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to die of these wounds:" but the abbot honest man." Then the hermit said, answered, “ They shall die for it,” but “My soul longeth for the Lord, and I as the hermit said, “ Not so, for I will freely freely forgive these gentlemen my death, forgive them my death, if they are con- as Christ forgave the thief upon

the tent to be enjoined this penalty (penance) cross;" and in the presence of the abbot for the safeguard of their souls ;" the and the rest, he said moreover these gentlemen being there present, bid him words, In manus tuas, Domine comenjoin what he would, so he saved their mendo spiritum meum, à vinculis enim lives: then said the hermit, "you and yours mortis redimisti me, Domine veritatis," shall hold your land of the abbot of (Into thy hands O Lord I recommend my Whitby, and his successors in this man- spirit, for thou hast redeemed me from ner: that upon Ascension-day Even, you the bonds of death O Lord of Truth,) or some of you shall come to the wood of and the abbot and the rest said " Amen,' Strayheads, which is in Eskdale side, and so yielded up the ghost the eighth and the same (Ascension-day) at sun ris- day of December, upon whose soul God ing, and there shall the officer of the ab- have mercy. Anno Domini, 1160. bot blow his horn, to the intent that you

N. B. This service is still annually permay know how to find him, and deliver formed. unto you William de Bruce, ten stakes, eleven street stowers, and eleven yadders, to be cut with a knife of a penny price; and you Ralph de Percy, shall take one Yarrow. Achillæ multifolium, and twenty of each sort, to be cut in the

Dedicated to St. Gall. same manner; and you Allotson, shall take nine of each sort to be cut as aforesaid, and to be taken on your backs, and

October 17. carried to the town of Whitby, and to be there before nine o'clock of the same day St. Hedwiges, or Avoice, duchess of Pobefore mentioned ; and at the hour of land, a. D. 1243, St. Anstrudis, or nine o'clock, if it be full sea, to cease Anstru, A. D. 688. St. Andrew of their service, as long as till it be low Crete, A. D. 761. water, and at nine o'clock of the same day, each of you shall set your stakes at

St. Ethelbreda. the brim of the water, each stake a yard She was daughter of Annas, king of the from another, and so yadder them with East Angles, and born about 630, at your yadders, and to stake them on each

Ixning, formerly a town of note on the side, with street stowers, that they stand western border of Suffolk, next Camthree tides, without removing by the bridgeshire. At Coldingham Abbey, force of the water; each of you shall Yorkshire, she took the veil under Ebba, make at that hour in every year, except it daughter of king Ethelfrida, an abbess, be full sea at that hour, which when it afterwards celebrated for having saved shall happen to come to pass, the service herself and her nuns from the outrage of shall cease: you shall do this to remem

the Danes by mutilating their faces; the ber that you did slay me; and that you brutal invaders enclosed them in their may the better call to God for mercy, convent and destroyed them by fire. repent youselves, and do good works. Notwithstanding Etheldreda's vow to The officer of Eskdale side, shall blow, remain a nun, she was twice forced by Out on you ! out on you! out on you! her parents to marry, and yet maintained for this heinous crime of yours. If you her yow; hence she is styled, in the Roor your successors refuse this service, so

mish breviaries, “twice a widow and al. 1 ong as it shall not be a full sea, at the ways a virgin.” On the death of her hour aforesaid, you or your's shall forfeit first husband Tonbert, a nobleman of the all your land to the abbot or his succes

East Angles, the isle of Ely became her sors; this I do entreat, that you may have sole property by jointure, and she founded your lives, and goods for this service, and

a convent, and the convent church there ; you to promise by your parts in heaven, and for their inaintenance endowed them that it shall be done by you and your suc- with the whole island. She married her cessors, as it is aforesaid :" and then the second husband Egfrid, king of Northumabbot said, “ I grant all that you have said, and will confirm it by the faith of an

* Blount by Beckwith,


berland, on the death of Tonbert, in 671, Idipped a cabbage-leaf in honey, and thus but persisted in her vow, and died abbess tempted him to eat the first solid food be of her convent on the 23d of June, 679. ever tasted. I beg leave to add to Mr. On the 17th of October, sixteen years Cowper's bill of fare, nuts, walnuts, pears, afterwards, her relics were translated, sweet cakes of all kinds, sea biscuits, and therefore on this day her festival is sugar, and, above all, apple-pie. Every commemorated. In 870, the Danes made thing which is hard and crisp seems to be a descent on the isle of Ely, destroyed the particularly relished.---The iris of the convent and slaughtered the inhabitants. hare is very beautiful; it has the appearance By abbreviation her name became cor- of the gills of a young mushroom, seeming rupted to Auldrey and Audrey. to consist of very delicate fibres, disposed

like radii issuing from a common centre. Tawdry-st Audrey.

