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In "Times Telescope" for 1816, it is suppose you are some courtier politician observed, that “ the shoemakers of the or other, by that contemplative phiz; but present day are not far behind their pre- be you who or what you will, you are decessors, in the manner of keeping heartily welcome :-drink about-here's St. Crispin. From the highest to the Charles the Fifth's health.”—“Then you lowest it is a day of feasting and jollity. love Charles the Fifth ?" replied the emIt is also, we believe, observed as a fes- peror.—“ Love him!” says the son of tival with the corporate body of cord- Crispin ;“ ay, ay, I love his long-noseship wainers, or shoemakers, of London, but well enough; but I should love him much without any sort of procession on the better would he but tax us a little less; occasion,-except the proceeding to a but what have we to do with politics? good tavern to partake of a good dinner, round with the glasses, and merry be our and drink the pious memory of St. hearts.” After a short stay, the emperor Crispin."

took his leave, and thanked the cobbler

for his hospitable reception. “ That," On the 29th of July, 1822, the cord- cried he, "you are welcome to; but I wainers of Newcastle held a coronation would not have dishonoured St. Crispin of their patron St. Crispin, and afterwards to-day to have worked for the emperor." walked in procession through the several Charles, pleased with the good nature streets of that town. The coronation took and humour of the man, sent for him next place in the court of the Freemen's Hospi- morning to court. You must imagine tal, at the Westgate, at eleven o'clock; his surprise to see and hear his late guest soon after twelve, the procession moved was his sovereign : he feared his joke forward through the principal streets of upon his long nose inust be punished with that town and Gateshead, and finally death. The emperor thanked him for his halted at the sign of the Chancellor's hospitality, and, as a reward for it, bade head, in Newgate-street, where the mem- him ask for what he most desired, and bers of the trade partook of a dinner take the whole night to settle bis surprise provided for the occasion. A great num- and his ambition. Next day he appeared, her of people assembled to witness the and requested that, for the future, the procession, as there had not been a simi- cobblers of Flanders might bear for their Iar exhibition since the year 1789.* arms a boot with the emperor's crown

upon it. That request was granted, and, The emperor Charles V. being curious as his ambition was so moderate, the to know the sentiments of his meanest emperor bade him make another. “If," subjects concerning himself and his adsays he, "I am to have my utmost wishes, ministration, often went incog. and mixed command that, for the future, the comhimself in such companies and conversa. pany of cobblers shall take place of the tion as he thought proper. One night at company of shoemakers." It was, acBrussels, his boot requiring immediate cordingly, so ordained ; and, to this day, mending, he was directed to a cobbler. there is to be seen a chapel in Flanders, Unluckily, it happened to be St. Crispin's adorned with a boot and imperial crown holiday, and, instead of finding the cob- on it: and in all processions, the combler inclined for work, he was in the pany of cobblers takes precedence of the height of his jollity among his acquaint. company of shoemakers. * ance. The emperor acquainted him with what he wanted, and offered him a band

FLORAL DIRECTORY. some gratuity.--"What, friend !" says the

Fleabane Starwort. Aster Conizoides. fellow,“ do you know no better than to

Dedicated to St. Crispin. ask one of our craft to work on St. Cris

Meagre Starwort. Aster miser. pin? Was it Charles himself, I'd not do

Dedicated to St. Crispinian. á stitch for him now; but if you'll come io and drink St. Crispin, do and welcome: we are as merry as the emperor can be."

October 26. The emperor accepted the offer : but St. Evaristus, Pope, A. D. 112. Sts. Luwhile he was contemplating their rude cian and Marcian, A. D. 250. pleasure, instead of joining in it, the

It is noticed by Dr. Forster, that in a jovial host thus accosts him :-"What, I

mild autumn late grapes now ripen on • Sykes's Local Records.

• European Magazine, vol. xl. No. 45.





the vines, and that the gathering of the as St. Swithin's. A character in the very late sorts of apples, and of winter“ Roaring Girl,” one of Dodsley's old pears, still continues : these latter fruits, plays, says, “as well as I know 'twill like those of the earlier year, are to be laid rain upon Simon and Jude's day :" and up in the loft to complete their process of afterwards, “ now a continual Simon and ripening, which, except in a few sorts, is Jude's rain beat all your feathers as fat seldom completed on the trees.

down as pancakes.” Hollinshed notices that on the eve of this day in 1536, when

a battle was to have been fought between Late Golden Rod. Solidago petiolaris. gents in Yorkshire, there fell so great .

the troops of Henry VIII., and the insurDedicated to St. Evaristus.

rain that it could not take place. In the

Runic calendar, the day is marked by a October 27.

ship because these saints were fishermen.' St. Frumentius, Apostle of Ethiopia, 4th

Cent. St. Elesbaan, King of Ethiopia,
A. D. 527. St. Abban, Abbot in Ire-

FLORAL DIRECTORY. land, Cth. Cent.

