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Political essay on the kingdom of New Spain, Հատոր 3
Alexander von Humboldt
Ամբողջությամբ դիտվող - 1811
Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain, Հատոր 3
Alexander von Humboldt
Ամբողջությամբ դիտվող - 1811
Acapulco according Alzate America Anahuac Antillon appears astronomical observations Atlantic Atlantic Ocean Aztec Azteques California canal Cape capital of Mexico Carte manuscrite Chappe Chihuahua city of Mexico climate colonies commerce continent Cordillera Cortez Cruz cultivation degree distance drawn Durango eastern coast eclipse elevation Europe European Expedition of Malaspina extent Ferrer France geographical give Guanaxuato gulf of Mexico Havannah height idem Indians inhabitants intendancy island isthmus isthmus of Panama Jose Juan kingdom lake latitude longitude Madrid manuscript map Mascaro memoir metres Mexi Mexican mines mountains navigators Norte Oaxaca Ocean Oltmanns Pacific Ocean Panama Peru Pic d'Orizaba places plains points Popocatepetl population port position possess Presidio province provincias published Puebla regions result river San Bias Santa Santander satellites situated soil Sonora South Sea Spain Spaniards Spanish square leagues summits tables Tehuantepec Tenochtitlan tion toises Trans tude Valladolid Velasquez viceroy village volcano Zacatecas
Էջ 138 - Mexico is the country of inequality. No where does there exist such a fearful difference in the distribution of fortune, civilization, cultivation of the soil, and population. The interior of the country contains four cities, which are not more than one or two days journey distant from one another, and possess a population of 35,000, 67,000, 70,000, and 135,000.
Էջ 161 - The academy labours successfully to introduce among the artisans a taste for elegance and beautiful forms. Large rooms, well lighted by Argand's lamps, contain every evening some hundreds of young people, of whom some draw from relievo or living models, while others copy drawings of furniture, chandeliers, or other ornaments in bronze.
Էջ 185 - When a common man disputes with one of the titled lords of the country, he is frequently heard to say, " Do you think me not so white as yourself?
Էջ 106 - Over a million and a half of square leagues, from Cape Horn to the river St. Lawrence and Behring's Straits, we are struck at the first glance with the general resemblance in the features of the inhabitants. We think we perceive them all to be descended from the same stock, notwithstanding the prodigious diversity of their languages.
Էջ 184 - who in the middle of the night distinguish the different races by their quick sense of smell, have formed three words to express the odour of the European, the Indian American, and the Negro : they call the first pezuna, the second posco, and the third...
Էջ 162 - Guines, was also appointed to examine the vegetable productions of the island of Cuba. All these researches, conducted during twenty years in the most fertile regions of the new continent, have not only enriched science with more than four thousand new species of plants, but have also contributed much to diffuse a taste for natural history among the inhabitants of the country. The city of Mexico exhibits a very interesting botanical garden within the very precincts of the viceroy's palace. Professor...
Էջ 106 - ... most to diversify the features. In barbarous nations there is rather a physiognomy peculiar to the tribe or horde than to any individual. When we compare our domestic animals with those which inhabit our forests we make the same observation. But an European, when he decides on the great resemblance among the copper-coloured races, is subject to a particular illusion. He is struck with a complexion so different from our own, and the uniformity of this complexion conceals for a long time Irom him...
Էջ 183 - is in colour almost a pure white, and his skin is of a particular transparency. The small beard, and small hands and feet, and a certain obliquity of the eyes, are more frequent indications of the mixture of Indian blood, than the nature of the hair.
Էջ 161 - ... country. It is a consolation to observe, that under every zone the cultivation of science and art establishes a certain equality among men, and obliterates for a time, at least, all those petty passions of which the effects are so prejudicial to social happiness.
Էջ 103 - Agriculture alone attaches man to the soil, and develops the love of country. Thus we see that in the southern part of Anahuac, in the cultivated region adjacent to Tenochtitlan, the Aztec colonists patiently endured the cruel vexations exercised towards them by their conquerors, and suffered every thing rather than quit the soil which their fathers had cultivated. But in the northern provinces, the natives yielded to the conquerors their uncultivated savannas, which served for pasturage to the buffaloes.