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what cause originated this opposition which | The army, of which the obedience appeared in the country people wished to evince towards nowise doubtful, is at the present moment dithe government ? It scarcely dates from a vided, the poison of socialism has infused itself monih back. Yes, only a month ago the re into its veins, and has borne with it a spirit of sult of the elections would have been altogether disaffection and disorder ; nevertheless, these different. But in that short space of time the evils are not so widely spread as the party of administration, and the President himself, have anarchy had hoped. Of this we had a proof accumulated fault upon fault, imprudence on

last Monday. The President reviewed the imprudence. The most serious of all was the whole of the garrison of Paris, amounting to expedition to Italy, and the check received at 50,000 men, in order to sound their feeling. the gates of Rome which was its consequence. This feeling was excellent. Louis Napoleon That mad attempt, which has metamorphosed was received with real and sincere enthusiasm our soldiers into soldiers of the Pope, has been by the regiments of every branch of the seraltogether unpopular in the eyes of our agri- vice, with the exception, perhaps, of the artilcultural population, who are naturally grum-lery and the engineer corps, who remained blers with regard to everything relating to silent. Paris, therefore, has resumed its confiChurch affairs. The President's letter, (to dence, and the exchange which, in the course General Oudinot,) General Changarnier's order of three days, had seen the public funds fall in of the day, which announced the intention of value thirteen francs, witnessed a rise of six in persevering in the intervention, added to the a single hour. It is probable that these enorfeeling of discontent already sufficiently vivid, mous and ruinous fluctuations may recur, and and when a telegraphic dispatch, sent into the more than once. We are unfortunately thrown departments by M. Leon Faucher, denouncing again into an era of alarms and uncertainties, as abettors of anarchy those representatives which but a few months since appeared to who had condemned the expedition, its arrival have ceased. So numerous have been the did good service to some whom it was intend- emigrations that have taken place, that gold ed to injure. In many places the President has risen to a premium of 33 francs per 1000. has become unpopular because he has de Since the review, a great number of removals, ceived the expectations of those who wished which had commenced, have been counterfor nothing more than that he should inake manded. So changeable a people are we, so himself emperor. Their disappointment threw readily do we pass from apprehension to secuthem into the opposite excess, and socialism rity has to them all the charm of revenge, the “ The advent of the Montagnards to a formitemptation of novelty and of forbidden fruit. dable state of constitutional opposition will They wish more from curiosity than convic place France in a position more clearly defined tion to make a trial of it; if they felt its effects

than heretofore. But yesterday, many persons for three months they would reject with pitch were dreaming of the possible return of instituforks those whom they have elevated. But tions fallen into decay, whether in favor of the this which gives weight to socialist doctrines empire, an Orleans regency, or of legitimacy, is precisely that they are in the class of theo all these visions are about to be dispelled, and retical promises, and the trial of them would there will be but one solid spot of ground on be too costly to permit it to be attempted. which an asylum and security can be found; Fire is not to be played with. All that is now that spot will be the Republic and the Conto be done is to extinguish it, or at all events stitution. It is there that all men, lovers of to stop its farther progress.

order, must meet to abjure their resentments, To accomplish this, the most opposite pro and enter into an alliance to counterpoise the jects have been proposed. Every statesman fusion which is taking place in the ranks of has his own. Some demand merely that an their adversaries. For some time past Socialend should be at once put to the republic, and ism has seen the Montagnards advancing tothat we should return to the empire by a coup wards it, whom they had formerly anathemad'etat. This advice, which has been offered tized; they have been followed by the National, to the President by more than one party, is which has fraternally extended its hand to the the most fatal of all. It would plunge us at Peuple of M. Proudhon. Every question having once into all the horrors of a civil war, and now but two visible aims, France will thus would lead Louis Bonaparte to Vincennes or find herself divided into two camps, the one to the scaffold. There was a moment when having Property for its banner, the other, Sosuch an attempt did not appear to be impossi cialism, which is but one of the premises of ble. It was the day on which Louis Bona- Communism. The future being thus defined, parte assumed power, backed by the fascina- it would be a manifest error to allow such tion of his six millions of votes; but at the men as Cavaignac, Lamoricière and M. Dupresent moment that fascination has vanished. faure to remain without the pale of the camp The country people, who then entertained a of order, as on their part it would be a great feeling of worship towards the nephew of their crime should they refuse to enter it. If this emperor, have begun to pull down their idol. holy alliance of all men of heart and of pro

