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State or Country.
City.

Name of Agency.
North Carolina..... Washington

†Deputy Collector of Customs, Customhouse. Wilmington

Collector of Customs.

* Marine Supply Co., Water and Dock Sts. Ohio Cincinnati

*Co-operative Officer, Chamber of Commerce,

406-408 Federal Bldg. General Freight Agent, Southern Railway,

96 Ingalls Bldg. Cleveland

# Collector of Customs. #Co-operative Officer, Chamber of Commerce.

The Upson-Walton Co., 1294 W. Eleventh St. Oregon Astoria

*The Beebe-Unfers Co., 103 Twelfth St.
Marshfield

G. R. Theiring.
Portland

The Beebe Co., First and Washington Sts. *Max Kuner Co., 506 Spalding Bldg.

Collector of Customs.
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia

ť Collector of Customs.
* Co-operative Officer, Chamber of Commerce.
John E. Hand & Sons Co., 208 Chestnut St.
Riggs & Bros., 310 Market St.
tU. S. Shipping Commissioner, 500 S. Dela-

ware Ave.
Pittsburgh ..

Collector of Customs.
Rhode Island....... Block Island.

C. C. Ball.
Newport

*W. H. Tibbetts, 185 Thames St.
Providence

Collector of Customs.
*Goff & Page, 54 Custom House St.

U. S. Shipping Commissioner.
South Carolina Beaufort

*P. A. Roper, Customhouse. Charleston

Collector of Customs.

H. B. Kirk, Broad St.
Tennessee
Memphis

† Collector of Customs.
Texas
Galveston

+ Collector of Customs.

A. W. Purdy & Son, 2217 Market St. *Black Hardware Co., Strand St., between

Twenty-second and Twenty-third Sts. Houston

*Texas Blue Print & Supply Co., 514 Fan

nin St.

Peden Iron & Steel Co.
Port Arthur. Collector of Customs.

*N. M. Nielsen, 417 Austin Ave, Virginia

Newport News..... E. Smola, 124 Twenty-fifth St.
Norfolk

| Collector of Customs.
William Freeman & Sons (Inc.), 243 Granby

St.

*John E. Hand & Sons Co., 115 Bank St. Washington Aberdeen

*Evans Drug Co. Anacortes

S. D. Temple & Co., 610 Commercial Ave. Bellingham

Griggs Stationary & Printing Store, 212 E.

Holly St.
Everett

*C. L. Taylor, 1101 Hewitt Ave. Olympia

Winstanley & Blankenship. Port Townsend... *W. J. Fritz, 320 Water St.

*Only Coast and Geodetic Survey publications.

† Only Lighthouse publications.

State or Country.
City.

Name of Agency.
Seattle

Collector of Customs.
Coast and Geodetic Survey Field Station,

202 Burke Bldg.
1 District Office Manager, 848 Henry Bldg.
Lowman & Hanford Co., 616 First Ave.
Max Kuner Co., 804 First Ave.
Pacific Marine Supply Co., 1217 Western

Ave.
tU. S. Radio Inspector, L. C. Smith Bldg.
FU. S. Shipping Commissioner, Grand Trunk

Pacific Dock.
Tacoma

M. R. Martin & Co. (Inc.), 926 Pacific Ave.
Wisconsin
Milwaukee

† Collector of Customs. Alaska Cordova

*Northern Drug Co. Craig

*C. E. Hibbs & Co. Haines

*Dr. L. Pryer. Hoonah

*O. G. Hillman.
Juneau

The Old Post Office Store.
Ketchikan

Ryus Drug Co.
Kodiak

*W. J. Erskine Co.
Petersburg

*The Trading Union (Inc.). Seward

*The Seward News Co.
Sitka

Chas. M. McGrath,
Valdez

*Valdez Drug Co. (Inc.)
Wrangell

Walker & Russell.
Canada
Montreal, Quebec... *Harrison & Co., 53 Metcalfe St.

*Kelvin, Bottomley & Baird, Canada (Ltd.),

111 Commissioners St.
Prince Rupert, B. C. *McRae Brothers (Ltd.).
Vancouver, B. C..... *Capt. A. P. W. Williamson, 510 Homer St.

Victoria, B. C.......*T. N. Hibben & Co.
Canal Zone..
Cristobal

Captain of the port.
Cuba
Habana

*Eduardo Mencio, 42 O'Reilly St.
Manzanillo

* Enrique Lauten, Marti 46, Apartado 104. Germany Berlin, SW... * Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen), 48 Wil

helmstrasse, 29. Hawaii Honolulu

Collector of Customs.

