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Fåte, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pine, pin; no, nốt; õò as in good ;
CLIFTON. See BRISTOL.
CLINCH, a r. of Tenn., which unites with the Holston to form the Tennessee.
Clin/tỌN, a co. occupying the N. E. extremity of N. Y. Pop. 40,047. Co. t. Plattsburg.
CLINTON, a co. in the N. central part of Pa., on the W. branch of the Susquehanna. Pop. 11,207.
CLINTON, a co. in the S. S. E. part of Ky., bordering on Tenn. Pop. 4,889.
CLINTON, a co. in the S. W. part of Ohio, N. E. of Cincinnati. Pop. 18,838. Co. t. Wilmington.
CLINTON, a co. in the S. central part of Mich. Pop. 5,102. · CLINTON, a co. in the N. W. central part of Ind., a little S. E. of the Wabash and Erie Canal. Pop. 11,869. Co. t. Frankfort.
CLINTON, a co. in the S. W. part of Ill., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 5,139. Co. t. Carlyle.
CLINTON, a co. in the N. W. part of Mo., a little E. of the Missouri r Pop. 3,786. Co. t. Plattsburgh.
CLINTON, a co. in the E. part of Iowa, bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 2,822.
CLINTON, a village of N. Y., in Oneida co., about 9 m. W. S. W. of Utica. It is the seat of Hamilton College.
ClITHEROE, klith-er-o', a small t. of England, in Lancashire, 21 m S. E. of Lancaster. Pop. of the township, 6,765.
CLOGHER, klóhl-her, a small t. of Ireland, in the co. of Tyrone, 22 m. W. by N. of Armagh.
CLOGHNA KILTY, klón-na-kill-te, or CLON-A-KILI-TY, a t. of Ireland, in the co. of Cork, situated on a bay of the same name. Lat. 51° 38' N., Lon. 8° 51' W. Pop. in 1831, 3,807. (P. C.)
CLON-MELL', the chief t. of the co. of Tipperary, Ireland, situated on the r. Suir. Lat. 52° 19' N., Lon. 7° 43' W. Pop. in 1831, 15,134. (P.C.)
CLYDE, a r. of Scotland, which rises in the S. part of Lanarkshire, and, flowing in a north-westerly direction, enters the Frith of Clyde. Its whole course is upwards of 70 m. Though the third in magnitude, it is, as respects navigation, the most important river of Scotland.
Co-4-HO-MẠ, a co. in the N. W. part of Miss., bordering on the Mis. sissippi r. Pop. 2,780.
COBB, a co. in the N. W. part of Ga., bordering on the Chattahoochee. Pop. 13,843. Co. t. Marietta.
Cobl-LENTZ,* (Ger. Coblenz, kö/-blents; Fr. Coblence, ko'-blảnce/,) a
* We often hear Coblentz accentuated on the last syllable, but this is contrary to the tendency of our language, (see Int. XII., Obs. 2,) as well as to the native pronunciation. Byron is right, as usual
“By COBLENTZ, on a rise of gentle ground,
Childe Harold, Canto III.
ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; Th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. t. of the Prussian states, cap. of a circle of the same name, and of the whole prov. of the Lower Rhine; situated at the confluence of the Moselle and Rhine, whence the city obtained its ancient name, Confluens or Confluentes, of which Coblenz is probably a corruption. This place is strongly fortified, and is an important military post. (See EHRENBREITSTEIN.) Lat. 50° 21' N., Lon. 7° 30' E. Pop., exclusive of the : military, above 12,000. (B.)
Col-BURG (Ger. pron. kõl-bóÕRG) or SAXE-COBURG, the most southern of the independent principalities of Saxony, forming a part of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, and situated between 50° 9' and 50° 24' N. Lat. and 10° 40' and 11° 15' E. Lon. Its area is about 200 sq. m. Pop. 38,000. (P. C.)
Coburg, the cap. of the above, is a walled t., and has about 8,000 inhabitants. (B.) Lat. 50° 15' N., Lon. 10° 58' E.