Late Chrysanthemum. Chrysanthemum Evelyn says,

scrotinum. “ the loppings and leaves of the elm, dried in the sun, prove a great

Dedicated to St. Sinon. relief to cattle when fodder is dear, and

Scattered Starwort. Aster passiflorus.

Dedicated to St. Jude.
will be preferred to oats by the cattle.”
The Herefordshire people, in his time,
gathered them in sacks for this purpose,
and for their swine.

October 29.
St. Narcissus, Bp. of Jerusalem. 2]

Cent. St. Chef, in latin Tócuderins,
Floribund Starwort. Aster floribundus. Abbot, A. D. 575.
Dedicated to St. Frumentius.

New Literary Institution, in 1825.
October 28,

At this period, active measures were

adopted in London for forming a “ II St. Simon, the Zealot, Apostle. St. Jude, tern Literary and Scientific Institution,"

Apostle. St. Faro, Bp. of Meaux, a. D. for persons engaged in commercial and 672. St. Neot, A. D. 877.

professional pursuits ; its objects being St. Simon and St. Jude.

1. The establishment of a library of re

ference and circulation, and rooms for A festival to these apostles is main- reading and conversation. 2. The ks tained on this day in the church of Eng- mation of the members into classes, to land, whereon also it is celebrated by the assist them in the acquisition of ancit pat church of Rome; hence their names in and modern languages. 3. The delivery our almanacs.

of lectures in literature and science. TAS Simon is called the Canaanite, either is an undertaking fraught with adrates from Cana the place of his birth, or from ges, especially to young men whose satuhis having been of a hot and sprightly tem- ations do not permit them conreditu per. He remained with the other apos- access to means of instruction within m iles till after pentecost, and is imagined reach of their employers, many of when on slight grounds to have preached in may be likewise bettered by its matunn. Britain, and there been put to death. The mechanics had an excellent "ansa Jude, or Judas, also called Thaddeus and tution," while persons, who, engards Libbius, was brother to James the brother promoting general business, and merk.: to Christ, (Matt. xiii. 55.). Lardner ima- equal regard, remained without the bene gines he was the son of Joseph by a for- fit which growing intelligence offers to a. mer wife. Some presu

sume that be suf- who have industry and inclination setfered martyrdom in Persia, but this is cient to devise methods for reaching 12. doubtful.*

Other institutions have arisen, andi ar This anniversary was deemed as rainy purposes.

rapidly arising, for equally praiseworth,

# Audley.



well-founded lamentation over the final Green Autumnal Narcissus. Narcissus dissolution of his church; his call upon viridiflorus.

me could not be declined. I did not get Dedicated to St. Narcissus, Bp. his note till the very hour that the service

was commencing, and hurried from LudOctober 30.

gate-hill to the ancient "collegiate church

of St. Katharine's by the Tower," where I St. Marcellus, the Centurion, A. D. 298. arrived just before the conclusion of

St. Germanus, Bp. of Capua, a . 540. prayers. Numbers unable to get accom-
St. Asterius, Bp. of Amasea in Pontus, modation among the crowd within, were
A. D. 400.

coming from the place; but“ where there's St. KATHARINE'S BY THE TOWER. a will there's a way,” and I contrived to

gain a passage to the chancel, and was To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

ultimately conducted to a seat in a Sir,

Oct. 29, 1825. pew just as the rev. R. R. Bailey, resident The ancient and beautiful collegiate chaplain of the tower, ascended the cuchurch of St. Katharine finally closes to. rious old pulpit of this remarkable strucmorrow, previous to its demolition by ture. This gentleman, whose “ History the St. Katharine's dock company.

The of the Tower" is well known to topogradestruction of an edifice of such antiquity, phers and antiquaries, appropriately seone of the very few that escaped the lected for his text,“ Go to now, ye that great fire of 1666, has excited much pub- say, to-day or to-morrow we will go

into lic attention. I hope, therefore, that the such a city, and continue there a year, subject will not be lost sight of in your and buy and sell and get gain.” (James

Every-Day Book. Numbers of the no- iv. 13.) He discourse of the frailty of ; bility and gentry, who, notwithstanding man's purpose, and the insecurity of his

an earnest appeal was made to them, left institutions, and enjoined hope and relithe sacred pile to its fate, have lately vi- ance on Him whose order ordained and sited it. In fact, for the beauty and sim- preserves the world in its mutations. He plicity of its architecture, it has scarcely spoke of the “ unfeeling and encroaching a rival in London, excepting the Temple hand of commerce,” which had rudely church : the interior is ornamented with seized on the venerable fabric, wherein no various specimens of ancient carving; a more shall be said costly monument of the duke of Exeter, and various others of an interesting kind.

