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CRITICAL MATERIALS TO THE UNITED STATES

IN TIME OF WAR

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON MINERALS,

MATERIALS AND FUELS ECONOMICS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

PURSUANT TO

S. Res. 143

A RESOLUTION TO INVESTIGATE THE ACCESSIBILITY AND
AVAILABILITY OF SUPPLIES OF CRITICAL

RAW MATERIALS

PART 1
United States Department of the Interior: Bureau of Mines

4.5. Conocess.

OCTOBER 20, 21, 23, AND 24, 1953

ate
Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

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COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

HUGH BUTLER, Nebraska, Chairman EUGENE D. MILLIKIN, Colorado

JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana GUY CORDON, Oregon

CLINTON P. ANDERSON, New Mexico GEORGE W. MALONE, Nevada

RUSSELL B. LONG, Louisiana ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah

GEORGE A. SMATHERS, Florida HENRY C. DWORSHAK, Idaho

EARLE C. CLEMENTS, Kentucky THOMAS H. KUCHEL, California

HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington FRANK A. BARRETT, Wyoming

PRICE DANIEL, Texas
KIRKLEY S. COULTER, Chief Clerk
N. D. MCSHERRY, Assistant Chief Clerk

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON MINERALS, MATERIALS, AND FUELS ECONOMICS

GEORGE W. MALONE, Nevada, Chairman FRANK A. BARRETT, Wyoming

JAMES A. MURRAY, Montana EUGENE D. MILLIKIN, Colorado

EARLE C. CLEMENTS, Kentucky
HUGH BUTLER, Nebraska, ex officio

JEROME S. ADLERMAN, Subcommittee Counsel
GEORGE B. HOLDERER, Subcommittee Staff Engineer
JOHN LEE COULTER, Subcommittee Research Specialist
Thomas F. FLYNN, Jr., Subcommittee Assistant Counsel

RICHARD G. SINCLAIR, Subcommittee Accountant

II

Heipasti

67

CONTENTS

Pare

Text of Senate Resolution 143..

1

Text of Trade Agreements Act of 1934.

12

Statement of-

Blue, Hon. Delwin D., Assistant Chief, Light Metals Branch Bureau

of Mines..

299

Irving, Hon. Donald R., Ceramic and Fertilizer Brar ch, Bureau of

Mines.

249

Johnson, Hon. Charles H., Chief of the Base Metals Branch, Bureau

of Wines

120, 125

Josephson, Hon. G. W., Chief, Construction and Chemical Materials

Branch, Bureau of Mines. -

277

Kline, Hon. Mitchell H., Chief, Rare and Precious Metals, Bureau of

Mines, Department of the Interior...

197, 227

McKay, Hon. Douglas, Secretary of the Interior.

5

Melcher, Hon. Norwood B , Chief, Ferrous Metals and Alloys Branch,

Bureau of Mines. Department of the Interior.

46

Miller, Hon. Thomas H. Assistant Director, Bureau of Mines, Depart-

ment of the Interior.

33

Pehrson, Hon. Elmer W., Regional Director, Foreign Minerals Region,

Bureau of Mines.

231

Ralston, Hon. Oliver C., Chief Metallurgist of the Bureau of

Mines..

328

Wormser, Hon. Felix E., Assistant Secretary of the Interior.

9

Zinner, Hon. Paul, Chief, Minerals Division, Bureau of Mines, Depart-

ment of the Interior..

35

Additional information:

Charts, tables, and other information relative to-

Aluminum.

301, 308

Amosite.

295

Antimony.

127

Asbestos.

294, 298

Bauxite.

301, 324

Beryllium (beryl)

202

Bismuth..

143

Block, steatite talc.

255

Cadmium.

137

Celestite.

285, 297

Chromite.

76

Chrysotile

294

Cobalt..

91

Columbium.

204

Copper.

153

Corundum

283, 297

Crocidolite.

295

Cryolite (natural)

281

Diamonds (industrial)

288, 298

Fluorspar..

291

Germanium.

223

Graphite

262

Hafnium.

209

Iodine

279

Iron ore

Jewel bearings

258

Kyanite.

260

Lead..

165

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