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" Whether alone, or in thy harlot's lap,
When thou would'st take a lazy morning's nap ;
Up, up, says A varice; thou snor'st again,
Stretchest thy limbs and yawn’st, but all in vain.
The rugged tyrant no denial takes ;
At his command th' unwilling sluggard wakes.
What idast I do? he cries; What? says his lord ;
Why rise, make ready, and go straight abroad :
With fish from Euxine seas, thy vessel freight;
Flas, castor, Coan wines, the precious weight
Of pepper and Sabean incense, take
With thy own hands, from the tir'd camel's back,
And with post-haste thy running markets make.
Be sure to turn the penny; lie and swear,
"Tis wholesome sin : but Jove, thou say'st, will hear.
Swear fool, or starve: for the dilemma's even ;
A tradesman thou ! and hope to go to heav'n?

"Resolu'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack,
Fach saddled with his burden on his back :
Nothing retards thy voyage now, but he,
That soft voluptuous prince, called Luxury ;
And he may ask this civil question ; Friend,
What dost thou make a shipboard ? To what end?
Art thou of Bethlem's noble college free?
Stark, staring mad, that thou would's tempt the sea ?
Cabb'd in a cabin, on a mattress laid,
On a brown George, with loused swabbers fed ;
Dead wine that stinks of the Borachio, sup
From a foul jack, or greasy maple cup?
Say would'st thou bear all this, to raise thy store,
From six i th' hundred to six hundred more?
Indulge, and to thy genius freely give;
Por, not to live at ease, is not to live.
Death stalks behind thee, and each flying hour
Does some loose remnant of thy life devour.
Live while thou liv'st; for death will make us all
A name, a nothing but an old wife's tale.
Speak : wilt thou Avarice or Pleasure choose

To be thy lord ? Take one and one refuse."
When a government flourishes in conquests, and is secure from
reign attacks, it naturally falls into all the pleasures of luxury;
and as these pleasures are very expensive, they put those who are
Adicted to them upon raising fresh supplies of money, by all the
methods of rapaciousness and corruption; so that avarice and
furry very often become one complicated principle of action, in
hose whose hearts are wholly set upon ease, magnificence, and
Measure. The most elegant and correct of all Latin historians *



observes, that in his time, when the most formidable states of world were subdued by the Romans, the republic sunk into t two vices of a quite different nature, luxury and avarice : accordingly describes Catiline as one who coveted the wealt other men, at the same time that he squandered away his This observation on the commonwealth, when it was in its he of power and riches, holds good of all governments that are set in a state of ease and prosperity. At such times men natur endeavour to outshine one another in pomp and splendour, having no fears to alarm them from abroad, indulge themse in the enjoyment of all the pleasures they can get into their session; which naturally produces avarice, and an immode pursuit after wealth and riches.

As I was humouring myself in the speculation of these 1 great principles of action, I could not forbear throwing my thoug into a little kind of allegory or fable, with which I shall here

2 sent my reader.

There were two very powerful tyrants engaged in a perpet war against each other, the name of the first was Luxury, and the second Avarice. The aim of each of them was no less th universal monarchy over the hearts of mankind. Luxury many generals under him, who did him great service, as Pleasu Mirth, Pomp, and Fashion. Avarice was likewise very strong his officers, being faithfully served by Hunger, Industry, Care, a Watchfulness: he had likewise a privy-counsellor, who was alw at his elbow, and whispering something or other in his ear; name of this privy-counsellor was Poverty. As Avarice conduct himself by the counsels of Poverty, his antagonist was entir guided by the dictates and advice of Plenty, who was his fi counsellor and minister of state, that concerted all his measu for him, and never departed out of his sight. While these t great rivals were thus contending for empire, their conquests we very various. Luxury got possession of one heart, and Avarice another. The father of a family would often range himself und the banners of Avarice, and the son under those of Luxury. T wife and the husband would often declare themselves on the to different parties; nay, the same person would very often side wi one in his youth, and revolt to the other in his old age. Inde the wise men of the world stood neuter; but, alas! their numbe were not considerable. At length when these two potentates hi wearied themselves with waging war upon one another, they agre upon an interview, at which none of their counsellors were to present. It is said that Luxury began the parley, and after havin represented the endless state of war in which they were engage told his enemy, with a frankness of heart which is natural to hin

mitted by you Spectators for the future. We have cashiered three companies of theatrical guards, and design our kings shall for the future make love, and sit in council, without an army; and wait only your direction, whether you will have them reinforce King Porus, or join the troops of Macedon. Mr. Penkethman resolves to consult his pantheon of heathen gods in opposition to the oracle of Delphos, and doubts not but he shall turn the fortune of Porus, when he personates him. I am desired by the company to inform you, that they submit to your censures; and shall have you in greater veneration than Hercules was of old, if you can drive monsters from the theatre ; and think your merit will be as much greater than his, as to convince is more than to conquer.

“I am, Sir,
“ Your most obedient servant,

“ T. D." “SIR, " When I acquaint you with the great and unexpected vicissitudes of my fortune, I doubt not but I shall obtain your pity and favour. I have for many years past been Thunderer to the playhouse; and have not only made as much noise out of the clouds as any predecessor of mine in the theatre that ever bore that character, but also have descended and spoke on the stage as the bold Thunder in “The Rehearsal.” When they got me down thus low, they thought fit to degrade me further, and make me a ghost. I Tas contented with this for these two last winters; but they carry their tyranny still further, and not satisfied that I am banished from above ground, they have given me to understand that I am wholly to depart their dominions, and taken from me even my subterraneous employment. Now, sir, what I desire of you is, that if your undertaker thinks fit to use fire-arms (as other authors have done) in the time of Alexander, I may be a cannon against Porus, or else provide for me in the burning of Persepolis, or what other method you shall think fit.