IN

THE

NEW

SLAVERY
TERRITORIES.

gress can be bronght about, the following , Principle cannot be compromised. should be its mission. It ought resolutely to Congress has the power to prohibit or admit take the initiative in all possible reforms, in slavery, and no one else. It is not in the terevery necessary reform. It will be necessary ritories; for their governments are the creato combat the Socialists with their own wea- tures of Congress, and its deputies, so far as pons ; by giving to the people what they have any legislative power is concerned. It is not promised them within the limits of possibility; in the States separately; and this leads to one by wresting from them the exclusive title of the grossest delusions which has grown out of defenders of the popular classes, which of the political metaphysics of Mr. Calhoun. they have been imprudently permitted to as- He claims a right for the citizens of the slave sume.”

States to remove to New Mexico and Cali

fornia with their slave property. This is a MR. BENTON ON

profound error. The property is in the law

which creates it, and the law cannot be carried We much regret that our want of space pre

an inch beyond the limits of the State which cludes us at this moment from recording so fully enacts it. No citizen of any State can carry as we could desire, Mr. Benton's arguments property, derived from a law of that State, an against the admission of slaves into our new

inch beyond the boundary law of the State territories. He has made a noble stand, and

which creates it. The instant he passes that his reasoning will doubtless have a most bene- boundary, to settle with his property, it beficial effect. Unfortunately we were not able

comes subject to another law, if there is one, to obtain a complete copy of the speech until

and is without law, if there is not. This is the nearly the whole of our number was in the

case with all; with the northern man with his press. We shall most probably revert to it on

corporation and franchises, with the southern a future occasion.

man and his slaves. This is the law of the Mr. Benton, by this speech, which was de

land, and let any one try it that disputes it."

Mr. Benton afterwards cites the difference livered at Jefferson, Missouri, on the 26th of May, has completely turned the tables on Mr. I of the Mexican government abolishing slavery Calhoun, for he proves that as long ago as the throughout that republic, and goes on to say—presidency of Mr. Monroe, Mr. Calhoun, as

“ Thus there is no slavery now in Mexico cabinet ininister, supported an act of Congress,

and California, and consequently none in any couched in the very language of the Wilmot territory belonging to the United States ; and, proviso, by which slavery was prohibited in therefore, nothing practical or real in the whole that portion of Louisiana ceded by France to slavery question for the people of the United the United States, lying north of 36 degrees States to quarrel about. There is no slavery 30 min. north latitude, an area of nearly a

now by law in any territory, and it cannot get million square miles.

there by law, except by act of Congress; and Mr. Benton, speaking of the powers of Con

no such act will be passed, or even asked for. gress, says-“ Yes, citizens, Congress has the

The dogma of no power in Congress to legispower to legislate upon slavery in territories,

late upon slavery in territories, kills that preand to admit or prohibit its existence; in fact,

tension. No legal establishment of slavery in to compromise it. She has the constitutional

California and New Mexico is then to be looked power, but can never hereafter exercise it.

for. That is certain. Equally certain, it will The new dogma of no power in Congress to

never be established in either of them in point legislate on the subject, has killed all

compro

of fact. The people of both territories, the old mise. Those who deny the power, cannot vote

inhabitants, are unanimous against it." for it; it would be a breach of their oath. Those who want no slavery in the new territories, will not vote for compromise ; and thus

We had prepared an abstract of the bill extremes meet, combine against the middle, which has lately passed both houses of Parand defeat all compromise. The resolutions of liament in Great Britain, changing the whole Mr. Calhoun have done this; and to talk system of its navigation laws, but it has been about comp ise now, is to propose to call crowded out of the present number, and we Methusaleh from his tomb. The effect, if not shall therefore give it in our next. the design, of his new dogma was to kill compromise, and dead it is. The constitution will The same has occurred with regard to innot permit him and his followers to vote for any formation lately received from Europe, as to the compromise line. Opposition to the extension state of the war in Schlesivig Holstein, the of slavery will not permit northern men to do affairs of the German empire, Spain, Ilolland, it, and thus there is no chance for any line. I &c.

