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tenants; if the father only be living, he shall take the inheritance, unless the estate came to the intestate on the part of the mother; if the father be dead or incapable of inheriting the estate, it shall go to the mother of the intestate.

3. If there be neither father nor mother of such intestate, and there be brothers and sisters of such intestate, or brothers and sisters and the descendants of any brother or sister who shall have died, or only the descendants of brothers and sisters; then, the whole of such inheritance shall go to such brothers and sisters, and to the descendants of them, according to the rules of descent hereinafter, in this article.” (R. S., 434, Sec. 111.)

" If there be no descendants nor relatives entitled to take the inheritance according to the preceding sections of this article, such inheritance (subject to the provisions hereinafter made in favor of the widow of the intestate) shall descend as follows:

1. If the inheritance came to the intestate on the part of his father, it shall go to the paternal grandfather and grandmother, as joint tenants; or if one of them be dead, then to the survivor.

2. If there be no grandfather nor grandmother, as above specified, to take the inheritance, the same shall descend to the brothers and sisters of the father of the intestate, or to such as shall be living, and the descendants of such as shall be dead; or if all the brothers and sisters be dead, then to their descendants.

3. If there be no descendants of such brothers and sisters of the intestate father, nor other heirs entitled to take according to the preceding provisions of this section, the inheritance shall then go to the nearest of kin, of equal degree of consanguinity to the intestate, among the paternal kindred.

4. If there shall be no heirs entitled to take the inheritance as above provided, the same shall descend to the natural kindred in like manner, and be subject to the same law of de

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scent, in all respects, as is such maternal kindred had been the paternal kindred of the intestate, as in this section before provided.

5. Whenever the inheritance shall have come to the intestate on the part of his mother, the same shall go to the maternal grandfather and grandmother of the intestate, as joint tenants, or to the survivor of them; or if neither be alive, then to the brothers and sisters of the intestate's mother, and to their descendants; or if there be no such brothers or sis. ters, nor the descendants of any of them living, then to the nearest of kin, of equal degree of consanguinity to the intestate, among the maternal kindred; and such inheritance shall descend in like manner to the maternal kindred, and be governed in all respects by the law of descents, as prescribed herein, as if the said maternal kindred were the paternal kindred of such intestate.

6. If there shall be no maternal relatives to take the inheritance coming to the intestate on the part of his mother, according to the provisions of this section, then such inheritance shall descend to the paternal kindred of the intestate in like manner, and be subject to the same law of descent, in all respects, as if said paternal kindred were the maternal kindred of said intestate, as in the section above specified.” [R. S., 435, Sec. 112.]

" Whenever the inheritance shall not have come to the intestate on the part of the father or mother, and there shall not be any children, or their descendants, of such intestate, nor any father, mother, or brothers and sisters, or the descendants of any such brother or sister of such intestate, such inheritance shall descend as follows:

1. One-half of the said inheritance shall go to the paternal grandfather and grandmother of such intestate, as joint tenants; or if one shall have died, then to the survivor.

2. If there shall be neither paternal grandfather nor grandmother living, such half of the inheritance shall go to the

brothers and sisters of the father of the intestate, and to the descendants of any of them who shall have died; or if all such brothers and sisters shall have died, any or all of them leaving descendants, then to such descendants.

3. If there be no relatives of the intestate entitled to the inheritance, as above provided in this section, then such half of said inheritance shall go to the nearest of kin, in equal degree of consanguinity to such intestate, among his paternal kindred.

4. If there be no paternal kindred entitled to such part of the inheritance as above specified, the same shall descend to the widow of the intestate, if living; or if there be no widow, then to the maternal kindred of such intestate in like manner, and governed in all respects as if such maternal kindred had been of the paternal kindred of such intestate.

5. The other half of such inheritance, as above in this section specified, shall go to the maternal kindred of the intestate, in like manner as in this section provided for the half of such inheritance which goes to the paternal kindred, and shall, in all respects, be governed by the same rules of descent among such maternal kindred as if they had been the paternal kindred of the intestate as aforesaid.

6. If there be no maternal kindred entitled to such remaining half of the inheritance, the same shall descend to the widow of the intestate, if living; or if there be no widow, then to the paternal kindred of the intestate, in like manner, and governed in all respects as if such paternal kindred had been of the maternal kindred of the intestate." [R. S., 435, Sec. 113.]

"In all cases in which the inheritance shall descend, in whole or in part, to the collateral relatives of the intestate and their descendants, as specified in this article, such relatives shall share the inheritance as follows:

1. If there be several relatives, all of equal degree of consanguinity to the intestate, such inheritance shall descend to

them in equal parts, however remote from the intestate such equal and common degree of consanguinity may be.

2. If the relatives entitled to the inheritance be of unequal degree of consanguinity to the intestate, such inheritance shall so descend that those of the nearest degree of consanguinity to such intestate shall take the shares that would have descended to them if all the relatives of the same degree of consanguinity to such intestate who shall have died leaving descendants, were living; and so that the descendants of such deceased relatives shall inherit the shares which their parents, if living, would have received.

3. Whenever the inheritance is in any case directed to go to the nearest of kin in equal degree of consanguinity to the intestate, and there are two or more collateral kindred, in equal degree, but claiming through different ancestors, those who claim through the ancestor nearest to the intestate shall be preferred to those claiming through an ancestor who is more remote.

4. Kindred of the half blood, and their descendants, shall inherit equally with those of the whole blood in equal degree of consanguinity to the intestate; unless the inheritance shall have come to the intestate by descent, devise, or gift of some of his ancestors ; in which case such kindred of the half blood and their descendants shall not inherit, except they also be of the blood of such ancestor; but if in any such case there be no relatives of the whole blood, in equal or nearer degree of consanguinity to such intestate, nor their descendants, entitled to take such inheritance according to the provisions of this article, then such kindred of the intes. tate, of the half blood, and their descendants, shall take the same as if they were of the whole blood.

5. Whenever the inheritance shall have come to the intestate by gift, or by virtue of any conveyance in consideration of natural love and affection, from any person living at the death of such intestate, such inheritance, shall descend to

such person, if the intestate shall have died without leaving any children or their descendants.” [R. S., 436, Sec. 114.)

“When in any case specified in the last clause of the last preceding section, the husband or wife of any person to whom any such estate may have been given or conveyed, shall have made valuable and lasting improvements thereon, or the separate estate or moneys of such husband or wife shall have been applied to the making of such improvements, such husband or wife, as the case may be, when such estate shall descend to the grantor or donor thereof, as provided in the said last clause, shall hold a lien thereon for the payment of such improvements, or for reimbursement for his or her moneys invested therein, deducting therefrom the value of the use and enjoyment of such premises by the person in whose favor such lien is declared.” (Id., 436, Sec. 115.]

“Such husband or wife may file a bill in chancery against the person to whom such estate is above directed to descend; and the court may decree the payment or reimbursement out of such premises or otherwise, to such husband or wife, of the value of such improvements, or the sums of money invested therein; and no conveyance of such premises or incumbrance made thereon by the person aforesaid, shall in any way affect or defeat the lien of such husband or wife.” [Id., 437, Sec. 116.]

“The widow of the intestate may, if she choose, take as an heir of her husband, to the extent and in the cases specified in this section, as follows:

1. If the heirs entitled to take such inheritance shall be the grandfather and the grandmother of the intestate, or either of them, or the brothers and sisters of the father or mother of the intestate, or the descendants of any such brother or sister, the widow may, in any such case, take one third part of such inheritance, as an heir of the intestate.

2. If the only heirs entitled to take the inheritance shall be such as are included within any of the provisions of this

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