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ways from home.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 19. Nos pavrdı
at pater Anchises - lætus. Note 1, page 23, col. 2.
Note 8, page 28, col. 2.
What vast foundations in the Abyss are there. descried of yore. In him was fulfilled the ancient prophecy
Tasso employs preternatural agents on a similar
Trappassa, ed ecco in quel silvestre loco
Sorge improvvisa la città del foco. xiii, 33.
Gli incanti d'Ismeno, che ingannano con delusioni, al Which Tasso has imitated in his Gierusalemme
tro non significano, che la falsità delle ragioni, e delle Liberata:
persuasioni, la qual si genera nella moltitudine, e
varietà de' pareri, e de' discorsi umani.
Note 9, page 28, col. 2.
See Plato's Timæus; where mention is made of Note 2, page 28, col. 2.
mighty kingdoms, which, in a day and a night, had -the great Commander.
disappeared in the Atlantic, rendering its waters un. In the original, El Almirante. “ In Spanish Amer- navigable. ica," says M. de Humboldt, “ when El Almirante is
Si quæras Helicen et Burin, Achaidas urbes, pronounced without the addition of a name, that of Invenies sub aquis. Columbus is understood; as, from the lips of a Mexi- At the destruction of Callao, in 1747, no more than can, El Marchese signifies Cortes;" and as among the one of all the inhabitants escaped; and he by a provFlorentines, Il Segretario has always signified Mach-idence the most extraordinary. This man was on the iavel
fort that overlooked the harbor, going to strike the Note 3, page 28, col. 2.
flag, when he perceived the sea to retire to a consider. «Thee hath it pleased — Thy will be done!" he said.
able distance; and then, swelling mountain-high, it * It has pleased our Lord to grant me faith and as their houses in terror and confusion; he heard a cry
retumed with great violence. The people ran from surance for this enterprise—He has opened my un. of Miserere rise from all parts of the city; and immederstanding, and made me most willing to go." See his Life by his son, Ferd. Columbus, entitled, Hist. del diately all was silent; the sea had entirely over
whelmed it, and buried it for ever in its bosom: but Almirante Don Christoval Colon, c. 4 and 37.
the same wave that destroyed it, drove a little boat Note 4, page 28, col. 2.
by the place where he stood, into which he threw Whose voice is truth, whose wisdom is from heaven.
himself and was saved. The compass might well be an object of supersti
Note 10, page 29, col. 1 tion. A belief is said to prevail even at this day, that
“Land !" and his voice in faltering accents died. it will refuse to traverse when there is a dead body
Historians are not silent on the subject. The sailon board.-Hist. des Navig. aux Terres Australes.
ors, according to Herrera, saw the signs of an inunNote 5, page 28, col. 2.
dated country (tierras anegadas); and it was the genColumbus erred not.
eral expectation that they should end their lives there, When these regions were to be illuminated, says as others had done in the frozen sea, “where St. Acosta, cùm divino concilio decretum esset, prospec- Amaro suffers no ship to stir backward or forward." tum etiam divinitus est, ut tam longi itineris dux cer- F. COLUMBUS, C. 19. tus hominibus præberetur.—De Natura Novi Orbis.
Note 11, page 29, col. 1. A romantic circumstance is related of some early
And (whence or why from many an age withheld). navigator in the Histoire Gen. des Voyages, I. i. 2. “On trouva dans l'ile de Cuervo une statue équestre, cou- slumber in the library of the Fathers.
The author seems to have anticipated his long verte d'un manteau, mais la tête nue, qui tenoit de la main gauche la bride du cheval, et qui montroit l'oc
Note 12, page 29, col. 1. cident de la main droite. Il y avoit sur le bas d'un
Hast led thy servantmoc quelques lettres gravées, qui ne furent point en
They may give me what name they please. I tendues; mais il parut clairement que le signe de la am servant of Him,” etc.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 2. main regardoit l'Amérique.”
Note 13, page 29, col. 1.
From world to world their steady course they keep.
As St. Christopher carried Christ over the deep The more Christian opinion is that God, at the waters, so Columbus went over safe, himself and his length, with eyes of compassion as it were, looking company.-F. COLUMBUS, c. 1. downe from heaven, intended even then to rayse
Note 14, page 29, col. 1. those windes of mercy, whereby
And, rising, shoot in columns to the skies. worlde receyved the hope of salvation.--Cerlaine
Water-spouts.—See Edwards’s History of the Wese Preambles to the Decades of the Ocean.
Indies, I. 12. Note.
Note 15, page 29, col. 1.
