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7. Only Two Members of Family Allowed in Civil Service

Section 9 of the act provides that, where there are already two members of a family in the public service subject to this act, the original appointment of a third member of the same family is prohibited. 29 Where members of the family (i. e., those who live under the same roof with the paterfamilias) branch out and become heads of new establishments, they cease to be part of the father's family.30

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8. General Functions of Divisions and Independent Units

(Sa) Application Division.—(1) Preparation, printing, and distribution of examination announcements.

(2) General publicity and the preparation of printed matter.

(3) Furnishing information to the public regarding applications, examinations, and the government service in general.

(4) Receipt, record, and review of applications.

(5) Investigation of fraud with respect to age, physical qualifications, military record, etc.

(6) Investigation and action in claims for veteran preference.

(7) Investigation by mail of the fitness of applicants, except for the positions of policeman and secret service operative.

(8) Admission of persons to examination.
(9) Custody of the list of persons barred from examination.
(10) Requisition of shipment of examination questions to examination points.

(11) Organization and maintenance of records of local examining boards and of examination accommodation records.

(12) Maintenance of records and statistics of examinations and of competitors.
(86) Examining Division.—(1) Devising appropriate examinations.
(2) Preparation of questions for written examinations.
(3) Ordering printing of examination questions and reports of rating.
(4) Shipping examination papers to examiners.

(5) Passing on eligibility for admission to examinations with respect to prerequisites of education and experience.

(6) Rating and averaging examination papers, and writing reports of rating.

(7) Forwarding to Application Division completed papers of departmental examinations and to district offices those of field examinations listed in order of averages.

(8) Supervision of methods of conducting examinations.

(9) Conduct of examinations for departmental service held in Washington, D. C.

(10) Action on appeals and review of examinations for presidential postmasters.

(11) Preparation of memoranda on appeals on request of Division of Investigation and Review.

29 17 Op. Atty. Gen. 554, June 12, 1883; 18 Op. Atty. Gen. 83, Dec. 9, 1884; 26 Op. Atty. Gen. 261, May 25, 1907; 30 Op. Atty. Gen. 169, June 5, 1913. 30 26 Op. Atty. Gen. 301, July 12, 1907.

(12) Conduct of oral examinations, when required, except for inspector and agent, Anti-Narcotic Service, special agent, Special Intelligence Unit, and other positions of a detective nature.

(13) Rating examinations, when required, involving changes in designation, such as promotion, transfer, or reinstatement.

(14) Handling cases of irregularity in the conduct of examinations, when fraud, collusion, copying, use of helps, or false statements of facts having a bearing on rating are not alleged or involved.

(8c) Appointment Division.—(1) Requesting the Examining Division for announcement of examinations for departmental and field services.

(2) Preparation and maintenance of registers of eligibles and certification therefrom of eligibles for appointment.

(3) Action and record in temporary appointment.
(4) Entry of names on re-employment and military reinstatement lists.

(5) Maintenance of service records of permanent employees in the executive civil service.

(6) Action in cases involving change in designation, such as promotion, transfer, and reinstatement, and reference to the Division of Investigation and Review those which entail question of necessity of examination.

(7) Maintenance of files and distribution of mail. (8) Action in retirement cases.

(9) Action in cases of violation of the civil-service law or rules by administrative officers or employees.

(80) Division of Investigation and Review.-(1) Reviewing ratings or cancellations on appeal.

(2) Investigation of frauds in examinations on the part of competitors or examiners.

(3) Investigation of complaints of irregularities in the conduct of examinations.

(4) Personal investigation in the field of the character and suitability of applicants and of fraud cases.

(5) Conduct of examinations for secret service operatives.

(6) Determination of examination requirements in noncompetitive changes in designation.

(7) Conduct of oral examinations for inspector and agent, Anti-Narcotic Service, special agent, Special Intelligence Unit, and other positions of a detective nature.

(8) Research Section.—(1) Study of duties of positions and qualifications necessary to perform such duties.

(2) Construction of tests for research purposes to be used with tests at present in use.

(3) Follow-up studies to measure the selective value of tests.

(8f) Office of superintendent of Field Force.—(1) General superivision over the operation and procedure of the district system.

(2) Co-ordination of divisional work of commission with district work through visé of communications.

(3) Control of procedure, equipment and general personnel matters of district offices.

(4) Co-ordination of travel in field with travel ordered by division chiefs. (5) Consideration of all changes in regulations affecting field services. (6) Periodical inspection of field offices.

(8g) Personnel Office. In co-operation with administrative heads general supervision over:

(a) Selection and placement of employees. (b) Maintenance of personnel records. (c) Transfers, promotions, and separations of the commission's personnel. (d) Efficiency ratings and organization studies.

(8h) Office of Accounts and Purchases.—(1) Maintenance of a system of accounts of appropriations, including cost and property records, covering the general business operations of the main and field offices.

(2) Preparation of estimates, statements, statistical reports, and auditing of expenditures incurred under the several appropriations.

(3) Purchase and procurement of printing, supplies, and equipment, including maintenance of stock for issue to the main and field offices.

(4) Supervision of building matters with respect to quarters occupied by the commission at Washington, D. C.

(5) Operation of duplicating machines, supervision of motor transport service, and maintenance of supply service for the main and field offices.

(8i) Miscellaneous Sections.— The Library, Minute Section, and Disbursing Office perform functions common to such sections.

