History of Europe: From the Fall of Napoleon, in 1815, to the Accession of Louis Napoleon, in 1852, Том 5

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W. Blackwood and sons, 1856
 

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Universal education of the people
9
Anomalous result of education on crime
10
Statistics of education and crime in Austria
11
Seeds of discontent arising out of this very prosperity
12
Manner in which this was brought about
13
Universal expectation of liberal institutions which prevailed in Germany
14
His versatility has rendered him rather universally popular than
15
after the peace 15 Evidence from public acts of the promise to give Germany constitutional government 16 Delay in performing these promises on th...
16
States established in Hanover Würtemberg and Baden but not
17
Tardy promises of the Prussian government
18
Important resolution of the Diet regarding the internal affairs of
19
Great effect of these provisions
20
Effect of the Spanish and Italian revolutions of 1819 and 1820 on Uvisions
21
Resolution of the Diet on the propositions of Austria
22
Supreme Austregal Court
23
Assassination of Kotzebue Kotzebue
24
His execution and immense sensation it created
25
Consequences of this event highly injurious to freedom
26
2729 Circular of the cabinet of Berlin 2729
27
Intervention of the Austrians and their entry into Bologna
28
Reflections on this picture of Germany
30
Circular of Metternich detailing the effect of the repressive measures
31
Circular of Metternich on the Neapolitan revolution 33 Final Act of Confederation
32
VOL V
33
Effect of this Final Act on German liberty
34
Illusory edict of Prussia regarding provincial diets
35
Refusal of the Diet to sanction the demand of Holstein for a consti tution
36
Import of the constitution of the provincial estates of Prussia by the edict of June 5 1823
37
Count Bernstorffs circular on the subject
38
Regulations against the secret societies in Prussia
39
The real worth of the provincial estates
40
18
41
Wisdom of the internal government of Prussia
42
Specific measures introduced
43
The ultimate effect of these changes would have favoured freedom
44
Great effect of the French Revolution in checking German freedom
45
Increase of this feeling with the Belgian and Polish revolutions
46
Fall of the Duke de Broglie
47
19
48
Decree of July 5 of the Diet
49
Immense sensation produced by these decrees over Europe
50
Riot in Frankfort and its occupation by the Austrians
51
Congress of Sovereigns at Münchengratz
52
Fresh riot at Frankfort which is put under martial law
53
Decrees of 1835 in the Diet
54
Death of the Emperor Francis and his successors communication to the Diet
55
Change in the public mind in Germany towards material objects
56
20
57
Dispute between the Prussian government and the Pope regarding the Archbishop of Cologne
58
Immense sensation excited by this event
59
Wise internal regulations of the Prussian government 61 Amnesty on the 300th anniversary of the Reformation and treaty of reciprocity with Holland
60
Forces on both sides and theatre of the combat
61
Death of the King of Prussia and revival of the question of the consti tution
62
Answer of the King
63
Adjustment of the dispute with the See of Rome
64
Opening of the provincial estates and great excitement with which it was attended
65
Extension of the Zollverein and increasing intellectual strength
66
Vast system of railways in Northern Germany
67
Inauguration of the Cathedral of Cologne and Kings speech at
68
Meeting of the general estates at Berlin
69
Secret views of the government in this step
70
Successes of the troops
71
Character of Count Molé
72
Important religious movement in Germany in 1845
73
Death of Charles X
75
Preparations for the attempt of Strasburg
76
Progress in 1847 and convocation of a general diet
77
Opening of the States General of Prussia and Kings speech
78
Extraordinary political situation of Germany
79
Effect of the Revolutionary War on the two parties which divided
80
And in increasing the passion for freedom
81
Great effect of general education in increasing this desire
82
Great difficulties arising from the want of foreign commercial colonies
83
constitution of the Diet the Federal Union
84
Effect of the preponderance of Catholics in the Confederacy
85
The army is the expression of general opinion
86
Influence of Russia on Prussia and the lesser states
87
Influence of the want of employment in forcing men to become govern ment employés
88
Marriage of the Prince and consequent catastrophe
89
Disastrous effects in Germany of the revolutions of 1820 and 1830
90
The triumph of the Conservatives left the seeds of revolution in all European states
91
Influence of these causes on German literature
92
Advantages of the German Confederacy to the peace of Europe
93
Effect of the German Confederacy on domestic peace and the progress of freedom
94
What of a federal union for the interests of mankind
95
What may be hoped for federal unions in future
96
Cause which shipwrecked German liberty
97
Reasons which induced the West India proprietors to acquiesce
100
Capture of Tlemson by AbdelKader and its recovery by Clausel 670
104