I shall be glad to be informed by any As at the annual fair in the isle person, skilled in anatomy, whether this of Ely, called St. Audrey's fair, “much structure of the iris be not of use to enable ordinary but showy lace was usually the eye to bear the constant action of the sold to the country lasses, St. Au- light; as it is a common opinion that this drey's lace soon became proverbial, and animal sleeps, even in the day-time, with from that cause Taudry, a corruption of its eyes open. I have observed, likewise, St. Audrey, was established as a common

that the fur of the hare is more strongly expression to denote not only lace, but electrical than the hair of any other animal. any other part of female dress, which was

If you apply the poivt of a finger to his much more gaudy in appearance than side in frosty weather, the hairs are imwarranted by its real quality and value." mediately strongly attracted towards it This is the assertion of Mr. Brady, in his from all points, and closely embrace the “Clavis Calendaria," who, for aught that finger on every side.” appears to the contrary, gives the deri

It should be added from this agreeable vation of the word as his own conjecture, writer, as regards the squirrel, that he but Mr. Archdeacon Nares, in his admi- vas much surprised at the great advantage rable “Glossary,” shows the meaning to the little animal derives from his extended have

been derived from Harpsfield, « an tail, which brings his body so nearly to an old English historian," who refers to the

equipoise with the air, as to render a leap or appellation, and “makes St. Audrey die

fall from the greatest height perfectly safe of a swelling in her throat, which she

to him. “My squirrel has more than once considered as a particular judgment, for leaped from the window of the second having been in her youth much addicted story, and alighted on stone steps, or en to wearing fine necklaces." There is not hard gravel, without suffering any incos now any grounds to doubt that tawdry venience. But I should be glad to have comes from St. Audrey. It was so deriva confirmation, from an eye-witness, of ed in Dr. Johnson's • Dictionary” before what Mr. Pennant relates on the credit Mr. Todd's edition. Dr. Ashdeemed of Linnæus, Klein, Rzaczinski, and Schefthe word of" uncertain etymology."

fer, viz. that a squirrel sometimes crosses

a river on a piece of bark by way of boat, HARES AND SQUIRRELS.

using his tail as a sail. Not less astonish

ing is the undaunted courage of these little The pleasant correspondent of Mr. brutes : they seem sometimes resolved to Urban, whose account of his squirrels conquer as it were, by reflection and foris introduced on the seventh day of the pre- titude, their natural instinctive fears. I sent month, was induced, by Mr. Cow- have often known a squirrel tremble ani per's experience in the management of his hares, to procure a hare about three and yet, within a few minutes, after several

scream at the first sight of a dog or out, weeks old. • The little creature,” he abortive attempts, summon resolution says, at first pined for his dam, and his enough to march up and smell at the very liberty, and refused food. In a few days nose of his gigantic enemy. These ap I

prevailed with him to take some milk proaches he always makes by short abrept from my lips, and this is still his favourite leaps, stamping the ground with his feet method of drinking. Soon after, observing that he greedily lapped sweet things, countenance most ridiculously expressive

as loud as he can ; his whole mien and

of ancient Pistol's affected valour and in Audley. Brady.



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Bentham's next budget of Fallacies, along
Be it remembered, that C. L. comes with the “ melodious and proportionable
ere and represents his relations; that kinde of musicke,” recorded in your last

to say, on behalf of the recollections, number of another highly gifted animal.*
eing the next of kin, of him, the said

C. L.
L., and of sundry persons who are

aye treading” in the manner of squir-
tralarels aforesaid; and thus he saith :- Tenleaved Sunflower. Helianthus deca-
For the Every-Day Book.


Dedicated to St. Anstrudis.
What is gone with the Cages with the
climbing Squirrel and bells to them,
which were formerly the indispensable

October 18.
appendage to the outside of a Tinman's St. Luke the Evangelist, A. D. 63. St. Ju-
shop, and were in fact the only Live lian Sabus, 4th Cent. St. Justin. St.
Signs? One, we believe, still hangs out Monon, 7th Cent.
on Holborn ; but they are fast vanishing
with the good old modes of our ances-

St. Luke.
tors. They seem to have been superseded

The name of this evangelist is in the by that still more ingenious refinement of church of England calendar and almamodern humanity-the Tread-mill; in

nacs on this day, which was appointed which human Squirrels still perform a

his festival by the Romish church in the similar round of ceaseless, improgressive twelfth century. As a more convenient clambering; which must be nuts to them. Occasion will occur for a suitable notice We almost doubt the fact of the teeth till then. It is presumed that he died

of his history and character, it is deferred of this creature being so purely orange about the year 70, in the eighty-fourth coloured, as Mr. Urban's correspondent gives out. One of our old poets—and year of his age, having written his gospel they were pretty sharp observers of na

about seven or eight years before. ture-describes them as brown.