CoCHABAMBA, ko'-chả-bản-bả, a t. of Bolivia, the cap. of a dep. of the same name. Lat. 17° 25' S., Lon. 65° 50' W. Pop. estimated at 30,000 (B.); by others, at 20,000.
Cochin, ko-cheen', a prov. on the S. W. coast of Hindostan, between 10° 10' and 10° 50' N. Lat.
Col-CHIN CHINA, or the empire of An-nam, is situated in Chin-India, of which it forms the eastern portion. It extends from 8° 40' to about 23° N. Lat., and from 102° to 109° 20' E. Lon. Its length, from N. to S., is about 980 m.; its breadth varies from 100 m. to 300 m. Area estimated at 147,000 sq. m. The name Cochin China is unknown to the inhabitants, having been bestowed by the Portuguese. The natives call it Drang-Trong, i.e. “the central country." This appellation, however, is restricted to Cochin China Proper; Tonkin is called the “ external country." These two countries are named by the inhabitants An-nam or Anam. Tonkin occupies the northern, and Cochin China Proper the southern region; the boundary line between them is in about 19° N. Lat. The most southern portion of Cochin China Proper once formed a separate country, under the name of Tsiampa, tse-xml-på or Chiampa. The empire of An-nam comprehends a part of Cambodja and several other territories. Little, however, is known respecting them. The pop. is estimated, by Balbi, at 12,000,000. The inhabito ants of Cochin China belong to the same race as the Chinese and Mongols. They have made some progress in most of the arts of civilized life, and, in their mode of living and general character, appear to reseinble the Chinese. They are said to excel in naval architecture, and the
of Japan. Hué is the cap. of Cochin China and of the whole empire. Adj. and inhab. Cochin CHINESE, which, however, should be restricted to Cochin China Proper. AN-NAM-EŞE' or ANAMESE is the more general appellative.
COCKE, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., bordering on N. C. Pop. 8,300. Co. t. Newport.
CODOGNO, ko-donel-yo, a t. of Austrian Italy, in the prov. of Lodi,
Fåte, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pīne, pỉn; no, nốt; 5ð as in good ; 35 m. S. E. of Milan, noted as a market for the Parmesan cheese. Pop.
Cofl-FEE, a co. in the S. central part of Tenn., on the head waters of Duck r. Pop. 8,351.
COGNAC, kone-yảk', a t. of France, in the dep. of Charente, on the r. Charente, famous for its manufacture of brandy. Lat. 45° 42' N., Lon. 0° 19' W.
Coim'-BA-TOOR/ or COIMBATORE, a prov. in the S. of India, about the 11th degree of N. Lat., S. of, and bordering on Mysore.-Also the cap. of the above, containing about 2,000 houses. Lat. 10° 52' N., Lon. 77° 5' E.
CO-IM/-BRA or ko-eem/-brå, a t. of Portugal, in Beira, of which it is considered the cap., situated on the right side of the r. Mondego, about 120 m. N. N. E. of Lisbon. It has a richly endowed university, with the faculties of theology, law, and medicine, besides the academical department. The lectures are generally gratuitous. The average number of academical students is said to he about 1,200. The palace of the university, once the residence of the kings, is one of the finest buildings in the place ---Conim'brica, the ancient Coimbra, was situated at some distance from the site of the present town. Lat. 40° 12' 30" N., Lon. 8° 24' W. Permanent pop. about 15,000. (B.)
COIRE, kwår, (Ger. Chur, koor) a t. of Switzerland, cap. of the canton of Grisons, near the right bank of the Rhine. Lat. 46° 51' N., Lon. 9° 31' E. Pop. 4,750. (P. C.)
COLBERG, kol/-bérg, a seaport and fortress of Prussia, in Pomerania, situated on the Persante (pér-sản-tch), about a mile from its entrance into the Baltic. Lat. 54° 9' N., Lon. 15° 34' E. Pop. nearly 6,000. (B.)