*Hawaiian News & Thrums (Ltd.). Italy Rome

*Ufficio Nautico Marconi, via dei Condot

tii, II. Philippine Islands. . Cebu

*Pacific Commercial Co. Iloilo

*Hoskyn & Co. Manila

Coast and Geodetic Survey Field Station,

Intendencia Bldg. *Luzon Stevedoring Co. between Piers 3 and

5, Port Area. Zamboanga

*F. Barrios & Co. Porto Rico....... San Juan.

+Collector of Customs.

*Plaza Provision Co., 13 Cruz St. U. S. Virgin Islands St. Thomas..... i Collector of Customs.

*William 0. Simmons, care of harbor master.

*Only Coast and Geodetic Survey publications.

† Only Lighthouse publications.

CHAPTER 38

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 1. Mission

The Bureau of the Census takes the decennial census of the United States, covering population, agriculture, manufactures, mines and quarries, and is continuously engaged in the compilation of other statistics covering a wide range of subjects. Statistics regarding the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes in institutions; public debt, national wealth and taxation; religious bodies or churches; and transportation by water are compiled every tenth year in the period intervening between the decennial censuses; and statistics of electric light and power plants, electric railways, telephones, and telegraphs every fifth year. A special census of agriculture is taken in the fifth year following the decennial census; and a census of manufactures is taken biennially. Statistics of births, deaths, marriages, and divorces, are compiled annually; also financial statistics of cities and states. At quarterly intervals the bureau collects and publishes statistics as to stocks of leaf tobacco in the hands of manufacturers and dealers. At monthly intervals statistics are published relating to cotton supply, consumption, and distribution; to cotton seed and its products; and at approximately semimonthly intervals during the ginning season reports are issued showing the amounts of cotton ginned to specified dates. The bureau also collects monthly or quarterly data regarding the production or supply of many other commodities, including hides, skins, leather and leather goods, clothing, and wool.

The bureau publishes the monthly Survey of Current Business compiling from various sources data regarding the movement of prices, stocks on hand, production, etc., for various lines of trade and industry, together with such other available data as may throw light upon the business situation. 2. History

The Constitution of the United States requires an enumeration once in ten years as a basis for the apportionment of Representatives in Congress. The first Census Act was passed at the second session of the First Congress. The census law was signed by President Washington March 1, 1790.1 Its provisions were extended to Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, to Vermont, and to South Carolina. Provisions for taking the Second Census altered the form of oaths of census functionaries. Provisions for the Third Census limited the time within which it should be completed, altered the form of oaths, and referred to the collection of manufacturing statistics. Characteristics of the Fourth Census

2

11 Stat. 101.
2 Act July 5, 1790 (1 Stat. 129).
3 Act March 2, 1791 (1 Stat. 197).
4 Act Nov. 8, 1791 (1 Stat. 226).
5 Act Feb. 28, 1800 (2 Stat. 11); Act April 12, 1800 (2 Stat. 37).

6 Act March 26, 1810 (2 Stat. 564); Act April 12, 1910 (2 Stat. 570); Act May 1, 1810 (2 Stat. 605): Act March 2, 1811 (2 Stat. 658); Act March 19, 1812 (2 Stat. 786).

were congressional direction to the Secretary of State to distribute copies of the returns and to make a digest relating to manufactures. The Fifth Census was provided for by the Act of March 23, 1830.8 More generous distribution of the returns was provided for in connection with the Sixth Census.9 The Secretary of the Interior was given supervision of the Seventh Census and a Census Board was created.10 For the Ninth Census, penalties were provided for refusal to answer authorized inquiries. 11 By the law providing for the Tenth Census12 there was created a new body of census officials, known as supervisors, of whom there were to be one or more for each state. The supervisor's district was divided into enumeration districts, each of which was assigned to an enumerator. In the Eleventh Census data in regard to farms, homes, and mortgages were provided for,13 as well as for information from express companies,14 information in regard to productive industries, 15 and sociological statistics.16 By the Act of March 6, 1902,17 the Census Office was made a permanent bureau of the government. The Census Bureau was directed to compile and promulgate statistical data gathered by the Philippines Census.18

