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retirement, and to the validity of the proceedings in courts-martial cases, all matters relating to the supervision and control of naval prisons and prisoners, including prisoners of war; the removal of the mark of desertion; the correction of records of service of the naval personnel; certification of discharge in true name; pardons; the interpretation of statutes; references to the general accounting officers of the Treasury; proceedings in the civil courts by or against the government or its officers; preparation of advertisements, proposals, and contracts; insurance; patents; the sufficiency of official contracts, and other bonds and guaranties; claims by or against the government; and to conduct the correspondence respecting the foregoing duties, including the preparation for submission to the Attorney General of all questions which the Secretary of the Navy may direct to be so submitted; examines and reports upon all bills and resolutions introduced in Congress and referred to the department for report; drafts all proposed legislation arising in the Navy Department; examines and reports upon questions of international law as may be required; and is charged, under the special instructions of the Secretary of the Navy, with the searching of titles, purchase, sale, transfer, and other questions affecting lands and buildings pertaining to the Navy, and with the care and preservation of all muniments of title to land acquired for naval uses.

(n) Headquarters United States Marine Corps.-The Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps is responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for the general efficiency, discipline, and operations of the corps in all branches of its activities, of which five groups are represented at Headquarters:

(nl) Recruiting supervision; assignments and complements of officers and enlisted men; constabulary detachments in foreign territory; passports; transportation on naval transports; Marine Corps Institute and nonmilitary post schools.

(n2) Military Intelligence, operations, training, material and aviation.

(n3) Claims of marine personnel, courts, investigations, and records of examinations; archives; inspections; post exchanges; appointment, examination, promotion, demotion, and retirement of officers; military records; discharges; promotion and reduction of noncommissioned officers; casualities; insignia; Marine Corps Reserve.

(n4) Pay, allowances, bonus, gratuities, mileage, travel expenses, allotments, insurance, etc.

(n5) Military supplies for the Marine Corps, including subsistence ashore; construction, material, and labor; payment of expenses of the corps, except those pertaining to Paymaster's Department; has quarters, barracks, and other public buildings provided for officers and enlisted men, and supplies means of transportation for movement of troops, providing blank forms for the Marine Corps.

4. Organization

1. Secretary of the Navy.

(a) Private Secretary.

(b) Confidential Clerk.
(c) Clerk.

II. Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

(a) Private Secretary.

(b) Confidential Clerk.-Performs such duties in the Navy Department as the Secretary of the Navy may prescribe.

III. Administrative Staff.

(a) Chief Clerk.

(1) Chief of Appointment Division.

(2) Estimate Clerk.

(3) Disbursing Clerk.

(4) Chief of Division of Records.

IV. Military Staff.

(a) Aid for Navy Yards.

(b) Naval Aid to the Secretary.

(c) Marine Corps Aid to the Secretary.
(d) Naval Aid to the Assistant Secretary.

V. Chief of Naval Operations.

(a) Assistant and Staff.

(1) Assistant Chief of Naval Operations.
(2) Aid to the Chief.

(3) Chief Clerk.

(b) Division Chiefs.

(1) War Plans.

(2) Policy and Liaison.

(3) Ship Movements.

(4) Intelligence.

(5) Communications.

(6) Material.

(7) Naval Districts.

(8) Fleet Training.

(9) Historical.

(10) Inspections.


Chief Clerk.

VI. Bureau of Navigation.

(a) Administration.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

(4) Chief, Naval Academy Division.

(b) Hydrographic Office.

(1) Hydrographer.

(2) Administrative Assistant.

(c) Naval Observatory.

(1) Superintendent.

(2) Assistant to Superintendent. (3) Librarian.

(4) Chief Clerk.

VII. Bureau of Yards and Docks.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

VIII. Bureau of Ordnance.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

IX. Bureau of Construction and Repair.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

X. Bureau of Engineering.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

XI. Bureau of Supplies and Accounts.

(1) Paymaster General.

(2) Assistant to Paymaster General.
(3) Special Assistant.

(4) Civilian Assistant.

XII. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

XIII. Bureau of Aeronautics.

(1) Chief.