COLI-CHES-TER, a t. of England, in the N. E. part of the co. of Essex, 51 m. N. E. by E. from London. Pop. of the borough and liberties, 17,790; that of the town may be estimated at about 14,000. · Cole, a co. in the central part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 6,696. Co. t. Jefferson city.
COLES, a co. in the E. part of Ill., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 9,335. Co. t. Charleston.
COLLETON, a dist. in the S. E. part of S. C., intersected by the Edisto r. Pop. 39,505. Seat of justice, Walterborough.
COL-LUMP!-ton, a small t. of England, in Devonshire, 11 m. N. N. E. of Exeter.
COLNE, a r. of England, in Hertfordshire, which flows into the Thames.
COLOGNE, ko-lonel, (Fr. pron. ko'-loñ, Ger. Köln,) an archbishopric of Rhenish Prussia, the cap. of a government of the same name, and of the prov. of the Rhine, situated on the left bank of the Rhine. It is enclosed by a lofty wall, about 6m. in circuit, defended by 83 towers, and surrounded with ramparts and deep ditches, and has 24 gates. Cologne was a Roman station, and afterwards a colony named Colonia Claudia Agrippinansis. From Colonia the modern name is derived. Cologne was formerly one of the most wealthy and powerful cities of the
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; Ti, as in this; n, nearly like ng. Hanseatic league, when its pop. amounted to 150,000. It ceased to be a free town in 1792. A bridge of boats, 1,250 paces in length, connects Cologne with Deutz (doits), which is regarded as one of its suburbs. The town has been declared a free port, and carries on an active commerce. Besides other articles, it manufactures, on a very extensive scale, the aromatic water which bears its name. Lat. 50 55' N., Lon. 6° 55' E. Pop., including that of Deutz and the military, 78,500. Adjective and inhab. COLOGNESE, kol-o-nezel.
COLOMBIA, ko-lom/-be-ả is the name which was adopted by the northern countries of S. America in 1819, when New Granada and Venezuela united, and established one central government, for the purpose of resisting the power of Spain. In 1829, Venezuela renounced the union, and constituted itself a separate republic. After the resignation of Bolivar, in 1830, it again joined New Granada, but this union lasted only a short time. In November, 1831, a new separation took place: at the same time it was decided that the former prov. of Quito should constitute a separate government, under the name of Ecuador. Thus Colombia was divided into the three republics, Venezuela, New Granada, and Ecuador.
CO-LOM-BO or COLUMBO, the cap. of the i. of Ceylon, situated on the W. coast. It is, for the most part, well built, and resembles a European rather than an Indian town. Though its harbour is very insecure during some seasons of the year, it is the centre of the foreign commerce of the whole island. Lat. 6° 59' N., Lon. 79° 55' E. Pop., according to the census of 1832, 31,519. (P. C.)
COL-ON-SA or COLI-ON-SAY', a small i. on the W. coast of Scotland, N. of Isla.
COLORADO, kol-o-rål-do, a r. of Mexico, which flows into the N. extremity of the Gulf of California. Its length, according to Humboldt, is 230 leagues, or about 640 English miles, but the quantity of water carried down its channel, during the dry season, is extremely small. It is called Rio Colorado, or Red River, because, owing to the fall of rains upon a soil of red clay, its waters often assume that colour.
COLORADO or Cobu ko-bool, a r. of S. America, in the republic of La Plata, which flows into the Atlantic, near 40° S. Lat., and 62° W. Lon. Its length is above 600 m.
COLORADO (Texas). See Rio COLORADO.
Co-LUM-B!-A, DISTRICT OF, a tract, situated on the north side of the Potomac, 120 m. from its mouth. It is the seat of the federal government, and under the particular jurisdiction of Congress. This district was till recently divided into two counties, Washington and Alexandria. It was ceded to the general government by the states of Maryland and Virginia, in 1790. Pop. 51,670. Alexandria city and county, including the whole of that portion of the District lying on the right side of the Potomac, were retroceded to Virginia, during the Congress of 1845-6.
