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: being only an hearer. It is a secret known but to few, yet of vsmail use in the conduct of life, that when you fall into a man's serersation, the first thing you should consider is, whether he has restar inclination to hear you, or that you should hear him. tae latter is the more general desire, and I know very able flatterers -as bever speak a word in praise of the persons from whom they
ua daily favours, but still practise a skilful attention to whatTeattered by those with whom they converse.
We are very as to observe the bebaviour of great men and their clients; : the same passions and interests move men in lower spheres; ril that have nothing else to do but make observations) see in les parish, street, lane, and alley of this populons city, a little montate that has his court and his flatterers who lay snares for
sifation and favour, by the same arts that are practised upon - in higher stations. la the place I most usually frequent, men differ rather in the La of day in which they make a figure, than in any real greatsabore one another. I, who am at the coffee-house at six in · morning, know that my friend Beaver the baberdasher has a pe of more undissembled friends and admirers, than most of
courtiers or generals of Great Britain. Every man about him La perhaps, a newspaper in his hand; but none can pretend to is what step will be taken in any one court of Europe, till r. Beaver has thrown down his pipe, and declares what measures allies must enter into upon this new posture of affairs. Our fehouse is near one of the inns of court, and Beaver has the b. nice and admiration of his neighbours from six till within a crer of eight, at which time he is interrupted by the students ne bouse; some of whom are ready dressed for Westminster azt in a morning, with faces as busy as if they were retained etery cause there; and others come in their night gowns to La away their time, as if they never designed to go thither. do not know that I meet, in any of my walks, objects which sre both my spleen and laughter so effectually, as those young, "Es at the Grecian, Squire's, Searle's, and all other coffeesri adjacent to the law, who rise early for no other purpose but pablish their laziness. One would think these young virtuosos za gay cap and slippers, with a scarf and party-coloured gown,
te ensigns of dignity; for the vain things approach each other ith an air, which shews they regard one another for their vest
s I have observed, that the superiority among these proe from an opinion of gallantry and fashion. The gentleman
the strawberry sash, who presides so much over the rest, has, it tas, subscribed to every opera this last winter, and is supposed receive favours from one of the actresses.
the Italian in its stead; but only to cultivate and civilize it with innumerable graces and modulations which he borrowed from the Italian. By this means the French music is now perfect in its kind; and when you say it is not so good as the Italian, you only mean that it does not please you so well; for there is scarce a Frenchman who would not wonder to hear you give the Italian such a preference. The music of the French is indeed very properly adapted to their pronunciation and accent, as their whole opera wonderfully favours the genius of such a gay airy people.* The chorus in which that opera abounds, gives the parterret frequent opportunities of joining in concert with the stage. This inclination of the audience to sing along with the actors, so prevails with them, that I have sometimes known the performer on the stage do no more in a celebrated song, than the clerk of a parish church, who serves only to raise the psalm, and is afterwards drowned in the music of the congregation. Every actor that comes on the stage is a beau. The queens and heroines are so painted, that they appear as ruddy and cherry-cheeked as milk-maids. The shepherds are all embroidered, and acquit themselves in a ball better than our English dancing masters. I have seen a couple of rivers appear in red stockings; and Alpheus, instead of having his head covered with sedge and bull-rushes, making love in a fair full-bottomed periwig, and a plume of feathers; but with a voice so full of shakes and quavers, that I should have thought the murmurs of a country brook the much more agreeable music.
I remember the last opera I saw in that merry nation was the Rape of Proserpine, where Pluto, to make the more tempting figure, puts himself in a French equipage, and brings Ascalaphus along with him as his valet de chambre. This is what we call folly and impertinence; but what the French look upon as gay
I shall add no more to what I have here offered, than that music, architecture, and painting, as well as poetry, and oratory, are to deduce their laws and rules from the general sense and taste of mankind, and not from the principles of those arts themselves; or, in other words, the taste is not to conform to the art, but the art to the taste. Music is not designed to please only chromatic ears, but all that are capable of distinguishing harsh from disagreeable notes. A man of an ordinary ear is a judge whether a passion is expressed in proper sounds, and whether the melody of those sounds be more or less pleasing. ADDISON.
C. • See No. 13. + The urterre of the French is the pit of the English theatre,
No. 30. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1711.
Si, Mimnermus uti censet, sine amore jocisque
HOR. 1, Ep. vi. 65.
