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Western end and the only end of the island that even one quarter belongs to Santo Domingo. ever had any prosperity--and is really but a In 1868 the imports of Santo Domingo from the trifle more than the small city of Portland, United States, according to our own records, Maine, sends annually over the Grand Trunk were $83,363, and the exports to the United railroad. Yet it is the prop for sixteen hun. States $64,110. Yet, with these beggarly but dred vessels and a hundred millions of exports || indisputable facts before us, it is seriously in the past and in expectancy!

argued that a few dashing Americans would

work out the miracle of giving us a trade only Let me call attention to the fact that the surpassed at present in its vast magnitude by greatest number of people in Santo Domingo at

that of the United States with Great Britain! the time of the greatest amount of commerce I may say with the Prince of Denmark was 400,000 slaves, 25,000 whites, and 25,000

“They fool me to the top of my bent." mulattoes, and then bear in mind the fact that the United States in 1830 contained a popula.

It appears also that a firm in New York, tion of 12,866,020. No one will deny our own

Spofford Brothers, now own and run a line of activity, whether as to production or trade, and

steamers under a grant to a Mr. Tunkhouser, yet our whole exports then amounted only to with a provision that five per cent. of the $73,819,508, or less by more than twenty-six import and export dues on all merchandise million dollars than 425,000 working tatterde- | carried by said line between New York and malions in Santo Domingo are represented to

New Orleans and the Dominican republic be have exported in 1789! With a population of

allowed to the owners of the steamers. Pray, 17,069,453 in 1840, our exports amounted to

how would such a grant be disposed of by us? only $104,805,891, and yet it is assumed that

The Senator from Indiana, in a former dein proportion to numbers the Dominicans in bate, took pains to quote from an official docu1789 exceeded the United States in its products

ment the amount of our trade with Cuba and exported in the ratio of thirty eight to one.

Porto Rico, and to contrast it with that of the Need I say more touching the Dominican bub- British American possessions and Mexico. It ble, or the hundred millions of exports which

is large, it is true, and somewhat larger than would gush forth by only hoisting the American

the latter altogether. The figures of the first, flag?

including exports and imports, were $88,102, Even by the coercion of the military police | 670, and of the last only $72,000,000. Bu of Toussaint L'Ouverture, when every man not

for what purpose does the Senator array these a proprietor was compelled to hire himself as

figures ? Santo Domingo will not blo'. out og a laborer to some agricultural proprietor, and supply the place of Cuba and Porto Fico, and to work from sunrise to sunset, they were only if such a result were possible it could give us able to raise the value of the products to one

no larger market for our products. The torrid third of the amount of 1789, and when the

zone everywhere furnishes only limited inarkets. restraint was removed in 1825, under Boyer, They consume little, and that little, it happens, the exports for the entire island dropped to

can be mainly obtained elsewhere at less cost

than from us. the pitiful sum of four shillings two pence for

If the contrast was intended to each inhabitant.

be unfavorable to the trade of the British posIt may be a proper question to ask, what sessions and Mexico, then it was a mistake, for does the trade of this part of the island now

the reason that while our exports to Cuba and amount to? Is it not curious that even British

Porto Rico are small, they are in proportior statisticians, proverbially painstaking, make

to imports much larger to the Dominion and

other North American British possessions. So no separate account of it, but include it with that of Hayti, of the two by far the most con

far as they concern the Santo Domingo ques. siderable? Like gold dust it has first to be

tion, the figures so prominently put forth ace caught up with something else, or by quick.

without any logical significance. I fancy thay silver, before you can find or estimate it at all.

were intended to give the impression that the The latest returns I have found of the trade

balance of trade would be made all right through of Hayti and Santo Domingo combined, in

the annexation of Santo Domingo, and in thist British documents, are as follows :

view they are entitled-I say it with all respect-

to about as much consideration as we should Total

imports. Esports. give to the toy blocks of children, with which 1861......

.... £137,471 £310.555 | they sometimes build barns, forts, or church'ın, 1862...

151,719 1863....

as it may best please juvenile architects. The

276,610 545,142 1864...


Dominican block-house is of about equal sub1865....