COLUMBIA, a co. in the E. S. E. part of N. Y., E. of, and bordering on the Hudson r. Pop. 43,073. Co, t. Hudson.
COLUMBIA, a co. in the N. E. central part of Pa., intersected by the E. branch of the Susquehanna. Pop. 17,710. Co. t. Bloomsburg.
Fåte, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pine, pin; nó, nốt; oo as in good;
COLUMBIA, a co. in the E. part of Ga., bordering on the Savannah r. Pop. 11,961. Co. t. Applingville.
COLUMBIA, a co. in the N. part of Florida, bordering on the Suwaneer. Pop. 4,808.
COLUMBIA, the cap. of S. C., and seat of justice of the dist. of Richland, situated at the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers. It is the seat of the South Carolina College, founded in 1804. Lat. 33° 57 N., Lon. 81° 7' W. Pop. 4,340.
COLUMBIA RIVER. See OREGON.
Co-LUM-BL-AN-A, a co. in the N. E. part of Ohio, bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 33,621. Co. t. New Lisbon.
CO-LUM-BUS, a co. in the S. part of N. C., bordering on S. C. Pop. 5,909. Co. t. Whitesville.
COLUMBUS, the co. t. of Franklin co., Ohio, and the cap, of the state. It is situated on the Scioto r., about 100 m., in a straight line, N. E. of Cincinnati, and 350 m. from Washington. Lat. 39° 57 N., Lon. 83° 3' W. Pop. 18,183.
COLUMBUS, the cap. of Muscogee co., Ga., situated on the Cattahoo. chee, close at the head of steamboat navigation. It is a flourishing and rapidly increasing town. The Muscogee R. R., 70 m. long, connects it with the South-Western R. R. Pop. 5,942.
COMAYAGUA, ko-mi-ål-gwả, called also New Valladolid, the cap. of the state of Honduras, in Central America. It has a college, and about 18,000 inhabitants. (B.) Lat. 14° 32' N., Lon. 87° 35' W.
Col-Mo (Lat. Colmum), a manufacturing and commercial t. of Austrian Italy, the cap. of a prov. of the same name, situated at the S. W. extremity of the Lake of Como, 22 m. N. by W. of Milan. Its cathedral, built in the middle ages, is regarded as one of the finest churches in the N. of Italy. Comum was the birth-place of the two Plinys. Lat. 45° 48'N., Lon. 9° 6' E. Pop., including that of the suburbs, 16,000. (B.)
Como, LAGO Di, lå-go de kol-mo, or LAKE OF COMO, (Anc. Larius,á lake in the N. of Italy, intersected by the 46th parallel of N. Late It is long, narrow, and of very irregular and tortuous shape.
COM-O-RIN CAPE, the S. extremity of Hindostan. Lat. 8° 4' N., Lon. 77° 37' E.
Col-Morn or KOMORN (Hung. Komárom, ko-måå-rom,) a royal free t. and fortress of Hungary, the cap. of a co. of the same name, situated on the i. of Schütt, at the entrance of the Waag into the Danube. Lat. 47° 45' N., Lon. 18° 8' E. Pop. 11,000. (B.)
COM-O-RO ISLANDS are situated in the channel of Mozambique, between 11° 20' and 13° 10' S. Lat., and 43° 10' and 45° 30' È. Lon. They are four in number, of which Comoro is the largest. The most important, and the only one visited by European vessels, is ANZOOAN, which see.
COMPIÈGNE, kỒM -pe-aiñ, a t. of France, in the dep. of Oise, on the r. Oise, 43 m. N.N. E. of Paris, with a magnificent royal château. Lat. 49° 25' N., Lon. 2° 47' E. Pop. in 1832, 8,879. (P. C.)
COMPOSTELA, SANTIAGO DE, sản-te-a-go da kom-po-stà -lả, an archie