Though changed my cloth of gold for amice grey.-
coverers, if we may believe B. Diaz and other con
Note 23, page 29, col. 2. temporary writers, ended their days in a hermitage, He spoke ; and all was silence, all was night! or a cloister.
These scattered fragments may be compared to
shreds of old arras, or reflections from a river broken
and confused by the oar; and now and then perhaps or Andes.
the imagination of the reader may supply more than Vast indeed must be those dismal regions, if it be is lost. Si qua latent, meliora putat. " It is remarkatrue, as conjectured (Kircher. Mund. Subt. I. 202), ble,” says the elder Pliny, " that the Iris of Aristides, that Etna, in her eruptions, has discharged twenty the Tyndarides of Nicomachus, and the Venus of times her original bulk. Well might she be called by Apelles, are held in higher admiration than their Euripides (Troades, v. 222) The Mother of Mountains; finished works." And is it not so in almost everything? yet Etna herself is but“ a mere firework, when com
Call up him that left half-told pared to the burning summits of the Andes."
The story of Cambuscan bold-
Note 24, page 30, col. 1.
The soldier, etc.
Note 25, page 30, col. 1.
So Fortune smiled, careless of sea or land!
Among those who went with Columbus, were many Rivers of South America. Their collision with adventurers, and gentlemen of the court. Primero was the tide has the effect of a tempest.
the game then in fashion.—See VEGA, p. 2, lib. iii, c. 9
Note 26, page 30, col. 1.
Yet who but He ondaunted could explore.
Many sighed and wept; and every hour seemed a sand miles in circumference. Ontario receives the year, says Herrera.—1, i, 9 and 10. waters of the Niagara, so famous for its falls ; and
Note 27, page 30, col. 2. discharges itself into the Atlantic by the river St. Lawrence.
The solemn march, the vows in concert given.
His public procession to the convent of Rábida on
the day before he set sail. It was there that his sons
had received their education; and he himself appears La plû part de ces îles ne sont en effet que des to have passed some time there, the venerable Guardpointes de montagnes : et la mer, qui est au-delà, est ian, Juan Perez de Marchena, being his zealous and une vrai mer Méditerranée.—Buffon.
affectionate friend. The ceremonies of his departure Note 21, page 29, col. 2.
and return are represented in many of the fresco Hung in the tempest o'er the troubled main.
paintings in the palaces of Genoa. The dominion of a bad angel over an unknown sea,
Note 28, page 30, col. 2. infestandole con sus lorbellinos y tempestades, and his While his dear boys-ah, on his neck they bung. flight before a Christian hero, are described in glow- “But I was most afflicted, when I thought of my ing language by Ovalle.—Hist. de Chile, IV. 8.
two sons, whom I had left behind me in a strange Note 22, page 29, col. 2.
country before I had done, or at least could be
known to have done, anything which might inclino No voice, as erst, shall in the desert rise ; Alluding to the oracles of the Islanders, so soon to comforied myself with the reflection that our Lord
your highnesses to remember them. And though I become silent; and particularly to a prophecy, deliv. would not suffer so earnest an endeavor for the exered down from their ancestors, and sung with loud altation of his church to come to nothing, yet I conlamentations (Petr. Martyr. dec. 3, lib. 7) at their sol, sidered that, on account of my unworthiness,” etc. emn festivals (Herrera, I, iii, 4) that the country would
F. COLUMBUS, C. 37. be laid waste on the arrival of strangers, completely clad, from a region near the rising of the sun. Ibid. II,
Note 29, page 30, col. 2. 5,2 It is said that Cazziva, a great Cacique, after
The great Gonzalo. long fasting and many ablutions, had an interview Gonzalo Fernandes, already known by the name with one of the Zemi, who announced to him this of the Great Caplain. Granada surrendered on the terrible event (F. Columbus, c. 62), as the oracles of 2d of January, 1492. Columbus set sail on the 3d of Latona, according to Herodotus (II, 152) predicted August following. the overthrow of eleven kings of Egypt, on the ap
Note 30, page 30, col. 2. pearance of men of brass, risen out of the sea.
Though Roldan, etc. Nor did this prophecy exist among the Islanders alone. It influenced the councils of Montezuma, and
Probably a soldier of fortune. There were more o'xtended almost universally over the forests of Amer. than one of the name on board. ica. Cortes. Herrera. Gomara. “ The demons whom
Note 31, page 31, col. 1. they worshipped,' says Acosta, “ in this instance told The Crose shone forth in everlasting light! them the truth."
The Cross of the South;“ una Croce maravigliosa. o
di tanta bellezza,” says Andrea Corsali, a Florentine, Call’d on the Spirit within. Disdaining flight, writing to Giuliano of Medicis, in 1515, “ che non
Calmly she rose, collecting all her might.'
