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though the gospel of Christ may find its way but slowly into these darkened hearts and minds, yet time has shown us that a soldier of the cross exerts a more potent influence on the civilization of the red men than a soldier of the sword, and that the Indian is gradually giving up the customs and beliefs of his ancestors, and showing not only a willingness but a desire to adapt his life to the teachings of Christ.

No more warlike tribes have been known than those which dwelt in, and roamed over the vast extent of country which now comprises the States of Minnesota and North Dakota. The names of Drs. Williamson and Riggs will ever be associated with the mission work of this region, for long they labored among the Indians, until something akin to peace and good-will seemed established and the mission work to be in an advancing condition; then came the terrible Indian outbreak in 1862, the consequent scattering of the people, and for a period of almost eight years the work seemed stayed; but in 1870 Dr. Riggs decided that the time had come when a permanent mission work should again be established. So he trav eled across Minnesota for the purpose of erecting again buildings for a home and school in the Dakota land. He reached his destination about the middle of June, and immediately commenced building school and dwelling houses on the Lake Traverse Reservation in South Dakota; he and his helpers in the

meantime taking up their abode in tents. Concerning the camp he wrote: "I have named the camp 'Good Will,' from the words of the angel who first told of the birth of Jesus, 'Peace on earth, good will to men.' It is a pleasant place. Just to the north of us runs a little brook from the mountain side with trees growing along the stream; we look toward the northeast and see the waters of Lake Traverse, fifteen miles away; the Sisseton Agency is in sight a little east of south; to the west rises a mountain stretching along to the north and south, so you see we have a pleasant outlook."

Thus the mission bears the name of "Good Will" in honor of him who with a heart full of love toward his fellow men preached the gospel of peace and good will, and who in his latest breath urged the people among whom he had labored to ever live in love and harmony with each other. Dr. Riggs spent the summer months at his camp, preaching on the Sabbath and holding other meetings, while at the same time he worked with his hands, in order that he might hasten the completion of the two buildings, one of which was to serve as chapel and schoolroom, and the other as dwelling. The school opened in November, and that first winter of the school was a very encouraging one, as many as seventy-five or eighty being in attendance. The following year the attendance was not large, from the fact that as the people grew more settled in their habits they became

mor widely scattered from taking up farms along the wooded ravines and near to springs of water.

As the years passed on and the people scattered more and more it became apparent that little could be done in the way of a successful day school. In 1876 six boys, living in a small house near the missionary home, did their own cooking and thus were enabled to attend school for the three winter months, all of whom became ministers. This was the small beginning of the boarding school. The next year an Indian woman was placed in charge; two years later two small houses were used for boarding the pupils, sometimes a woman alone having charge, occasionally a man and his wife; but the inconveniences were many and the situation far from being satisfactory to those who had the mission in charge; the boys were not cared for as they should have been, and thus far it had not been possible to take any girls into the school. In 1882, however, arrangements were made for receiving twelve girls into the missionary's home. Up to this time, the mission, with the exception of one year, had been under the care of th Amrican Board of Foreign Missions; in 1883 it was transferred to the Presbyterian Board of Home. Missions, and the same year saw the completion of the long desired home for girls, and from thirty to forty pupils were gathered under its sheltering roof. The same fall saw another step in advance; the boys were taken under special care of a teach

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Concerning the "small boys'" cottage and the work don there a teacher writes: "One spot in Good Will Mission where there is being done most genuine missionary work is at the boys' cottage. Here you find the matron with her twenty-eight little boys. The cottage has a home-like 'come in' appearance that makes it hard to pass the gate without running in to see little Abraham, Solomon and Moses, and all the other boys with long Scriptural names. I never knew children so fond of Bible stories and pictures, and the Sabbath-school charts

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sent us by the various missionary societies have indeed been blessings."

The farm consists of 160 acres, near the center of which the mission buildings stand. Since 1882 the spiritual and intellectual work has been supplemented by the introduction of various industries. In addition to the church, schoolhouse and dormitories, there have been erected cottages for the use of industrial teachers, shops, bars, tooihouses and cattle sheds, conveniently located, so that the missions presents the apparace of a well-ordered village.

Competent Christian instructors teach the girls how to keep their own persons and rooms clean and tidy; to cook, serve meals and properly handle tableware; to car for milk, make butter and preserve fruits and vegetables; to make, mend and launder their own clothe and in general to manage the internal affairs of the household.

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boys are instructed and trained to care for stock; to plow; plant, cultivate, reap and properly house and market the various grains, vegetables, fruits and grasses suited to the soil and climate of Dakota. They are also taught to handle tools, in order that they may mend their broken farm machinery, build their own barns and erect and keep in re

pair their dwelling houses. So that in and around Good Will Mission there are many good faims, wellcultivated and stocked, with substantially built and well-ordered houses with carpets on the floors, pictures on the walls, and a good quality of necessary furniture in the rooms; and on the tables at mealtime will be found an abundant supply of plain but clean, sweet and well-cooked food, neatly arranged over snowy linen. There, also, occupying the most conspicuous place in the family room will be found the Bible, out of which the head of the household reads before offering up the morning and evening sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving.

