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the visual ray,

A God, a God! the vocal hills reply,
The rocks proclaim th' approaching Deity.
Lo, earth receives him from the bending skies !
Sink down, ye mountains, and, ye valleys, rise ;
With heads declin’d, ye cedars, homage pay; 35
Be smooth, ye rocks ; ye rapid floods, give way!
The Saviour comes! by ancient bards foretold :
Hear 3 him, ye deaf, and, all ye blind, behold!
He from thick films shall purge
And on the fightless eye-ball pour the day: 40

Ipfi lætitia voces ad fydera jactant
Intonfi montes, ipfæ jam carmina rupes,

Ipfa fonant arbusta, Deus, deus ille Menalca! E. v. 62. “ Oh come and receive the mighty honours: the time draws « nigh, O beloved offspring of the Gods, Ogreat encrease of

Jove! The uncultivated mountains send shouts of joy to the “ stars, the very rocks fing in verse, the very shrubs cry out, A « God, a God!

ISAIAH, Ch. xl. * 3, 4. “ The voice of him that cryeth in “ the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord! make strait « in the desert a high way for our God! Every valley shall be “ exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, “ and the crooked thall be made strait, and the rough places “plain." Ch.iv. y 23. “Break forth into singing, ye mountains !

O forest, and every tree therein ! for the Lord hath redeemed Ifrael. P.

REMARKS. VER:39. He from thick films shall purge the visual ray,] The sense and language Thew, that, by visual ray, the poet meant the fight, or, as Milton calls it, indeed, something less boldly, the visual nerve. And no critic would quarrel with the figure which calls the instrument of vision by the name of the cause. But tho' the term be just, nay noble, and even sublime, yet the ex:8Ch. xlii, x 18. Ch. XXXV. x 5,



'Tis he th’obstructed paths of sound shall clear,
And bid new music charm th’unfolding ear :
The dumb shall fing, the lame his crutch forego,
And leap exulting like the bounding roe.
No sigh, no murmur the wide world shall hear, 45
From ev'ry face he wipes off ev'ry tear.
In "adamantine chains shall Death be bound,
And Hell's grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound.
As the good ' shepherd tends his fleecy care,
Seeks freshest pasture and the purest air,
Explores the lost, the wand'ring sheep directs,
By day o’ersees them, and by night protects,
The tender lambs he raises in his arms,
Feeds from his hand, and in his bosom warms;

Thus shall inankind his guardian care engage, 55
The promis’dk father of the future

No more shall nation against nation rise,
Nor ardent warriours meet with hateful eyes,
Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'er,
The brazen trumpets

rage no more;

60 REMARKS. pression of thick films is faulty; and he fell into it by a common neglect of the following rule of good writing, “ That when a “higurative word is used, whatsoever is predicated of it ought “ not only to agree in terms to the thing to which the figure is Ķs applied, but likewise to that from which the figure is taken.” Thick films agree only with the thing to which it is applied, namely to the fight or eye; and not to that from which it is taken, Ch. xxv.x 8. Ch, xl. * II. *Ch. ix, 6, Ch. ii. * 4:

But useless lances into scythes shall bend,
And the broad faulchion in a plow-Ihare end.
Then palaces shall rise; the joyful Son
Shall finish what his short-liv'd Sire begun;
Their vines a shadow to their race shall yield, 65
And the same hand that sow'd, shall reap the field,
The fwain-in barrendeserts with surprize
See lilies spring, and sudden verdure rise;
And starts amidst the thirsty wilds to hear
New falls of water murm'ring in his ear,

On rifted rocks, the dragon's late abodes,
The green reed trembles, and the bulrush nods.
Waste sandy'valleys, once perplex'd with thorn,
The spiry fir and shapely box adorn;
To leafless shrubs the flow'ring palms succeed, 75
And od'rous myrtle to the noisom weed,

REMARKS. namely a ray of light coming to the eye. He should have said thick clouds, which would have agreed with both. But these inaccuracies are not to be found in his later poems.

