? Not the Whigs. They the living man who has his country's vindicate and maintain the righteousgood at heart, not simply at the end ness of their policy, when impugned, of his tongue — who aspires to the even down to the smallest particular. position of a statesman because he They acknowledge no error; they hopes to govern for the nation's weal, stand upon entire infallibility. They not for personal aggrandisement will not admit that they have gone who cares nothing for party, for mere wrong, or done anything which should party's sake, and encumbers himself shake the confidence of the country. with no traditionary watchwords, or They proclaim themselves still to be childish Shibboleths, such as are the the popular party; and, in that belief, last inheritance of the Whigs. Such hoist their decrepid standard. If they is the man to follow, if we believe in are the popular party, and were so in his doctrine and integrity; and such a Parliament of their own calling, how alone can make a party which is truly happens it that they were ejected ? worthy of the name.
Fifty years hence, if there should be Lord John Russell is no more the then a Whig historian extant, it will leader of the Liberal party than was be difficult to assign an adequate reaTheodore of Corsica an anointed king. son consistent with the character of He may, indeed, assume the airs of a
the party. leader, and his immediate partisans Now, why is it that the Whigs are, may try to represent him as such, and even now, so clamorous against Lord vindicate bis claims on the score of Derby and his Government ? On something like prescriptive right; but what grounds can they justify that both he and they know that they are insolent tone which one and all of attempting to perpetrate an impos. them have assumed ? “We don't ture. They affect to extol Sir James want any trials of untried men." So Graham-in reality, they regard him said a gentleman, the other day, with almost abject terror. They do whose interest in Whig ascendancy not know what kind of alliance he is too notorious to require explanamay form ; and, sooth to say, he tion ! Yet he seems entirely to
forget that he was one of that com- restore Protection. He did not inpany of "tried men ” who could not trigue for office, like others who have keep office when they had it, or main- so intrigued—he accepted the great tain a majority in a Parliament em- trust of Government at the hands of phatically their own. Surely it was his Sovereign, not to carry out his rather rash to provoke comparison own peculiar views, but to administer between the merits and qualifications the affairs of the nation in uprightof the members of the late and pre- ness and in honour. As a statesman sent Ministries. From the highest he was bound to consider whether it to the lowest—if we were to weigh was his duty to make an attempt to Lord Derby against Lord John Rus- reverse the system which he found in sell, and the speaker above referred active operation; or, still retaining his to against the gentleman who now own opinion. to allow that system to occupies his distinguished position, continue, and turn his energies to the we believe that the balance would be difficult task of recouciling interests found greatly in the disfavour of the which bitherto had been placed in Whigs. It is when a man has been opposition to each other. He did so tried and found wanting, that he is consider it, and the very first anjustly placed on the list of incapables. nouncement he made, as Minister, Is it consonant with the principles was to the effect that he would not of justice to condemn any man with attempt to reverse that system, unless out a trial?
with the acquiescence of the great They can point to no one act of the majority of the country. present Ministry which the country Mark, now, the absurdity, and if has marked with disapproval. What it were worth marking-the inconmay be the precise nature of the mea- sistency of the Whigs. Last year, sures which Lord Derby may think they and their organs affected to reproper to pursue, is at present un- gard the possible advent of Lord known, and will remain so, until the Derby to power with a sort of religilegitimate and constitutional time for ous horror, because, as they said, the announcement shall arrive. With such an event would necessarily regard to the one question which of imply the reimposition of duties upon late years has been so prominently corn. This year, they try to raise before the country, the Premier has an agitation against Lord Derby, been perfectly explicit. He has stated throughout the country, because he that he will not attempt the reimpo- has distinctly intimated that he will sition of a duty upon corn against bring forward no such measure! To the declared feeling of a majority of whom, it may be asked, do they adthe Commons and their represen- dress themselves ? Not certainly to tatives. To say that Lord Derby, the agriculturists; for that aggrieved by pursuing such a course, is act- class of men is little likely to feel ing contrary to principle, is to utter flattered by sympathy from such a a deliberate falsehood. We have quarter. When, in the darkest hour no reason to believe that his opi- of their depression, the agriculturists nions have undergone any manner appealed to Lord Stanley, and inof change. He