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stripped of their leaves by chaffers, will “ Among our autumnal pleasures, we
C. Lamb ploughing this month, and then lays up “ Towards the end of the month, under his instruments for the spring. Cattle the groves and other shady places, they are kept in the yard or stable, sheep begin to lie in beaps, and rustle to the turned into the turnip-field, or in bad foot of the passenger; and there they weather fed with hay ; bees moved under will lie till the young leaves are grown shelter, and pigeons fed in the dove- overhead, and spring comes to look down house.
upon them with their flowers :-
Disturbing not the leaves, which are her winding sheet. Shelley.
“ The first day of November was con
sidered (among the ancient Welsh) as the All Saints. St. Cæsarius, A. D. 300. St. conclusion of summer, and was celebrated
Mary. M. St. Marcellus, Bp. of Paris, with bonfires, accompanied with ceremo5th Cent. St. Benignus, Apostle of nies suitable to the event, and some parts
Burgundy, A. D. 272. St. Austremo- of Wales still retain these customs. Irenius, 3d Cent. St. Harold VI., King land retains similar ones, and the fire that of Denmark, A. D. 980.
is made at these seasons, is called Beal All Saints.
teinidh, in the Irish language, and some
antiquaries of that country, in establishThis festival in the almanacs and the ing the eras of the different colonies church of England calendar is from the planted in the island, have been happy church of Rome, which celebrates it in enough to adduce as an argument for their commemoration of those of its saints, to Phænician origin this term of Beal whom, on account of their number, par- teinidh. ticular days could not be allotted in their “ The meaning of tàn, (in Welsh), like individual honour.
the Irish teinidh, is fire, and Bal is simply On this day, in many parts of England, a projecting springing out or expanding, apples are bobbed for, and nuts crack and when applied to vegetation, it means ed, as upon its vigil, yesterday; and we a budding or shooting out of leaves and still retain traces of other customs that we blossoms, the same as balant, of which it had in common with Scotland, Ireland, is the root, and it is also the root of bala and Wales, in days of old.
and of blwydd, blwyddyn and blynedd,
a year, or circle of vegetation. So the To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. signification of bál dán, or tán bál, would Sir,
be the rejoicing fire for the vegetation, or Should the following excerpt relative for the crop of the year.” to the first of November be of use The following seven triplets by Llyto you, it is at your service, extracted warch Hèn, who lived to the surprising from a scarce and valuable work by Dr. age of one hundred and furty years, and W. Owen Pughe, entitled “ Translations wrote in the sixth century, also relate to the of the Heroic Elegies of Llywarch Hèn, subject. The translations, which are strictly London, 1792."
literal, are also from the pen of Dr. Pughe. Triplets.
Y bore cyn noi fyned,
2. All Saints day, a time of pleasant gossiping, Calangauaf cain gyfrin, The gale and the storm keep equal pace, Cyfred awel a drychin : It is the labour of falsehood to keep a secret. Gwaith celwydd yw celu rhin. 3.
3. On All Saints day the stags are lean, Calangauaf cul hyddod Yellow are the tops of birch ; deserted is the Melyn blaen bedw, gweddw hafod : summer dwelling :
Gwae a haedd mefyl er bychod Woe to him who for a trifle deserves a curse. 4.
4. On All Saints day the tops of the branches Calangauaf crwm blaen gwrysg : are bent ;
Gnawd o ben diried derfysg; Jo the mouth of the mischievous, disturbance Lle ni bo dawn ni bydd dysg.
is congenial : Where there is no natural gift there will be no learning. 5.
5. On All Saints day blustering is the weather, Calangauaf garw hin, Very unlike the beginning of the past fair
Annhebyg i gyntefin : Besides God there is none who knows the
Namwyn Duw nid oes dewin. future.
6. On All Saints day 'tis hard and dry, Doubly black is the crow, quick is the arrow
from the bow, For the stumbling of the old, the looks of the
young wear a smile.
7. On All Saints day bare is the place where Calangauaf Uwn goddaith, the heath is burnt,
Aradyr yn rhych, ych yn ngwaith : The plough is in the furrow, the ox at work :
O'r cani odid cydymmaith. Amongst a hundred 'tis a chance to find a
It will be perceived that each triplet, as was customary with the ancient Britons is accompanied by a moral maxim, without relation to the subject of the song.
Dedicated to St. Fortunatus.
this day in his own monastery; and the
like practice was partially adopted by All Souls ; or the Commemoration of the other religious houses until the year 998,
Faithful departed. St. Victorinus Bp. when it was established as a general fes-
To mark the pre-eminent importance of
this festival, if it happened on a Sunday All Souls.
it was not postponed to the Monday, 23
was the case with other such solemnities, This day, also a festival in the almanacs, but kept on the Saturday, in order that and the church of England calendar, is the church might the sooner aid the estfrom the Romish church, which celebrates fering souls · and, that the dead might it with masses and ceremonies devised have every benefit from the pious exer for the occasion. “ Odilon, abbot of tions of the living, the remembrance of Cluny, in the 9th century, first enjoined this ordinance was kept up, by persons he ceremony of praying for the dead on dressed in black, who went round the
different towns, ringing a loud and dismal
FLORAL DIRECTORY. toned bell at the corner of each street, Winter Cherry. Physalis. every Sunday evening during the month; Dedicated to St. Marcian. and calling upon the inhabitants to remember the deceased suffering the expia- November 3. tory flames of purgatory, and to join in prayer for the repose of their souls.*" St. Malachi, Abp. of Armagh, A. D. 1148.
