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CHRISTIAN FRIENDS One of the most remote and dreary stations occupied by the Missionaries of our Society is that of Fort George. It lies on the west shore of James' Day, the southern inlet of Hudson's Bay, the great inland sea of Rupert's Land, on whose wintry coast, of 3000 miles long, are to be found several stations and out-stations of the Society. Fort George is of all the most lonely; nor have there been any of our Missionaries who have had to endure more severe privations than Mr. and Mrs. Watkins. But grace has been given them to bear all patiently for the Lord's sake. All around Hudson's Bay the climate is extremely severe, and from the middle of October to the middle of May the country is buried under snow. Thick fogs, ascending from the sea, obscure the sun for weeks, and rivers and lakes from ten to twelve feet deep are frozen to the bottom. Nor, amidst the dreariness of the long winter and scarcity of food, has our Missionary been cheered by many Indians coming to him for instruction. Often his Lord's-day congregation consists of not more than eight Indians, sometimes of sixteen. Nevertheless, both Mr. and Mrs. Watkins have laboured as earnestly for the few as if they had been many; and the great Master whom they serve has given them already some souls for their hire, as an encouragement to expect more. Our object in this Paper is to tell you something about The Esquimaux.

some slender pines for tent-poles ; whilst One of the most interesting points in one of the women procured brushwood, connexion with Fort George, is the

and brought it to the hole which we were opportunity afforded of holding inter

making. When at length a sufficient space course with the Esquimaux. Some of

had been cleared down to the ground, the them occasionally visit that post; and

next proceeding was to spread the brushone of them, Peter, has been for some

wood upon the floor, and against the sides

of the place we were about to occupy time living with Mr. Watkins, who,

for the night. The reason for doing this while training him for usefulness

upon the ioor is to provide a bed for ouramungst his countrymen, is learning selves, though I must confess it is but a from him the Esquimaux language. poor substitute for a feather-bed; whilst

There is a post called Little Whale the brushwood placed against our snowRiver, about 240 miles northward of walls prevents their melting by the heat Fort George, where, in the beginning of of the fire, and so subjecting us to the inApril, the Esquimaux are accustomed convenience of lying a few inches deep in assemble in considerable numbers. In

We now proceeded to place the the latter end of last March Mr. Watkins tent-poles in their proper position round set out on a journey to this place, in the

the edge of the excavation, their upper ends

The hope of having intercourse with the Es

coming to a point over the centre.

tenting was next brought and spread over quimaux. The party consisted of our Missionary, Peter, two other Esquimaux

the poles, which gave to our bed-room an

air of comfort not to be despised by winter men, four women, and two children,

travellers in the frozen regions of Hudson's accompanied by two sleds, drawn by

Bay. The next thing to be done was to seven dogs, one of the sleds being filled fell a few trees of dry wood, to be chopped with provisions, and the other sled up for fuel; and whilst I marched off for having a place boarded off in which the this purpose, with snow-shoes on my feet, Missionary might sit; while the remain- and a large axe over my shoulder, my ing parts, before and behind, were packed companion Peter spread our blankets on with blankets, cooking utensils, &c. Mr. the flooring of the tent, and brought from Watkins brought with him an Indian

the sleds our supply of provisions, cooking deer-skin tent; and on reaching the end

utensils, and other things requisite. In a of their first day's journey they pro

little time the centre of our tent presented

the comfortable appearance of a blazing fire, ceeded to set up this, with what labour Mr. Watkins tells us.

at which my attendant was preparing our

dinner, an occupation in which I was by The snow lying everywhere to the depth

no means sorry to see him engaged, as I of about four feet, the first thing to be done

breakfasted soon after seven this morning, before our tent could be erected was to clear

and had taken nothing since with the exa circular space of ten or eleven feet in ception of two or three small cakes ; and it diametor. This I undertook to do myself,

was now after half-past six in the evening. with the assistance of an Esquimaux woman.