230,287 348,419 stance and of equal ingenuity. Instead of one hundred millions from Santo Usually the Register of the United States Domingo, the exports, including those of Hayti, appears to follow the British example in makamount to no more than from one and a half ing up the report of the trade of Hayti and San

of this it would be more than liberal to allow that I considering the latter worthy of any separate



notice; but in 1868 a separate account was kept, || he a cure for many evils at homenaval, and we find our domestic exports to Hayti military, financial, moral, commercial, and were $2.956,983, and of foreign goods reëx. political--as well as the precursor of reforms ported $299,619, while our domestic exports | greatly needed abroad. A panacea of such exto Santo Domingo were only $64,110, and but tensive pretensions is commonly found upon $2,091 of foreign goods reëxported. Our trial of small virtue anywhere, and certainly imports for the same year from Hayti were cannot be counted upon wbere it has signally $760,087, and from Santo Domingo only failed when tested by other parties, as Santo $83,363; the trade with Santo Domingo thus | Domingo often bas been by other nations. leaving a balance of about twenty thousand The opinions of the President of the United dollars to be paid by us in gold, while the States, official and personal, are entitled to Haytien trade was exceedingly bealthful, leav. great consideration, and having given them ing a balance of $2,196,896 to be paid to us that consideration, both from duty and inclina. in gold. A critical examination of the trade | tion, I feel that they must be adopted or reof Santo Domingo has been provoked, and | jected, with perfect independence, as God enits absolute nullity, therefore, deserves to ables us to see the right. The message asserts be fully exposed. Its consequence has been of this measure that magnised by being confounded with that of

“It is to provide honest means of paying our Hayti

, although the trade of that little republic honest debts without overtaxing the people. is quite restricted. Of coffee we imported in But how? The President is too much in 1868 from Hayti 4,631181 pounds, and from earnest to deal in jokes, and this must be treated Santo Domingo only 21.815 pounds. From as a serious matter. It seems to be argued Hayti we imported 30,827 pounds cocoa and that annexation would enable the United States 219,098 pounds of cotton, but none from Santo to obtain from Santo Domingo all of our sugar, Domingo. Of sugar we got $20,092 worth coffee, tobacco, and tropical fruits; and it is from Hayti, and $10,111 worth from Santo then stated that Domingo. Of dye-woods we received from “The production of our own supply of these artiHayti to the amount of $419,442, and how cles will cut off more than one hundred millions of

our annual imports, besides largely increasing our much do you think, Mr. President, from

exports. With such a picture it is easy to see how Santo Domingo? Remember the immense our large debt abroad is ultimately to be extinforests we have been told about, only requir

guished.' ing a few blows of the woodman's ax to ship The colors of this picture are positive and countless cargoes !

The amount, all told, was very brilliant, but can they be warranted not to the value of $15,988!

to fade when exposed to the sunlight of facts Nearly half of all our imports from Santo and figures? How would it do for a Secretary Domingo were in two items-$16,326 in ma- of the Treasury to entertain such speculative hogany, and $22,029 in lignum.vitæ. Why, sir, visions? Treasury estimates must be built upon some of the farmers not many miles from this the solid data of ascertained facts. The imcapital do nearly as large a business every agination is a poor financier, wholly without winter in cutting and selling cord-wood! It tbrist and great only in gigantic disbursements. would be eclipsed by the trade of mere boys | Let alone the grand assumption as to the in Michigan or Maine! Of tropical fruits-and capacity of Santo Domingo to produce all the here certainly we ought to find a surfeit, their articles enumerated-eclipsing Cuba, Porto growth is so luxuriant, so entirely laborless 1- Rico, and all the sugar countries of the world the amount we have to acknowledge is twenty. not stopping even to deny the averment of the one dollars for ripe fruits and eight dollars for message that it is capable of supporting ten preserved fruits! The owner of a California millions of people in luxury,” how are these garden would feel himself treated unhand. || vast_products when grown to be covered into somely if a single visitor should not consume the Treasury of the United States ? or carry away more than our whole year's Supposing the fertility of the soil and the disimportation from Santo Domingo! Here are position to labor not to be overstated, when the facts taken from our own documents. Mr. annexation shall come to pass, the sugar, President, contrast them with the hundred mil- coffee, tobacco, and tropical fruits produced lion theory—the house that Jack built'' - there, much or little, would nevertheless be which grave Senators have indorsed in this the property of private owners, and must be Chamber! Do they warrant such extravagant paid for accordingly, and the price would be predictions ?