St. Hubert, Bp. of Leige, A. D. 727. Time.
St. Wenefride, or Winefride. St. PaMr.John M'Creery, to whose press Mr. poul, or Papulus, 3d. Cent. St. Flour, Roscoe committed his “ History of Leo A. D. 389. St. Rumwald. X.," and the subsequent productions of
Without being sad, we may be serious ; his pen, has marked this day by dating a
and continue to-day the theme of yesterbeautiful poem on it, which all who de- day. sire to seize the “golden grains" of time,
Mr. Bowring, from whose former will do well to learn and remember daily. poetical works several citations have al INSCRIPTION
ready glistened these pages, in a subseFOR MY DAUGHTERS' HOUR-GLASS. quent collection of effusions, has versified Mark the golden grains that pass
to our purpose. He reminds us tha:Brightly thro' this channell’d glass,
Man is not left untold, untaught, Measuring by their ceaseless fall
Untrain'd by heav'n to heavenly things; Heaven's most precious gift to all !
No! ev'ry fleeting hour has brought Busy, till its sand be done,
Lessons of wisdom on its wings; See the shining current run ;
And ev'ry day bids solemn thought
Soar above earth's imaginings.
In life, in death, a voice is heard,
Speaking in heaven's own eloquence, Yet let some hand invert its frame
That calls on purposes deferr’d, And all its powers return the same,
On wand'ring thought, on wild’ring sense, Whilst any golden grains remain
And bids reflection, long interr'd, 'Twill work its little hour again.
Arouse from its indifference.
Another poem is a translation
FROM THE GERMAN.
Ach wie nichtig, ach wie Aüchtig!
O how cheating, O how fleeting
Is our earthly being !
And as soon dispers'd in ether,
J. M. C.
O how cheating, O how fleeting
Are our days departing!
Like a deep and headlong river
O how cheating, O how feeting the little busy bee
Are the world's enjoyments!
All the hues of change they borrow, Improved each shining hour, is not therefore less able to determine
Bright to-day and dark to-morrowthe value of those that are gone for ever ;
Mingled lot of joy and sorrow! nor therefore less anxious to secure each O how cheating, 0 how fleeting that may fall to him; nor less qualified to
Is all earthly beauty! enjoin on his youthful readers the import
Like a summer flow'ret flowing,
Scattered by the breezes, blowing ance of this truth, “ that time once gone,
O'er the bed on which 'twas growing. ne'er comes again.” He would bid them remember, in the conscience - burning O how cheating, 0 how fleeting words of one of our poets, that
Is the strength of mortals ! "Time is the stuff that life is made of.”
On a lion's power they pride them,
With security beside them-* Brady's Clavis Calendaria.
Yet what overthrows betide them!
O how cheating, O how fleeting He has no thought of coming days,
Though they alone deserve his thought "T'is an air-suspended bubble,
And so the heedless wanderer strays,
And treasures nought and gathers nought.
Though wisdom speak-his ear is dul); O how chanting, 0 how fleeting
Though virtue smilehe sees her not;
His cup of vanity is full;
These “memorabilia" are from a three
shilling volume, entitled “ Hymns, by O how cheating, O how fleeting
John Bowring," intended as a sequel to Is all mortal wisdom !
the “ Matins and Vespers.” Mr. Bow. He who with poetic fiction
ring does not claim that his a little book" Sway'd and silenced contradiction, Soon is stillid by death's infiction.
shall supply the place of similar produc
tions. "If it be allowed,” he says, “ to O how cheating, O how fleeting
add any thing to the treasures of our Is all earthly music!
devotional poetry; if any of its pages Though he sing as angels sweetly,
should be hereafter blended with the exPlay he never so discreetly,
ercises of domestic and social worship; Death will overpower him fleetly. or if it shall be the companion of medi
tative solitude, the writer will be more O how cheating, O how fleeting
than rewarded.” All this gentleman's Are all mortal treasures !
poetical works, diversified as they are, Let him pile and pile untiring,
tend “ to mend the heart." Time, that adds to his desiring, Shall disperse the heap aspiring.
Primrose. Primula vulgaris.
Dedicated to St. Flour.
St. Charles Borromeo, Cardinal, Abp. of Clad in purple--and elated,
Milan, A. D. 1584. Sts. Vitalis and O'er their fellows elevated,
Agrtcola, A. D. 304. St. Joannicius, They shall be by death unseated.
Abbot, A. D. 845. St. Clarus, A. D.