XAVIGATION LAWS.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

son.

waves.

are

A Book of the Hudson.Collected from the vari- , base of the pyramid of society, where the

ous works of Diedrich Knickerbocker. Edited masses are densest, widest, and most oppressed; by GEOFFREY Crayon. New York: G. P. mingled with every class; endured every Putnam, 155 Broadway. 18-19.

wrong; mitigated every form of suffering ; sym

pathized with the most abused; denounced This is an agreeable and instructive handbook political and spiritual tyranny in the strongest to all intelligent and inquiring travellers about terms; and, finally, fell a victim, mangled by to explore the wonders and beauties of the Hud- that malignant pride and power which in the Mr. Irving writes, “I thank God that I

persons of high-priests, crafty scribes, and offiwas born on the banks of the Hudson. I fancy cial Pharisees ever stand ready to inflame the I can trace much of what is good and pleasant popular mind with cruel prejudice, leading the in my own heterogeneous compound to my early multitudes to spare a robber and murder their companionship with this glorious river. In the greatest benefactor, so that oppression may yet warmth of youthful enthusiasm, I used to clothe flourish and their own ungodly immunities reit with moral attributes, and, as it were, give it main secure. The author believes that Jesus a soul. I delighted in its frank, bold, honest Christ, eighteen centuries ago, gave our race a character; its noble sincerity, and perfect truth. perfect model of republicanism ; and that this Here was no specious smiling surface, covering was not only exemplified in his life, and confirmthe shifting sand-bar and perfidious rock, buted by his death as the highest gift to all men, but a stream deep as it was broad, and bearing with that it was strikingly imbodied in the original honorable faith the bark that trusted to its formation of the Christian Church. With prayer

I gloried in its simple, quiet, majestic, ful solititude, and he thinks true conservatism, epic flow, ever straightforward, or, if forced he has written under the influence of no secaside for once by opposing mountains, strug- tarian feeling or sectional prejudice, expressing gling bravely through them, and resuming its as plainly as possible what he sincerely believes, onward march. Behold, thought I, an emblem and fawning for no favors. Herein of a good man's course through life, ever simple, thoughts and emotions which have haunted the open, and direct, or if, overpowered by adverse author for years; and they are now sent forth circumstances, he deviate into error, it is but to stir in other bosoms, and thence to produce, momentary; he soon resumes his onward and according tot he soil of their growth, a blessing honorable career, and continues it to the end of his pilgrimage.” This volume contains Communipaw, Guests from Gibbet Island, Peter Stuyvesant's Voyage up the Hudson, the Oullines on a New Theory of Disease, applied Chronicle of Bearn Island, the Legend of to Hydropathy, showing that Water is the Sleepy Hollow, Dolph Heyliger. Rip Van- only irue Remedy. With observations on Winkle, Wolfert Webber.

the errors committed in the practice of Hydropathy; notes on the cure of Cholera by cold water; and a critique on Preiss

nitz's mode of treatment. Intended for Republican Christianity: or true Liberty, as ex

popular use. By the late H. FRANCKE, Dihibited in the Life, Precepts, and early disci

rector of the Hydropathic Institution at ples of The Great Redeemer. By E. L. MA

Alexandersbad, Bavaria. Translated from Boston: Gould, Kendall & Lincoln.

the German by Robert BAIKIE, M. D., late

of the Madras Medical Establishment. New 1849.

York: John Wiley, 161 Broadway. This book is dedicated in these emphatic and It is astonishing that among persons of even noble words : " To all who hate tyranny, revere ordinary understanding there should be so humanity, believe in progress, and follow much prejudice in favor of the old system of Christ.” The creed of the author is as follows: practice in medicine—the eternal dosing with First, he believes in Jesus Christ. Second, he poisonous drugs. Any unprejudiced person, believes in no one else, as having the slightest reading these volumes carefully, will glean authority over the personal freedom and reli- much information from them; and if the adgious rights of mankind. Christ came into the vice given in them is followed, the reader will world to redeem it, hy the power of a beneficent be saved from much sickness and the expense life and vicarious death. He was born at the 1 of doctors' bills.

or a curse.

GOON.