But perhaps the naturalist referred to meant of the colour of a Maltese orange,"

Commonly called which is rather more obfuscated than

HORN FAIR. your fruit of Seville, or Saint Michael's; and may help to reconcile the difference. At the pleasant village of Charlton, on We cannot speak from observation, but the north side of Blackheath, about eight we remember at school getting our fingers miles from London, a fair is held annually into the orangery of one of these little on St. Luke's day. It is called “Horn gentry (not having a due caution of the Fair," from the custom of carrying horns traps set there), and the result proved at it formerly, and the frequenters still sourer than lemons. The Author of the wearing them. A foreigner travelling in Task somewhere speaks of their anger as

England in the year 1598, mentions being " insignificantly fierce," but we

horns to have been conspicuously disfound the demonstration of it on this oc- played in its neighbourhood at that early casion quite as significant as we desired; period. “Upon taking the air down the and have not been disposed since to look river (from London), on the left hand any of these “ gift horses” in the mouth. lies Ratcliffe, a considerable suburb. On Maiden aunts keep these “small deer” the opposite shore is fixed a long pole as they do parrots, to bite people's fingers, with rams-horns upon it, the intention of on purpose to give them good advice which was vulgarly said to be a reflection " not to venture so near the cage another upon wilful and contented cuckolds.” + time." As for their six quavers divided an old newspaper states, that it was forinto three quavers and a dotted crotchet,” merly a custom for a procession to go I suppose, they may go into Jeremy from some of the inus in Bishopsgate

street, in which were, a king, a queen, • Fletcher in the "Faithful Shepherdess.”—The number of others, with horns in their hat:

miller, a counsellor, &c., and a grea Satyr offers to Clorin, - grapes whose lasty blood

to Charlton, where they went round th Is the learned Poet's good,

church three times. This was accomp The head of Bacchus ; nits inore brown Than the squirreli' teeth that crack them.- * Page 1360.


Sweeter yet did never crown

nied by so many indecencies on Black. the exception of two or three armcrisi heath, such as the whipping of females bearings, and a few cherubs' heads, these with furze, &c., that it gave rise to the figures of St. Luke's horned symbol, which proverb of “all is fair at Horn Fair.” * escaped destruction, and are carefully A curious biographical memoir relates placed in the upper part of the windows, the custom of going to Horn Fair in wo- are the only painted glass remaining; sare mens' clothes. " I remember being there also, however, that in the east window, upon Horn-Fair day, I was dressed in there are the head and shoulders of the my land-ladie's best gown and other wo. saint himself, and the same parts of the men's attire, and to Horn Fair we went, figure of Aaron. and as we were coming back by water, all The procession of horns, customary at the cloathes were spoiled by dirty water, Charlton fair, has ceased; but horas still &c., that was flung on us in an inunda- continue to be sold from the lowest to tion, for which I was obliged to present

“ the best booth in the fair." They are her with two guineas to make atonement chiefly those of sheep, goats, and smaller for the damages sustained.”+ Mr. Brand, animals, and are usually gilt and decorated who cites these notices, and observes that for their less innocent successors to these Grose mentions this fair, adds, that “It ornaments. The fair is still a kind of car. consists of a riotous mob, who, after a nival or masquerade. On St. Luke's-day, printed summons dispersed through the 1825, though the weather was unfavouradjacent towns, meet at Cuckold's Point, able to the customary humours, most of near Deptford, and march from thence in the visitors wore masks; several were procession through that town and Green- disguised in women's clothes, and some wich to Charlton, with horns of different assumed whimsical characters. The kinds upon their heads; and at the fair spacious and celebrated Crown and Anchor there are sold rams' horns, and every sort booth was the principal scene of their of toy made of horn: even the gingere amusements. The fair is now held in a bread figures have horns.” The same re- private field : formerly it was on the corder of customs mentions an absurd green opposite the church, and facing the tradition assigning the origin of this fair mansion of sir Thomas Wilson. The to a grant from king John, which, he very late lady Wilson was a great admirer properly remarks, is too ridiculous to and patroness of the fair ; the old lady merit the smallest attention."

was accustomed to come down with her “A sermon,” says Mr. Brand," is attendants every morning during the fair, preached at Charlton church on the fair- “and in long order go," from the steps day.” This sermon is now discontinued of her ancient hall, to without the gaies on the festival-day: the practice was cre- of her court-yard, when the bands of the ated by a bequest of twenty shillings a

different shows hailed her appearance, as year to the minister of the parish for a signal to strike up their melody of dispreaching it.

