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a mile square of the said reserved lands, for the separate use of himself, and for the separate use of his family, forever. Before sealing and delivery hereof, it was, for the greater certajnty, declared to be the intent of the parties, that this grant and cession is only of the lands eastward of the partition line above mentioned between this State of New York and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; and that, with respect to such part of their country as is to the westward of the said partition line, the right and property of the Cayugas to be the same as if this grant and cession had not been made. The Cayuga salt spring, and the land to the extent of one mile around the same, to remain for the common use and benefit of the People of the State of New York, and of the Cayugas and their posterity, forever. And the land to be reserved at the fishing place near Skayes, shall be of the extent of one mile on each side of the river, the above reservation of land on the southern side of the river, only, notwithstanding."
At Fort Stanwix, June 22, 1790, the Cayugas acknowledged the payment, as stipulated in the preceding cession, and made the following stipulation : “And we, the said Cayugas, in consideration thereof, do, by these presents, fully, freely, and absolutely, ratify and confirm the said agreement and cession, and all and singular the articles, covenants, matters, and things, therein expressed and contained, on the part of us, the said Cayugas, done or to be done, executed or performed: and we, the said Cayugas, do further hereby grant and release to the people of the State of NewYork, all our right, interest, and claim, in and to all lands lying east of the line of cession by the State of New York to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; except the lands mentioned in the deed of cession of the 25th of February, 1789,) to be reserved to us, the Cayugas, and our posterity.”
At Konondaigua, Nov. 11, 1794, the Six Nations made a treaty with Timothy Pickering, in which former cessions by the Oneidas, Onondagas and Cayugas were ratified, and
the land of the Senecas defined as follows: “Beginning on Lake Ontario, at the Northwest corner of the land they sold to Oliver Phelps ;* the line runs Westerly along the lake, as far as Oyongwongyeh creek, at Johnston's Landing Place, about four miles Eastward from the Fort of Niagara ; then Southerly, up that creek to its main fork; then, straight to the main fork of Stedman's creek, which empties into the river Niagara, above Fort Schlosser; and then onward, from that fork, continuing the same straight course, to that river; this line, from the mouth of Oyongwongyeh creek to the river Niagara, above Fort Schlosser, being the Eastern boundary of a strip of land, extending from the same line to Niagara river, which the Seneca nation ceded to the King of Great Britain, at a treaty held about thirty years ago, with Sir William Johnston ;) then the line runs along the river Niagara to Lake Erie; then along Lake Erie, to the Northeast corner of a triangular piece of land, which the United States conveyed to the State of Pennsylvania, as by the President's patent, dated the third day of March, 1792; then due South to the Northern boundary of that State ; then due east to the south west corner of the land sold by the Seneca nation to Oliver Phelps; and then north and northerly, along Phelp's line, to the place of beginning on Lake Ontario. Now, the United States acknowledge all the land within the aforementioned boundaries, to be the property of the Seneca nation; and the United States will never
* In the year 1786, the State of New-York, in order to put at rest certain claims of Massachusetts, granted to the latter all that part of the State lying west of a line extending from Little Sodus Bay to the Pennsylvania line, except about a mile on the cast side of the Niagara river and the islands in that stream. Also ten townships six miles square, in Tioga and Broome. Both tracts embraced ten thousand square miles. In 1787, the State of Massachusetts granted the first tract to Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham, for $1,000,000, and the other to John Brown for $3,300. Judge Phelps, in company with the Rev. Mr. Kirkland, the Missionary among the Six Nations, and a Commissioner on behalf of Massachusetts, met the Senecas in council near Canandaigua lake, and effected a treaty with them ; in and by which they relinquished possession to more than two million acres.
claim the same, nor disturb the Seneca nation, nor any of the Six Nations, or of their Indian friends residing thereon and united with them, in the free use and enjoyment thereof: but it shall remain theirs, until they choose to sell the same to the people of the United States, who have the right to purchase."
At New-York, May 31, 1796, the Seven Nations, of Canada, who had theretolore made some claim to lands about the St. Lawrence, released all their claim to land in the State, except six miles square, and certain mills and privileges reserved to Alexander Macomb, for Indians of the village of St. Regis.
At Albany, March 29, 1797, the Mohawks relinquished all claim to land in the State, and acknowledged payment therefor.