the average price of such articles in the chief marts of the world, but not less than the

cost of production in Santo Domingo. If the If we may accept the theory of the Presi- world's supply of coffee and sugar were to be dent in his annual message, the annexation so largely increased, however, by a hundred of Santo Domingo would be the appropriate millions, then it is plain to see that the price plaster, not only for nearly all our national might be greatly diminished ; so much so, persores, but for those of other lands. It would ll haps, as to make the cultivation of such crops,



emancipation. Is it to be expected that Amer

: 1 in

a net revenue

even in Santo Domingo, unprofitable, and then by the civil, military, naval, and miscellanetheir curtailment or total abandonment must ous Cuban expenses, Spain only nibbling anspeedily follow. Sugar has been a profitable nually about fifteen hundred thousand dollars, crop in Cuba when cultivated by over six hun- and this sum is really transmitted to Spain in dred and fifty thousand slaves, the slave trade support of legations, pensioners, and employés replacing the enormous losses caused by the connected with the island government. annual mortality of the laborers; but it has not Only nominally has she secured this pitiful been profitable in Hayti since Haytien inde. sum of $1,500,000 of annual revenue, and has pendence, nor in the British West Indies since I actually already sunk a capital in her latest

inconclusive effort to suppress the Cuban rea

bellion, which she cannot hope to recover, or pete with the cheap labor of Cuba, Brazil, or even the interest thereon, from all the future India ?

revenues of Cuba, though her sovereignty were Still keeping the "picture" before us, that to be prolonged for coming ages. Cuba has all of our sugar, tobacco, and tropical fruits a population of 1,443,381, of which 662,587 are might be obtained exclusively from the east slaves and 216,176 free colored. Santo Doend of Santo Domingo, it follows then that mingo is estimated to contain 120,000 inbab. we must surrender millions of revenue which | itants, though the late commission estimates it is now obtained from these sources. How | higher, which, if we were to oppress with equal would such a deficit be made up? Man- | rigor, would yield in proportion, it will be seen, it an

about one hundred and twenty equal amount upon tea, salt, or some other five thousand dollars. But instead of even this articles imported from foreign countries. A paltry credit weshould have millions of expend. certain amount of revenue is indispensable to itures, such as it has cost Spain to establish a the existence of the Government. Remove doubtful supremacy in Cuba, or Great Britain duties from one quarter and they must be put her less doubtful despotism in Jamaica. Truly, on in some other. If our supply of sugar, if while our present Administration has been coffee, tobacco, and tropical fruits could be so successfully paying off over $100,000,000 of obtained free of duties something else must debt annually, the annexation of Santo Do. then assume the burden. If our imports of du- mingo has suddenly become the only mode by tiable articles should be diminished one fourth, which the public debt can be extinguished withthen a proportionate increase of the tariff upon out overtaxing the people, as the idea would the remainder must follow or internal taxa. appear to be entertained in most respectable tion must again be resorted to for means to quarters, then our condition is deplorable supply the deficiency. No one proposes to enough, as that measure, by increasing our resort to the latter at home, and therefore it expenditures and diminishing our receipts, could not be imposed upon Santo Domingo. I would really only plunge us into difficulties far With no duties upon our exports to or from deeper and more inextricable than those we are Santo Domingo, and no revenue from internal now called upon to confront. taxation, what becomes of annexation as an honest means of paying our honest debts ?”' The possession of Santo Domingo would Beyond all doubt it would cripple our Treas. || heavily increase national taxes, as it would be ury, and be the signal for the imposition of absurd to suppose that a country without an new taxes at home, and of no insignificant acre of public lands, of one hundred and twenty amuunt, if the dream of cutting off $100,000,- or one hundred and sixty thousand poor Do000 of imports should ever come to pass. The minican men and women, unaccustomed and milk in free cocoanuts will not pay the public unwilling to labor, could or would make even debt. I am inflexibly opposed to any increase the smallest contribution to the payment of of taxation and in favor of reducing the present the public debt or even to their own defense. burdens at the earliest day.

The tracks would all be outgoing from the The fallacy of expecting any revenue from Treasury, and none incoming. The first thing Santo Domingo may be fitly shown by the ex. to be done would be to appoint a Governor, ample of Cuba with respect to Spain Spain whose staff and surroundings must be equal needs and ever has needed more revenue, and to those of the captain general of Cuba, and no one will question the zeal with which she Governor of Jamaica, or he would rank only has attempted to obtain it. We denounce the as one of the “poor white trash,' and turn Spanish impositions upon Cuba and would not out to be no Governor at all. The judiciary be likly to imitate such rapacity; yet the sum

and other branches of the civil service must be total of that taxation is less than half that furnished, and there would be plenty of room borne by the city of New York, and for the for all the discontented culls thrown out of latest years I bave found prior to their present custom-house employment at home. civil war amounts for maritime to $6,721,250, Then a permanent naval squadron would be and for internal to $5,527,462, or a total of ornamental and contingently indispensable. $12,248,712. Nearly all of this is exhausted || Docks, arsenals, hospitals, and navy.yards




