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Aug. 21, 2002 [H.R. 1384]
Public Law 107-214
New Mexico which the Navajo and Mescalero Apache Indian tribes were forced
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
This Act may be cited as the “Long Walk National Historic
(1) Beginning in the fall of 1863 and ending in the winter of 1864, the United States Government forced thousands of Navajos and Mescalero Apaches to relocate from their ancestral lands to Fort Sumner, New Mexico, where the tribal members were held captive, virtually as prisoners of war, for over 4 years.
(2) Thousands of Native Americans died at Fort Sumner from starvation, malnutrition, disease, exposure, or conflicts
between the tribes and United States military personnel. SEC. 3. DESIGNATION FOR STUDY.
Section 5(c) of the National Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 1244(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"( ) The Long Walk Trail, a series of routes which the Navajo and Mescalero Apache Indian tribes were forced to walk beginning in the fall of 1863 as a result of their removal by the United States Government from their ancestral lands, generally located within a corridor extending through portions of Canyon de Chelley, Arizona, and Albuquerque, Canyon Blanco, Anton Chico, Canyon Piedra Pintado, and Fort Sumner, New Mexico.”.
Approved August 21, 2002.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY-H.R. 1384:
Vol. 147 (2001): Oct. 2, considered and passed House.
Public Law 107-215
Aug. 21, 2002 [H.R. 1456]
16 USC 45011–3.
To expand the boundary of the Booker T. Washington National Monument, and
for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the "Booker T. Washington National
"(a) LANDS ADDED TO MONUMENT.-The boundary of the Booker T. Washington National Monument is modified to include the approximately 15 acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled 'Boundary Map, Booker T. Washington National Monument, Franklin County, Virginia', numbered BOWA 404/80,024, and dated February 2001. The map shall be on file and available for inspection in the appropriate offices of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
"(b) ACQUISITION OF ADDITIONAL LANDS.-The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to acquire from willing owners the land or interests in land described in subsection (a) by donation, purchase with donated or appropriated funds, or exchange.
"(c) ADMINISTRATION OF ADDITIONAL LANDS.-Lands added to the Booker T. Washington National Monument by subsection (a) shall be administered by the Secretary of the Interior as part of the monument in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.”.
Approved August 21, 2002.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY-H.R. 1456:
Vol. 147 (2001): Oct. 2, considered and passed House
Public Law 107-216 107th Congress
An Act To designate the James Peak Wilderness and Protection Area in the Arapaho Aug. 21, 2002 and Roosevelt National Forests in the State of Colorado, and for other purposes. (H.R. 1576)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
Wilderness and SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
Protection Act. This Act may be cited as the “James Peak Wilderness and 16 USC 5391. Protection Area Act”. SEC. 2. WILDERNESS DESIGNATION.
(a) INCLUSION WITH OTHER COLORADO WILDERNESS AREAS.— Section 2(a) of the Colorado Wilderness Act of 1993 (Public Law 103–77; 107 Stat. 756; 16 U.S.C. 1132 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"(21) Certain lands in the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest which comprise approximately 14,000 acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled 'Proposed James Peak Wilderness”, dated September 2001, and which shall be known as the James Peak Wilderness.”.
(b) ADDITION TO THE INDIAN PEAKS WILDERNESS AREA.—Section 3 of the Indian Peaks Wilderness Area and Arapaho National Recreation Area and the Oregon Islands Wilderness Area Act (Public Law 95–450; 92 Stat. 1095; 16 U.S.C. 1132 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
"(c) The approximately 2,232 acres of Federal lands in the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest generally depicted on the map entitled 'Ranch Creek Addition to Indian Peaks Wilderness' dated September 2001, are hereby added to the Indian Peaks Wilderness Area.
"(d) The approximately_963 acres of Federal lands in the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest generally depicted on the map entitled 'Fourth of July Addition to Indian Peaks Wilderness' dated September 2001, are hereby added to the Indian Peaks Wilderness Area.”.
