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and by Public 185, approved June 3, 1924.25 This corporation supervises the maintenance of barge lines operated by the government on several important water routes; investigates types of floating and terminal equipment suitable for various waterways, as well as tariff and interchange arrangements between rail and water carriers and other matters tending to promote and encourage waterway traffic; and in general functions as the official governmental inland waterways bureau.
G. War Credits Board
The board was appointed by the Secretary of War to administer the granting of advances of money to War Department contractors under authority of section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917.26
H. Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors
The Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors is a permanent body created by the river and harbor act of June 13, 1902.27 To it are referred for consideration and recommendation all reports upon examinations and surveys provided for by Congress, and all projects or changes in projects for works of river and harbor improvement upon which report is desired by the Chief of Engineers, United States Army. It is further the duty of the board, upon request by the Committee on Commerce of the Senate, or by the Committee on Rivers and Harbors of the House of Representatives in the same manner, to examine and report through the Chief of Engineers upon any examinations, surveys, or projects for the improvement of rivers and harbors. In its investigations the board gives. consideration to all engineering, commercial, navigation, and economic questions involved in determining the advisability of undertaking such improvements at the expense of the United States. The work of the board has been extended to include passing upon the plans of local authorities for terminal improvements in order to determine their adequacy under the provisions of section 1 of the river and harbor act of March 2, 1919,28 advising and assisting local port authorities in planning the layout and equipment of terminal facilities, and the designing of floating plant for use in the prosecution of projects for river and harbor improvement. The statistical division of the board is engaged on the investigations authorized by the Transportation Act of 1920, with a view to the promotion of water transportation, and the investigations of ports authorized by the merchant marine act to be made in co-operation with the Shipping Board. Its duties also include the compilation, publication, and distribution of useful statistics, data, and information concerning ports and water transportation.
I. Army War College
The Army War College, located at Washington Barracks, is one of the general service schools of the Army. It is the highest unit in the military educational system. Its object is to train selected officers for duty in the War Department
25 43 Stat. 360.
26 Act Oct. 6, 1917, 40 Stat. 383 (Comp. St. 1918, Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 6648a). 27 32 Stat. 372 (Comp. St. § 9863).
28 40 Stat. 1275 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 9874b).
General Staff and for high command in accordance with the doctrine and methods approved by the War Department.
J. War Transaction Board
By direction of the President this board was appointed by the Secretary of War to co-operate with a similar organization created in the Department of Justice, in making a survey of the transactions involved in or growing out of the late war, with a view to the development and disposition as promptly as possible of such of said transactions as may justify or require investigation or action by the Department of Justice.
(a) Army Regulations afford the principal source of authority.
(b) Annual Report of Secretary of War.
(c) Manual for Subsistence Department.
(d) Manual for Courts-Martial.
(e) Digest of Opinions of Judge Advocate General.
(f) Manual for Quartermaster's Department.
(g) Regulations of War Department Governing Organized Militia.
(h) Laws Relating to Construction of Bridges over Navigable Waters. See Annual Reports of Engineer Department.
(i) Ordnance Manual.
(j) Manual for Pay Department.
(k) Manual of Military Telegraphy.
(n) Manual for Medical Department.
(0) Checklist of United States Public Documents, 1789-1909, pp. 1201-1462. (p) Army List and Directory, obtainable from Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C., 30 cents..
(q) List of Publications No. 19, on Army, Militia, Aviation, and Pensions, for sale by Superintendent of Documents.
(r) List of Publications No. 32, on Insular Possessions, for sale by Superintendent of Documents.
6. General Guide to Practitioners Before the War Department
(a) There are no requirements for admission of attorneys to practice before the War Department. By reference to the organization as above described, it is evident that one should communicate with the following offices in regard to specified interests as follows:
(b) Quartermaster's Department, in the interest of contractors:
(b1) For supplies common to two or more branches of the Army;
(b2) For work pertaining to construction, maintenance and repair of build
ings, structures, and utilities other than fortifications;
(b3) For the sale or lease of real estate;
(b4) For the issue of licenses in connection with government reservations; (b5) For transportation by land and water.
(c) The various services for special and technical articles used exclusively by such branches respectively.
(d) Chief of Engineers:
(d1) In reference to the selection of military sites;
(d2) Construction and repair of fortifications and their accessories;
(d3) Construction of military bridges;
(d4) Construction, operation, and maintenance of military railways, utilities, ferries, canal boats, or other means of inland water transportation within the theater of military operations;
(d5) Execution of congressional acts in the improvement of rivers and harbors and other navigable waters of the United States;
(d6) Establishment of harbor lines and anchor grounds;
(d7) Removal of wrecks and other obstructions to navigation;
(d8) Issuance of permits for structures, dredging, dumping, or other work in navigable waters;
(19) Operations affecting the scenic grandeur of Niagara Falls;
(d10) Surveying and charting the Great Lakes;
(d11) Improvement and care of public buildings and works in the District of Columbia.
(e) The Adjutant General in reference to any military personnel matter or records of the War Department.
(f) Military Intelligence Division, to give, or obtain, military information; e. g., if one should obtain information about a foreign military service that might be of value to the United States Army, it should be so communicated.
(g) The Judge Advocate General:
(g1) In regard to legal interpretation of a law affecting the military establishment;
(g2) In regard to any person in the Army under charge of committing a military offense. If acting as counsel for an accused, a copy of the charges and specifications should be obtained from the accused or from the Judge Advocate General. Consult the Manual for Courts-Martial.