Dire was the dark encounter! Long unquellid, mi pare ad alcuno segno celeste doverla comparare.
Her sacred seat, sovereign and pure, she beld. Es'io non mi inganno, credo che sia questo
At length the great Foe binde her for his prize, di che Dante parlò nel principio del Purgatorio con And awful, as in death, the body lies!
Not long to slumber! Io an evil hour spirilo profetico, dicendo,
Inform'd and lifted by the unknown Power,
It starts, it speaks! "We live, we breathe no more !" etc.
Many a modern reader will exclaim in the lanNote 32, page 31, col. 1.
guage of Pococurantè, “Quelle triste extravagance!" Roc of the West! to him all empire given !
Let a great theologian of hat day, a monk of the Le Condor est le même oiseau que le Roc des Augustine order, be consulted on the subject. “Corpus Orientaux.—BUFFON. “By the Peruvians," says Vega, ille perimere vel jugulare potest; nec id modò, verùm " he was anciently worshipped ; and there were those et animam ita urgere, et in angustum coarctare novit, who claimed their descent from him.” In these de- ut in momento quoque illi excedendum sit.”—Lu. generate days he still ranks above the Eagle. THERUS, De Missa Privata. Note 33, page 31, col. 1.
Note 42, page 31, col. 2.
And can you shrink ? etc.
The same language had been addressed to Isabel the Elephant. See Marco Polo.—Axalhua, or the la.-F. COLUMBUS, c. 15. Emperor, is the name in the Mexican language for the great serpent of America.
Note 43, page 31, col. 2.
Oh had I perish'd, when my failing frame.
His miraculous escape, in early life, during a sea-
Note 44, page 31, col. 2.
The scorn of Folly, and of Fraud the prey.
Nudo nocchier, promettitor di regoi !
By the Genoese and the Spaniards he was regarded
as a man resolved on “ a wild dedication of himself
to unpathed waters, undreamed shores ;" and the Note 36, page 31, col. 1.
court of Portugal endeavored to rob him of the glory High-hung in forests to the casing snows. of his enterprise, by secretly dispatching a vessel in A custom not peculiar to the Western Hemisphere. the course which he had pointed out. "Lorsqu'il The Tunguses of Siberia hang their dead on trees; avait promis un nouvel hémisphère,” says Voltaire, parceque la terre ne se laisse point ouvrir.”—M.
“on lui avait soutenu que cet hémisphère ne pouvoit Pacw,
exister; et quand il l'eut découvert, on prétendit qu'il Note 37, page 31, col. 1.
avait été connu depuis long-temps." and, through that dismal night.
Note 45, page 31, col. 2. * Aquella noche triste.” The night, on which
-He spoke not uninspired. Cortes made his famous retreat from Mexico through
He used to affirm, that he stood in need of God's the street of Tlacopan, still goes by the name of La particular assistance ; like Moses when he led forth NOCHE TRISTE.-HUMBOLDT.
the people of Israel, who forbore to lay violent hands Note 38, page 31, col. 1.
upon him, because of the miracles which God wroug! By his white plume revealid and buskins white. by his means. “So," said the Admiral, “ did it hap Pizarro used to dress in this fashion; after Gonzalo, pen to me on that voyage.”—F.COLUMBUS, C. 19.whom he had served under in Italy.
"And so easily,” says a Commentator, "are the work
ings of the Evil One overcome by the power of God!" Note 39, page 31, col. 1. O'er him a Vampire his dark wings display'd.
Note 46, page 31, col. 2. A species of bat in S. America; which refreshes "In his own shape shall Death receive you there." Jy the gentle agitation of its wings, while it sucks This denunciation, fulfilled as it appears to be in the blood of the sleeper, turning his sleep into death. the eleventh canto, may remind the reader of the -ULLOA.
Harpies in Virgil.—Æn. III, v. 247.
Note 47, page 31, col. 2.
Rose to the Virgin.
Salve, regina. Herrera, I, i, 12.-It was the usual Undoubtedly, says Herrera, the Infernal Spirit as- service, and always sung with great solemnity. "I sunned various shapes in that region of the world.
remember one evening,” says Oviedo, “ when the ship Note 41, page 31, col. 1.
was in full sail, and all the men were on their knees, Then, inly gliding, etc.
singing Salve, regina,” etc. Relacion Sommaria.-. The original passage is here translated at full The hymn, O Sanctissima, is still to be heard after ength. Then, inly gliding like a subtle flame,
1-magnum si pectore possit Thrice, with a cry that thrill'd the mortal frame,
sunset along the shores of Sicily, and its effect may
Note 56, page 32, col. 1. be better conceived than described. See BRYDONE, I,
What long-drawn tube, etc. 330.
