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Virtue's the friend of life, the soul of health,
The poor man's comfort, and the rich man's wealth. Clearness is the rule of speaking, as sincerity is the rule of thinking. Too bright sallies of wit, like flashes of lightning, rather dazzle than illuminate.
Order is Heaven's first law; and this confest,
That such are bappier, shocks all common sense. The immortal mind, perhaps, will quit a cottage with less regret than it would the splendour of a palace ; and the breathless dust sleep as quietly beneath the grassy turf, as under the parade of a costly monument. These are insignificant circumstances to a spirit doomed to an endless duration of misery or bliss.
CHAPTER III. No trees bear fruit in autumn, unless they blossom in the spring. To the end that our age may be profitable, and laden with ripe fruit, let us all endeavour that our youth may be studious, and flowered with the blossoms of learning and observation.
When a man is in company with his betters, it is more advisable to hear than to speak: it is better to reap than to sow.
A woman of true sense will be always ambitious not of gaining admiration, but of deserving it.
Count that day lost, whose low descending sun
Views from thy hand no worthy action done. Of all the virtues, there are none ought more to be inculcated into the mind of a young girl than modesty and meekness.
We must, in this world, gain a relish for truth and virtue, if we would be able to taste that knowledge and perfection, which are to make us happy in the next.
The thought of inmortality, the hope of endless happiness, is enough to animate the soul with the noblest ambition; and yet make it look with the humblest. compassion upon that part of the creation that wants so divine a hope. All who would please the great, must be flatterers, but the true province of friendship is to put us in mind of our own faults.,
Among the Romans it was not the house which honoured the master, but the master the house. A cottage with them became as august as a temple, when justice, generosity, probity, sincerity, and honour, were lodged in it : and how can a house be called small, which contains so many and such great virtues ?
An extraordinary merit may lie hidden under a mean habit, as a rich garment may cover enormous vices.
Silence is sometimes more significant and sublime, than the most noble and most expressive eloquence ; and is, on many occasions, the indication of a great mind.
Cruel sports were thought very high reflections on the politeness of the Romans. Are they not much greater on the mercy and humanity of Christians ?
Every wise man will consider this life only as it may conduce to the happiness of the others and cheerfully sacrifice the pleasures of a few years to those of eternity.
Money, like manure, does no good till it is spread ; there is no real use of riches, except in the distribution ; the rest is all conceit.
Virtue is the foundation of honour and esteem ; and the source of all beauty, order, and happiness in nature.
Beauty and wit will die, learning will vanish away, and all the arts of life be soon forgotten; but virtue will remain forever.
This is the s:ate of man: tc-day he pul's forth
2. Melancholy as this picture appears, and disgraceful as it certainly is, to a rational and reflecting being, I fear, if we were to take an impartial view of our lives, too many of us would have reason to acknowledge the justness of the censure.
3. Every fool, says Chesterfield, who slatterns away his whole time in nothings, has some trite observation at hand, to prove both its value and its fleetness; and, though they feel the necessity of employing it well, they squander it away, without considering that its loss is irrecoverable.
4 There are two sorts of understanding, which prevent a man from ever becoming considerable; the one is a lazy, the other a frivolous, mind. The lazy mind will not take the trouble to search to the bottom of any thing, but, discouraged by the slightest difficulties, stops short, and contents itself with easy and superficial knowledge, rather than submittoa small degree of trouble.
5 Whatever you pretend to learn, you ought to have ambition enough to desire to excel in; for mediocrity is a proof of weakness, and perfection may always be purchased by application. Knowledge, says an elegant writer, is a comforrable and necessary shelter for us in an advanced age; but if we do not plant it while young, it will afford us no shade when we grow old.
6. Yet tou close an application to the improvement of your mind is not to be expected, so as to exclude pleasure, or banish recreation. Be careful to remember that your foundation of knowledge must be established. before you are eighteen; for when you are once introduced into the world, your application will be incessan:ly interrupted, and your studies suspended. All difficulties may be overcome by perseverance; and even the defects of nature may be conquered.
