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shall be within the discretion of the commission. The time allowed for oral argument will be fixed by the commission.

4. When a case is submitted in pursuance of the foregoing provisions, the proceedings before the commission in that case shall be deemed closed unless opened by order of the commission.

XI. Awards.-1. The award of the commission in respect of each claim shall be rendered at a public session of the commission.

2. The award shall set out fully the grounds on which it is based, and shall be signed by at least two members of the commission. The award shall state in each case whether the English or Spanish text shall control in event of doubt as to the construction thereof.

3. In the event that the agents of the two governments shall stipulate any award, or the disposition of any claim, such stipulation shall be presented to the commission for confirmation and award in accordance therewith or other proper order thereon.

4. Any member of the commission who dissents from the award may make and sign a dissenting report setting out the grounds upon which he dissents and the award which in his opinion should have been made.

5. Four signed copies of the award, and of a dissenting opinion, if any, two in English and two in Spanish, shall be filed in the office of the commission, and forty 'printed copies, twenty in English and twenty in Spanish, shall be given to each of the agents.

6. Upon the application of either agent made within sixty days after the rendition of an award, and after giving the other agent an opportunity to be heard, the commission may interpret or rectify a judgment which is obscure or incomplete or contradictory or which contains any error in expression or calculation.

7. Two copies, one in Spanish and one in English, of each award rendered by the commission shall be entered in a book entitled “Register of Awards.” Awards shall be entered in the register in the order in which they are rendered by the commission. Any dissenting report of any member of the commission shall be entered in the Register of Awards, in English and in Spanish, immediately following the award actually rendered in a given case.

8. The secretaries shall forward two printed copies of both texts of all awards to the International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague.

XII. Duties of the Secretaries.-1. The secretaries shall(a) Be subject to the directions of the commission.

(b) Be the custodians of all documents and records of the commission, and keep them systematically arranged in safe files. While affording every reasonable facility to the agents and their respective counsel to inspect and make excerpts therefrom, no documents or records shall be withdrawn from the files of the commission save by its order duly entered of record.

(c) Make and keep in the English and Spanish language the Docket, Minute Book, Notice Book, Order Book, Register of Awards, and such other books and documents as the commission may from time to time order.

(d) Indorse on each document presented to the commission the date of filing, and enter a minute thereof in the docket.

(e) Enter in the Notice Book in Spanish and English all notices required by these rules to be filed by the respective agents with the secretaries; and promptly give notice thereof to the agent required to be notified thereby. Entry shall also be made in said Notice Book of the date on which said notice is given, and all proceedings in respect and in pursuance of said notice.

(f) Furnish promptly to the agent of the opposite party copies of all pleadings, motions, notices, and other papers filed with the secretaries by the agent of either government, and make due record thereof.

(g) Perform such other duties as may from time to time be prescribed by the commission.

2. Persons employed in making translations for the commission, and interpreters employed at the hearings before the commission, shall be placed under the exclusive control and direction of the secretaries.

XIII. Computation of Time.—Wherever in these rules a period of days is mentioned for the doing of any act, the date from which the period begins to run shall not be counted and the last day of the period shall be counted, and Sundays shall be excluded.

XIV. Amendments to Rules. The agents of the respective governments shall be heard on any proposed amendment to these rules before action is taken thereon by the commission.

XV. Silence of Rules.-In, or in reference to, any matter as to which express provision is not made in these rules, the commission will proceed as international law, justice, and equity require. 4. Organization

(a) The commission is composed of a commissioner selected by each of the two governments and a presiding officer selected by mutual agreement of the two governments.

(b) A Secretary appointed by each of the governments, the two secretaries acting as "Joint Secretaries of the commission and

subject to its instructions." 4

(c) Agency of the United States, with counsel, authorized to present arguments in favor of or against any claim before the commission.5

(d) Agency of Mexico, with counsel, similarly representing Mexico.

*

4 Article IV, Convention of September 8. 1923. 0 Article III, Convention of September 8, 1923.

807

CHAPTER 88

SPECIAL CLAIMS COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

1. Mission

The purpose of the Special Claims Commission, United States and Mexico, is to settle and adjust amicably "all claims against Mexico of citizens of the United States, whether corporations, companies, associations, partnerships or individuals, for losses or damages suffered by persons or by their properties during the revolutions and disturbed conditions which existed in Mexico, covering the period from November 20, 1910, to May 31, 1920, inclusive, including losses or damages suffered by citizens of the United States by reason of losses or damages suffered by any corporation, company, association, or partnership in which citizens of the United States have or have had a substantial and bona fide interest, provided an allotment to the American claimant by the corporation, company, association or partnership of his proportion of the loss or damage is presented by the claimant to the commission, and which claims have been presented to the United States for its interposition with Mexico, as well as any other such claims which may be presented within the time specified.1 2. History

The first meeting was held in Mexico City on August 18, 1924. The next meeting will be held September 1, 1925. 3. Rules and Regulations

The Rules and Regulations of the Special Claims Commission are the same as those for the General Claims Commission (q. v.), except as follows:

I. Place and Time of Hearings.-I. The commission shall sit at the City of Mexico, where its office shall be maintained and its records kept.

2. The commission may fix the time and place of its subsequent meetings, as may be convenient, subject always to the special instructions of the two governments. The time and place of such meetings shall be fixed by orders of the commission.