has never repre- trusted their cause to his hands, they sented himself as a convert to the asked no pledges—they entered into soundness of the Free Trade doc- no bargain of reciprocal support. trines; and several of his colleagues They came to a great statesman, of have not hesitated to declare that whose honour they were firmly astheir convictions remain unaltered as sured, and in whose wisdom they to the ultimate effects of the violent had entire reliance-they prayed him change which was made in the com- to advocate their cause in the senate mercial relations of the country. We --but they did not commit the folly have all along most strenuously of attempting to bind him to any maintained the same views; and we specific measure. That Lord Derby do not see reason to retract one iota has the full confidence of the country of the opinions which we have ex- party, our opponents do not even pressed. But it is not true that Lord affect to deny. Do they mean to say Derby came into power pledged to that such would have been the case
had Lord Derby abandoned principle? indeed, we are led to suppose that he Not they. They are railing against has been deeply injured, for not one sense and reason, with the rabidity admission does he make of a single of discomfited men; and in the vent fault or error committed by him during ing of their venom, they cannot see his whole political career. He has the ludicrous inconsistency of their absolutely nothing to regret. He relanguage. Do they expect, by taunt- gards the course which he has been ing Lord Derby with dereliction of pursuing as the correct one in every principle, to irritate the Free-Traders point of view, and nothing will induce against him? If not, why this fury? him to deviate from it, either to the Formerly they denounced as insanity right hand or the left. To say the the idea of a return to Protection- truth, we expected nothing less from now they are indignant with the the noble lord. Some men—and he Ministry because no such return has is one of that class—have such a been proposed !
settled and entire faith in their own We have adverted, at greater infallibility, that they never can be length then we intended, to the late induced to allow that it is possible Whig manifestations by mere subor- for them to fall into error. So, then, dinates, because these are usually the noble lord is to be regarded in the pilot balloons sent up in order to as- light of a victim ! certain which way the wind is blow If it was so, he had the satisfaction ing, before the bigger bubble is let of falling in a Liberal Parliament, and slip from the political Cremorne. by the hands of Liberal conspirators. After several minor flights, the Whig Was it that he was too virtuous for party held a great gathering at Perth, them, or that they were too jealous nominally in honour of Lord Pan- of his power? Did the country rise mure, but actually for the purpose of indignantly to protest against so base witnessing the ascent of a greater an assassination? We venture to say aeronaut. And accordingly, after that, notwithstanding all the diffisome preliminary cackle, Lord John culties obviously in the way of the Russell got into his altitudes.
formation of a new Government, one Now, it might have been reason sentiment—that of intense delight at ably expected that, on such an occa our delivery from Whig misrule—was sion, whilst addressing an audience prevalent among all classes of the far from contemptible, in a speech people. There was nothing in the which, in a few hours, would be in Whigs which they could love-very the hands of every man in the country little which they could even regard. who cares one farthing for politics, Bunglers in finance, they received no Lord John would have adverted to credit even for what they did effect, the circumstance of his appearing because their only good measures were there, neither in the character of forced upon them, after their original Minister, nor in that of leader of the schemes had been condemned. They Opposition, but simply as the head contrived to alienate the most respectof one of the parties of which col- able portion of the middle classes, lectively the Opposition is formed. whilst they failed to conciliate the When a statesman has demitted office, Radicals. They first appealed to, whether spontaneously, or through and then insulted, the Protestant treachery, or in consequence of de- feeling of Great Britain ; whilst in feat, it is natural to suppose that he Ireland they managed to incur the will advert to that topic, in order to bitter hatred of the Roman Cathoset himself right with his audience, lics. More than half their schemes and to explain why it is that he has were abortive, partly because they no longer in his grasp the reins of were crude and ill-conceived, and power. He may be an injured, or he partly because they were not intended may have been an imprudent man. seriously to be carried through. They Has he to forgive or to apologise? In engendered dissatisfaction in our colobrief, what caused his fall? Upon that nies, and seriously imperilled our relapoint, which we venture to think is a tions with foreign powers. In short, most material one, Lord John Russell they governed for the sake of governis dumb as death. By implication, ing, not for the sake of the country ;