must follow as a matter of course, as Santo says, "the yellow fever would effectually seDomingo is surrounded by dangerous rivals as cure the island in case of an external attack well as by dangerous reefs, and our naval squad- if the policy of abandoning the coasts and

ons would be in constant dread of barnacles destroying the towns were acted on." But and constant need of repairs. Forts, martello. will it not be far better not to put ourselves in lowers, and other fortifications, would have to a position where we must depend upon such bristle up around the whole circuit of the shore dolorous auxilaries, or where municipal suilines. How many regiments of soldiers- cide would be the best of available defenses ? horse, foot, and dragoons-would find employ. ment and graves there the experience of Gov. ernments having similar dependencies suffici. There is a question of some gravity as to the ently discloses. Revenue cutters would find | salubrity of the climate in Santo Domingo. If an ample field for their prowess, as smugglers it is really healthful why is it that its populawould replace ancient buccaneers. Rivers and tion has been forever on the wane? Its colharbors would require improvements; rail- ored population, without thrift or fertility, roads, with subsidies, would turn out to be steadily diminishes in number, and whites never postal or military necessities. An assay office go and stay there with any purpose to make it and mint could hardly be refused to a land of a family home. Concede that the soil is ferso much undiscovered gold, where they are tile and hot in its fecundity, then may it not be now compelled to use paper money instead of asked whether it is not true everywhere under pieces of leather, such as were in vogue when a tropical sun that a country, rank to rottenthe mines of Cibao were most productive, and ness in its vegetation, is equally rank in its yet yielded but half a million dollars annually malarial diseases? to the labor of wretched miners. More than True, it would seem to cost nothing to raise all, schools and school-houses would need to be children in Santo Domingo, because until they established with laws making attendance com- are five or six years old they go forth like our pulsory.

first parents in Paradise, without shame, as This long catalogue of requirements may naked as they came into the world.

Even seem extensive. But there is not one of them, adults are often content with little more than if a treaty were ratified, that would not at once one garment, and are not very fastidious be loudly called for; and our home people would whether that is a shirt or a coat, a pair of have to foot the bills. Spain kept an army in pantaloons or a hat. Why is there no increase? Cuba, prior to the late civil war-including || In the first place, from universal and unconinfantry, cavalry, and artillery of twenty-eight l querable indolence, no extensive crops are thousand men, or nearly as large as that now grown, and when any are grown the owners maintained by the United States, and a navy are in such constant dread of military raids made up of four frigates, fifteen steam.ships, and the periodical hurricanes, with both of and thirty-two smaller vessels. This indicates which they are so often visited, as to make the climate into which it is sought to plunge subsistence precarious. In the absence of American institutions!

these, droughts not unfrequently destroy large Such an annexation would expose the peace tracts of vegetation. A regular supply of food of the country to new complications and to con- is necessary for any increase of population ; stant peril. Revolutions and civil discord seem and for this end tropical fruits, though ever to be the normal condition of the tropics. The so abundant in their season, are an insufficient doors of the Temple of Janus are never closed substitute. But the hot seasons of every year near the equator nor in Spanish American are as fatal in their ravages as famine and republics. The defense in case of war of this epidemical diseases are sure to be active and patch in the ocean would involve an outlay | vigorous, though the people are not. Malte of men and money greatly in excess of the || Brun, speaking of the bay of Samana, says: importance of the territory or of its people; The banks of that vast basin are unhealthy, and and after all our expenditures, any naval Power,

Europeans are unwilling to reside there." having the most iron.clad vessels at hand, in Of course an excursion party, traveling on case of war, would at once become its master; the bounty of the Government, with something any improvement made by us would only make of the pomp of Antony visiting Cleopatra, sped the prize the more glittering and valuable to along by the imperial clarion of music, and the captors.

