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Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Washington
Atlanta
Nashville
Cleveland
Chicago
Minneapolis
Kansas City
El Paso
Denver
Seattle
San Francisco
Honolulu

Me., N. H., Vt., Mass., R. I., Conn.
New York
Pa., N. J., Del.
Md., W. Vai, D. of C., Va., N. C.
S. C., Ga., Fla.
Tenn., Miss., Ala., La.
Ohio, Mich.
Ill., Ind., Ky.
Minn., Ia., Neb., N. D., S. D., Wis.
Ark., Mo., Kan., Okla.
Tex., N. Mex.
Colo., Utah, Wyo.
Wash., Oreg., Idaho, Mont., Alaska
Calif., Nev., Ariz.
Hawaii

Organization Chart 12

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District No. Headquarters 1

Boston 2

New York 3

Buffalo 4

Pittsburgh

Philadelphia 6

Baltimore 7

Roanoke 8

Charlotte 9

Tampa 10

New Orleans 11

Louisville 12 Columbus 13 Chicago

Territory, Judicial Districts
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.
Southern and Eastern Districts of New York and Connecticut.
Western and Northern Districts of New York.
Western and Middle Districts of Pennsylvania.
Eastern District of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Maryland, District of Columbia, and Delaware.
Virginia and West Virginia.
Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina.
Florida.
Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Arkansas.
Kentucky and Tennessee.
Ohio and Michigan.
Illinois, except southern counties of Eastern Judicial District, Indiana

and Eastern Judicial District of Wisconsin.
Minnesota, North Dakota and Western District of Wisconsin.
Nebraska, Iowa and South Dakota.
Missouri, southern counties of Eastern Judicial District of Illinois and

Kansas.
Texas and Oklahoma.
Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico.
Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming.
Washington, Oregon, and Alaska.
Northern District of California and Nevada.
Southern District of California and Arizona.
Hawaii.
Porto Rico.

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Organization Chart 13

133

CHAPTER 18

BUREAU OF THE BUDGET

1. Origin and Mission

On July 1, 1921, the work of the Secretary of the Treasury of submitting to Congress annually estimates of probable revenues and disbursements of the government was placed in the hands of the President. To aid him in the performance of this duty a Bureau of the Budget was created by act approved June 10, 1921.1 This bureau in the Treasury Department acts under the immediate direction of the President and submits its report to him. Under rules prescribed by him the bureau prepares the annual budget and such supplemental or deficiency estimates as he may desire to submit to Congress. 2. Activities

The bureau has the authority, under the act, "to assemble, correlate, revise, reduce, or increase the estimates of the several departments and establishments.” 2 The act requires the head of each department and establishment to appoint a budget officer whose duty it is to prepare, under his direction, the departmental estimates of appropriations and such supplemental or deficiency estimates as may be required. This official is a sort of liaison officer between the department and the Bureau of the Budget. The bureau deals directly with them in the routine work of preparing the budget. The estimates are prepared and submitted to the bureau in such form, manner, and detail as the President pre'scribes. On or before September 15 of each year the head of each department and establishment revises his estimates and submits them to the bureau."

The bureau is authorized, when directed by the President, to make detailed studies of the departments and establishments for the purpose of enabling the President to determine what changes should be made, in the interest of economy and efficiency, in "(1) the existing organization of activities, and methods of business of such departments or establishments; (2) the appropriations therefor; (3) the assignment of particular activities to particular services; (4) the regrouping of services.” 6 Each department and establishment is required, under regulations by the President, to furnish to the bureau such information as the bureau may from time to time require. Officials of the bureau are given the authority to have access, for the purposes of examination, to the books, papers, and records of any department or establishment.?

The office of Chief Co-ordinator was created by Circular No. 15, Bureau of

142 Stat. 20 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 40042 et seq.). 2 42 Stat. 22, & 207 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 40012 dd). 3 42 Stat. 23, § 214 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 40042h). 4 42 Stat. 23, § 216 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 40042i). 642 Stat. 23, $ 215 (Comp. St. Ann: Supp. 1923, $ 40042hh). 6 42 Stat. 22, $ 209 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 4001ee). 7 42 Stat. 23, & 213 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 4004288).

the Budget, July 27, 1921, and the duties of this office were later enlarged by Budget Circulars Nos. 23, 25, 26, 35, 41, 42, 47, 52, 69, and 137, and Executive Order No. 3578, dated the White House, November 8, 1921.

Subject to general supervision by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, the Chief Co-ordinator handles all questions of co-ordination arising through the application of the policies of the President and of the Congress to the routine business activities of the executive branch of the government. 3. Organization and Distribution of Functions (a) Office Proper of the Director of the Budget.

(1) The Director of the Budget.
(2) The Assistant Director of the Budget.
(3) The Executive Assistant.
(4) Chief Clerk.

(5) Counsel. (b) The Board of Estimates. The board consists of the Director of the Budget, as chairman, the Assistant Director of the Budget, and seven Assistants to the Director.

(c) Investigations under the Board of Estimates are under the supervision of 14 investigators.

(d) Budget Officers.-Each department and independent establishment has a Budget Officer, through whom the Director of the Budget acts in reference to the respective departments and establishments. (e) Office of Chief Co-ordinator.

(1) The Chief Co-ordinator.
(2) The Deputy Chief Co-ordinator.
(3) Executive Officer.
(4) Four Assistant Chief Co-ordinators.

(5) Assistants. (f) Area Co-ordinators.—There are seven area co-ordinators, whose duty is to bring about co-ordination of federal activities in the field. The interdepartmental transfer of surplus property, supervision of the use of government-owned office space, investigation of the cost of rented space, co-ordination in the use of government-owned motor and water transportation, arranging the use, by agreement, of the idle capacity of government-controlled communication facilities, and many other activities of these co-ordinators have resulted in substantial reduction in the expenditure of government funds. They are stationed as follows,

, - there being an assistant co-ordinator in some of the areas:

First Area: Co-ordinator at Boston.
Second Area: Co-ordinator at New York.
Third Area: Co-ordinator at Philadelphia.
Fourth Area: Co-ordinator at New Orleans.
Fifth
Sixth Areas: Co-ordinator at Chicago.
Seventh
Eighth Area: Co-ordinator at Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
Ninth Area: Co-ordinator at San Francisco.

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