OREECH. Oxe common calamity makes men extremely affect each other,, though they differ in every other particular. The passion of love is the most general concern among men; and I am glad to hear by my last advices from Oxford, that there are a set of sighers in that university, who have erected themselves into a society in honour of that tender passion. These ge emen are of that sort of inamoratos, who are not so very much lost to common sense, but that they understand the folly they are guilty of; and for that reason separate themselves from all other company, because they will enjoy the pleasure of talking incoherently, without being ridieulous to any but each other. When a man comes into the club, he is not obliged to make any introduction to his discourse, but at ouce, as he is seating himself in his chair, speaks in the thread of his own thoughts, " She gave me a very obliging glance, she never looked so well in her life as this evening;” or the like reflection, without regard to any other member of the society; for in this assembly they do not meet to talk to each other, but every man claims the full liberty of talking to himself. Instead of snuti-boxes and canes, which are the usual helps to discourse with other young fellows, these have each some piece of ribbon, a broken fan, or an old girdle, which they play with while they talk of the fair person remembered by each respective token. According to the representation of the matter from my letters, the company appear like so many players rehearsing behind the scenes; one is sighing and lamenting his destiny in beseeching terms, another declaring he will break his chain, and another, in dumb-show, striving to express his passion by his gesture. It is very ordinary in the assem. bly for one of a sudden to rise and make a discourse concerning his passion in general, and describe the temper of his mind in such a manner, as that the whole company shall join in the description, and feel the force of it. In this case, if any man has declared the violence of his flame in more pathetic terms, he is
which he assured him were written by king Sa Ga Yean Q Tow, and, as he supposes, left behind by some mistake. papers are now translated, and contain abundance of y observations, which I find this little fraternity of king during their stay in the Isle of Great Britain. I shall pre reader with a short specimen of them in this paper, a perhaps communicate more to him hereafter. In the ar London are the following words, which without doubt ar of the church of St. Paul.
“On the most rising part of the town there stands a huge big enough to contain the whole nation of which I am king good brother E Tow 0 Koam, king of the Rivers, is of op was made by the hands of that great God to whom it is crated. The kings of Granajah and of the Six Nations that it was created with the earth, and produced on the sa with the sun and moon. But for my own part, by the best in tion that I could get of this matter, I am apt to think th prodigious pile was fashioned into the shape it now be several tools and instruments, of which they have a wo variety in this country. It was probably at first a huge mi rock that grew upon the top of the hill, which the natives country (after having cut it into a kind of regular figure and hollowed with incredible pains and industry, till th wrought it into all those beautiful vaults and caverns into it is divided at this day. As soon as this rock was thus cu scooped to their liking, a prodigious number of hands mu been employed in chipping the outside of it, which is i smooth as the surface of a pebble; and is in several place out into pillars that stand like the trunks of so many trees about the top with garlands of leaves. It is probable tha this great work was begun, which must have been many h years ago, there was some religion among this people: fi give it the name of a temple, and have a tradition that designed for men to pay their devotion in. And indeed th several reasons which make us think that the natives country had formerly among them some sort of worship; set apart every seventh day as sacred : but upon my going of these holy houses on that day, I could not observe any stance of devotion in their behaviour There was indeed in black, who was mounted above the rest, and seemed something with a great deal of vehemence; but as for underneath him, instead of paying their worship to the the place, they were most of them bowing and courtesying another, and a considerable number of them fast asleep.
“ The queen of the country appointed two men to atte
that had enough of our language to make themselves understood in some fex particulars. But we soon perceived these two were great enemies to one another, and did not always agree in the sabe story. We could make shift to gather out of one of them, that this island was very much infested with a monstrous kind of adunak, in the sbape of men, called Whigs; and he often told us, that be hoped we should meet with none of them in our way, for that if we did, they would be apt to knock us down for being
Our other interpreter used to talk very much of a kind of cimal cailed a Tory, that was as great a monster as the Whig, adeould treat us as ill for being foreigners. These two creatures, I sens, are born with a secret antipathy to one another, and Engage when they meet as naturally as the elephant and the rhinoceros. But as we saw none of either of these species, we are ant to think that our guides deceived us with misrepresentations and frtions, and amused us with an account of such monsters as se pot really in their country, * These particulars we made a shift to pick out from the disuse of our interpreters; which we put together as well as we cold, being able to understand but here and there a word of what they said, and afterwards making up the meaning of it among Jirselves. The men of the country are very cunning and inreticus in handicraft works, but withal so very idle, that we often *** young lusty raw-boned fellows, carried up and down the streets in little covered rooms, by a couple of porters, who are Eared for that service. Their dress is likewise very barbarous, for
simost strangle themselves about the neck, and bind their bedies with many ligatures, that we are apt to think are the trusion of several distempers among them, which our country
entirely free from. Instead of those beautiful feathers with heb we adorn our heads, they often buy up å monstrous bush & hair, which covers their heads, and falls down in a large fleece edhe the middle of their backs; with which they walk up and lan the streets, and are as proud of it as if it was of their own gowth.
- We were invited to one of their public diversions, where we ped to have seen the great men of their country running down • stag, or pitching a bar, that we might have discovered who were be persons of the greatest abilities among them; but instead of it, they conveyed us into an huge room lighted up with abunbanase of candles, where this lazy people sat still above three hours y ve several feats of ingenuity performed by others, who it seems sre paid for it. ** As for the women of the country, not being able to talk with