894. St. Brinstan, Bp. of Winchester, O how cheating, O how fleeting
A. D. 931.
KING WILLIAM LANDED.
So say our almanacs, directly in opposiChristian! live on Heav'n relying. tion to the fact, that king William III. de
not land until the next day, the 5th : ve The same writer truly pictures our have only to look into our annals and be fearful estate, if we heed not the silent assured that the almanacs are in error. progress of “the enemy," that by proper Rapin says, “ The fourth of November attention we may convert into a friend.- being Sunday, and the prince's birthday,
now (in 1688) thirty-eight years of age, Time.
was by him dedicated to devotion ; the On! on! our moments hurry by
fleet still continuing their course, in orde: Like shadows of a passing cloud,
to land at Dartmouth, or Torbay. Bez Till general darkness wraps the sky,
in the night, whether by the violence of And man sleeps senseless in his shroud.
the wind, or the negligence of the puinha
the fleet was carried beyond the desired He sports, he trifles time away,
ports without a possibility of puttigs back, Till time is his to waste no more : such was the fury of the win. But Heedless he hears the surges play ;
soon after, the wind turned to the south, And then is dash'd upon the shore. which happily carried the feet
bay, the most convenient place for landing particular about his costume. With them the horse of any in England. The forces "Guy Fawkes-day,” or, as they as often were landed with such diligence and call it, “Pope-day," is a holiday, and as tranquillity, that the whole army was on they reckon their year by their holidays, shore before night. It was thus that the this, on account of its festivous enjoyprince of Orange landed in England, ment, is the greatest holiday of the seawithout any opposition, on the 5th of son. They prepare long before hand, not November, whilst the English were cele- "Guy,” but the fuel wherewith he is to brating the memory of their deliverance be burnt, and the fireworks to fling about from the powder-plot about fourscore at the burning : "the Guy" is the last years before," &c. Hume also says, “The thing thought of, “ the bonfire" the first. prince had a prosperous voyage, and About this time ill is sure to betide the Landed his army safely in Torbay on the owner of an ill-secured fence ;'stakes are 5th of November, the anniversary of the extracted from hedges, and branches tern gunpowder treason.” These historians from trees; crack, crack, goes loose paground their statements on the authority ling; deserted buildings yield up their of bishop Burnet, who was on board the floorings ; unbolted Hip-flapping doors fleet, and from other writers of the period, are released from their hinges as supernuand their accuracy is provable from the meraries; and more burnables are deemed public records of the kingdom, notwith- lawful prize than the law allows. These standing the almanac-makers say to the are secretly stored in some enclosed place, contrary. It must be admitted, however, which other “collectors" cannot find, or that the fourth is kept as the anniversary dare not venture to invade. Then comes of the landing of king William, a holi- the making of “the Guy,” which is easily day at different public offices.
done with straw, after the materials of dress are obtained : these are an old coat,
waistcoat, breeches, and stockings, which FLORAL DIRECTORY,
usually as ill accord in their proportions Strawberry-tree. Arbutus. and fitness, as the parts in some of the Dedicated to St. Brinstan. new churches. His hose and coat are
frequently "a world too wide;" in such
cases his legs are infinitely too big, and November 5. the coat is “hung like a loose sack about
him.” A barber's block for the head is St. Bertille, Abbess of Chelles, A. D. 692. “the very thing itself;" chalk and charPowder Plot, 1605.
coal make capital eyes and brows, which
are the main features, inasmuch as the This is a great day in the calendar of. chin commonly drops upon the breast, the church of England : it is duly noticed and all deficiencies are hid by “buttonby the almanacs, and kept as a holiday at ing up :" a large wig is a capital achievethe public offices. In the “Common Prayer ment. Formerly an old cocked hat was Book," there is “ A Form of Prayer with the reigning fashion for a “Guy;" though Thanksgiving, to be used yearly upon the the more strictly informed • dresser of Fifth day of November ; for the happy the character" preferred a mock-mitre; deliverance of King James I., and the now, however, both hat and mitre have three Estates of England, from the most disappeared, and a stiff paper cap paintTraiterous and bloody-intended Massacre ed, and knotted with paper strips, in imi. by Gunpowder : And also for the happy tation of ribbon, is its substitute; a frill Arrival of His late Majesty (King Wile and rufiles of writing-paper so far comLIAM III.) on this Day, for the Deliver- pletes the figure. Yet this neither was ance of our Church and Nation."
not, nor is, a Guy, without a dark lan
tern in one hand, and a spread bunch GUY FAWKES.
of matches in the other. The figure thus There cannot be a better representation furnished, and fastened in a chair, is carof “Guy Fawkes," as he is borne about ried about the streets in the manner rethe metropolis,“ in effigy," on the fifth of presented in the engraving ; the boys November, every year, than the drawing shouting forth the words of the motto to this article by Mr. Cruikshank. It is with loud huzzas, and running up to pasnot to be expected that poor boys should sengers hat in hand, with “pray remembe well informed as to Guy's history, or be ber Guy! please to remember Guy