(8j) Field Organization.—Under the supervision and direction of the Civil Service Commission are the secretaries of the thirteen civil service districts. Reporting directly to the district secretaries are over 4,000 local boards of examiners. These local boards conduct examinations and carry on the commission's business in every part of the country.

(8k) Civil Service Districts.—The cities in which district headquarters are located and the territory comprised by respective civil service districts are as follows:

First District.-Customhouse Building, Boston, Mass.; Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

Second District.-Customhouse Building, New York, N. Y.; New York, and in New Jersey the counties of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Passaic, Sussex, and Union.

Third District.—Post Office Building, Philadelphia, Pa.; Pennsylvania, Delaware, and the counties in New Jersey not included in the second district.

Fourth District.-1723 F St., N. W., Washington, D. C.; Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, and the District of Columbia.

Fifth District.-Post Office Building, Atlanta, Ga.; South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

Sixth District.—Post Office Building, Cincinnati, Ohio; Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky.

Seventh District.-Post Office Building, Chicago, Ill.; Wisconsin, Michigan, and in Illinois the counties of Boone, Bureau, Carroll, Cook, De Kalb, Du Page,

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Ford, Grundy, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jo Daviess, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, Lake, LaSalle, Lee, Livingston, McHenry, Marshall, Mercer; Ogle, Peoria, Putnam, Rock Island, Stark, Stephenson, Warren, Whiteside, Will Winnebago and Woodford.

Eighth District.—Post Office Building, St. Paul Minn.; Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Iowa.

Ninth District.-Old Customhouse Building, St. Louis, Mo.; Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and the counties in Illinois not included in the Seventh District.

Tenth District.—Customhouse Building, New Orleans, La.; Louisiana and Texas.

Eleventh District.—Post Office Building, Seattle, Wash.; Montana, Oregon, Idaho, Washington, and the territory of Alaska.

Twelfth District.—Post Office Building, San Francisco, Cal. ; California, Nevada, and Arizona.

Thirteenth District.—Post Office Building, Denver, Colo.; Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

(81) Field Representatives, Outside Continental Limits.—Hawaii.-Chairman and Secretary, Hawaiian Civil Service Board, Federal Building, Honolulu, T. H.

Porto Rico.-Chairman, Porto Rican Civil Service Commission, San Juan, P. R.

Canal Zone.-Secretary, United States Civil Service Board, Balboa Heights,

C. Z.

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9. Organization 9

See Chart 40 which, in view of Section 8 is self-explanatory.

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1. Origin and Mission

The Federal Reserve Board is an independent government establishment created by the Federal Reserve Act.1

Generally speaking, the functions of the board are to exercise a broad supervision over the affairs and conduct of twelve Federal Reserve Banks established in accordance with the terms of the Federal Reserve Act in different parts of the country and invested with authority to discount paper for member banks, issue Federal Reserve notes to member banks, and perform the various banking functions described in the act itself. Its support is derived from the several reserve banks from assessments levied by its half yearly pro rata. The board is responsible to Congress and reports annually to that body. Certain functions in connection with the national banking system are also assigned to it under the legislation, although the Comptroller of the Currency, who is a member of the board, exercises the same general administrative and supervisory authority over the national banks that has been in his hands in the past. It also passes upon applications under the Clayton Act as amended.

Some of the more important duties of the Federal Reserve Board are set forth in section 11 1 of the Federal Reserve Act. 2. History

The first member of the board took office in August, 1914, and the board has functioned continuously since that time. The Federal Reserve System has been affected by the provisions of various other acts; e. g.:

(a) The Clayton Anti-Trust Act, section 8, in regard to interlocking bank directorates. After several years' experience in administering this provision of

1 Act Dec. 23, 1913 (38 Stat. 251), as amended by Act Aug. 4, 1914 (38 Stat. 682, c. 225); Act Aug. 15, 1914 (38 Stat. 691, c. 252 [Comp. St. $ 9801]); Act March 3, 1915 (38 Stat. 958, c. 93); Act Sept. 7, 1916 (39 Stat. 752, c. 461); Act June 21, 1917 (10 Stat. 232, c. 32); Act Sept. 26, 1918 (40 Stat. 967, c. 177); Act March 3, 1919 (40 Stat. 1314, c. 101); Act Sept. 17, 1919 (41 Stat. 285, c. 60 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 9745]); Act Dec. 24, 1919 (41 Stat. 378, c. 18 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9745a]); Act April 13, 1920 (41 Stat. 550, c. 128 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9797]); Act Feb. 27, 1921 (41 Stat. 1145, c. 73 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, $ 9745a]); Act Feb. 27, 1921 (41 Stat. 1146, c. 75 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9794]); Act June 14, 1921 (42 Stat. 28, c. 22 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9745a]); Act June 3, 1922 (42 Stat. 620, c. 205 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9793]); Act July 1, 1922 (42 Stat. 821, c. 274 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9792]); Act Feb. 6, 1923 (42 Stat. 1223); Act March 4, 1923 (42 Stat. 1454).

2 Act Oct. 15, 1914 (38 Stat. 730), as amended by the Kern Amendment of May 15, 1916 (39 Stat. 121), as amended by Act May 26, 1920 (41 Stat. 626 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 8835h)). Section 25 of Federal Reserve Act, as amended September 7, 1916 (39 Stat. 752 [Comp. St. § 9745]), and amended by Act Dec. 24, 1919 (41 Stat. 378 [Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 9745a]), amending the Federal Reserve Act as to corporations engaged in foreign banking and financial operations.

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