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world. Whether in business or out of it the true Christian is one with Christ. Religion to such a man is the omnipresent factor, embracing his labors on the farm or in the shop as well as his worship in the sanctuary. The true Christian seeks to get that he may give, to obtain that he may scatter abroad.

He is

in the world in Christ's stead, to labor, to suffer, to die if need be, for the glory of the unsearchable riches and wisdom and power of his Redeemer. To live with Christ, in Christ and for Christ is the highest aim of the true convert and the note of greatest intensity in his prayer. (Copyrighted).

WELSH EDUCATION.

By T. Levi, B. C. L.

The University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, although the oldest of the three constituent colleges of the University of Wales, has been in existence for only about thirty years. So great has been its success as a national institution for imparting a university training, so far beyond the hopes of its founders, that it is difficult to realise how recently it was established at Aberystwyth. The history of this college is characterised by a fearless advance from the beginning. Many of the difficulties which had to be met had also to be encountered by the sister university colleges in South Wales and North Wales; but the Aberystwyth College had for some years to contend alone against the prejudice and timidity which had delayed so long any plan for a national university education. As in the case with the colleges at Cardiff and Bangor, the trials of the period of foundation are almost forgotten in the enthusiastic support of the present. This reference to the unbroken success of

the college should not be allowed to obscure facts. The Aberystwyth College, because it has never abandoned any project undertaken by it, begins the new century with a remarkable extension of its sphere of work, and with a special degree of responsibility.

The University College, Aberystwyth, as an educational centre possesses some curious natural advantages. The chief of these is the advantage derived from the splendid climate of Aberystwyth. The fresh breezes from the sea are most invigorating, particularly during the winter, when the work of the session is in full swing. The walks along the cliffs to the north-west is the most refreshing exercise any hard reader could desire. The hall of residence for women students is situated at the extreme northern end of the most compact promenade in the Country: the university college buildings tower high above all other edifices at the southern end. The newly-adapted hall of residence for

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the men students is annexed to the college. The students, therefore, spend their whole time on the very edge of the sea; in most of the lecture-rooms the view through the windows is on the wide expanse of Cardigan Bay, and not upon a narrow thoroughfare or upon crowded marketing streets. This ideal position is entirely fortuitous, but it is assuredly one of the most valuable features of university life at Aberystwyth. Possibly, the bracing climate accounts for the fact that comparatively few students consider it necessary to take as much athletic exercise as is taken at some colleges. Certainly, a greater part of the day appears to be available for work at Aberystwyth than at Oxford or Cambridge, where no one would, as a rule, dream of working in the afternoon.

Every attempt is made to supply a man with the commercial equipment which he desires without forcing him into the groove of the old grammar schools. The conception of the faculties of arts and science in the University of Wales is based upon an association of subjects congenial to the student's taste. The result is that each student in the college soon finds the line he prefers, and gives himself up to a steady course in that line. Hard reading is more uniform, not spasmodic, as it was in former times, when one might easily come across a brilliant man quite unable to negotiate the intermediate examinations of the University of London. It is true that by this method of study

a complicated state of affairs may be brought about making the actual position of a student difficult. to gauge correctly. Perhaps the future will simplify or even abolish all examinations, and substitute original work as the test of efficiency and as the qualification for degrees, if, indeed, degrees are ever neces

sary.

The University College, Aberystwyth, takes that modern view of a university training by which the university is made an immediate preparation for public life. As this view develops, and as the university extends its scope, there can be no doubt that business men trained at a university will secure an immense advantage over those not so trained. It is this view of the function of a university which really caused the authorities at Aberystwyth to venture upon the institution of a,new Faculty of Law.

There is ground for contending that the Celtic race has a tendency towards the study of law and the science of legislation. The aim of the Faculty of Law, newly founded at Aberystwyth, is far wider, therefore, than to enable candidates to pass certain legal examinations. It is proposed to afford some scope for the study of legislative methods in general, and, in particular, to encourage inquiry concerning the adaptation of English law to Wales. The first object, however, of the Faculty is to provide a thorough training for those who intended to be called to the Bar or to be admitted as solicitors, and to qualify stu

dents for the degrees of Bachelor of Laws and Doctor of Laws granted by the university. Those who intend taking the professional examinations only, without proceeding to a degree in law, will find that the plan of the course has been designed to meet their case. Again, a student may join one of the Inns of Court, and keep his terms while at the same time receiving his legal training at the Aberystwyth College. The full course in law (excluding the work required for the doctorate) will require three years, but students who do not wish to proceed to a degree in law may take the subjects for the professional examinations for the length of time only which would enable them to be prepared in those subject. The standard of the law degree in the university is intended to be higher than the ordinary standard of law degrees in Wales hitherto. The course consists of two main branches. One main branch is the more theoretical aspect of law, and is divided into (1) Roman law. (2) comparative constitutional law, and (3) the philosophy of law. The other main branch consists entirely of English law. The first year in the study of English law is to be given to the law of property; the second year to criminal law, the law of torts, and, in conclusion, the law of contract; the third year to those matters which are specially assigned to the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice, and also to those subjects (like the law of companies)

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which are more conveniently included under the readings of Lectures in Equity. The last part of the third year is given to a short course on the law of evidence and procedure, civil and criminal.

