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SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE.
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SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.
JNO. R. THOMPSON, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
VOL. XVII., No. 7.
ORIGINAL PROSE ARTICLES.
1. Slavery as a Moral Relation. Discussion of Drs. Fuller and Wayland-Dr. Thornwell's discourse on" the rights and duties of Masters"-Is Slavery a sin in itself? The maxims of the natural equality of all men considered: falsity of the argument upon the diversity of the racesSlavery defensible on higher grounds-Perfect consistency of Slavery with the republican theory of government. The gospel argument-Error of such as contend that the slave is degraded to the condition of a brute: Slavery properly definedPosition of the Southern States, &c.............393 2. Historical and Corographical Description of the Province of Chichas and Tarija, in Upper Peru or Bolivia. From the Mercurio Peruano. By W. S. W. Ruschenberger, U. S. N................
3. Adventures of a Life. From the French of Leon
5. From our Paris Correspondent. Present aspect
KEITH & WOODS, St. Louis, Mo.
ORIGINAL PROSE ARTICLES (CONTINUED.)
Whole Number, CXCIX.
MACFARLANE & FERGUSSON.
9. The Death of Siward..
10. Sonnet by Aglaus.... 11. Verses...
12. Alice Fay. By D. P. Barhydt.....
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SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.
PUBLISHED MONTHLY AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM-JNO. R. THOMPSON, EDITOR AND PRoprietor.
RICHMOND, JULY, 1851.
SLAVERY AS A MORAL RELATION.*
The first of the publications at the head of this review, contains a correspondence between two The sermon which we have placed in connecof the most distinguished members of the Bap-tion with this debate, was delivered by Dr. tist clergy, on the great question which finally Thornwell, of South Carolina College, on the resulted in the disruption of the ties that bound occasion alluded to in the title of the publication. the Baptist Churches of the North and South Dr. Thornwell is one of the finest intellects of into one association for missionary operations in this age; and the State and College of South foreign parts. The occasion of the controversy Carolina may well congratulate themselves on grew out of the fierce and denunciatory attitude the possession of a man, whose acute and able taken by the Northern members of a Convention, intellect, whose power of expression, and vigor which met in Philadelphia during the year pre-of address shine so conspicuously in this noble ceding the discussion before us. The ultra doc-discourse. In the dense and masterly logic, the trines broached upon the floor of that body, drew subtle discrimination, and the powerful introverforth a letter from Dr. Fuller, of South Carolina, sions and antithesis of the sermon before us, we a clergyman of ability and distinction, in which find what we do not hesitate to term the ablest he alluded to the views of slavery expressed by and soundest defence of the relation between the President of Brown University, in his treatise master and servant we ever remember to have on the elements of Moral Science. Dr. Way-seen. The sermon is not faultless; and the deland addressed him a reply, and this was the be- ficiency consists principally in the excess of inginning of a controversy of a very remarkable tensity, in the style, and in the artificial characcharacter in more than one respect. It is con- ter of the sentences: formed upon a model of surducted with marked ability on both sides, in a passing but artificial excellence, the style of the clear and frequently vigorous style, and with a author partakes of the brilliant sins of Junius gentleness, a courtesy, a kind and Christian tem- and Johnson, and lacks the easy and graceful per, that really make it a model of polemical dis- transposition, the flowing and flexile alternacussion, and reflect a higher credit upon the good tion from the gay to the grave, from the easy to sense and Christian principle of the parties, than the intense, from the plain and familiar to those even the very able display of logical precision brilliant and lightning-like flashes of excited inand address, exhibited by each of them, reflects tellect, condensed and animated by passionupon their powers of intellect. We close this which compose the delightful variety of a perfect rapid sketch of the general features of the contest, style. with remarking upon a peculiarity which could not We have selected these publications not for the fail to strike the most superficial observer; we purpose of entering into an elaborate analysis of refer to the incessant appeal of Wayland to the the merits of the works and the plan of their arguabstract maxims of morality as modified and ex-ment; but simply as guides and assistants in examplained in the disquisitions of philosophy; and ining the moral character of the relation of master the equally obstinate and pertinacious retreat and servant. The spirit of activity and investigation which has marked the last century of the history of the world, has thrust its shrewd and meddling inquisitiveness into almost every department of human life. Fired by unexampled success in the examination of physical science, the pride of human intellect has refused to acknowledge any limit to its powers, aspires to the
* DOMESTIC SLAVERY, Considered as a Scriptural Institution in a Correspondence, between the Rev. Richard Fuller of Beaufort, S. C., and the Rev. Francis Wayland of Providence, R. I. Revised and corrected by the authors. New York: Published by Lewis
Colby, 122 Nassau street. Boston: Gould, Kendall,
and Lincoln. 1845. pp. 254.
of his opponent from the mazes of metaphysics to the plain and palpable concretions of the Bible; a happy illustration of the nature of the entire contest between the slavery theories of the North and South.
THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF MASTERS. A Sermon mastery of every subject of inquiry, and too frepreached at the dedication of a church erected in Charles- quently rejects every mystery as synonymous ton, S. C., for the benefit and instruction of the colored with a trick. Reasoning with bold and confipopulation. By Rev. J. H. Thornwell, D. D. Charles
ton, S. C. Steam-power press of Walker & James. 1850-dent plausibility, from certain abstract maxims of political science, without any disposition to