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it should be demanded of the pilgrim,

Belzoni which is the greatest marvel in the smallest space that ever God made ? And then the bishop's messenger propounded

• The celebrated Belzoni 'died at the the question to the pilgrim, who answered close of the year 1823, and at the same that it was the diversity and excellence of period of the year 1825, the newspapers the faces of men, because from the begin- contain advertisements and appeals, in ning of the world there are not two men

behalf of his widow, to a British public, whose faces “ were lyke, and semblanle whose national character Belzoni has elein all thynges :" and the company de- vated, by introducing into England many clared that this was a very good answer splendid remains of ancient grandeur. to the question. Then she said, that to The journals of another year will record prove the further knowledge of the pil. whether these representations were suffigrim, he ought to be asked what thing of cient to rouse national feeling to a sense the earth is higher than all the heaven; of national honour, and the necessity and the pilgrim answered, the body of of relieving a lady whose husband peJesus Christ, which is in the imperial rished in an enterprise to enrich her heaven, is of earthly flesh, and is more country, by making it the deposit of high than all the heaven; and by this his further discoveries. Belzoni had peanswer they were again surprised, and netrated and examined distant regions, marvellously praised the pilgrim's wise and after disclosing the results of his invesdom. Then she desired that a third ques- tigations, and all the curious monuments tion might be asked of the pilgrim, which of art he collected on his travels, he left if he could answer, then he would be London for the deserts of Africa, where he worthy to be received at the bishop's fell while labouring towards Timbuctoo, table; and by her order, the messenger for other specimens of human ingenuity, demanded this question of the pilgrim, and endeavouring to explore and point “ What is the distance from the bottoms out channels of enterprise to our manuless pit unto the imperial heaven ?" and facturers and merchants. It is from these the pilgrim answered, “ Go to him that classes especially that his fate claims sent thee to me, and ask the question of commiseration; and from them, and the him, for he can better answer it, because public in general, Mrs. Belzoni should dehe measured this distance when he fell rive aid. Removal of her embarrassment, from heaven into the bottomless pit, and is only a suspension of the misfortunes I never measured it;" and when the mes. that await a bereaved female, if she is not senger heard this, he was sore afraid, and afforded the means of future support. fearfully told the pilgrim's message to the This is said by one who never saw her or bishop and all the others, who when they her late husband, and who only volunteers heard the same, were also sore afraid the plain thoughts of a plain man, who Then forthwith the devil vanished away knows the advantages which England from before their eyes; and the bishop derives from Belzoni's ardour and perserepented, and sent the inessenger to bring yerance, and is somewhat qualified, perin the pilgrim, but he could not be found. haps, to compassionate Mrs. Belzoni's So the bishop assembled the people and helplessness. During a season of festal told them what had happened, and re- enjoyment, when friends and neighbours quired them to pray that it might be re- “ make wassail,” any individual of right vealed who this pilgrim was, that had de- feeling might thaw indifference into relivered him from so great peril: and the gard for her situation, and “ make the same night it was revealed to the bishop, widow's heart sing for joy." that it was St. Andrew who had put himself into the habit of a pilgrim for the by the following bankers, Messrs. Coutts and

Subscriptions are advertised to be received bishop's deliverance. “ Than began the Co; Esdaile and Co.; Goslings and Co.; Hambisshop more and more to have devocyon mersley and Co.; Hopkinson and Co.; Hoare, and remembraunce of saynt Andrewe

Barnett, and Co.; Jones, Lloyd, and Co.;

Masterman and Co.; Smith, Payne, and Co.; than he hadde tofore."

Snow and Paul; Willis, Percival, and Co.;

Wrigbt and Co.
Three-coloured Wood Sorrel. Oxalis

Dedicated to St. Sapor.

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This is the twelfth and last month of monath and guil erra, which means the the year. By our ancestors “ December former or first ginl. The feast of Thur. had his due appellation given him in the which was celebrated at the winter solstez, name of winter-monat, to wit, winter. was called giul from iol, or ol, which moneth ; but after the Saxons received nified ale, and is now corrupted into you christianity, they then, of devotion to the This festival appears to have been mebirth-time of Christ, termed it by the tinued through part of January. 1977" of heligh-monat, that is to say, holy- Our pleasant guide to “ The Moaths,"

They also called it midwinter- Mr. Leigh Ilunt, says of December thus :