At Genesee, September 15, 1797, the SENECAS, under sanction of the United States Government, deeded to Robert Morris, of Philadelphia, “ All that certain tract of land, except as is hereinafter excepted, lying within the county of Ontario, and State of New York, being part of a tract of land, the right of pre-emption whereof was ceded by the State of New-York to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, by deed of cession, executed at Hartford, on the sixteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six, being all such part thereof as is not included in the Indian purchase, made by Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham, and bounded as follows, to wit: Easterly, by the land confirmed to Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham, by the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, by an act passed the twenty-first day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eightyeight; southerly, by the north boundary line of the State of Pennsylvania; westerly, partly by a tract of land, part of the land ceded by the State of Massachusetts to the United States, and by them sold to Pennsylvania, being a right
angled triangle, whose hypothenuse is in or along the shore of Lake Erie; partly by Lake Erie, from the northern point of that triangle to the southern bounds of a tract of land one mile in width, lying on and along the east side of the strait of Niagara; and partly by the said tract to Lake Ontario; and on the north by the boundary line between the United States and the King of Great Britain: excepting and reserving to them, the said parties of the first part, and their nation, one piece or parcel of the aforesaid tract, at Canawagus, of two square miles, to be laid out in such manner as to include the village, extending in breadth one mile along the river ; one other piece or parcel at Big Tree, of two square miles, to be laid out in such manner as to include the village, extending in breadth along the river one mile; one other piece or parcel of two square miles, at Little Beard's town, extending one mile along the river, to be laid out in such manner as to include the village; one other tract of two square miles, at Squaky Hill; one other piece or parcel, at Kaounadeau, extending in length eight miles along the river, and two miles in breadth; one other piece or parcel, at the mouth of the Eighteen Mile, or Koghquaugu creek; one other piece at Cataraugos, on the south side of Cataraugos creek; one other piece or parcel of forty-two square miles, at or near the Allegany river, and two hundred square miles, to be laid out partly at the Buffalo and partly at the Tonnawanda creeks.
At Oneida village, June 1, 1798, the ONEIDAS ceded to the State of New-York “all the lands within the reservation to the westward and south westward of a line from the northeastern corner of lot number fifty-four, in the last purchase from them, running northerly to a buttonwood tree marked, on the east side, "Oneida R. 1798," on the west side “H. P. S. 1798,” and, on the south side, with three notches and a blaze, standing on the bank of the Oneida lake, in the southern part of a bay called Newageghkoo; also, a mile on each side of the main Genesee road, for the distance of one mile
and a half westward, to commence at the eastern boundary of their said reservation, and also the same breadth for the distance of three miles on the south side, and of one mile on the north side of the said road eastward, to commence at the eastern boundary of the said lot number fifty-four: Provided and excepted, nevertheless, that the following Indian families, viz: Sarah Docksteder, Cornelius Docksteder, Jacob Docksteder, Lewis Denny, John Denny, Jan Joost, and Nicholas, shall be suffered to possess of the tract first above mentioned, the grounds cultivated by them, respectively, and their improvements, not exceeding fifty acres to each family, so long as they shall reside there; and, in consideration of this proviso and exception, the said Indians do further cede a tract of land of one thousand two hundred and eighty acres, as follows, that is to say: Beginning in the southeast corner of lot number fifty-nine, in the said last purchase, and running thence east one mile; thence north two miles; thence west one mile; and thence south two miles; shall be considered as set apart by the said nation or tribe, for the use of the said families, whenever they shall remove from where they now reside."
At Genesee, in the year 1797, the SENECAS sold to Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham, a large tract in the county of Ontario, which was confirmed by an act of the Legislature of Massachusetts, passed November 21, 1788.
At Buffalo Creek, June 30, 1802, the SENECAS conveyed “Little Beard's reservation,” containing one thousand two hundred and eighty acres, to Oliver Phelps, Isaac Bronson, and Horatio Jones.
At Buffalo Creek, June 30, 1802, the SENECAS, with the approbation of the United States Commissioner, deeded to Wilhem Willink, Pieter Van Eeghen, Hendrik Vollenhoven, W. Willink, the younger, I. Willink, the younger, (son of Jan,) Jan Gabriel Van Staphorst, Roelof Van Staphorst, the younger, Cornelis Vollenhoven, and Hendrik Seye, a com