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be seen that that subject of difference between the two countries is terminated by an offer of reparation which bas been acceded to.

JAMES MADISON.

Mr. Foster to Mr. Monroe. Washington, Oct. 30, 1811.

SIR-I had already the honour to mention to you that I came to this country furnished with instructions from his royal highness the prince regent, in the name and on the behalf of his majesiy, for the purpose of proceeding to a final adjustment of the differences which have arisen between Great Britain and the United States of America in the affair of the Chesapeake frigate, and I had also that of acquainting you with the necessity, under which I found myself, of suspending the execution of those instructions in consequence of my not having perceived that any steps whatever were taken by the American government to clear up the circumstances of an event which threatened so materially to interrupt the barmony subsisting between our two countries, as that which occurred in the month of last May, between the United States' ship President and his majesty's ship Little Belt, when every evidence before his majesty's government seemed to show that a most evident and wanton outrage had been committed on a British sloop of war by an American commodore.

A court of inquiry, however, as you informed me in your letter of the 11th instant, has since been held by. order of the President of the United States, on the conduct of commodore Rodgers, and this preliminary to fur. ther discussion on the subject being all that I asked in the first instance, as due to the friendship subsisting between the two stałcs, I have now the honour to acquaint you that I am ready to proceed in the truest spirit of conciliation to lay before you the terms of reparation which his royal highness has commanded me to propose to the United States' government, and only wait to know when it will suit your convenience to enter upon the discussion. I have the honour to be, &c.

; AUG. J. FOSTER. To the Hon. James Monroe, &c. &c. &c.

Mr. Monroe lo Mr. Foster. Department of State, Oct.

. 31, 1811. Sir, I have just had the honour to receive your letter of the 301b of this month.

I am glad to find, that the communication which I had the honour to make to you on the 11th instant relative to the court of inquiry, which was the subject of it,' is viewed by you in the favourable ligbt wbich you have stated.

Although I regret that the proposition which you now make in consequence of that communication, has been delayed to the present moment, I am ready to receive the terms of it whenever you may think proper to communicate them. Permit me to add, that the pleasure of find. ing them satisfactory will be duly augmented, if they should be introductory to a removal of all the differences depending between our two countries, the hope of which is so little encouraged by your past correspondence. A prospect of such a result will be embraced, on my part, with a spirit of conciliation, equal to tbat which has been expressed by you. I have the honour to be, &c.

JAMES MONROE. Augustus J. Foster, Esq. &c. &c.

Mr. Foster to Mr. Monroe. Washinglon, Nov. 1, 1811.

Sir, In pursuance of the orders which I have received from his royal bighness the prince regent, in the name and on the behalf of his majesty, for the purpose of proceeding to a final adjustment of the differences which have arised between Great Britain and the United States, in the a&air of the Chesapeake frigate, I have the honour to acquaint you—First, that I am instructed to repeat to the American government the prompt disavowal made by bis majesty (and recited in Mr. Erskine's note of April 17, 1809, to Mr. Smith,) on being apprized of the unauthorized act of the officer in command of his paval forces on the coast of America, whose recall from a bigbly important and bonourable command immediately ensued as a mark of his majesty's disapprobation.

acquirican governed in Mr. Ersuppriz

majesty. Mr. Smitticer in com recall

Secondly, that I am authorized to offer, in addition to that disavowal, on the part of his royal highness, the im. mediate restoration, as far as circumstances will admit, of the men who, in consequence of admiral Berkeley's orders, were forcibly taken out of the Chesapeake, to the vessel from which they were taken : or, if that ship should be no longer in commission, to such seaport of the United States as the American goveroment may name for the purpose.

Thirdly, that I am also authorized to offer to the Ame. rican government a suitable pecuniary provision for the sufferers in consequence of the attack on the Chesapeake, including the families of those seamen who unfortunately fell in the action, and of the wounded survivors.