We closed the day's labours by my having Having no snow-shovel, we had to make the Esquimaux assembled in the tent, where of the toe of my snow-shoes ; and being thus it was my privilege to read to them a deprived of their assistance for my feet, I passage from the sacred volume, accomsank down mcre than knee-deep in the panying it with an exposition, after which snow, and consequently was put to some

we joined in prayer. little inconvenience in my digging and

The Esquimaux, with mạch more throwing ions. Whilst we were thus expedition, constructed igloes or snow


He says—


houses for themselves. For this they


Zonk the ave and cut down


aave no need of timber: the snow is share. The poor hungry animals, howerer, all they want, and that they have manifest great impatience till their turn in abundance. The second night Mr.

comes for being called into the igloe. Watkins resolved to follow the example

Occasionally I noticed one or another would of the Esquimaux, and instead of his

push his nose rather too far over the slabs

of snow, when he would receive a violent tent to have an igloe. It is true no

blow on the face with the stick that the fire can be lighted in an igloe, be the

woman held in her hand, which would send cold never so intense ; but then in the

him yelling round the igloe, soon to come tent, while sitting close to the fire, he

back to his former place in hope of better found his face and the front of his body

Meanwhile another dog, seizing almost half roasted, while his back the opportunity, would leap into the porch, was nearly as cold as the surrounding when a scuffle immediately ensued between snow; besides which, the smoke which himself and the club-armed doorkeeper, in filled the tent caused him much suffer- which he was at length invariably coning: Into the igloe, therefore, he crept,

quered, unless, his predecessor having and a curious sight it must have been,

finished his meal, it was deemed desirable

to allow the intruder to take his turn next. to see the Esquimaux around the Mis

Generally, when the stated allowance of sionary in the igloe, listening to the

three fish had been consumed by a dog, he words of eternal truth, and hearing ex

manifested no great anxiety to leave the planations of scripture passages. While

igloe, thinking, possibly, that some more at this point of his journey, Ár. Watkins

might be given to him. His mind, however, witnessed a curious scene, illustrative of was soon set at rest upon the subject, as an Esquimaux life, which will amuse our unceremonious stroke of the woman's stick juvenile readers.

reminded him that the time was come for

him to hasten his departure. Altogether, I This evening, being rather cold with sitting still in the igloe, I crept through

think the door-keeper, with her tribe of the low door-way into the cooking apart

dogs, had quite sufficient to engage her

attention. I could not but think, that, if ment, hoping to warm myself at the fire ; but I there found the smoke so dense, that

such proceedings were witnessed at all

menageries, an extra charge might well be I was glad to creep through the outer

made for admission during feeding-time.” passage into the open air. My attention was attracted by the noise of dogs at an

The difficulties of the journey now began adjoining igloe, and turning to look, I to increase. Some Indians, who had been witnessed a scene which afforded me much engaged to meet the travellers with proviamusement. The porch was not arched sions, did not keep their word. Sometimes over, but consisted merely of two semi-circu

their road lay through the woods, where lar walls, about four feet in height, inclining

the snow, being much softer, suffered a little at the top; and the doorway, instead

them to sink knee-deep, and occasionally of being left open, was blocked up with two large slabs of snow, perhaps two feet

much lower. The hauling of the sleds high. Inside the enclosed space stood a

was so difficult, that the whole party had woman with a large stick in her hand,

to help the dogs; and even then, with whilst crowding round the door were several

all their shouting and pushing, they did dogs, each evidently anxious either to break not make more than two miles in two through or else leap over the barrier. hours. Then, when they got out of the Calling to Peter for an explanation, I was woods, they found themselves. indeed, told that the dogs were being fed, which on a hard" frozen surface, where they fully accounted for the strange appearance, could walk with comfort, but exposed to Watching the proceedings for a moment, I a fierce north wind and snow-drift beatsaw a dog come out of the igloe, and, passing

ing in their faces. Moreover, the sickness by the woman, leap over the door, whilst another dog was called by name, and with

of one of the Esquimaux detained them far greater alacrity bounced inside. He

an entire day. In consequence of these entered the igloe, where his allowance of

delays, provisions began to fail, when an food was given to him, which he was per

unexpected supply came. mitted to eat without molestation from his April 2—During this morning's travelling, companions; and when he had finished he after having walked for a couple of hours, was sent out, whilst another took his place. I was lying in the sled, engaged with Such a plan appears to be necessary, or at Howse's Cree Grammar, having my back least very desirable, as the dogs are never towards the dogs, when suddenly the man fed except at evening, and are then, of course, who was assisting at my side ran off at full exceedingly hungry, having fasted twenty- speed to the other sled, which was then in four hours, during almost half of which advance of us Fearing that some accident time they have been drawing the sleds. had occurred, I jumped out of my coffin-like All alike being very voracious, there would box, and followed as quickly as possible. Upon doubtless be much quarrelling if some such coming up to the place where the whole expedient were not adopted ; and the stronger party were assembled, I found there was ne dogs would deprive the weaker ones of their great cause for alarm, as the sad “ accider due allowance : as it is, each has his nroner proved to be the finding of a deer lying ir

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