For the effects of the telescope, and the mirror, on Note 48, page 31, col. 2.
an uncultivated mind, see Wallis's Voyage round Chosen of Men!
the World, c. 2 and 6. I believe that he was chosen for this great service; and that, because he was to be so truly an apostle, as
Note 57, page 32, col. 2. in effect he proved to be, therefore was his origin ob
Through citron-groves, and fields of yellow maize. scure; that therein he might resemble those who Ætas est illis aurea. Apertis vivunt hortis. P. MAR were called to make known the name of the Lord TYR, dec. i, 3. from seas and rivers, and not from courts and palaces.
Note 58, page 32, col. 2. And I believe also, that, as in most of his doings he
Ceiba. was guarded by some special providence, his very
The wild cotton-tree, often mentioned in History name was not without some mystery: for in it is ex- Cortes," says Bernal Diaz, “ took possession of the pressed the wonder he performed ; inasmuch as he country in the following manner. Drawing his sword, conveyed to a new world the grace of the Iloly he gave three cuts with it into a great Ceiba, and Ghost, etc.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 1.
Note 59, page 32, col.
There sits the bind that speaks!
The Parrot, as described by Aristotle.—Hist. Ani. A light in the midst of darkness, signifying the
mal. viii, 12. spiritual light that he came to spread there.-F. CoLUMBUS, C. 22. HERRERA, I, i, 12.
Note 60, page 32, col. 2.
Half bird, half fly.
Here are birds so small, says Herrera, that though
they are birds, they are taken for bees or butterflies. Pedro Gutierrez, a Page of the King's Chamber; Rodrigo Sanchez of Segovia, Comptroller of the Fleet.
Note 61, page 32, col. 2.
-the fairy king of flowers. Note 51, page 32, col. 1.
The Humming-bird. Kakopit (florum regulus) is Slowly, bare-headed, through the surf we bore the name of an Indian bir, referred to this class by The sacred cross.
Seba. Signifying to the Infernal powers (all' infierno todo)
Note 62, page 32, col. 2. the will of the Most High, that they should renounce
Reigns there, and revels, etc. a world over which they had tyrannized for so many
There also was heard the wild cry of the Flamingo ages.--OVALLE, iv, 5.
What clarion winds along the yellow sands?
Far in the deep the giant-fisher stands,
Folding his wings of flame.
Note 63, page 32, col. 2.
Il sert après sa mort a parer les jeunes Indiennes, people in the world. They love their neighbor as qui portent en pendans d'oreilles deux de ces charthemselves; their conversation is the sweetest imagin.
mans oiseaux.-BUFFON. able, their faces always smiling: and so gentle, so affectionate are they, that I swear to your Highnesses,"
Note 64, page 32, col. 2. etc.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 30, 33.
'Mid branching palins and amaranths of gold! Note 53, page 32, col. 1
According to an ancient tradition. See Oviedo
Vega, Herrera, etc. Not many years afterwards a Nymphs of romance, etc.
Spaniard of distinction wandered everywhere in Dryades formosissimas, aut nativas fontium nym- search of it: and no wonder, as Robertson observes, phas de quibus fabulatur antiquitas, se vidisse arbi- when Columbus himself could imagine that he had trati sunt.-P. Martyr, dec. i, lib. v.
found the seat of Paradise. And an eminent Painter of the present day, when he first saw the Apollo of the Belvidere, was struck
Note 65, page 33, col. 1. with its resemblance to an American warrior.
And guavas blush'd as in the vales of light. West's Discourse in the Royal Academy, 1794.
They believed that the souls of good men were
conveyed to a pleasant valley, abounding in guavas Note 54, page 32, col. 1.
and other delicious fruits.-HERRERA, I, iii, 3. F.CO. And see, the regal plumes, the couch of state ! LUMBUS, C. 62. «The Cacique came down to the shore in a sort
Note 66, page 33, col. 1. of palanquin-attended by his ancient men. The There silent sate many an unbidden Gnest. gifts, which he received from me, were afterwards
“ The dead walk abroad in the night, and feast carried before him." F. COLUMBUS, c. 32.
with the living" (F. COLUMDUS, c. 62); and “ eat of
the fruit ealled Guannàba."--P. Martyr, dec. i, 9. Note 55, page 32, col. 1. The wondrous ring, and lamp, and horse of brang.
Note 67, page 33, col. 1. The ring of Gyges, the lamp of Aladdin, and the
And sires, alas, their sons in battle slain ! horse of the Tartar king.
