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Dates:

1857 - Claimed by the United States.
1865-1898 - guano mining.
1917 - lighthouse was built.
1996 - lighthouse was shut down, and administration of
Navassa Island transferred from the Coast Guard to the
Department of the Interior.
1998 - scientific expedition to the island described it as a
unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity.
1999 - National Wildlife Refuge.

Location:

Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, about one-fourth of the

way

from Haiti to Jamaica.

COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS

Dependency Commonwealth in political union with the United States.
Status:

Federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the
Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs.

Dates:

Administered as part of the United Nations Trust Territory
of the Pacific.
1972 - Negotiations for territorial status with the United
States.
1975 - covenant to establish a commonwealth in political
union with the United States.
1978 - A new government and constitution.

Location:

Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines.

PALMYRA ATOLL

Dependency Incorporated territory of the United States.
Status:

Privately owned, but administered by the Fish and Wildlife
Service of the Department of the Interior.

Dates:

1862 - claimed by the Kingdom of Hawaii.
1898 - included within the annexation of the Hawaiian
Islands.
1959 - Hawaii Statehood Act did not provide for its
inclusion.
Privately owned by the Nature Conservancy. This
organization is managing the atoll as a nature preserve.
2001 - The lagoons and surrounding waters within the 12
nautical mile United States territorial seas were transferred
to the US Fish and Wildlife Service and were designated
a National Wildlife Refuge.

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Location:

Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way
between Hawaii and American Samoa.

COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO

Dependency Commonwealth associated with the United States.
Status:

Dates:

1493 - Claimed by the Spanish Crown.
1898 - Ceded to the United States after the Spanish-
American War.
1917 - population granted citizenship.
1948 - Elected governors.
1952 - constitution was enacted providing for internal
self-government.

Location:

Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the
North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic.

UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS

Dependency Organized, unincorporated territory of the United States.
Status:

Policy relations between the Virgin Islands and the United
States under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular
Affairs, Department of the Interior.

Dates:

1600s - archipelago was divided into two territorial units,
one English and the other Danish.
1848 - slavery abolished in Danish portion.
1917 - the United States purchased the Danish portion.
which had been in economic decline since the

Location:

Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the
North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico.

WAKE ISLAND

Dependency Unincorporated territory of the United States.
Status:

Administered by the Department of the Interior; activities
on the island are managed by the United States Army
under a United States Air Force permit.

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Dates:

1899 - annexed by the United States.
1940-41 - United States Air and Naval bases were
constructed.
1941 - Captured by the Japanese in December.
1974 - Airstrip used by the military and commercial
planes.

Location:

Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands. TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC

The United States administered the Trust Territory of the Pacific from July 18, 1947 through October 1, 1994.

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Dependency Constitutional government in free association with the
Status:

United States.
Compact of Free Association entered into force on October
1, 1994.

Dates:

1947 - United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific under
United States administration.
1978 - opted for independence from the Federated States
of Miconesia.
1986 - approved Compact of Free Association with the
United States.
1993 - Compact of Free Association ratified.
1994 - islands gained independence.

Location:

Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean,
southeast of the Philippines.

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Dependency Constitutional government in free association with the
Status:

United States.
Compact of Free Association entered into force on
November 3, 1986 and is due for renegotiation.

Dates:

1947 - United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific under
United States administration.
1979 - adopted a constitution.
1986 - independence under a Compact of Free Association
with the United States.

Location:

Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia.

REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS

Dependency Constitutional government in free association with the
Status:

United States.
Compact of Free Association entered into force on
October 21, 1986.

Dates:

1947 - United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific under
United States administration.
1947 - 1962 - nuclear testing on atolls.
1964 - United States Army Base Kwajalein
1986 - independence under a Compact of Free
Association.
Present Day - compensation claims relating to nuclear
testing.

Location:

Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific
Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to
Australia.

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