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It is now complete winter. The vapour- is in general too early a month for the fine
ish and cloudy atmosphere wraps us about manly exercise of skating, which indeed
with dimness and chilliness; the reptiles can be taken but rarely, on account of uur
and other creatures that sleep or hide changeful weather and the short contin-
during the cold weather, have all retired uance of frost. Like swimming, all the
to their winter quarters; the farmer does difficulty of it is in the commencement, at
little or nothing out of doors; the fields least for the purposes of enjoyment. The
are too damp and miry to pass, except in graces ofoutside strokes, and spread eagles,
sudden frosts, which begin to occur at the are the work of time and ambition.
end of the month; and the trees look but But December has one circumstance in
like skeletons of what they were it, which turns it into the merriest month of
Bare ruined choirs in which the sweet birds which, for obvious reasons, may be said

the year, - Christmas. This is the holiday, sang.


to have survived all the others; but still

it is not kept with any thing like the audire

*rees with their beautiful vigour, perseverance, and elegance of our

.nd pines, are now ancestors. They not only ran Christmasparticula

", and valued. In the day, new-year's-day, and twelfth-night, all warmer countdow, where shade is more

into one, but kept the wassail-bowl floatdesirable, their worth and beauty are more ing the whole time, and earned their right regularly appreciated. Virgil talks of the to enjoy it by all sorts of active pastimes. pine as being handsomest in gardens; and The wassail-bowl, (as some of our readers it is a great favourite with Theocritus, may know by experience, for it has been especially for the fine sound of the air a little revived of late,) is a composition of under its kind of vaulted roof.

spiced wine or ale, with roasted apples But we have flowers as well as leaves put into it, and sometimes eggs. in winter-time; besides a few of last also adorned their houses with green month, there are the aconite and helle- boughs, which it appears, from Herrick,. bore, two dames of very different celebrity; was a practice with many throughout the and in addition to some of the flourishing year,-box succeeding at Candlemas to shrubs, there is the Glastonbury thorn, the holly, bay, rosemary, and misletoe of which puts forth its beauty at Christmas. Christmas,-yew at Easter to box,--birch It is so called, we believe, because the and flowers at Whitsuntide to yew,-and abbots of the famous monastery at that then bents and oaken boughs. The whole place first had it in their garden from nation were in as happy a ferment at abroad, and turned its seasonable effores- Christmas, with the warmth of exercise and cence into a miracle.

their firesides, as they were in May with The evergreens and winter flowers are the new sunshine. The peasants wrestled like real friends, who, whatever be their and sported on the town-green, and told peculiar disposition, whether serious or tales of an evening; the gentry feasted gay, will never forsake us. Even roses, then, or had music and other elegant paswith which we are so apt to associate sum- times; the court had the poetical and mer weather, flourish from May to De- princely entertainment of masques; and cember inclusive; and during the winter all sung, danced, revelled, and enjoyed months will live and prosper in apart- themselves, and so welcomed the new ments. We need never be without them year like happy and grateful subjects of from the first day of the year to the last; nature. and thus, to the numerous comparisons This is the way to turn winter to summade between roses and the fair sex, may mer, and make the world what heaven has be added this new one, as complimentary enabled it to be ; but as people in general to their friendship as it is true.

manage it, they might as well turn sumWe have anticipated our general ob- mer itself to winter. Hlear what a poet servations on winter-time in our remarks says, who carries his own sunshine about at the beginning of the year. December with him :

As for those chilly orbs, on the verge of creation

Where sunshine and smiles must be equally rare
Did they want a supply of cold hearts for that station,

Ileaven knows we have plenty on earth we could spare,

Oh, think what a world we should have of it here,

If the haters of peace, of affection, and glee,
Were to fly up to Saturn's comfortless sphere,
And leave earth to such spirits as you, love, and me.

Moore. Nor is it only on holidays that nature pet and curtains, a sparkling fire, a banda tells us to enjoy ourselves. If we were wise, a little music, a happy sympathy of tail we should earn a reasonable portion of or a kind of discussion, may then cail to leisure and enjoyment day by day, instead mind with unenvying placidity ihe vet of resolving to do it some day or other, rarest luxuries of the summer-time: 3r! and seldom doing it at all. Company is instead of being eternally and foolistky not necessary for it, at intervals, except told, that pleasures produce pains, ti that best and most necessary company of those who really make them do so w:S one's family-partners in life, or some one their profligacy or bigotry, we si or two especial friends, truly so called, learn the finer and manlier knowleie who are friends for every sort of weather, -how to turn pain to the productioux winter as well as summer. A warm car- pleasure.

Lawrence, of virtuous father, virtuous son,

Now that the fields are dank and ways are mire,

Where shall we sometimes meet, and by the fire
Help waste a sullen day, what may be won
From the hard season gaining ? Time will run

On smoother, till Favonius re-inspire :

The frozen earth, and clothe in fresh attire
The lily and rose, which neither sowed nor spun.
What neat repast shall feast us, light and choice,
Of Attick taste, with wine, whence we may rise
To hear the lute well touched, or artful voice
Warble immortal notes and Tuscan air?
He who of these delights can judge, and spare
To interpose them oft, is not unwise.