SALMONEUS OF COVENT GARDEN.” The petition of all the Devils of the playhouse in behalf of themselves and families, setting forth their expulsion from thence, with certificates of their good life and conversation, and praying relief.

The merit of this petition referred to Mr. Chr. Rich,* who made The petition of the Grave-digger in Hamlet, to command the Pioneers in the Expedition of Alexander. Granted.

See Tat., Nos. 42 and 99.

them devils.



gibly of their substantial forms. I shall only instance Alber Magnus, who, in his dissertation upon the loadstone, observi that fire will destroy its magnetic virtues, tells us, that he tu particular notice of one as it lay glowing amidst an heap of bu ing coals, and that he perceived a certain blue vapour to ai from it, which he believed might be the substantial form, that in our West Indian phrase, the soul of the loadstone.

There is a tradition among the Americans, that one of th countrymen descended in a vision to the great repository of sou or, as we call it here, to the other world; and that upon return he gave his friends a distinct account of everything he s among those regions of the dead. A friend of mine, whom I ha formerly mentioned, prevailed upon one of the interpreters of 1 Indian kings,* to inquire of them, if possible, what tradition ti have among them of this matter; which, as well as he could lex by those many questions which he asked them at several tim was in substance as follows:

The visionary, whose name was Marraton, after having travell for a long space under an hollow mountain, arrived at length the confines of this world of spirits, but could not enter it by ri son of a thick forest made up of bushes, brambles, and point thorns, so perplexed and interwoven with one another, that it w impossible to find a passage through it. Whilst he was looki about for some track or pathway that might be worn in any p of it, he saw a huge lion couched under the side of it, who ke his eye upon him in the same posture as when he watches for i prey. The Indian immediately started back, whilst the lion ro with a spring, and leaped towards him. Being wholly destitute all other weapons, he stooped down to take up an huge stone his hand; but to bis infinite surprise grasped nothing, and fou the supposed stone to be only the apparition of one.

If he w disappointed on this side, he was as much pleased on the othe when he found the lion which had seized on his left shoulder, hi no power to hurt him, and was only the ghost of that raveno creature which it appeared to be. He no sooner got rid of b impotent enemy, but he marched up to the wood, and after harir surveyed it for some time, endeavoured to press into one part of that was a little thinner than the rest; when again, to his gre surprise, he found the bushes made no resistance, but that i walked through briars and brambles with the same ease as throus the open air; and, in short, that the whole wood was nothing el: but a wood of shades. He immediately concluded, that this hug thicket of thorns and brakes was designed as a kind of fence quickset hedge to the ghosts it enclosed; and that probably thei soft substances might be torn by these subtle points and prickles

* See No. 50, and Tat. No. 171.

sbieh Tere too weak to make any impressions in flesh and blood. With this thought he resolved to travel through this intricate wood; when by degrees he felt a gale of perfumes breathing upon him, that grew stronger and sweeter in proportion as he advanced. He had not proceeded much farther, when he observed the thorns and briars to end, and give place to a thousand beautiful green trees oorered with blossoms of the finest scents and colours, that bonned a wilderness of sweets, and were a kind of lining to those rurged scenes which he had before passed through. As he was coming out of this delightful part of the wood, and entering upon the plains it enclosed, he saw several horsemen rushing by him, und a little while after heard the cry of a pack of dogs. He had Det listened long before he saw the apparition of a milk-white el. with a young man on the back of it, advancing upon full retch after the souls of about an hundred heagles, that were buting down the ghost of an hare, which ran away before them with an unspeakable swiftness. As the man on the milk-white steed came by him, he looked upon him very attentively, and found bin to be the young prince Nicaragua, who died about half a Fear before, and by reason of his great virtues was at that time lamenited orer all the western parts of America.

He had no sooner got out of the wood, but he was entertained Eth sach a landscape of flowery plains, green meadows, running trims, sunny hills, and shady vales, as were not to be represented by his own expressions, nor, as he said, by the conceptions of others

. This bappy region was peopled with innumerable swarms spirits, who applied themselves to exercises and diversions, secording as their fancies led them. Some of them were tossing the figure of a colt; others were pitching the shadow of a bar; thers were breaking the apparition of a horse ; and multitudes emploring themselves upon ingenious handicrafts with the souls of keparted utensils, for that is the name which in the Indian lanpage they give their tools when they are burnt or broken. As he travelled through this delightful scene, he was very often tempted

pluck the flowers that rose everywhere about him in the greatest variety and profusion, having never seen several of them in his can country; but he quickly found, that though they were obJeets of his sight, they were not liable to his touch. He at length ame to the side of a great river, and being a good fisherman himlf

, stood upon the banks of it some time to look upon an angler that had taken a great many shapes of fishes, which lay flouncing and down by him.

I should have told my reader, that this Indian had been formerly married to one of the greatest beauties of his country, by whom ke had several children. This couple were so famous for their love and esostaney to one another, that the Indians to this day, when

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