The Census Bureau was transferred to the Department of Commerce and Labor in 1903.19 Vital statistics were provided for,20 and statistics of production and consumption of cotton ;21 of delinquency and crime, and other social statistics. 22

In connection with the Thirteenth Census an appropriation was made for experimentation in developing tabulating machinery for the large task of compiling census data.23 The scope of statistical data was considerably enlarged.24

The 1910 Census Act25 directed that a census of agriculture be taken in 1915 and every tenth

year thereafter, and an earlier section of the same act included agriculture in the provision for the decennial census, so that the act, interpreted as

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7 Act March 14, 1820 (3 Stat. 548); Act Feb. 4, 1822 (3 Stat. 719); Act March 30, 1822 (3 Stat. 719).

84 Stat. 383.
9 Act April 15, 1842 (5 Stat. 583).
10 Act March 3, 1849 (9 Stat. 395, 402).
11 Act May 6, 1870 (16 Stat. 118).
12 Act March 3, 1879 (20 Stat. 473).
13 Act Feb. 22, 1890 (26 Stat. 13).
14 Act Aug. 14, 1890 (26 Stat. 313).
15 Act July 6, 1892 (27 Stat. 86).
16 Act Aug. 23, 1894 (28 Stat. 439).
17 32 Stat. 51.
18 Act July 1, 1902 (32 Stat. 693).
19 Act Feb. 14, 1903 (32 Stat. 826 [Comp. St. $ 857]).
20 Act April 27, 1904 (33 Stat. 362 (Corp. St. § 4390]).
21 Res. Feb. 9, 1905 (33 Stat. 1282); Res. March 2, 1909 (35 Stat. 1168).
22 Act June 7, 1906 (34 Stat. 218); Act Jan. 29, 1907 (34 Stat. 866).
23 Act March 4, 1909 (35 Stat. 927).

24 Act Feb. 25, 1910 (36 Stat. 227 [Comp. St. § 4387]); Res. March 24, 1910 (36 Stat. 877); Act April 30, 1912 (37 stat. 106 [Comp. St. 88 4421-4428]); Act July 22, 1912 (37 Stat. 198 [Comp. St. 88 44294434); Act Aug. 7, 1916 (39 Stat. 436 [Comp. St. 88 4431a4434d]). 25 Act July 2, 1909 (36 Stat. 10).

a whole, provided for a quinquennial census of agriculture. Congress failed, however, to appropriate for the 1915 census and repealed that portion of the Census Act of 1910.26 The quinquennial provision for agriculture was restored by the Census Act of 1920,27 which also provided for the collection and publication of statistics of manufactured products for the years 1921, 1923, 1925, and 1927, and for every tenth year after each of said years. The Director of the Census was directed to publish monthly statistics concerning hides, skins, and leather.28 A distinct division in the Census Bureau, to be called the Division of Cotton and Tobacco Statistics, was created in 1916.29

The first census, reported in an octavo volume of 56 pages, was begun in 1790 under the supervision of the seventeen United States marshals, who made returns direct to the President, who transmitted them to the printer without compilation, or analyses. The report of the last census filled more than one hundred quarto volumes, of over 40,000 pages. 30 3. Activities

In the discharge of its duty to collect, compile, and disseminate statistics, the bureau's inquiries extend to the following subjects:31 (a) Annually.

(1) Birth Statistics.
(2) Death Statistics.
(3) Financial Statistics of Cities.
(4) General Statistics of Cities.
(5) Financial Statistics of States.

(6) Estimates of Populations.
(b) Biennially.

Official Register of the United States.
(c) Quinquennially in years divisible by 5).

(1) Census of Manufactures.
(d) Quinquennially in other years)-Census of Electrical Industries.

(1) Central Electric Light and Power Stations.
(2) Street and Electric Railways.
(3) Telephones.
(4) Telegraphs.
(5) Municipal Electric Fire Alarm and Police Patrol Signaling

Systems.
(e) Decennially in years divisible by 10).
(1) Census of Population.

(1a) General Population.
(1b) Occupation Statistics.

26 Act March 4, 1915 (38 Stat. 1040).
27 Act March 3, 1919 (40 Stat. 1301).
28 Act June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 1057 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, 88 4434e-4434g]).
29 Act May 10, 1916 (39 Stat. 110).
30 The Story of the Census, 1790–1916, Bureau of the Census.

31 Report on the Statistical Work of the United States Government. United States Bureau of Efficiency.

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