7. A remarkable instance of the power of perseverance is demonstrated in the conduct of Demosthenes, an Athenian orator, who, anxious to obtain perfection in the art of speaking, not only conquered an absolute impediment of speech, but, from being one of the most ungraceful, became one of the most graceful orators of Athens.
8. In the distribution of your time, let the first hour of the day be devoted to the service of your Maker. Accustom yourselves to the practiee of religious homage, as a natural expression of gratitude to him, for all his bounty and benevolence. Consider it as the service of the God of your fathers; of him to whom your parents devoted you ; of him whom, in former ages, your ancestors honoured, and by whom they are now rewarded and blessed in heaven.
9. Seneca tells us, that the first petition we offer to God, ought to be a good conscience ; the second for health of mind; and the third for health of body. After these petitions, it will be necessary you should accustom yourselves to make a regular distribution of time for the different avocations which are to occupy it. This will be found one of the best methods that can be adopted, both for the practice of youth, and those of a more ade vanced period.
CHAPTER V. INGRATITUDE STORY OF INKLE AND YARICO.
1. AMIDST the various vices to which human na. ture is prone, and which mark the degradation it has suffered, none more strikingly evince its de basement than the practice of ingratitude. For other vices, and other failings reason may be able to assign a cause ; but for that she must search in vain. That kindness should ever be returned with cruelty, or affection be treated with neglect, is humanity's shame, and man's disgrace.
2. Mr. Thomas Inkle, a young London merchant, was the third son of a wealthy citizen, who had carefully instilled into his mind a love of gain, and a desire of acquiring wealth ; and this propensity, which he had imbibed from precept, and felt from nature, was the grand inducement for him to try his fortune in the West-Indies. Inkle's person was absolutely the reverse of his mind; the former was manly and noble, but the latter mean and contracted.
3. During the voyage, the Achilles, the name of the vessel in which he einbarked, put into a creek to avoid the fury of a storm; and young Inkle, with several of the party, went on shore, to take a view of a scene so. entirely new. They had not walked far up the country before they were observed by a party of Indians, and fear and apprehension lent wings to their flight. · Iukle outran his companions, and, breathless with terror, sought security in the thicket of a forest.
4. He had not been long in that forlorn situation, when his astonishment was called forth by the appear.
female, whose benignant countenance seemed instantly to compassionate his forlorn situation. The name of the female was Yarico. Gentleness and sweetness were displayed in every feature; and when Inkle, by signs, acquainted her with his forlorn situation, she evidently proved that sympatby was confined to no particular clime, and that humanity depends not upon the colour of the skin.
5. The generous Indian was a woman of high birth; and knowing that the tenderness she felt for the unfortunate stranger would be displeasing to her parents, she felt the necessity of disguising it. She carried Inkle to a remote cave, supplied his wants, and daily adninistered to his comforts. Her affection in time became so strong, that she scarcely could exist but in his presence.
6. Fearful that he would grow weary of his confinement, she used to watch the opportunities of her parents absence, and then conduct him into the beauteous groves, with which that country abounds; then persuade him to lie down and slumber, and anxiously watch by him for fear he should be disturbed. His liitle dwelling was adorned with all the art that native elegance could suggest, and unsuspecting innocence employ, to make it appear pleasing to her lover's eyes.
7. At length Yarico had the happiness of finding Inkle understand her language, and had the felicity of hearing him express the strengt K of his gratitude, and power of his love. Inkie was constantly representing the joys that would await them, if they could once return to England, and painted the excess of his passion in such glowing colours, that the unsuspecting Yarico could not doubt its sincerity, and at length promised not only to become the partner of his flight, but daily watch the arrival of some vessel to promote it.
8. The wished for object soon appeared; the unsuspicious Yarico left the abode of her doating parents, and, forgetful of her duty, thought only of her affection. The ship in which they had embarked was bound for Barbadoes, and all Inkle's ideas of acquiring wealth returned with double force, Love, which had been a