These honourable propositions, I can assure you, sir, are made with the sincere desire that they may prove satisfactory to the government of the United States, and I trust they will meet with that amicable reception which their conciliatory nature entitles them to. I need scarcely add how cordially I join with you in the wish, that they might prove introductory to a removal of all the dif- ferences depending between our two countries. I have the honour to be, &c.

AUG. J. FOSTER. To the Hon. James Monroe, &c. &c.

. Mr. Monroe to Mr. Foster. Nov. 12, 1811.

SIR,-I have had the honour lo receive your letter of. the 1st November, and to lay it before the President.

It is much to be regretted that the reparation due for • such an aggression as that committed on the United States frigate the Chesapeake, should have been so long delay. ed; nor could the translation of the offending officer fron one command to another be regarded as constituting a part of a reparation otherwise satisfactory ; considering however the existing circumstances of the case, and the early and amicable attention paid to it by his royal highness the prince regent, ibe President accedes to the pro. position contained in your letter, and in so doing your government will, I am persuaded, see a proof of the conciliatory disposition by which the President has been actuated.

The officer commanding the Chesapeake now lying in the harbour of Boston, will be instructed to receive the men who are to be restored to that ship. I have the honour, &c. &c.

**?, JAMES MONROE. Augustus J. Foster, &c. &c. &c.

REPORT

OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS. NOVEM

BER 29, 1811. The committee to whom was referred that part of the President's message, which relates to our foreign affairs, beg leave to report in part

That they have. endeavoured to give to the subject submitted to them, that full and dispassionate consideration which is due to one so intimately connected with the interest, the peace, the safety and honour of their country.

Your committee will not encumber your journals and waste your patience with a detailed bistory of all the various matters growing out of our foreign relations. The cold recital of wrongs, of injuries and aggressions known and felt by every member of this Union, could have no other effect ihan to deaden the national sensibility, and render the publick wind callous to injuries with whicb it is already too familiar.

Without recurring then to the multiplied wrongs of partial or temporary operation, of which we have so just Cause of complaint against the two great belligerents, your commiitee will only call your attention, at this time, to the systematick aggression of those powers, authorized by their edicts against neufral commerce--a system, which as regarded its principles, was founded on pretensions that went to the subversion of our national independence: and which, although now abandoned by one power, is, in its broad and destructive operation as still enforced by the other, sapping the foundation of our prosperity

VOL. VIII.

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It is more than five years since England and France, in violation of those principles of justice and publick law, held sacred by all civilized nations, commenced this unprecedensed system, by seizing the property of the citizens of the United States, peaceably pursuing their lawful commerce on the high seas. To shield themselves from the odium which such outrages must incur, each of the belligerents sought a pretext in the conduct of the othereach attempting to justify his system of rapine as a retaliation for similar acts on the part of his enemy. As if the law of nations, founded on the eternal rules of justice, could sanction a principle, which, if engrafted into our municipal code, would excuse the crime of one robber, upon the sole plea that the unfortunate object of his cupidi. ty, was also a victim to the injustice of another. The fact of priority could be true as to one only of the parties; and whether true or false, could furnish no ground of justification.

The United States thus unexpectedly and violently assailed by the two greatest powers in Europe, withdrew their citizens and property from the ocean : and cherish. ing the blessing of peace, although the occasion would have fully justified war, sought redress in an appeal to the justice and magnanimity of the belligerents. When this appeal had failed of the success wbich was due to its moderation, other measures, founded on the same pacifick policy, but applying to the interests, instead of the justice of the belligerents, were resorted to. Such was the character of the non-intercourse and non-importation laws, which invited the return of both powers to their former state of amicable relation, by offering commercial advantages to the one who should first revoke his bostile edicts, and imposing restrictions on the other.

France, at length, availing herself of the proffers made equally to her and her enemy, by the non-iinportation law of May, 1810, announced the repeal on the first of the following November, of the decrees of Berlin and Milan. And it affords a subject of sincere congratulation to be informed, through the official organs of ihe government, that those decrees are, so far at least as our rights are concerned, really and practically at an end.

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