Repulse of the French
110
Oehlenschlager
115
Conference of AbdelKader and General Bugeaud
116
its defects
121
Death of General Damremont
122
Redwitz
127
Müller
133
Progress of constitutional ideas in 1843
137
Clausewitz
139
60
146
63
148
Frederick Schlegel
151
The alarm thence arising is unfounded
158
Its romantic character
164
82
165
83
166
85
167
CHAPTER XXIX
170
1
174
Absurd measures of the governor and prefect for fixing a tariff
177
False views on this insurrection generally entertained in France
185
87
203
88
204
90
216
Great successes of the insurgents and consternation of the military chiefs
235
Description of the citadel of Antwerp
254
92
257
93
259
Effect of this success in France and England
260
Vindication of Polignacs coup détat by subsequent events
266
Licentiousness of the romances and theatres of Paris
273
Trial of the St Simonians
274
Changes in the Ministry and creation of peers
276
Marshal Soults circular to the prefects ib 11 State and views of the Republicans
277
Death of the Duke of Reichstadt
278
Opening of the Chambers and Kings speech
280
Trials of strength in the Chamber 2
282
Violent opposition which it encountered and it is adjourned
283
Large grants for public works
284
Distribution of the grant
285
Income and expenditure of 1833
286
218
287
Kings journey to Normandy and felicitous answers to addresses
288
New form which the spirit of propagandism assumed
289
Remonstrances of Russia and Prussia against the Polish commit tees
290
Revolutionary organisation in Germany 1832 and 1833
291
Efforts of the propagandists in Switzerland and Italy
292
Congress of MuntzGraetz between Russia Prussia and Austria
293
Real objects of that Congress
294
Resolution of the Congress regarding the propagandism
295
Affairs of Algeria
296
Origin of the Zouaves in Algeria
297
Military successes and establishment of the colony
298
Extreme violence of the press in Paris in 1833 and 1834
299
Opening of the Chamber of 1834 and violence of parties
300
Correspondence between France and the allied Powers on the subject of a general disarming
302
Laws against public criers and imposing a stamp duty on pamphlets
303
General insurrectionary movements in France
316
Insurrection in Paris
317
Defensive measures of the Government
318
Victory of the Government and Massacre in the Rue Transnonain
319
Measures of the Government upon its victory
320
223
321
his rise and character in public life 323324
323
Force and corruption the principle of the Government
326
CHAPTER XXVIII
332
Moderation of Government
338
Distracted state of Ireland and resistance to tithes
344
224
345
Ineffectual efforts of the Government
350
Opening of Parliament
356
Progress of the bill in both Houses
372
Decisive proof which the result afforded of the necessity and wisdom
374
Progress of the bill through both Houses
380
General distress which prevailed in the country
386
Ministers by a sidewind get the vote rescinded
392
Answer of the Government
398
The bill passes both Houses
404
The slave trade brought the African to civilisation
410
The colonies refuse to act on the resolutions of Parliament
416
96
425
98
426
99
428
100
429
Causes which had rendered the duty bearable during the war
430
What made the West India proprietors acquiesce in the change
431
Fatal effects of the measure on the West India Islands
432
Ruinous effects of emancipation to the negroes
434
Great increase of production in the foreign slave States
435
Disastrous effect on the foreign slave trade
436
Reflections on this subject
437
Bill regarding the shortening of infant labour in factories
438
Closing of the session and review of its proceedings
439
Improved state of the commercial interests and continued depression of land
440
Great effect of the recent changes in the currency in stimulating in 113 Difficulties of Ministers from the Irish members and Radicals
442
Commencement of the agitation for the Repeal of the Union ib 115 First move in this direction Attack on Baron Smith
443
116120 Mr OConnells argument for the repeal of the Union 444446
444
121124 Answer of Mr Spring Rice 447450
451
Increased agitation produced by this decision
452
Circumstances which gave it a great chance of success
453
Divisions of the Government on the Irish Church Question
454
Resignation of Mr Stanley Sir James Graham the Duke of Richmond and Lord Ripon
455
Effects of this secession upon the Government
456
Kings declaration on the Irish Church
457
Ministers hold on
458
The movement party resolve to force on Mr Wards motion
459
Question brought before the House of Lords
460
Effect of these declarations on the part of Government
461
its progress
462
Which is opposed by all parties
463
Division in the Cabinet on the Irish Coercion Bill renewal
464
Negotiation of Mr Littleton with Mr OConnell
465
140
466
Earl Greys parting address as Minister
467
Lord Melbourne appointed Prime Minister and changes in the Cabinet
468
Modified Coercion Bill
469
Fate of the Irish Church Bill
470
PoorLaw Amendment Bill
472
Vast effect of the contraction of the currency on this matter
473
Literature is thus the index to general opinion 3 Cause of its romantic character in Germany 4 Dawn of German literature 5 Causes of the backwardne...