" Lord, how delightful 'tis to see,

A whole assembly worship thee." This interesting fabric has been sacrificed by the present chapter, consisting of To some of the many present the buildthe master, sir Herbert Taylor, three bre- ing was endeared by locality, and its buthren chaplains, and three sisters, to a rial ground was sacred earth. Yet from new dock company, who have no doubt thence the bones of their kindred were to paid them handsomely for sanctioning the be expelled, and the foundations of the pulling down of the church, the violation edifice swept away. For eight centuries of the graves, and the turning of hundreds the site had been undisturbed, save for of poor deserving people out of their the reception of the departed from the homes; their plea is, that they have paid world—for him whose friends claimed the chapter. I hope, sir, you will pardon that there “the servant should be free the liberty I have taken in troubling you from his master," or for the opulent, who, with these particulars ; and that you will in his end, was needy as the needy, and not forget poor Old Kate, deserted as she required only“ a little, little grave." Yet is by those whose duty it was to have the very chambers of the dead were to be supported her.

razed, and the remains of mortality dis. I remain,

persed, and a standing water was to be in Your obedient servant, their stead. The preacher, in sad remem

A NATIVE OF THE Precinct. brance, briefly, but strongly, touched on P.S. There is no more occasion for the coming demolition of the fane, and these docks than for one at the foot of there were those among the congregation Ludgate-hill.

who deeply sorrowed. On the features of

an elderly inhabitant opposite to me, The purpose of this correspondent may there was a convulsive twitching, while, be answered, perhaps, by publishing his with his head thrown back, he watched

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the preacher's lips, and the big tear those who wish its destruction that its sprung from his eyes; and the partner of obscure location may not cause its conhis long life leaned forward and wept; demnation unseen—that no one will pass the bosoms of their daughters rose sentence who has not visited the spot, and and fell in grief; matrons and virgins that, having so done, he will suffer the sobbed; manly hearts were swollen, and unbiassed dictates of his own heart to strong men were bowed.

decide." After the sermon “sixty poor children of the precinct,” for whose benefit it was preached—it was the last office that could

FLORAL DIRECTORY. be celebrated there in their behalf-sung Mixen Agaric. Agaricus fimetarius. a hymn to the magnificent organ, which, Dedicated to St. Marcellus. on the morrow, was to be pulled down. They choralled in tender tones* Great God, O! hear our humble song,

October 31, An off"ring to thy praise, 0! guard our tender youth from wrong, St. Quintin, A. D. 287. St. Wolfgang, And keep us in thy ways!"

Bp. of Ratisbon, A. D. 994. si. Foil These were the offspring of a neigh- lan, A. D. 655. hourhood of ill fame, whence, by liberal hands, they had been plucked and pre

ALLHALLOW EVEN; served as brands from the burning fire.

or, It seemed as though they were about to

HALLOW E'EN. be scattered from the fold wherein they bad been folded and kept.

Respecting this, which is the vigil of While the destruction of this edifice All Saints-day, Mr. Brand has collected was contemplated, the purpose gave rise many notices of customs; to him thereto remonstrance; but resistance was quell fore we are indebted for the following ed by the applications, which are usu. particulars :ally successful in such cases. An Earn- On this night young prople in the est Appeal to the Lords and Commons in north of England dive for apples, or catch Parliament, by a Clergyman," was inef- at them, when stuck upon one end of a fectually printed and circulated with the kind of hanging beam, at the other erhope of preventing the act. This little tremity of which is fixed a lighted candle

This they do with their mouths only, “ The collegiate body to whom the their hands being tied behind their backs. church and precinct pertain, and who From the custom of flinging nuts into the bave not always been so insensible to the fire, or cracking them with their teeth, it nobler principies they now abandon, has likewise obtained the name of the owe their origin to Maud, wife of king crack night. In an ancient illuminated Stephen—their present constitution to missal in Mr. Douce's collection, a perEleanor, wife of king Henry III.-and son is represented balancing himself upon their exemption from the general dissolu- a pole laid across two stools; at the end tion in the time of Henry VIII. to the at- of the pole is a lighted candle, from tractions (it is said) of Anne Boleyn. which he is endeavouring to light arother The queens' consort' have from the first in his hand, at the risk of tumbling into a been patronesses, and on a vacancy of tub of water placed under him. A writer, the crown matrimonial, the kings of Eng- about a century ago, says, “This is the land. The fabric for which, in default of its last day of October, and the birth of th:s retained advocates, I have ventured now packet is partly owing to the affair of this to plead, is of the age of king Edward III., night. I am alone ; but the servants lofty and well-proportioned, rich in an- having demanded apples, ale, and esta, I cient carving, adorned with effigies of a took the opportunity of running back by Holland, a Stafford, a Montacute, all allied own annals of Allhallows Ece; for you to the blood royal, and in spite of succes- are to know, my lord, that I have been a sive mutilations is well able to plead for it- mere adept, a most famous artist, both in self: surely then, for its own sake, as well the college and country, on occasion as for the general interests involved in its this anile, chimerical solemnity.". preservation, it is not too much to ask, that it may, at least, be confronted with * Life of Harvey, the conjuror, Svo, 12

