King, Governance, and Law in Ancient India: Kautilya's Arthasastra

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Oxford University Press, 2016 - 784 էջ
King, Governance, and Law in Ancient India presents an English translation of Kautilya's Arthasastra (AS.) along with detailed endnotes. When it was discovered around 1905, the AS. was described as perhaps the most precious work in the whole range of Sanskrit literature, an assessment that still rings true. Patrick Olivelle's new translation of this significant text, the first in close to half a century, takes into account a number of important advances in our knowledge of the texts, inscriptions, and archeological and art historical remains from the period in Indian history to which the AS. belongs.

The AS. is what we would today call a scientific treatise. It codifies a body of knowledge handed down in expert traditions and is specifically interested in two things: first, how a king can expand his territory, keep enemies at bay, enhance his external power, and amass riches; second, how a king can best organize his state bureaucracy to consolidate his internal power, to suppress internal enemies, to expand the economy, to enhance his treasury through taxes, duties, and entrepreneurial activities, to keep law and order, and to settle disputes among his subjects. The AS. stands alone: there is nothing like it before and there is nothing like it after.

 

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Introduction
1
Translation
61
On the Subject of Training
63
On the Activities of Superintendents
99
On Justices
179
Eradication of Thorns
223
On Secret Conduct
253
Basis of the Circle
271
Conduct toward Confederacies
389
On the Weaker King
393
Means of Capturing a Fort
405
On Esoteric Practices
421
Organization of a Scientific Treatise
435
Fauna and Flora
439
Weights and Measures
455
Geographical Names
461

On the Sixfold Strategy
277
On the Subject of Calamities
331
Activity of a King Preparing to March into Battle
349
On War
373

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Patrick Olivelle is Professor of Sanskrit and Indian Religions at the University of Texas at Austin.

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