VER. 67. The fwain in barren deserts] Virg. E, iv. 28.

Molli paulatim flavescet campus arista,
Incultisque rubens pendebit sentibus uva,

Et duræ quercus sudabunt roscida mella. “ The fields shall grow yellow with ripen'd ears, and the red “ grape shall hang upon the wild brambles, and the hard oaks « shall diftill honey like dew.

ISAIAH, Ch. xxxv. 47. “ The parched ground shall become

a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water : In the habitations “ where dragons lay, shall be grass, and reeds and rushes." Ch,

* Ch. Ixv. Ý 21, 22. Ch. xxxv. 1, 7. Ch. xli. & 19. and Ch. iv. $ 13,

lv. 13.

The'lambs with wolves shall graze the verdant mead,
And boys in flow'ry bands the tiger lead!
The steer and lion at one crib shall meet,
And harmless " serpents lick the pilgrim's feet. So
The smiling infant in his hand shall take
The crested basilisk and speckled snake,
Pleas'd the green lustre of the scales survey,
And with their forky tongue shall innocently play.
Rise, crown'd with light, imperial' Salem, rise! 85
Exalt thy tow'ry head, and lift thy eyes!

IMITATIONS. « Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir-tree, and instead of the briar fhall come up the myrtle tree. P. VER. 77. The lambs with wolves, etc.] Virg. E. iv. x 21.

Ipfæ lacte domum referent diftenta capella
Ubera, nec magnos metuent armenta leones -
Occidet et serpens, et fallax herba veneni

Occidet. -“ The goats shall bear to the fold their udders distended with “ milk; nor shall the herds be afraid of the greatest lions. The “ ferpent shall die, and the herb that conceals poison thall die.

Isaiah, Ch. xi. x 16, etc. “ The wolf shall dwell with the " lamb, and the leopard Mall lie down with the kid, and the calf " and the young lion and the fatling together: and a little child " shall lead them.---And the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And “ the sucking child Mall play on the hole of the asp, and the “ weaned child shall put his hand on the den of the cockatrice. P.

VER. 85. Rise crown'd with light, imperial Salem, rise! ] The thoughts of Isaiah, which compose the latter part of the poem, are wonderfully elevated, and much above those general exclamations of Virgil, which make the loftiest parts of his Pollio.

Magnus ab integro fæclorum nascitur ordo!
--- toto furget gens aurea mundo!
--- incipient magni procedere menses !

Aspice, venturo lætentur ut omnia fæclo ! etc.
Ch; xi. * 6, 7, 8.

4 Ch. Ixv. 25

Ch.lx. ¥ 1.

Sce, a long‘raçe thy spacious courts adorn;
See future sons, and daughters yet unborn,
In crouding ranks on ev'ry fide arise,
Demanding life, impatient for the skies!

See barb'rous nations at thy gates attend,
Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend;
See thy bright altars throng'd with prostrate kings,
And heap'd with products of Sabæan springs !
For thee Idume's spicy forests blow,

95 And seeds of gold in Ophir’s mountains glow. See heav'n its sparkling portals wide display, And break upon thee in a flood of day, No more the rifing Sun shall gild the morn, Nor ev'ning Cynthia fill her silver horn

; But loft, diffolv'd in thy superior rays, One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze O’erflow thy courts: the Light himself shall shine Reveal’d, and God's eternal day be thine! The #seas shall waste, the skies in smoke decay, 105 Rocks fall to dust, and mountains melt

away, But fix'd his word, his saying pow'r remains ; Thy realm for ever lasts, thy ownMessiay reigns!

IMITATIONS. The reader needs only to turn to the passages of Ifaiah, here cited. P. • Ch. Ix. 4. 'Ch. Ix. $ 3. Ch. 1x. * 6. Ch. lx. $19,


*Ch. li. 6. and Ch. liv. ver. 10


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