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islands of the archipelago lying west of the compromise channel proposed by Lord Russell, together with Patos Island and the Sucia group, she will preserve her power upon the Pacific, and will not in any way interfere with or menace the harbours or seas which appertain to the United States.
If, on the other hand, these islands should become United States territory, the highway from the British possessions on the mainland will be commanded by and be at the mercy of that power, which will gain no other advantage by such possession, except that derived from the ownership of a few islands, the largest of which is some fifty-four square miles in extent.
It is impossible to believe that the United States would have so persistently advanced their alleged claims to the Haro Archipelago, unless influenced by some ulterior motives ; as for instance, by the wish to destroy our existence as a power on the Pacific.
It may be replied that the treaty of June, 1846, provides that the whole of the channel and straits between the continent and Vancouver's Island shall be free and open to both parties, but according to American statesmen that proviso would be annulled by a war between the two countries.
In the course of the Oregon controversy Mr. Buchanan(-) (subsequently President of the United States) declared that “ the general rule of national law is that war terminates all subsisting treaties between
(4) Correspondence relative to the negotiation of disputed rights to the Oregon Territory, presented to both Houses of Parliament, &c. (1846), p. 36.
the above-mentioned tell? KIITSH
the belligerent powers,” and he based this dictum on the practice of Great Britain herself. At the time when the proviso should be in force, it would, on this view, become ipso facto void. The straits leading from the Pacific to the extreme north of Queen Charlotte Sound would in such case be in fact mare clausum,” so far as Great Britain is concerned.
Such a condition of affairs must inevitably force British Columbia into the United States federation; and the valuable district of the Saskatchewan, which has been described by Hinde, Palliser, Dr. Rae, and by Dr. Cheadle and myself, must, ex necessitati rei, follow the fortunes of British Columbia. Canada, excluded from the Pacific, and shut in on two sides by United States territory, must eventually follow the
I have lately heard from Vancouver's Island that Mr. Seward has recently landed there on his way to and from Alaska. He openly, I am informed, expressed his belief that not only Vancouver's Island, but also British Columbia, would, ere long, become part of the Union. I may add that General Thomas, United States army, in his official report upon Alaska, states that its only value is to be found in the fact that its possession tends to hasten the annexation of «άλλ' ουκ ευθέως τύ τέλος.
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From the point where the 49th Parallel of North Latitude strikes
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