II. Same as rule II, General Claims Commission.

III. Filing and Docketing of Claims.-1. A claim shall be deemed to have been formally filed with the Commission

(a) Upon there being presented to the secretaries a memorandum or statement, in duplicate, one in English and one in Spanish, signed or countersigned by the agent of the United States, or some one authorized by him to sign on his behalf, setting forth as to each claim contained in said memorandum or statement the name of the claimant, a brief statement of the nature of the claim, and the

2

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1 Special Claims Convention, United States and Mexico, signed September 10, 1923, proclaimed by the President February 25, 1924. See article I. 2 Established by the Commission by order entered August 22, 1924.

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amount thereof; but the Mexican government shall not be required to answer and the commission will not consider any claim so filed by a memorandum unless and until a memorial thereon is filed as in these rules provided; or

(b) Upon there being presented to the secretaries (without such preliminary memorandum or statement) by or on behalf of the agent of the United States a memorial in duplicate, one in English and the other in Spanish, accompanied by copies of all documents and other proofs in support of the claim then in possession of the agent of the United States.

2. Upon receipt of the memorandum or statement mentioned in clause (a) of section 1 hereof, or of the memorial mentioned in clause (b), an indorsement of filing, with the date thereof, shall be made thereon and signed by the secretaries, and the claim shall be immediately docketed under the appropriate number.

3. Every claim shall be filed with the commission whether in the manner mentioned in clause (a) or in clause (b) of section 1 hereof before the 18th day of August, 1926, unless in any case the reasons for the delay satisfactory to the majority of the commissioners shall be established, and in such case the period for filing may be extended by the commission not to exceed six additional months.

4. At any time after August 18, 1926, the commission will, on motion of the Mexican agent, fix a time for filing memorials as to claims filed as provided in clause (a) of section 1 hereof then pending and as to which memorials have not theretofore been filed.

IV. Pleadings.—1. Omit “confirmed by the commission," in line 3 of 'paragraph 1 under General Claims Commission.

2. At the end of the first paragraph substitute "United States” for “government filing the same," in corresponding paragraph under General Claims Commission.

2 (a) Substitute the following for corresponding subparagraph under General Claims Commission:

(a) Facts showing that the losses or damages for which the claim is made resulted from some one or more of the causes specified in article III of the Special Claims Convention between the United States and Mexico dated September 10, 1923, which became effective by exchange of ratifications on February 19, 1924, and that the same occurred between November 20, 1910, and May 31, 1920, inclusive.

2 (d) Substitute "filing thereof" for "memorial,” in line 2 of corresponding subparagraph under General Claims Commission.

2 (e) Contains only the first sentence of the corresponding subparagraph under General Claims Commission.

3 (c) and 5 (c) Omit "other" before "proof” and “proofs,” respectively, in corresponding subparagraphs under General Claims Commission.

5 (a) Substitute the following for the corresponding subparagraph under General Claims Commission:

(a) The memorial, answer, and/or reply may be amended at any time before final award either (1) by stipulation between the agents of the respective governments agreeing to the filing of any amendment set out in such stipulation, which shall be filed with the secretaries as in the case of original pleadings, or (2) by leave of the commission in its discretion, such leave to be granted only upon motion, after due notice to the opposite party given as herein provided, and upon such terms as the commission shall impose.

Add 5 (e) :

The Commission will not consider any matter of claim or defense not set up in appropriate pleadings or amendment thereto made as herein provided; but the commission may in its discretion at any time before final award direct or advise amendments to pleadings which it may deem essential to a proper consideration of any claim or to meet the ends of justice.

V. Same as under General Claims Commission, except omit "typewritten" in paragraph 2.

VI. Notice to Parties.--The filing with the secretaries of the commission of any pleadings, amendments, documents, or notice by the respective agents or counsels shall constitute notice thereof to the opposite party and shall be deemed a compliance with these rules as to any notice required to be given hereunder.

VII. Same.
VIII. Same, except:

2. Insert "to the agent of the other party" after "notice" in line 1, under corresponding paragraph under General Claims Commission; and substitute the following for corresponding paragraph under General Claims Commission:

4. Where the original of any document or other proof is filed at any government office on either side, and cannot be conveniently withdrawn, and no copy of such document is in the possession of the party desiring to present the same to the commission in support of the allegations set out in his pleadings, he shall notify the agent of the other party in writing of his desire to inspect such document. The action taken in response to the request to inspect, together with such reasons as may be assigned for the action taken, shall be reported to the commission, and the commission will take note thereof.

IX. Same, except substitute for corresponding paragraph under General Claims Commission the following:

3. A witness may testify either in English or Spanish, but in any case the language used shall be that best adapted to the understanding of the witness. Where oral testimony is given in English or in Spanish, the same shall be translated under the direction of the commission into the other language.

X. Paragraphs 1 and 4 are the same as the corresponding paragraphs under the General Claims Commission, and for corresponding paragraphs 2 and 3 the following are substituted:

2. When the agent of the United States is ready to submit a case to the commission he shall file notice with the secretaries, which notice shall be notice to the agent of Mexico to that effect, and the agent of the United States may file together with such notice a brief prepared by himself or his counsel, or a brief prepared by the claimant if countersigned by the agent, and such documentary proofs in support thereof, in addition to those already filed by him, as he may desire. On the filing of notice and brief, the Mexican agent may within twenty (20) days file with the secretaries a reply brief, together with such written proofs

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