cords : Richardson, always pitched his The horn - bearing at this fair may great booth in front of the house. Latterbe conjectured to have originated from ly, however, the fair has diminished, the symbol, accompanying the figure of Richardson was not there in 1825, noi St. Luke: when he is represented by were there any shows of consequence sculpture or painting, he is usually in the

« Horns! horns !" were the customary act of writing, with an ox or cow by his and chief cry, and the most conspicuous side, whose horns are conspicuous. These source of frolic: they were in the hat seem to have been seized by the former and bonnet of almost every person in the inhabitants of Charlton on the day of the rout. A few years ago, it was usual for saint's festival, as a lively mode of sound- neighbouring gentry to proceed thither in ing forth their rude pleasure for the holi- their carriages during the morning to see day. Though most of the painted glass the sports. The fair lasts three days. in the windows of the church was destroyed during the troubles in the time of One of the pleasantest walks from Charles I., yet many fragments remain of Greenwich is over Blackheath, along by St. Luke's ox with wings on his back, and the park-wall to Charlton; and from goodly horns upon his head: indeed, with thence after passing through that village,

across Woolwich common and Plumstead + Life of Mr. William Fuller, 1703, !2mo. common, along green lanes, over the loos


* Brand.


paths of the fields, to the very retired and Sendou, 7th Cent. St. Adian, Bp. of rural village of East Wickham, which Mayo, A. D. 768. lies about half a mile on the north side of Welling, through which is the great Lon

Migration of Birds. don road to Dover. There are various

Woodcocks have now arrived. In the pleasant views for the lover of cultivat- autumn and setting in of winter they ed nature, with occasional fine bursts of keep

dropping in from the Baltic singly, the broad flowing Thames. Students in

or in pairs, till December. They inbotany and geology will not find it" a stinctively land in the night, or in dark stroll, barren of objects in their favourite misty weather, for they are never seen to sciences.

arrive, but are frequently discovered the next morning in any ditch which affords

them shelter, after the extraordinary faFloccose Agaric.

Agaricus floccosus. tigue occasioned by the adverse gales Dedicated to St. Luke, Evangelist.

which they often have to encounter in their aërial voyage. They do not remain

near the shores longer than a day, when October 19.

they are sufficiently recruited to proceed St. Peter, of Alcantara, A. D. 1562. Sts. haunts which they left the preceding sea

inland, and they visit the very same Ptolemy, Lucius, and another, A. D. 166. St. Frideswide, patroness of Oxford, 8th

son. In temperate weather they retire to Cent. St. Ethbin, or Egbin, Abbot, 6th mossy moors, and high bleak mountainous Cent.

parts; but as soon as the frost sets in,

and the snows begin to fall, they seek The Last Rose of Summer. lower and warmer situations, with boggy 'Tis the last rose of summer,

grounds and springs, and little oozing Left blocming alone,

mossy rills, which are rarely frozen, All her lovely companions

where they shelter in close bushes of Are faded and gone;

holly and furže, and the brakes of woody No flower of her kindred,

giens, or in dells which are covered with No rosebud is nigh,

underwood : here they remain To reflect back her blushes,

cealed during the day, and remove to difOr give sigh for sigh!

ferent haunts and feed only in the night. I'll not leave thée, thou lone one

From the beginning of March to the end

of that month, or sometimes to the midTo pinc on the stem, Since the lovely are sleeping,

dle of April, they all keep drawing Go sleep thou with them;

towards the coasts, and avail themselves Thus kindly I scatter

of the first fair wind to return to their Thy leaves o'er the bed,

native woods. The snipe, scolopax Where thy mates of the garden gallinago, also comes now, and inhabits Lie scentless and dead.

similar situations. It is migratory, and

met with in all countries : like the woodSo soon may I follow,

cock, it shuns the extremes of heat and When friendships decay, And from love's shining circle

cold, by keeping upon the bleak moors The gems drop away!

in summer, and seeking the shelter of the When true hearts lie withered,

valleys in winter. In unfrozen boggy And fond ones are flown,

places, runners from springs, or any open Oh! who would inhabit

streamlets of water, they are often found This bleak world alone? Moore. in considerable numbers.*


Tall Tickseed. Coreopsis procosa.

Dedicated to St. Fridesuide

Yellow Sultan. Centaurea suaveolens.

Dedicated to St. Artemins.

October 20.
St. Artemins, A. D. 362. St. Barsabias,

Abbot, and others, A. D. 342. St. Ze-
nobius, Bp. St. Sindulphus, or St.

October 21.
Sts. Crsula, and her Companions, 5th

Cent. St. Hilarion, Abbot, A. D. 371.

Dr. Forster's Perennial Calendar.

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