(2) Assistant to Bureau.

(3) Chief Clerk.

XIV. Office of the Judge Advocate of the Navy.

(1) Judge Advocate General.

(2) Assistant Judge Advocate General. (3) Solicitor.

XV. Naval Consulting Board.

(1) President.

(2) Chairman.

(3) Vice Chairman.

(4) Secretary.

XVI. Compensation Board.

Senior Member.

Chief Clerk.

XVII. General Board.

(1) Chief of Naval Operations.

(2) Major General Commandant, Marine Corps.

(3) President, Naval War College.

(4) Other officers named from time to time.
(5) Secretary.

(6) Chief Clerk.

XVIII. Board of Medical Examiners.

(1) President.

(2) Recorder.

XIX. Naval Examining Board.

(1) President.

(2) Recorder.

XX. Naval Retiring Board.

(1) President.

(2) Recorder.

XXI. Naval Dispensary.

(1) Commanding Officer.

(2) Attending Medical Officers.

XXII. Headquarters, United States Marine Corps.
(a) Office of Major General Commandant.
(1) Commandant.

(2) Assistant to Commandant.

(3) Director of Operations and Training.
(4) Special Assistant to Commandant.

(b) Adjutant and Inspector's Department.
(1) Adjutant and Inspector.

(2) Chief Clerk.

(c) Quartermaster's Department.

(1) Quartermaster.

(2) Special Assistant to Quartermaster. (3) Chief Clerk.

(d) Paymaster's Department.

(1) Paymaster.

(2) Chief Clerk.

5. Publications 23

(a) Annual Reports.

(b) Navy Register, annual.

(c) Regulations for the Government of the Navy.

(d) General and Special Orders.

(e) General Court-Martial Orders.

(f) Naval Militia Office, Transactions of Naval Militia Association of United States.

(g) Price List of books on sale by Hydrographic Office.

(h) List of Hydrographic Office books useful to Great Lakes Mariners.

(i) Notice to Mariners (weekly).

(j) Digest of Opinions of Judge Advocate General.

(k) Rules and Regulations for Government of Naval Prisons and Prison Ships.

(1) Forms of Procedure for General and Summary Courts-Martial, etc. (m) Annual Reports, Major General Commandant, Marine Corps.

(n) Annual Reports of each Bureau Chief.

(0) American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac.

(p) American Nautical Almanac.

(q) International Law Situations, Naval War College.

(r) Navy Directory, obtainable from Superintendent of Documents, 25 cents a copy.

(s) Price List No. 63 of publications relating to the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C.. obtainable free by addressing said Superintendent.

Force of Regulations for the Government of the Navy

Regulations for the Government of the Navy, approved by Congress, have the absolute force of law, when founded on the President's constitutional powers as Commander-in-Chief, and are consistent with, or supplementary to, acts of Congress.24 Such regulations afford naval personnel their usual guide for action. 7. "Articles for the Government of the Navy"-Naval Courts.

Articles for the Government of the Navy originated in 1799.25 They have been amended from time to time.26 They, in effect, constitute a code of law upon which courts-martial proceed.

23 See Checklist of United States Public Documents, 1790-1909, pp. 647-832.

24 Smith v. Whitney, 116 U. S. 167, 6 S. Ct. 570, 29 L. Ed. 601; Ex parte Reed, 100 U. S. 13, 25 L. Ed. 538.

25 Act March 2, 1799 (1 Stat. 709).

26 Notably by Act July 17, 1862 (12 Stat. 600); Act March 3, 1865 (13 Stat. 490). See R. S. § 1624; Act May 12, 1879 (21 Stat. 3); Act March 3, 1893 (27 Stat. 716); Act Feb. 25, 1895 (28 Stat. 680 [Comp. St. §§ 3032, 3033]); Act March 3, 1899 (30 Stat. 1007); Act Feb. 16, 1909 (35 Stat. 621); Act Aug. 22, 1912 (37 Stat. 356); Act Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 586); Act Oct. 6, 1917 (40 Stat. 393 [Comp. St. 1918, Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 2988a]).

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