The spiritual work has indeed. been most wonderfully owned and blessed of God. Eight churches surround the mission, over each of which presides a native Dakota pastor. The communicants number about 800; and almost the entire body of believers, pastors, elders, deacons, trustees and people have received their education and training in the Good Will school.

The influences for good, exerted by this mission during all these years, cannot be estimated. Will not the Master look to us not only to continue, but to enlarge the work which He has so signally blessed?

POETRY AS A STUDY FOR PREACHERS.

By Rev. D. J. Williams.

There is no one among the prosewriters of this country whose writings are illumined by an imagination of greater scope and compass than Horace Bushnell's. In his sermon on the "Dignity of Human Nature Inferred from Its Ruins," we can find many passages which illustrate the office of imagination in giving vividness and force to the presentation of religious truth. In showing how the great characters of history illustrate the dignity of human nature by the glory they are able to connect even with what is little and mean, he says: "So also Bacon proves the amazing wealth and grandeur of the human soul only the more sublimely that he was living in an element of cunning, servility, and ingratitude, and dying under the shame of a convict, yet he is able to dignify disgrace by the stupendous majesty of his genius, and commands the reverence even of the world as one of its sublimest benefactors. And the poet's stinging line, 'The greatest, wisest, meanest of mankind,' pictures only with a small excess of satire the magnificence of ruin comprehended in the man. Probably no one of mankind has raised himself to a higher pitch of renown by the superlative attribute of genius displayed in his writings, than the great English dramatist, flowering out, nevertheless, into such eminence of glory, on a compost of fustian, buffoonery, and other vile stuff, which

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shall find, almost universally, that the greatness of the world's greatest men is proved by the inborn qualities that tower above the ruins of weakness and shame, in which they appear, and out of which they rise as solitary pillars and dismantled temples."

This is gorgeous rhetoric, but it is the rhetoric of power and not of form. The images are not like ghastly waxwork, put together by mere mechanical skill, but they live and breathe under the touch of an imagination that waits on the intellect, and is stimulated by a lofty purpose.

1. The preacher should study such works as will aid him in cultivating his imagination, with a view to be able to present spiritual truth with vividness and force. This power is undeveloped in many for want of suitable training. While it is true in a sense that a poet is born and not made, it is also true that the poet must receive proper training before his inborn gift can be rightly developed.

very poet was once a helpless babe, needing experience and training to unfold what was in him. The eagle is bare and featherless for some time after it is hatched, and as unable to fly as a toad is and even

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utmost bare top. Analogy: Youthful follies growing on old age.

"A still pool amid a most barren heath, shining resplendent in the

ents accompanied with moral barrenness, indolence and depravity.

after its feathers and wings have grown, it could never sail in the air and mount towards the sun without sufficient exercise. So the preacher may possess the morning sunshine. Analogy: Talfaculty of imagination in a very large measure, and yet he may crawl through the dark hollows of dim abstractions, when he might spread his wings and soar in the glorious light of truth. But studying the writings of the poets and the prose-poets of our language, one can learn to look at truth through the imagination, and acquire the power to "body forth" his conceptions by means of suitable images.

2. The preacher should endeavor to form the habit of looking at Nature, life, and history through his imagination. No one who has read the writings of John Foster, the English essayest, needs to be told that they are characterized by the glow and luminosity which are the attendants of a powerful imagination. In reading his "Life and Correspondence" we learn that he put himself through a most laborious course of training. He states in his journal that during his solitary walks in the country he observed everything he saw with a view to see what it would illustrate, and he states that he was determined to fill his mind with images, and thus acquire the power of setting forth truth in concrete forms.

Here are a few instances to show how he endeavored to cultivate his imagination "An old stump of an oak with a few young shoots on its

"How gloomy that row of lamps looks, at some distance, along the borders of a common, how dark it is all around them! Yes, like the lights that are disclosed to us from the other world, which simply tell us that there, in the solemn distance where they burn, encircled with darkness, that world is, but shed nolight on the region.

"Sheep crowding for shade round a leafless stump. It cannot shade them now. Analogy: A man fallen from his power, and prosperity cannot patronize now. None will seek him now but the simple.

"Blackthorn blossoming before it leaves. Analogy: Sensibilities developed before reason is sufficiently expanded to protect them."

These are a few specimens of the way in which that great and powerful writer acquired the power to illuminate his rugged and massive thoughts. Instead of depending on books containing illustrations and anecdotes, every young preacher would find it much more advantageous to follow the exampie of Foster by endeavoring to find what truths are imaged and reflected in the things and scenes which come under their observations.

It is a most significant fact that the most ancient languages are rich in

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