War reverses the order of nature. In time of peace,
says Herodotus, the children bury their fathers; in
Note 79, page 33, col. 2. time of war the fathers bury their children! But the
Thy reverend form. Gods have willed it 80.-I, 87.
His person, says Herrera, had an air of grandeur Note 68, page 33, col. 1.
His hair, from many hardships, had long been grey.
In him you saw a man of an unconquerable courage, Cazziva. An ancient Cacique, in his life-time and after his sity, ever trusting in God :-and, had he lived in an
and high thoughts ; patient of wrongs, calm in adver. death, employed by the Zemi to alarm his people.- cient times, statues and temples would have been See F. COLUMBUS, C. 62.
erected to him without number, and his name would Note 69, page 33, col. 1.
have been placed among the stars. Unseen, unheard !-Hence, Minister of In.
Note 80, page 34, col. 1. The Author is speaking in his inspired character.
By dogs of carnage. Hidden things are revealed to him, and placed before One of these, on account of his extraordinary sagahis mind as if they were present.
city and fierceness, received the full allowance of a
soldier. His name was Bezerillo. Note 70, page 33, col. 1.
Note 81, page 34, col. 1. too soon shall they fulfil.
Swept-till the voyager, in the desert air. Nor could they, (the Powers of Darkness) have
With my own eyes I saw kingdoms as full of peomore effectually prevented the progress of the Faith, ple, as hives are full of bees; and now where are than by desolating the New World ; by burying na
they ?-Las Casas. tions alive in mines, or consigning them in all their errors to the sword.—Relacion de B. De Las Casas.
Note 82, page 34, col. 1.
Starts back to hear his alter'd accents there.
No unusual effect of an exuberant vegetation.When forth they rush as with the torrent's sweep. The air was so vitiated," says an African traveller, Not man alone, but many other animals, became “ that our torches burnt dim, and seemed ready to be extinct there.
extinguished; and even the human voice lost its natu
Note 83, page 34, col. 1.
Here, in His train, shall arts and arms attend.
“ There are those alive," said an illustrious orator, Account of the European Settlements.”—P. I, c. 8. " whose memory might touch the two extremitien.
Lord Bathurst, in 1704, was of an age to comprehend
such things—and, if his angel had then drawn up the
curtain, and, whilst he was gazing with admiration, It is remarkable that these phenomena still remain had pointed out to him a speck, and had told him, among the mysteries of nature.
• Young man, there is America—which, at this day, Note 74, page 33, col. 2.
serves for little more than to amuse you with stories He stood, and thus his secret soul address'd.
of savage men and uncouth manners; yet shall, beTe tua fata docebo. Virg.
fore you taste of death,' etc."-BURKE in 1775. Saprai di tua vita il viaggio. Dante.
Note 84, page 34, col. 1. .
Assembling here, etc.
How simple were the manners of the early colo
nists! The first ripening of any European fruit was When he entered the Tagus, all the seamen ran distinguished by a family-festival. Garcilasso de la from all parts to behold, as it were some wonder, a Vega relates how his dear father, the valorous Anship that had escaped so terrible a storm.-F. COLUM- dres, collected together in his chamber seven or eight BCS, C. 40.
gentlemen to share with him three asparaguses, Note 76, page 33, col. 2.
the first that ever grew on the table-land of Cusco. And Thee restore thy Secret to the Deep.
When the operation of dressing them was over (and I wrote on a parchment that I had discovered what it is minutely described) he distributed the iwo I had promised ;-and, having put it into a cask, I largest among his friends ; begging that the company
would not take it ill, if he reserved the third for him threw it into the sea.—Ibid. c, 37.
self, as it was a thing from Spain. Note 77, page 33, col. 2.
North America became instantly an asylum for the To other eyes, from distant cliff descried.
oppressed ; Huguenots, and Catholics, and sects of Balboa immediately concluded it to be the ocean every name and country. Such were the first settlers for which Columbus had searched in vain ; and when, in Carolina and Maryland, Pennsylvania and New at length, after a toilsome march among the moun. England. Nor is South America altogether withrut tains, his guides pointed out to him the summit from a claim to the title. Even now, while I am writing, which it might be seen, he commanded his men to the ancient house of Braganza is on its passage across halt, and went up alone.—HERRERA, I, x, 1.
Cum sociis, Datoque, Penatibus, et magnis dis.
Note 85, page 34, col. 1.
Untouch'd, shall drop the fetters from the slave. I always saw them in his room, and he ordered Je me transporte quelquefois au-delà d'un siécio. them to be buried with his body.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 86. J'y vois le bonheur à côté de l'industrie, la douce