(c) MAPS AND BOUNDARY DESCRIPTIONS.-As soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter in this Act referred to as the “Secretary") shall file with the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a map and a boundary description of the area designated as wilderness by subsection (a) and of the area added to the Indian Peaks Wilderness Area by subsection (b). The maps and boundary descriptions shall have the same force and effect as if included in the Colorado Wilderness Act of 1993 and the Indian Peaks
16 USC 5391.
Wilderness Area and Arapaho National Recreation Area and the
(A) The lands covered by this section include important resources and values, including wildlife habitat, clean water, open space, and opportunities for solitude.
(B) These lands also include areas that are suitable for recreational uses, including use of snowmobiles in times of adequate snow cover as well as use of other motorized and nonmotorized mechanical devices.
(C) These lands should be managed in a way that affords permanent protection to their resources and values while permitting continued recreational uses in appropriate locales and subject to appropriate regulations.
(2) PURPOSE.— The purpose of this section is to provide for management of certain lands in the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest in a manner consistent with the 1997 Revised Land and Resources Management Plan for this forest in order to protect the natural qualities of these areas.
(b) DESIGNATION.—The approximately 16,000 acres of land in the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest generally depicted on the map entitled “Proposed James Peak Protection Area”, dated September 2001, are hereby designated as the James Peak Protection Area (hereafter in this Act referred to as the “Protection Area”).
(c) MAP AND BOUNDARY DESCRIPTION.-As soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall file with the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a map and a boundary description of the Protection Area. The map and boundary description shall have the same force and effect as if included in this Act, except that the Secretary may correct clerical and typographical errors in the map and boundary description. The map and boundary description shall be on file and available for public inspection in the office of the Chief of the Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, and in the office of the Forest Supervisor of the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest. (d) MANAGEMENT.
(1) IN GENERAL.-Except as otherwise provided in this section, the Protection Area shall be managed and administered by the Secretary in the same manner as the management area prescription designations identified for these lands in the 1997 Revision of the Land and Resource Management Plan for the Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest and the Pawnee National Grasslands. Such management and administration shall be in accordance with the following:
(A) GRAZING.–Nothing in this Act, including the establishment of the Protection Area, shall affect grazing on lands within or outside of the Protection Area.
(B) MINING WITHDRAWAL.–Subject to valid existing rights, all Federal land within the Protection Area and all land and interests in land acquired for the Protection Area by the United States are withdrawn from
(i) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under the public land laws;
(ii) location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; and
(iii) the operation of the mineral leasing, mineral materials, and geothermal leasing laws, and all amend
ments thereto. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed to affect discretionary authority of the Secretary under other Federal laws to grant, issue, or renew rights-of-way or other land use authorizations consistent with the other provisions of this Act. (C) MOTORIZED AND MECHANIZED TRAVEL.—
(i) REVIEW AND INVENTORY.—Not later than two Deadline. years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with interested parties, shall complete a review and inventory of all roads and trails in the Protection Area on which use was allowed on September 10, 2001, except those lands managed under the management prescription referred to in subparagraph (F). During the review and inventory, the Secretary may
(I) connect existing roads and trails in the inventoried area to other existing roads and trails in the inventoried area for the purpose of mechanized and other nonmotorized use on any lands within the Protection Area as long as there is no net gain in the total mileage of either roads or trails open for public use within the Protection Area; and
(II) close or remove roads or trails within the Protection Area that the Secretary determines to be undesirable, except those roads or trails managed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection or subsection (e)(3).
(ii) AFTER COMPLETION OF INVENTORY.—After completion of the review and inventory required by clause (i), the Secretary shall ensure that motorized and mechanized travel within the Protection Area shall be permitted only on those roads and trails identified as open to use in the inventory or established pursuant to subparagraph (D).
(D) NEW ROADS AND TRAILS.—No new roads or trails shall be established within the Protection Area except those which the Secretary shall establish as follows:
(i) Roads and trails established to replace roads or trails of the same character and scope which have become nonserviceable through reasons other than neglect.
(ii) Nonpermanent roads as needed for hazardous fuels reduction or other control of fire, insect or disease control projects, or other management purposes.