leaving the stern frosts of a northern winter At home we may be invincible; but as de. for the soft and sunny lap of the tropics, where fenders of out-lying dependencies we should the earth is all clad with greenest verdure, drop to a third or fourth-rate Power, because would be pleased and in smiles with everywe have not and ought not to bave a large navy, | thing; with the birds of the air, beasts of the for the mere glory of naval supremacy, or the field, and even with creeping things. They vanity of a comparison with the royal and are happy. Severe and irreverent critics they imperial navies of the Old World. We might, cannot be. They are there for the purpose of indeed, follow the advice of Mackenzie, wbó Il being pleased; nobody expected anything less;

and they would be careful not to stay so long years. In Canada the annual mortality is only as to encounter the perils of the climate. How reported at ten in one thousand men. It will much knowledge, untinged by “the animated thus be seen that military service in the West particles of the rainbow," would such an ex: India Islands is more fatal to life than even cursion party obtain as to the statistics of that in Algeria, so much more destructive than mortality in the fraction of five weeks of time, the average home service to the French army. devoted to all the objects of their mission, not A change of the political sovereignty could excluding social enjoyments and ceremonies, hardly be expected to effect any change of the and, under the adroit manipulation of Baez, || climate. bankrupt, as he is in money, and with no repu. The colored race withstand the climate and tation to spare? Birds of passage, even the the yellow fever somewhat better than the wild geese, which go south in the winter and white race, but the bulk of our Army--tbree fly north ward with the earliest breath of spring, fourths at least-are recruited north of the might as well be summoned to testify about the Potomac, or from the cities of New York, Cindog.days they had never seen under the equator, || cinnati, and Chicago, and are almost entirely as such a February party to testify touching the white. At Key West we know the fearful summer solstice at Santo Domingo.

fatality that attends our troops. It may be The commissioners will be recognized as

said that when sent to Santo Domingo they might most intelligent and highly respected gentle. be stationed in the interior, among the mountmen, but their time was too short and their | ains, but there they would be useless, except task too great. They will undoubtedly be able in cases of insurrection. They must be placed to state that tropical plants grow in tropical

on the coast and around harbors. These would countries, and to refute all such stories as that be the places requiring defense, requiring a conrelated in the only joke ever perpetrated by

stant military police, and here our troops must Washington, as to Newark, that the mosqui- lay their bones in obedience to laws they have toes are so fat and large as to “sting through no power to resist. Jamaica, Cuba, and Santo the thickest boot;"' but in the brief time they || Domingo for years were called the graves of expended they must have been so hurried as Europe. Do we want to make the latter the to be obliged to follow in large measure the

grave of America ? "memorandum for a tour” in New Jersey, to Eighty years ago there were twenty-three be found in Salmagundi, as follows:

British forts in Jamaica, besides fourteen posts

or batteries, with officers and men. How many "A knowing traveler always judges of everything by the inn-keepers and waiters--set down Newark there are now I know not, but probably there people all as fat as butter-landlord member of the are not less. And how is that island held and Legislature-treats everybody who has a votememn. all the inn-keepers members of Legislature | governed now? Great Britain still holds the of New Jersey-saw a large flock of crows-con

island, but its industry has perished, and she cluded there must be a dead horse in the neighbor- would probably be glad of an excuse to cut loose hood-mem. country remarkable for crows-won't

from it forever. Since the late rebellion there, let the horses die in peace.

resulting in such fearful tragedies, the entire Mr. President, I would take the word of the authority is vested in the governor, assisted by commissioners for £5,000, but I would not

a privy council, appointed by himself, consisttake their indorsement of the climate of Santo ) ing of six members, and a legislative council, Domingo for more than five weeks.

consisting of the privy council and six nonBut the fate of French and Spanish armies, official members. This shows conclusively that early and late, disclose the facts. We know a West India government must be supported that, with the aid of the climate, a few ignorant, || by an army, and also shows the arbitrary style ill.clad, ill.fed, and ill armed Dominicans have of government which is still necessary after destroyed large and well-appointed armies. an occupancy of the island by the British ever Army statistics show what is the rate of mor- since the time of Cromwell. Such men as tality, when we compare the South with the Governor Eyre only can maintain order. It North within the extreme limits of our own is also to be noted that when slavery existed country, and these prove the mortality in the there were, in a population of three hundred South to be nearly four times greater than in and forty thousand, thirty thousand whites, but the North and East. The number constantly in 1861 the whites were reduced to less than on the sick list from malarial fevers and dys- || fourteen thousand. Is there not some proof entery is also vastly greater. Nobody will in this that there is no health in the West question that Jamaica is as healthy as Santo India archipelago for white people? Who will Demingo, and yet the average deaths there of say that Santo Domingo can be governed with the British arıny, from 1837 to 1855, were as less sacrifice of life or treasure than Jamaica? great as at Bombay, or over sixty annually in And Jamaica is much smaller than Santo every one thousand men, while in some years Domingo. they reached the rate of three hundred men out, The history of Santo Domingo, early and of one thousand in a single year. This is a rate late, shows the climate to be incoinpatible with which destroys a whole regirnent in about three l labor. It is a sad reflection that its million or

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