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Pennant says, that the young women There are some lines by Charles Grayin Scotland determine the figure and size don, Esq.—“On Nuts burning, Allhalof their husbands by drawing cabbages lows Eve." blind-fold on Allhallow Even, and, like

“ These glowing nuts are emblems true the English, Aling nuts into the fire. It is

Of what in human life we view; mentioned by Burns, in a note to his

The ill-match'd couple fret and fume, poem on “Hallow E’en,” that “ The first

And thus, in strife themselves consume ; ceremony of Hallow E'en is pulling each a Or, from each other wildly start, stock or plant of kail. They must go And with a noise for ever part. out, hand in hand, with eyes shut, and But see the happy happy pair, pull the first they meet with. Its being Of genuine love and truth sincere ; big or little, straight or crooked, is pro

With mutual fondness, while they burn, phetic of the size and shape of the grand

Sull to each other kindly turn :

And as the vital sparks decay object of all their spells—the husband or

Together gently sink away: wife. If any yird, or earth, stick to the

Till life's fierce ordeal being past, root, that is tocher, or fortune; and the

Their mingled ashes rest at last.” taste of the custoc, that is the heart of the stem, is indicative of the natural temper Burns says," the passion of prying into and disposition. Lastly, the stems, or, to futurity makes a striking part of the hisgive them their ordinary appellation, the tory of human nature, in its rude state, in runts, are placed somewhere above the all ages and nations; and it may be some head of the door ; and the christian names entertainment to a philosophic mind to of the people whom chance brings into see the remains of it among the more unthe house, are, according to the priority of enlightened in our own.

He gives, placing the runts, the names in question.” therefore, the principal charms and spells It appears that the Welsh have “ a play of this night among the peasantry in the in which the youth of both sexes seek for west of Scotland. One of these by an e-en-leaved sprig of the ash : and the young women, is, by pulling stalks of first f either sex that finds one, calls out “They go to the barn yard, and Cyı ver, and is answered by the first of pull, each, at three several times, a stalk the other that succeeds; and these two, if of oats. If the third stalk wants the topthe omen fails not, are to be joined in pickle, that is, the grain at the top of the wedlock.".

stalk, the party in question will come to Burns says, that “Burning the nuts is the marriage bed any thing but a maid." a favourite charm. They name the lad Another is by the blue clue. “Whoever and lass to each particular nut, as they would, with success, try this spell, must lay them in the fire; and accordingly as strictly observe these directions á steal they burn quietly together, or start from out, all alone, to the kiln, and, darkling, beside one another, the course and issue throw into the pot a clew of blue yarn; of the courtship will be.” It is to be noted, wind it in a new clew off the old one; that in Ireland, when the young women and, towards the latter end, something would know if their lovers are faithful, will hold the thread ; demand, wha they put three nuts upon the bars of the hauds ? i. e. who holds? and answer will grates, naming the nuts after the lovers. be returned from the kiln-pot, by naming If a nut cracks or jumps, the lover will the christian and surname of your future prove unfaithful; if it begins to blaze or spouse." A third charm is by eating an burn, he has a regard for the person mak- apple at a glass. “Take a candle and go ing the trial. If the nuts, named after alone to a looking-glass; eat an apple bethe girl and her lover, burn together, they fore it, and some traditions say, you should will be married. This sort of divination comb your bair all the time; the face of is also in some parts of England at this your conjugal companion to be, will be time. Gay mentions it in his “Spell :”- seen in the glass, as if peeping over your

shoulder." " Two hazel nuts I threw into the flame,

In an appendix to the late Mr. “ PenAnd to each out I gave a sweet-heart's name: nant's Tour,” several other very observThis with the loudest bounce me sore amaz'd, able and perfectly new customs of divinaThat in a flame of brightest colour blaz’d; As blaz'd the nut, so may thy passion grow,

tion on this night are enumerated. One For t’was thy out that did so brightly glow?" is to “steal out unperceived, and sow a

Graydon's Collection of Poems, 8vo., Dublin, * Owen's Welsh Dictionary.


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