From all this it will be gathered that Aberystwyth possesses a rare degree of ambition, an ambition to attract English students as well as Welsh students, and to attract men from the public schools in England as well as from the secondary schools in Wales. It relies on the possession of congenial methods of study, few distractions, and a situation which can scarcely be equalled. Admission to the college will, probably, become more difficult with the constant increase in the number of students, but at present is somewhat easy, owing to the several grades among the students. The cost of education at Aberystwyth is a matter of surprise to those who have been accustomed to the extravagant fees of Oxford and some of the public schools. The Aberystwyth authorities commenced by adopting the low inclusive fee of £10 for all lectures and all subjects. They could now well afford to double this fee, but they have not done so, and SO for £10 a year the student may enjoy all the advantages that Aberystwyth College can confer upon him. His other expenses will be a small registration fee, examination fees payable to the university, and the cost of living in the town. The latter is slightly less than one-fourth what it costs to live at Oxford.

THE WELSH FOND OF DANCING.

By Cadrawd.

Fifty years ago the most general accomplishment to be met with amongst the youthful inhabitants of Glamorganshire was a knowledge of dancing. Every lad and lass danced on holidays and highdays, at fairs and weddings, and especially at the great anuual parish festival known as Gwyl Mabsant. Many if not most of our villages, up to the new development of things, had their municipal buildings, for as a matter of fact every parish was a small municipality, in many respects managing their own affairs much more to their own ideas than under our modern system; for they had the care of their own poor, the roads, the keeping of the King's peace entirely in their own hands, without being pestered with auditors, inspectors, and surveyors to interfere in their affairs. Some of these old buildings may be still seen in the villages in the Vale. They consisted of a ground floor, of a number of separated apartments which were occupied by the poor, and the floor above was a spacious apartment the whole length of the building, which was called the Church Loft. These church buildings, which was most interesting to the antiquary, date back to the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. In these the village school was held, vestries and all public gatherings, and here also the chief festival, the mabsant (so

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far as the dancing was concerne which was the chief attraction with the young. Harpers, fiddlers, and pipers were emplove', emplove', and th dances indulged in practised only "reel," which more couples, t' ping and the lad circle, facing her who could do thi grace was al jigger played keeping exact time with the music. But the "country dance" was the most attractive, in which as many as twenty couples or more, if space would allow, took part.

e male, ed of two or ntleman stepling in a halfner. The lady vith the greatest ne favorite. The une with his heels,

Now, amongst the Welsh peasantry dancing is as much a lost art as spinning and weaving. The Glamorganshire men were renowned for activity and liveliness; they were smart and active, and would turn round thrice while their English prototypes would be thinking of going round once. These village wakes and festivals have died in Wales, and dancing is condemned, and substituted by a most dull, inane, and uninteresting pleasure, to wit, "kiss in the ring;" and this is deemed so proper an amusement just now as to be generally patronised by the Sunday Schools.

Though the village festivals have perished in Wales, they survive in other lands and in the present time.

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Those w seem so indignant at the performance of the Highland fling at the National Festival at Carily, 1901, have very little sympi y with the customs prevailing at our festivals in ancient days. Edard I., in 1284, hed his triumph on the conquest of Wales, and, says Pennant, "perhaps to conciliate the ffection is new subjects, in imiero Arthur, held a celebrated it with ment at Nefn‚” stival at Nefyn, anat Kenilworth by Mtimer, where the their martial ex

on of c round table dance and t

Besides t! other was the Earl knights perfor

ercises, and the ladies danced in silken mantles. Not only the chief nobility of England but numbers from foreign parts graced these festivals with their presence.

At the Denbigh Eisteddfod, 1828, the Town Hall was brilliantly illuminated on the evening of Thursday in the Eisteddfod week, and was crowded with a most elegant company. So crowded was the Town Hall that it was with difficulty sufficient room could be found for the dance. This ball was promoted by the Eisteddfod Committee in honor of the King's visit to the Welsh festival.

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THERE ARE BROKEN HEARTS IN THE WORLD TO-DAY.

By Rev. J. Viron Stephens.

There are broken hearts in the world to-day,

Though hid by a smiling face,

For it's meet that they shouid on Christmas Day

Conceal each sorrowful trace;

The smile you see on the face of the man,

As he walks through Santa's mart

To buy some toys for his motherless one

Is forced from a broken heart.

There are broken hearts in the world to-day

That mother to joy is beguiled,

But the doll she dresses in colors gay,

Belongs to her buried child;

There is many a one on Christmas Day

In frolic will take a part,

Who, when retiring at night, will pray

For a balm to a wounded heart.

There are broken hearts in the world to-day

Despite all old Santa's care,

For he can't with all the gifts of his sleigh

Fill the smallest vacant chair;

His presents will but withhold, as you know,

For a while the falling tear.

Just as he hides with the beautiful snow,

The new made graves of the year.

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