Kaloolah, or Journeyings to the Djebel Kumri ; | drooping and decaying Nature. Stand forth,

an Autobiography of Jonaihan Romer. and enjoy it! Quail not! Bare your brow to Edited by W. S. Mayo, M. D. New York: the storm-look with a steady eye upon the George P. Putnam, 155 Broadway; Lon- lightning's flash-listen to the awful chorus, don : David Bogue, 86 Fleet street. and feel alike the infinity of God and the great

ness of the soul. The storm has passed—the This book is full of spirit, life and excite-moistened foliage rustles in the breeze, but ment, and its interest never for a moment with a different tone-a tone of pure gladness; flags. The author is at home on the ocean, the insects beat the air with their tiny wings in the wilderness, on the vast desert. Kaloolah to a more joyful measure; the birds sing is an exquisite patriot, and the account of her freely, blithely; the trout springs actively from growing love for Romer is delightfully and the placid lake, and dashes the sparkling circles truly told. Everyone will read it, but we with a sound of merriment and glee. The cannot refrain from giving one specimen of our harmony is of Nature revived, restored. It author's happy style. While Romer is at speaks of hope and confidence--it presages school a “revival of religion” takes place in immortality. But how easy, natural and quiet! the village, and the temporary madness ex- Ah, in all that infinite variety of praise, and tends itself to the teachers in the seminary; prayer, and thanksgiving, you can discover the school-room is deserted. Romer says, nothing like rant or cant !". “At this time most of my hours were spent in the woods, either fishing, reading, or perchance dreaming. Often stretched at length upon the sunny bank of the most beautiful trout-stream Leonard Scott & Co., 79 Fulton street, New in the world, or seated upon some prostrate York, have reprinted the London Quarterly, giant of the forest, I have turned with shud- the Edinburgh and Westminster Reviews, and dering and loathing from the sight and sounds Blackwood's Magazine. They contain much of the distant village, and have felt borne to interesting and instructive reading, and are my innermost soul the conviction that cant and published at exceedingly low rates. The Lonrant are utterly inconsistent with the true don Quarterly has some excellent remarks on worship of God. How soft, and low, and Macaulay's History of England, written in a calm, yet deep and full of meaning and power, fair tone and spirit. The reviewer thinks, are the hymns sung to His praise in the great • There is hardly a page that does not contain temple of Nature. How varied too! How something objectionable either in substance or infinitely expressive! Listen to the hot sun. in color; and the whole of the brilliant and beams striking upon the thick pendent foliage, at first captivating narrative is perceived on to the soft sighing of the million leaves, as, dis- examination to be impregnated to a really turbed by the fitful breeze, they twist and marvellous degree with bad taste, bad feeling, wriggle themselves back to stillness and rest. and, we are under the painful necessity of addListen to the low hum of the lazy insects; to ing, bad faith. . . It makes the facts of the hesitating twitter of the sleepy birds, or to English history as fabulous as his Lays do the occasional sullen, sluggish plash of some those of Roman tradition; and it is written with trout, who has been lured from his siesta by as captious, as dogmatical, and as cynical a the temptation of a careless fly. The blended spirit as the bitterest of his reviews. He whole makes music---low, melancholy music- does not take the slightest notice of Mackthe most saddening music-it speaks of life, intosh's history, no more than if it had never health, vigor; but of life, health, vigor, doomed existed. . . Mr. Macaulay deals with histo decay. It is prophetic in its tones; the tory, evidently, as we think, in imitation of deepest well-springs of the soul are stirred, the novelists-his first object being always gently, sadly, but not unpleasantly, as the fore picturesque effect—his constant endeavor to boding notes rise, and swell, and fall. Anon give from all the repositories of gossip that the tempest comes, the majestic clouds speak have reached us a kind of circumstantial reto each other and to earth in the deep voices of ality to his incidents, and a sort of dramatic the pealing thunder; the sturdy woods re

life to his personages.,

.. He paints every echo, and prolong the crashing sounds; the thing that looks like a Tory in the blackest colwind sweeps through the foliage with a hollow ors. ... Mr. Macaulay has almost realized the rushing, as if a myriad viewless spirits were work that Alexander Chalmers' playful imagiflapping their pinions and careering before it nation had fancied, a Bingraphia Flagitiosa,

- the big drops fall with leaden sound upon or, The Lires of Eminent Scoundrels. the leaves. Does not the whole make the We protest against this species of carnival wildest, sublimest harmony? There is nothing history; no more like the reality than the dismal or gloomy in it; it is sternly joyous; it Eglintoun Tournament or the Costume Qua. speaks of power, of might; but it speaks too drilles of Buckingham Palace; and we dein solemn and majestic tones—no ranting or plore the squandering of so much melo-dracanting-of a power above, and beyond mere matic talent on a subject which we have

hitherto reverenced as the figure of Truth, tifully does Mr. Cheever exclaim, “What arrayed in the simple garments of philosophy. I would not the world give for a collection of

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