December 1.

the air in a vertical column, or incline so little with the breath of air as to indicate

sometimes one wind and some lines St. Eligius, or Eloy, Bp. of Noyon. A. Do

another. At this time the crowing of we 659.

cocks, the noise of busy rooks and dans, TIe Season

which feed in flocks in the meadows, and

fly at morning and eventide in focks to "It is observed by Dr. Forster in the and from their nests, the music of disia!! “ Perennial Calendar," that the weather singing, and the strokes of the chur at this time is usually mild, and wet, with clocks and chimes are heard for miles, i fogs; we have an occasional interchange if carried along under the apparent suun)of frosts. On some occasions a: kind of ing board of the clouds above. Even the weather occurs now which occasionally voices of persons are beard at a vasi des happens during all the winter months. tance, all being hushed around. The air becomes perfectly calm, the sky clouded and dark, without much mist

FLORAL DIRECTORY. below, the ground gets dry, and not a leaf Dark Stapelia. Stapelia pulla stirs on the trees, and the sounds of dis- Dedicated to St. Eligius tant bells, and other sounds and noises are heard at a great distance, just as they are on other, occasions before rain. The

December 2. thermometer is often from 45° to 52'. The

St. Bibiania, a, D. 363 barometer rises to “set fair" and remains steady, and the current of smoke from the

CHRONOLOGY. chimnies either goes straight upright into

On the 2d of December, 1823, t.c

London Mechanics' Institution was form- Magazine," which contained an account of ed, and on the anniversary of the day, in the first meeting of the members--a vellum 1824, the first stone of its theatre for the roll,on which was inscribed the names of the delivery of the lectures, in Southampton officers of the institution, and a portrait Buildings, Chancery-lane, was laid by of Dr. Birkbeck, the president. The Dr. Birkbeck. In a cavity of the stone bottle having been deposited, the president was placed a bottle, wherein were sealed proceeded to lay the stone, which bears up a book of the laws of the institution, the following inscription, with the names the tenth number of the “ Mechanics of all the officers of the institution :

This Stone, the first of the Lecture Room,

was laid on the 2d of December, 1824,
Being the First Anniversary of the Establishment

of the

In the presence of the following Officers of the Institution,

Vice-Presidents, Trustees, Auditors,

John Martineau, Esq., .

Professor Millington,
John Borthwick Gilchrist, LL. D.

Robert MʻWilliam, Esq. r After the stone was laid, Dr. Birkbeck man ;' and if thus we shall be the happy addressed the meeting in nearly the fol- means of rendering it palpable, that the lowing words :-—" Now have we founded immortal essence within us, when freed our edifice for the diffusion and advance from the deformity of ignorance and vice, ment of human knowledge. Now have has been created in the express image of we begun to erect a temple, wherein man God-then may we confidently hope that shall extend his acquaintance with the Omniscience will favourably behold our universe of mind, and shall acquire the rising structure; and that in its future means of enlarging his dominion over the progress, Omnipotence, without whose universe of matter. In this spot, here- assistance all human endeavours are vain, after, the charms of literature shall be will confer upon us a portion of his displayed, and the powers of science shall powers. Whilst I remind you that the be unfolded to the most humble inquirers ; illustrious Bacon, long ago, maintained for to the feast of reason' which will be that knowledge is power,' I may apprize here prepared, the invitation shall be as you that it has, since his time, been esunbounded as the region of intellect. tablished that knowledge is wealth—is For an undertaking so vast in its design, comfort—is security--is enjoyment—is and so magnificent in its objects (no. happiness. It has been found so comthing short, indeed, of the moral and intel- pletely to mingle with human affairs, that lectual amelioration and aggrandizement it renders social life more endearing; bas of the human race), the blessing of heaven, given to morality more sprightliness; and, I humbly trust, will not be implored in politically, has produced more consistent vain. If, in this institution, we seek to obedience-it takes from adversity some obey the mandate which has gone forth, of its bitterness, and enlarges the sphere, that knowledge shall be increased; if we as well as angments the sweetness of every act in obedience to the injunction, that in laudable gratification ; and lastly, unall our gettings we should get understand- questionably one of its - brightest influing; if we succeed in proving, that for ences, it becomes at once an avenue and the existence of the mental wilderness, a guide to that “temple which is not made the continuance of which we all deeply with hands, eternal in the heavens.'” deplore, we ought "10 blame the culture, not the soil;' if by rendering man more

FLORAL DIRECTORY. percipient of the order, harmony, and benevolence, which pervade the universe, Lemon Geodorum. Geodorum citrinum. we more effectually · assert cternal Pro

Dedicated to St. Bibiania vidence, and justify the ways of God to

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