475
The bill is carried by a great majority
478
232
480
Effect of the bill has not been materially to lessen poorrates
481
Prorogation of Parliament
482
405
506
101
513
the Government
526
409
527
Institutions and military force of the infant State
528
Divergence of views on the Eastern Question between the Cabinets of London and Paris
531
Causes of the coldness of France and England Commercial treaty be tween the latter and Turkey
532
And with Austria
533
Increasing coldness of the Porte with France 45 Mutual recriminations of the Porte and Mehemet Ali
534
Efforts of France and England to avert hostilities
535
Commencement of hostilities by the Sultan
536
Forces on both sides at the commencement of hostilities
537
Battle of Nezib
538
Death of Sultan Mahmoud and his character ib 50 The Turkish fleet is treacherously given up to the Egyptians
539
Revival of pacific views with the accession of the new Sultan 53 Farther reforms of the new Sultan ib 54 Revolution in Servia
542
Views of the European Powers at this juncture
543
Ultimate demands of both parties
544
Treaty of July 15 1840 for the settlement of the East
545
The Pacha refuses the terms and military arrangements of the Allies to enforce it
546
Conciliatory note of the allied Powers towards France
547
Extreme irritation in France
548
Imminent danger of a rupture between England and France
549
Allied plan of attack and forces on opposite side
551
Nature of Syria in a military point of view
552
Effect of this peculiar physical conformation on the war then waged ib 65 Bombardment of Beyrout
553
Immense sensation produced by this event over Europe
554
Views of Louis Philippe at this crisis 68 Conference of Louis Philippe and M Guizot at the Chateau dEu and its results
555
Thiers note of Nov 8 and its results
557
Fall of M Thiers who is succeeded by M Guizot
558
The British fleet steers for Acre and gains great successes
559
Bombardment of Acre
562
Submission of Mehemet Ali to the terms of the Allies ib 75 Terms of final pacification proposed by M Guizot and accepted by the Allies
564
The advantages of the treaty were more apparent than real
566
The refusal of succour to the Turks in 1833 was the fatal step
567
Which arose from the Reform Bill and the contraction of the currency
568
Dangers of the nation in 1841 from the mania for reduction
569
CHAPTER XXXIII
571
Opening of the Chamber and great majority for Ministers
572
Marshal Gérard succeeds Marshal Soult
573
Declaration of the new Ministers in favour of economy
574
Count Molé Minister
575
Fall of the new Ministry and restoration of the old one
576
Flourishing state of Algiers ib 8 First debate on the Address
577
Answer of M Guizot
578
Majority for Ministers in the Chamber
579
Marshal Mortier is succeeded by the Duke de Broglie as Prime Minister
580
Cause of this crisis
581
Divergence of Thiers and Guizot
582
Character of the Duke de Broglie
583
Settlement of the question with the Americans
584
Commencement of the treason trials before the Chamber of Peers
585
Ruinous effects of this mode of proceeding
586
Commencement of the trial and contest with the Bar
587
Contest about the choice of defenders
589
Commencement of the proceedings 21 Refusal of the accused to plead or answer until they got their own defenders
590
Progress of the trial
591
Continuation of the disorders and letter of Audry de Puyraveau
592
Proceedings in the Chamber of Deputies
593
Trials disjoined and escape of twentyeight prisoners
594
Conclusion of the trials
595
2728 Reflections on these trials 596597
596
Fête of July and conspiracy to murder the King
598
Attempted assassination of the King by Fieschi
599
Arrest of the assassin and discovery of the infernal machine
600
Immense effect produced by this event in Paris
601
Funeral of Marshal Mortier and the other victims
602
Trial and execution of the murderers
603
3538 Speech of M de Broglie on the introduction of the new law of re pression 604607
604
3942 Answer of M Armand Carrel and M de Lamartine 608610
608
Proposed laws
610
Which pass both Chambers
612
Improved condition of the Government in spring 1836 ib 46 Increased prosperity in France and beginning of the railway mania
613
655
656
102
669
103
670
104
671
105
672
106
673
107
674

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