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the same Sacrament, his Holy Spirit, to sanctify them as it sanctifieth Him which is that Head. Thirdly, that what merit, force, or virtue soever, there is in his sacrificed body and blood, we freely, fully, and wholly have it by this Sacrament. Fourthly, that the effect thereof in us, is a real transmutation of our souls and bodies from sin to righteousness, from death and corruption to immortality and life. Fifthly, that because the Sacrament being, of itself, but a corruptible and earthly creature, must needs be thought an unlikely instrument to work so admirable effects in man, we are therefore to rest ourselves altogether upon the strength of his glorious power who is able and will bring to pass, that the bread and cup which he giveth us shall be truly the thing he promiseth.'

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Having thus set forth the nature of Christ's presence, and the benefits which the faithful partaker receives from this spiritual communion with him,—in all which he illustrates and confirms the teaching of our Church, he further affirms of the Romish doctrine of transubstantiation, that it is no where delivered in Holy Scripture." *

While as touching the sentence of antiquity in this cause he fully concludes from the early writings of the Church-"it appeareth not, that of all the ancient Fathers of the Church, any one did ever conceive or imagine other than only a mystical

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participation of Christ's both body and blood in the Sacrament."*

And lastly, this learned and pious man, knowing how in his time the holy mysteries we have been considering had been the subject of violent and unseemly dispute, wisely warns us with regard to the hidden things of God to prefer + "simplicity of faith before that knowledge which curiously sifting what it should adore, and disputing too boldly of that which the wit of man cannot search, chilleth for the most part all warmth of zeal, and bringeth soundness of belief many times into great hazard. Let it therefore be sufficient for mehe adds-presenting myself at the Lord's table, to know what there I receive from Him, without searching or inquiring of the manner how Christ performeth his promise; let disputes and questions, enemies to piety, abatements of true devotion, and hitherto in this but overpatiently heard, let them take their rest; let curious and sharp-witted men beat their heads about what questions themselves will, the very letter of the word of Christ giveth plain security, that these mysteries do, as nails, fasten us to his very cross, that by them we draw out, as touching efficacy, force, and virtue, even the blood of his gored side; in the wounds of our Redeemer, we there dip our tongues, we are dyed red both within and without; our hunger is satisPage 10. Pages 12, 13,

fied, and our thirst for ever quenched: they are things wonderful which he feeleth, great which he seeth, and unheard of which he uttereth, whose soul is possessed of this Paschal Lamb, and made joyful in the strength of this new wine; the bread hath in it more than the substance which our eyes behold, this cup hallowed with solemn benediction availeth to the endless life and welfare both of soul and body, in that it serveth as well for a medicine to heal our infirmities and purge our sins, as for a sacrifice of thanksgiving; with touching it sanctifieth, it enlighteneth with belief, it truly conformeth us unto the image of Jesus Christ. What these elements are in themselves it skilleth not; it is enough, that to me which take them, they are the body and blood of Christ; his promise in witness hereof sufficeth his word he knoweth which way to accomplish; why should any cogitation possess the mind of a faithful communicant but this, O my God, thou art true; 0 my Soul, thou art happy?"

May this happiness be yours! And to this end, often ask yourselves the solemn question in the text, enquire for yourselves, and meditate on its true meaning.

And may the Holy Spirit lead you to a right and full understanding of its importance to your soul's health! so that those who have come to this holy ordinance may learn to value it more highly, and those who have hitherto neglected it, may be taught how

inestimable are the blessings they have despised. Then should we realize in one holy fellowship, that blessed communion (of which the Apostle speaks) here on earth, and become indeed "faithful partakers of that one bread;" until at length it would be perfected in heaven, where Christ shall summon all true believers into his immediate presence, and join them to the happy communion of the "saints in light."

COLLECT.

O ALMIGHTY God, who hast knit together thine elect in one communion and fellowship in the mystical body of thy Son Christ our Lord: Grant us grace so to follow thy blessed saints in all virtuous and godly living, that we may come to those unspeakable joys, which thou hast prepared for them that love thee, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

THE END.

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APPENDIX.

A.

"As God creates only what is good, so reason, before the fall, was pure and perfect reason, and adequate to its proper objects. 'Reason is that faculty in the intellect of man which combines ideas, and from their combination concludes their due result; and if the ideas are certain and conclusive, the deductions will be the same.' This faculty in man, at its first creation, had none but right objects for its exercise, and it had a perfect and true power to form and collect ideas from those objects, and to obtain just conclusions by them. There was then no cloud thrown over the objects, and no darkness in the faculty which was to be employed about them; but they perfectly corresponded with each other, and led all the powers of the soul into truth. Moreover, this happy state of reason consisted, not only in the purity and justice of its formation, but in its constant communion with Him, who is Uncreated Rectitude, and who points it to himself, as to its final object or end.

"Upon the fall, this beautiful scene of light, truth, and peace immediately changed; reason now flowed from a

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